While virtually all polities enjoy uncontested international legal sovereignty, there are wide variations in statehood, that is, the monopoly over the means of violence and the ability of the state to make and implement policies. Areas of limited statehood are not, however, ungoverned spaces where anarchy and chaos prevail. The provision of collective goods and services is possible even under extremely adverse conditions of fragile or failed statehood. We specify the conditions under which external efforts at state-building and service provision by state and nonstate actors can achieve their goals. We focus on the extent to which external actors enhance the capacity (statehood) of authority structures in weak states, or directly contribute to the provision of collective goods and services, such as public health, clean environment, social security, and infrastructure. We argue that three factors determine success: legitimacy, task complexity, and institutionalization, including the provision of adequate resources.
External Actors, State-Building, and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction; Stephen D. Krasner and Thomas Risse
Why International Trusteeship Fails: The Politics of External Authority in Areas of Limited Statehood; David A. Lake and Christopher J. Fariss
State-Building and the European Union's Fight against Corruption in the Southern Caucasus: Why Legitimacy Matters; Tanja A. Börzel and Vera van Hüllen
Taking the State (Back) Out? Statehood and the Delivery of Collective Goods; Melissa M. Lee, Gregor Walter-Drop and John Wiesel
Transnational Partnerships: Conditions for Successful Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood; Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek and Johanna Sarre
External Actors and the Provision of Public Health Services in Somalia; Marco Schäferhoff
Multinational Corporations and Service Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa: Legitimacy and Institutionalization Matter; Jana Hönke and Christian R. Thauer