Verzeichnis der SFB 700 Publikationen

Hier finden Sie eine Auflistung verschiedener Monographien und Sammelbänden, sowie alle Ausgaben der beiden SFB 700 Schriftenreihen und der SFB 700 Working Paper Serie.

 

801 Publikation(en)

Latin America and the First World War

Cover: Latin America and the First World War

Stefan Rinke

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2017-02

Cambridge

Using a broad variety of textual and visual sources, Latin America and the First World War goes beyond traditional diplomatic history and analyzes the global dimension of the history of the Great War. Filling a significant gap in transnational histories of the war, Stefan Rinke addresses political, social, and economic aspects as well as the cultural impact of the war on Latin America and vice versa. Rinke’s meticulous research is based on sources from the nineteen independent states of the entire subcontinent and promises to be the most comprehensive examination to date of Latin America before, during, and immediately after the war.

Thema: Latein Amerika, Teilprojekt D9

Introduction: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgency

Cover: Reconfiguring Intervention

Markus-Michael Müller, Louise Wiuff Moe

Basingstoke: Palgrave | 2017

Erschienen in: Louise Wiuff Moe and Markus-Michael Müller (eds.), Reconfiguring Intervention: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgent Warfare, 1-27.

PalgraveVolltext Springer

This chapter offers a detailed discussion of existing approaches to contemporary counter-insurgency, highlighting emerging discursive and practical shifts in counter-insurgency-related intervention rationales that move contemporary counter-insurgency toward logics of reflexive adaptation, complexity and resilience. In introducing and contextualizing these shifts in empirical and conceptual terms, we demonstrate how the increasing emphasis on the everyday, ‘the local’ and ‘the social’ as the key sites and objects of interventionary counter-insurgency contribute to a deepening convergence between liberal peace building, humanitarianism and counter-insurgent warfare that stand at the center of what we refer to as the ‘local turn’ in counter-insurgent warfare.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Sicherheit, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Countering Criminal Insurgencies: Fighting Gangs and Building Resilient Communities in Post-War Guatemala

Cover: Reconfiguring Intervention

Markus-Michael Müller, Markus Hochmüller

Basingstoke: Palgrave | 2017

Erschienen in: Louise Wiuff Moe and Markus-Michael Müller (eds.), Reconfiguring Intervention: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgent Warfare, 163-186.

PalgraveFull article Springer

During the Cold War, Guatemala has witnessed one of the most brutal and prolonged counter-insurgency campaigns. While many observers interpreted the return to democracy in 1996 as a rupture with the country’s counter-insurgent past, this chapter demonstrates the renaissance of counter-insurgent violence in contemporary Guatemala. We show how transnational security governance efforts aimed at confronting the local ‘criminal insurgency’ represented by street gangs, introduce a new pattern of counter-insurgent violence into the country’s social fabric. As liberal state-building projects have largely failed to deliver the expected results in the local ‘war on gangs’, local and external actors increasingly promote the creation of ‘resilient’ communities within the field of counter-insurgency-inspired anti-gang policies, thereby blurring the boundaries between transnational policing, military operations and development aid.

Thema: Guatemala, Sicherheit, Intervention, Kriminalität, Policing, Teilprojekt C3

Reconfiguring Intervention: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgent Warfare

Cover: Reconfiguring Intervention

Markus-Michael Müller, Louise Wiuff Moe

Basingstoke: Palgrave | 2017

PalgraveVolltext Springer

This edited volume critically assesses emerging trends in contemporary warfare and international interventionism as exemplified by the ‘local turn’ in counterinsurgent warfare. It asks how contemporary counterinsurgency approaches work and are legitimized; what concrete effects they have within local settings, and what the implications are for how we can understand the means and ends of war and peace in our post 9/11 world. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in understanding recent changes in global liberal governance as well as the growing convergence of military and seemingly non-military domains, discourses and practices in the contemporary making of global political order.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Sicherheit, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

From regime protection to urban resilience? Assessing continuity and change in transnational security governance rationales in Guatemala

Cover: Geoforum

Markus-Michael Müller, Markus Hochmüller

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2017

Erschienen in: Geoforum.

Volltexte Science Direct

This article analyzes changing forms of transnational security governance and security expertise in Guatemala. It is argued that the dynamics of transnational security governance in Guatemala are directly related to the local appropriation of knowledge promoted by external security experts. As an expertise-based form of “intervention by invitation,” local political and economic elites engage in securitization strategies in order to invite external experts to intervene. In turn, through their intervention these experts provide resources that are “captured” and exploited by local actors to pursue their own interests. As a consequence, transnational security governance fails as it deviates from the original plans and programs experts try to implement. The analysis of these processes sheds light on how and why failure in the context of transnational security governance is productive. Failure, we argue, triggers a self-reinforcing interventionary feedback loop that aims at “fixing” the shortcomings of previous interventions by mobilizing new forms of external security expertise. In tracing the dynamics of this interventionary feedback loop over time, this article contributes to understanding of the role of experts and policy failure in the (re)making of transnational security governance.

Thema: Guatemala, Sicherheit, Aneignung, Policing, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Domestic Politics and Norm Diffusion in International Relations. Ideas Do Not Float Freely

Buchcover

Thomas Risse

Routledge | 2016-11-14

Routledge

This book collects Thomas Risse's most important articles together in a single volume. Covering a wide range of issues – the end of the Cold War, transatlantic relations, the "democratic peace", human rights, governance in areas of limited statehood, Europeanization, European identity and public spheres, most recently comparative regionalism - it is testament to the breadth and excellence of this highly respected International Relations scholar's work. The collection is organised thematically – domestic politics and international relations, international sources of domestic change, and the diffusion of ideas and institutions- and a brand new introductory essay provides additional coherence.

Thema: Teilprojekt A1

The Punitive City. Privatised Policing And Protection In Neoliberal Mexico

Cover: The Punitive City. Privatised Policing And Protection In Neoliberal Mexico

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Zed Books | 2016-06-15

The University of Chicago Press

Mexico—a country whose name has become synonymous with drugs, crime, violence, and insecurity. While global media fascination and academic interest has been fixated on the drug war, however, an equally dangerous threat has emerged—the privatization of the police and security force. In The Punitive City, Markus-Michael Müller explores how local political dynamics have played a huge part in Mexico’s chronic instability. Encompassing a wider context of urbanized neoliberalism and democratization of local politics, Müller closely examines the new reality of extreme security privatization sweeping the country and the contradictory responses on this phenomenon from politicians, activists, and residents. Alarmingly, his research discovers that there is a political protection racket emerging in the region due to the rise of privatized security and gated communities, leading to increased exclusion and violence towards those on the socio-economic margins. Side-stepping the drug war discourse that typically dominates Mexico, The Punitive City deftly tackles the problems of inequality and uneven development spreading across Latin America.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

The Global Making of Policing: Postcolonial Perspectives

Cover: The Global Making of Policing

Markus-Michael Müller, Jana Hönke

Routledge | 2016-05-10

Routledge

This edited volume analyses the global making of security institutions and practices in our postcolonial world. The volume will offer readers the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of the global making of how security is thought of and practiced, from US urban policing, diaspora politics and transnational security professionals to policing encounters in Afghanistan, Palestine, Colombia or Haiti. It critically examines and decentres conventional perspectives on security governance and policing. In doing so, the book offers a fresh analytical approach, moving beyond dominant, one-sided perspectives on the transnational character of security governance, which suggest a diffusion of models and practices from a Western centre to the rest of the globe. Such perspectives omit much of the experimenting and learning going on in the (post)colony as well as the active agency and participation of seemingly subaltern actors in producing and co-constituting what is conventionally thought of as Western policing practice, knowledge and institutions. This is the first book that studies the truly global making of security institutions and practices from a postcolonial perspective, by bringing together highly innovative, in-depth empirical cases studies from across the globe. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars interested in International Relations and Global Studies, (critical) Security Studies, Criminology and Postcolonial Studies."

Better Access to Justice by Public Recognition of Non-State Justice Systems?

Cover: Justice without the State

Matthias Kötter

Frankfurt/Main: Vittorio Klostermann | 2016-05-01

Erschienen in: Peter Collin (ed.): Justice without the State within the State, Frankfurt/Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 283-310. Bereits erschienen in: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2, 2015.

Access to justice is the term used to denote the institutional and social conditions for the realization of rights. In recent international security and development policy, the term is used in various ways as a guiding principle for "good law" and "good justice," and, for actors in these sectors, it has assumed central importance in their concepts and programs. Newer approaches particularly emphasize support for informal, non-state justice systems and their integration into the superordinate legal system, mainly in state law. Yet, does the official recognition of non-state legal systems guarantee access to justice, and under what conditions is this the case? Starting from this question the paper first retraces the formulation of the concept of access to justice in constitutional legal thinking principally at the end of the 1970s, and second discusses whether non-state justice systems can provide access to justice in an equivalent manner and which conceptual and normative drawbacks arise.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

The Rebirth of the Prison in Latin America

hathazy_müller_The rebirth of the prison in Latin America

Markus-Michael Müller, Paul Hathazy

Dordrecht: Springer | 2016-04

Erschienen in: Crime, Law & Social Change, 65 (3), 113-135.

Volltext Springer

Throughout the last three decades, almost all Latin American countries witnessed a dramatic growth of their inmate population that is indicative of the rebirth of the prison in the region. This article contextualizes the rebirth of the prison in contemporary Latin America in empirical and theoretical terms. To this end, it offers a discussion of the expansion of Latin American imprisonment, changes in the region’s prison regimes and their embeddedness within wider social and economic contexts, as well as of the impact of institutional histories, larger economic and political transformation processes and globally circulating penal ideas and institutional models, all of which contribute to the growing punitiveness of contemporary Latin America states and politics.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

Political Steering: How the EU Employs Power in its Neighbourhood Policy towards Morocco

Cover: Mediterranean Politics

David Remmert, Mathias Großklaus

Taylor & Francis | 2016-03-28

Erschienen in: Mediterranean Politics, 21 (3), 343-363.

Taylor & Francis Online

Although the European Union’s engagement beyond its borders is ultimately about power, the concept remains under-utilized in empirical analyses of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). This article therefore proposes political steering as an analytical framework to conceptualize and track the empirical use and entanglements of diverse forms of power, highlighting genuine soft mechanisms. These bind actors to discursive practices because formalized sanctions or institutions are absent. This case study of the EU’s human rights and rule-of-law promotion in Morocco reveals how such soft mechanisms are intertwined with indirect steering mechanisms to achieve technicalization of policy reform at the governmental level and parallel politicization at the societal level.

Thema: Teilprojekt T3

Penalizing Democracy: Punitive Politics in Neoliberal Mexico

Cover: 'Penalizing Democracy: Punitive Politics in Neoliberal Mexico'

Markus-Michael Müller

Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media | 2016-03-07

Erschienen in: Crime, Law & Social Change, 65 (3), 227-249.

Springer Link

During the last two decades Mexico witnessed a hitherto unparalleled increase in its prison population and an outright punitive turn in local politics. In analyzing these developments, the article argues that the latter are inseparable from different securitization processes emerging from the articulation of democratic politics and neoliberal rationalities of economic governance. The article analyzes three key policy areas—as well as the related (in)securitization processes, their legal-institutional manifestations, and the penalizing consequences—which are paradigmatic examples of the growing punitiveness of Mexican politics: (a) the securitization process related to the war on drugs, (b) the securitization of urban space, and (c) the securitization of migration. In analyzing these three instances of (in)securitization, the article stresses that far from being homogenous and even developments, (in)securitization as well as the underlying processes of neoliberalization and democratization are policy- and place-specific phenomena that produce an uneven punitive topography that shapes the neoliberal present in democratic Mexico. [...]

Thema: Staatlichkeit, lokale Akteure, Mexico, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism

Cover: The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxford University Press | 2016-02-04

Erschienen in: Oxford Handbooks in Politics and International Relations

Oxford University Press

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism - the first of its kind - offers a systematic and wide-ranging survey of the scholarship on regionalism, regionalization, and regional governance. Unpacking the major debates, leading authors of the field synthesize the state of the art, provide a guide to the comparative study of regionalism, and identify future avenues of research. Twenty-seven chapters review the theoretical and empirical scholarship with regard to the emergence of regionalism, the institutional design of regional organizations and issue-specific governance, as well as the effects of regionalism and its relationship with processes of regionalization. The authors explore theories of cooperation, integration, and diffusion explaining the rise and the different forms of regionalism. The handbook also discusses the state of the art on the world regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Eurasia, Asia, North Africa and the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Various chapters survey the literature on regional governance in major issue areas such as security and peace, trade and finance, environment, migration, social and gender policies, as well as democracy and human rights. Finally, the handbook engages in cross-regional comparisons with regard to institutional design, dispute settlement, identities and communities, legitimacy and democracy, as well as inter- and transregionalism.

Thema: Lokale Akteure, Diffusion, Governance-Theorie, Regionalorganisationen, diverse Regionen (Asien, Nordamerika, Lateinamerika, Europa), diverse Politikfelder (Sicherheit, Gesundheit, Ökonomie, Umwelt), Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt T3

Civil Society and Mirror Images of Weak States. Bangladesh and the Philippines

Cover: Civil Society and Mirror Images of Weak States

Jasmin Lorch

London: Palgrave Macmillan | 2016

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Verlag

This book investigates theoretically and empirically whether and (if so) how state weakness influences the way in which national civil societies constitute themselves, using Bangladesh and the Philippines as case studies. A vibrant civil society is usually perceived as an important ingredient of democracy, but does this hold for civil society in weak states as well? What does civil society look like in contexts of state weakness? How much and what kind of political influence does it have in such settings? And are its actors really capable and willing to contribute to democracy in states where independent and legal bureaucratic institutions are weak? Addressing each of these questions, the author points the way to some hard re-thinking about the basis for and approach to development assistance to and via local civil society, with crucial repercussions for the ways in which international development assistance is designed and funded.

Expansive Intervention as Neo-Institutional Learning: Root Causes in the Merida Initiative

finkenbusch_expansive intervention as neo-instutional learning

Peter Finkenbusch

London: Taylor & Francis Group | 2016

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding Vol. 10 No. 2. pp. 162-180.

Volltext Taylor & Francis Group

Interventions since the 1990s have greatly expanded in policy scope. While neo-liberals understand expansion as an attempt to work on the enabling preconditions of liberal market democracy, Foucauldian governmentality studies see in expansion a set of increasingly intrusive disciplinary techniques of responsibilization. This paper introduces an alternative lens: neo-institutional learning. Through a case study of the Merida Initiative, a US–Mexican security cooperation agreement, the paper argues that expansion grows serendipitously out of the repetitive discovery of new, ‘deeper’ unknowns within a neo-institutional framework of analysis. Importantly, downward penetration requires deconstructing reductionist liberal-universal knowledge claims. Paradoxically, then, the more statebuilders learn (empirically), the less they know (analytically).

Thema: Mexiko, Externe Akteure, State-Building, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Gallic Politics in the Sixth Century

Cover: A Companion to Gregory of Tours

Stefan Esders

Leiden: Brill | 2016

Erschienen in: Alexander Callander Murray (ed.): A Companion to Gregory of Tours, Leiden: Brill, 429-461.

Brill Online

Thema: Europa, frühes Mittelalter, Policy, Gewaltakteure, externe Akteure, lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B10

"Post-liberal" peacebuilding and the crisis of international authority. In Peacebuilding

finkenbusch_post liberal peacebuildung and the crisis of

Peter Finkenbusch

London: Taylor & Francis Group | 2016

Erschienen in: Peacebuilding Vol. 4 No. 3. pp. 247-261.

Taylor & Francis Group

This paper investigates how pragmatic approaches to peacebuilding might undermine the capacity of international policymakers to formulate a purposive, socially transformative project for their engagement with the Global South. Focusing on Oliver Richmond and Roger Mac Ginty’s recent work on ‘post-liberal’ peacebuilding, the analysis draws out how notions of ‘the everyday’, hybridity and ‘the local’ are geared towards disassembling the existing stock of reductionist liberal-universal knowledge claims. These were the ideological basis on which international interveners used to cohere their policy frameworks towards the Global South. Pragmatic approaches posit that the key to successful post-conflict transition lies in local – non-western, non-universalist – epistemologies and that empowering this pool of idiosyncratic insider understandings requires the deconstruction of modern liberal-universalist forms of knowing. While this dynamic of analytical and normative self-deconstruction is heralded as an opportunity for radical change ‘from below’, it simultaneously corrodes international authority as the ability to initiate and transform.

Thema: Externe Akteure, State-Building, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Intervention by Invitation? Shared Sovereignty in the Fight against Impunity in Guatemala

maihold_european review of latin american and caribbean studies

Günther Maihold

Amsterdam: Centrum voor Studie en Documentatie van Latijns Amerika (CEDLA) | 2016

Erschienen in: European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, No. 101, 5-31.

Volltext CEDLA

This article deals with the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), a joint hybrid commission to investigate impunity in the context of illegal security networks and organized crime. It was set up as an external governance intervention through an agreement between the UN and the State of Guatemala in 2006 to strengthen state institutions in the face of a worsening security situation. Based on a delegation of governance in the modality of shared sovereignty, CICIG has been operating in the country since 2006, trying to generate support in the national realm and the judicial system of Guatemala while exposed to the critical junctures of the highly contested national debates on its existence. More specifically, the article analyses the patterns of appropriation and rejection of CICIG by different actor constellations. Through a critical discourse analysis, actor constellations are specified, various themes of appropriation and rejection are detected and specific aspects of CICIG’s mandate are investigated. Resumen: ¿Intervención por invitación? Soberanía compartida en la lucha contra la impunidad en Guatemala En el centro del texto se trata la Comisión Internacional contra la Impunidad en Guatemala (CICIG), una comisión híbrida conjunta que realiza averiguaciones sobre la impunidad en el contexto de las redes ilegales de seguridad y el crimen organizado. Esta entidad fue concebida como una intervención externa de gobernanza en base a un acuerdo entre las NN.UU. y el estado de Guatemala en 2006 con la intención de fortalecer las instituciones estatales ante una situación de seguridad empeorada. Fundamentada en la delegación de gobernanza como soberanía compartida, la CICG está operando desde hace ocho años en Guatemala y ha vivido las coyunturas de los debates nacionales altamente polarizados sobre su quehacer. El texto analiza los patrones de apropiación y rechazo de la CICIG por diferentes configuraciones de actores. Con base en un análisis crítico de discurso se especifican las constelaciones de actores, los temas de apropiación y rechazo al igual como aspectos del mandato de la CICIG.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

Theorizing Regionalism. Cooperation, Integration, and Governance

Boerzel_Risse_The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 41-63.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

The chapter argues that dominant theories of regional cooperation and integration share a bias towards taking states as the main drivers of regionalism and focusing on processes of formal institution-building at the regional level. Nevertheless, many theoretical approaches still travel across regions if their concepts and explanatory logics are broadened beyond the economic realm. Where they largely fail, however, is in explaining similarities and differences in institutional designs of regional organizations and in accounting for their effects. The last part of the chapter suggests that the governance concept may help theories of regional cooperation and integration to overcome their statist and formal institutionalist bias strengthening their explanatory power. Governance gives equal status to state and non-state actors and does not prioritize formal over informal institutions. It thereby provides a useful framework to systematically compare varieties of regionalism across time and space and explain their emergence, outcomes, and effects.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Staat, Polizei und Alltag in Buenos Aires: Raumproduktionen im Kontext städtischer Unsicherheit

anja feth _ staat polizei und alltag in buenos aires

Anja Feth

Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot | 2016

Dampfboot Verlag

In ihrem Buch geht Anja Feth der Frage nach, wie in Buenos Aires städtischer Raum mittels polizeilicher und auf die Polizei bezogener Alltagspraktiken als staatlich-urbaner bzw. territorialer Raum hergestellt wird. Sie zeigt auf, wie sich die Verräumlichung des Staates mittels policing empirisch vollzieht und verfolgt die These, dass es sich dabei um einen unaufhörlichen, konflikthaften, über die Polizei vermittelten Prozess der staatlich-urbanen Raumproduktion handelt. Die theoretische Neuerung ihrer Arbeit liegt darin, policing als zentrale Instanz zu verstehen, die im Prozess der urbanen Raumproduktion zwischen Staat und Alltag vermittelt. Dazu zieht die Autorin das Theoriegerüst Henri Lefebvres‘ heran. Sie nutzt dessen Verständnis der urbanen Ebene und der Produktion des Raums, um policing als Vermittlung zwischen dem abstrakten Staat und dem konkreten Alltag zu konzipieren. Zudem diskutiert sie Beiträge aus der Polizei- und Stadtforschung, der Politischen Ökonomie und der Gouvernementalitätsliteratur.

Thema: Argentinien, Sicherheit, Policing, Teilprojekt C3

Late Roman Military Law in the Bavarian Code

Clio@Themis

Stefan Esders

Clio@Themis | 2016

Erschienen in: clio@themis. Revue électronique d'histoire du droit, No. 10 (La forge du droit. Naissance des identi-tés juridiques en Europe, IVe–XIIIe siècles).

Clio@Themis

This paper investigates the influence of late Roman military law on the Lex Baiuvariorum – a text, which served as the basis for the Merovingian kings’ organization of the Frankish kingdom’s eastern border-region as a ducatus or duchy. Particular considerations concerning the historical background of the Bavarian duchy’s formation will be addressed, after which provisions for the protection of the Bavarian dux or duke, largely as relates to treason and military discipline, will be investigated. By comparing sources for the Roman crimen laesae maiestatis and other legal texts of Roman military writers, it will be demonstrated that the provisions of the Bavarian law-code clearly bear the influence of Roman military law.

Thema: Europa, Aneignung, frühes Mittelalter, Rule of Law, Gewaltakteure, Teilprojekt B10

Montesquieu über das Absterben und Fortleben des römischen Rechts im frühen Mittelalter (De l'esprit des lois 28)

Cover: exempla imitanda

Stefan Esders

Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht | 2016

Erschienen in: Schuol, Monika/Wendt, Christian/Wilker, Julia (eds.), Exempla imitanda. Mit der Vergangenheit die Gegenwart bewältigen? Festschrift für Ernst Baltrusch zum 60. Geburtstag, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 29-45.

V&R eLibrary

Thema: Europa, Antike, frühes Mittelalter, Teilprojekt B10

Varieties of Localization: International Norms and the Commodification of Knowledge in India and Brazil

Cover: Review of International Political Economy, 23 (3)

Thomas Eimer, Susanne Lütz, Verena Schüren

London: Taylor & Francis | 2016

Erschienen in: Review of International Political Economy, 23 (3), 1-30.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The legal implementation of internationally agreed norms on a domestic level gives momentum to a substantial reinterpretation. Based on this insight, this article develops an ideal-typology of possible ‘localization’ outcomes. Apart from a literal adoption of an international norm, we show that the domestic implementation may change its emphasis (accentuation), amend it by supplementary purposes (addition), or imply a deviation which nevertheless sticks to the letter of the international wording (subversion). We argue that the specific form of localization depends on the interaction between international pressure politics and its congruence with the prevailing domestic public and private preferences. International power constellations explain why an international norm is implemented, but the specific character of its localization is mainly determined by domestic actor constellations. To substantiate our claims, we analyze the implementation of two interconnected international agreements in India and Brazil. While both the Convention on Biodiversity and the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights introduce the norm of property rights for intellectual knowledge in previously (at least internationally) unregulated fields, the particular characteristics of their respective implementation in both countries display the interaction between international pressure and domestic preferences in our four case studies.

Thema: Diffusion, Ökonomie, Staat, Brasilien, Teilprojekt D6

The Diffusion of Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse Conlusion Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 87-108.

Volltext: Oxford Handbooks

This chapter focuses on the diffusion of regionalism, regional organizations (ROs), and regional governance. The chapter conceptualizes diffusion in terms of initial stimuli, objects of diffusion, mechanisms, and outcomes. The author reviews the existing literature focusing on the diffusion of regionalism and regional orders, of institutional designs for ROs, and of regional governance pertaining to specific policy areas. The diffusion of regionalism, institutional designs, and regional governance is primarily determined by indirect mechanisms of emulation rather than by direct—“sender-driven”—influence mechanisms. As far as emulation is concerned, we observe few examples of mimicry leading to institutional isomorphism. Competition, lesson drawing, and normative emulation are the most important diffusion mechanisms by which regionalism spreads. As to diffusion outcomes, we rarely observe full-scale adoption or convergence around specific models of regional cooperation and integration. The most likely outcome of diffusion with regard to regional cooperation and integration is adaptation and transformation.

Thema: Regionalismus, Regionalorganisationen (RO), Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Introduction: Framework of the Handbook and Conceptual Clarifications

Boerzel_Risse Introduction

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 3-15.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

This chapter provides a general overview of the Handbook of Comparative Regionalism. First, it establishes that the Handbook constitutes a major stock-taking attempt promoting truly comparative approaches across and within regions. The volume goes beyond state-led regional institution-building to include bottom-up societal regionalization processes as well as informal institutions and practices. The Handbook also encourages scholars of comparative regionalism to “de-center” the European Union and to treat it as a particular regional order among many others. Second, the chapter introduces and defines key terms of the Handbook including region, regionalism, regionalization, regional order, and regional governance. The chapter also provides an overview of the structure of the Handbook, its various parts and chapters.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Lokale Akteure, Regionalorganisationen (RO), State-Building, Global Governance, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Von der Pluralität normativer Ordnungen zur Pluralität ihrer Durchsetzungsregime. Jurisdiktionsgemeinschaften und ihre je spezifische Jurisdiktionskultur

Cover: Justice without the state within the State

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann | 2016

Erschienen in: Peter Collin (Hrsg.): Justice without the State within the State. Judicial Self-Regulation in the Past and Present, Klostermann. 13-50.

Max-Planck-Insitut für Europäische ...

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Zwischen Historie und Rechtshistorie. Der consensus iuris im frühen Mittelalter

Cover: Vorträge und Forschungen, Band 82

Stefan Esders

Jan Thorbecke Verlag | 2016

Erschienen in: Epp, Verena/Meyer, Christoph H. F. (eds.): Recht und Konsens im frühen Mittelalter, Ostfildern 2016 (Vorträge und Forschungen 82), 427-474.

Jan Thorbecke Verlag

Thema: Europa, frühes Mittelalter, Legitimität, Teilprojekt B10

Sustainability Politics and Limited Statehood. Contesting the New Modes of Governance

Cover: Sustainability Politics and Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse, Alejandro Esguerra, Nicole Helmerich

London: Palgrave Macmillan | 2016

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Verlag

The contributors to this book critically examine the performance of new modes of governance in areas of limited statehood, drawing on a range of in-depth case studies on issues of climate change, biodiversity, and health. The Paris Agreement for Climate Change or the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) rely on new modes of governance for implementation. New modes of governance such as market-based instruments, public-private partnerships or stakeholder participation initiatives have been praised for playing a pivotal role in effective and legitimate sustainability governance. Yet, do they also deliver in areas of limited statehood? States such as Malaysia or the Dominican Republic partly lack the ability to implement and enforce rules; their domestic sovereignty is limited. Exploring this perspective on governance, the authors demonstrate that areas of limited statehood are not ungoverned or ungovernable spaces. The book elaborates how and under what conditions new modes of governance emerge in areas of limited statehood, and examines their relative effectiveness.

Locating Guatemala in Global Counterinsurgency

hochmüller_müller_globalizations 2016 13 _ 1

Markus Hochmüller, Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2016

Erschienen in: Globalizations 13 (1), 94-109.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

Guatemala, a country that during the 1980s experienced one of the most lethal counterinsurgency (COIN) campaigns during the Cold War, is currently witnessing a revival of counterinsurgent order-making within the context of the global renaissance of COIN. Against this background, this article locates Guatemala within the context of the ‘global counterinsurgency’. It highlights how contemporary COIN, through depoliticizing and criminalizing forms of counterinsurgent knowledge production that frame Guatemala as a country facing a transnational ‘criminal insurgency’, becomes increasingly integrated into externally supported and community-centered ‘democratic’ police reform and neoliberal development agendas, promoted within the context of the Central America Regional Security Initiative. This integration, the article highlights, increasingly blurs the boundaries between war-making, law enforcement, peacebuilding, and development, thereby contributing to the reappearance of counterinsurgent order-making in post-conflict Guatemala.

Thema: Bewaffneter Konflikt, Staat, Guatemala, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Remittances and the Use of Formal and Informal Financial Services

Cover: World Development, No. 77

Christian Ambrosius, Alfredo Cuecuecha

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2016

Erschienen in: World Development, No. 77, 80-89.

Volltext

While recent literature has pointed to a positive effect of migrants’ remittances on the financial development of receiving countries, findings with respect to access to and the use of loans have been ambiguous. This paper investigates the effect of remittances on the use of formal and informal financial services using Mexican household data and finds positive and statistically significant effects of remittances on the ownership of savings accounts, the existence of debts, and on recent borrowing. The fact that the effect of remittances on borrowing is driven by informal finance rather than by traditional bank loans points to deficiencies of the formal financial sector in addressing the financial needs of remittance-receiving households. We address methodological concerns of selection bias and reverse causality through household fixed effects and an instrumental strategy that exploits distance to train lines and labor market conditions in the US as exogenous determinants of remittances.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Conclusion: Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse Conlusion Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 621-647.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

This chapter summarizes the major findings of the Handbook. The rise of regionalism exemplifies both a proliferation of regional (trade) cooperation, and a broadening and deepening of existing forms of regionalism. Regional organizations have taken on new tasks and moved towards regional integration, resulting in distinct combinations of regionalization and regionalism in various parts of the world. The authors offer tentative explanations for the emergence and the institutional design of regionalism, including diffusion and normative emulation among regional actors. They also explore the effects of regionalism. While the welfare-creating effects of regional trade regimes are unclear, the authors note the positive effects of regionalism on democracy, human rights, and peace and security, but acknowledge that the “dark sides of regionalism,” e.g. boosting authoritarian, rent-seeking regimes, have not received sufficient attention. They conclude with some methodological challenges of studying regions in a comparative way and with observations for future research.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Lokale Akteure, Regionalorganisationen (RO), State-Building, Regionalismus, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

The EU and Diffusion Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse The EU and Diffusion Regionalism

Prof. Dr. Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Burlington: Ashgate | 2016

Erschienen in: Interregionalism and the European Union: A Post-Revisionist Approach to Europe’s Place in a Changing World, 51-66.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalismus, Europa, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Themenheft "Transnationale Dynamiken lateinamerikanischer Sicherheit und Justiz"

Cover: Kriminologisches Journal

Markus Hochmüller, Lars Ostermeier

Weinheim: Juventa-Beltz Verlag | 2016

Erschienen in: Kriminologisches Journal, No. 4

Kriminologisches Journal

Thema: Teilprojekt C3, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Rule of Law, Staat, Transfer

Im- und Export von Aufstandsbekämpfung. Von Rio de Janeiro nach Port-au-Prince und zurück

müller_peripherie politik ökonomie kultur_36 _ 1 _ 2016

Markus-Michael Müller, Frank Müller

Leverkusen: Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2016

Erschienen in: Peripherie. Politik, Ökonomie, Kultur, 36 (1), 74-93.

Verlag Budrich Journals

This paper addresses the global reemergence of counterinsurgency in the Urban South by focusing on Brazil’s pacification experience in the context of the MINUSTAH (United Nations Mission in Haiti) and its ongoing application in Rio de Janeiro’s marginalized areas, the favelas. We argue that the transnational export-import of ‘favela-pacification experience’ is closely connected to Brazil ́s geopolitical aspirations. By empirically grounding our argument in the perspectives of local actors on the implementation of this pacification strategy in two marginalized areas of Rio de Janeiro, Maré and Alemão, we trace the strategy’s modifications and local adaptations and demonstrate that the colonial project of pacification, which is central to urban counterinsurgency, extends the domestic competences of the Brazilian military. In developing these arguments, this paper contributes to the largely neglected role of states from the Global South as central actors in the making of global counterinsurgency.

Thema: Bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Responses to the ‘Arabellions.’ The EU in Comparative Perspective

Cover: Journal of European Integration

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse, Assem Dandashly

Routledge | 2015-12-12

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal of European Integration 37 (1).

Taylor & Francis

This article introduces the themes of this special issue which is devoted to the reactions by external actors including the EU to the events unfolding in the Arab world beginning in December 2010. In particular, we look at the balancing act by external actors between their desire for stability, on the one hand, and their normative principles toward human rights and democracy, on the other. We compare the action (and inaction) of the European Union (EU) with other international and regional players, including the United States, Russia, Turkey and Israel. The contributions assess the response of these actors to the Arabellions events and analyse changes in their approaches to the Arab region. We ask three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions?

Thema: Außenpolitik, Externe Akteure, Regionalorganisationen, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Europa, Staat, bewaffneter Konflikt, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Mittelalterliches Regieren in der Moderne oder Modernes Regieren im Mittelalter?

Buchcover

Stefan Esders, Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Nomos | 2015-11-16

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos Verlag

„Governance“ als Methodenparadigma hat nicht nur zur Infragestellung des modernen Staatsbegriffes geführt, sondern auch dem Bemühen, die Genese und Entwicklung von Staatlichkeit teleologisch im modernen Staat gipfeln zu sehen, seine Berechtigung entzogen. Vor diesem Hintergrund gewinnt gerade der mittelalterliche Zeitraum eine überraschende Aktualität als Beispielfall für – gegenüber der Antike – reduzierte Staatlichkeit. Der Blick auf mittelalterliches Regieren kann dabei helfen, gegenwärtige Prozesse der Reduktion von Staatlichkeit besser zu verstehen, wie auch die Mittelalterforschung sich mit dem Governance-Paradigma ein analytisches Instrumentarium aneignen kann, mit dem sich die Eigenart mittelalterlicher Staatlichkeit auf neue Weise erschließt. Die Autoren des Bandes nähern sich dieser Thematik daher aus der Perspektive einer staatsrechtlich ausgerichteten Governance-Forschung und dem Blickwinkel der historischen Mediävistik.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10, Teilprojekt B7

Reinvigorating International Climate Policy: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Nonstate Action

global policy _ 2015 6_4

Marianne Beisheim, Ander Chan, Harro van Asselt, Thomas Hale, Kenneth W. Abbott, Marianne Beisheim, Matthew Hoffmann, Brendan Guy, Niklas Höhne, Angel Hsu, Philipp Pattberg, Pieter Pauw, Céline Ramstein, Oscar Widerberg

Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell | 2015-11

Erschienen in: Global Policy, 6 (4), 466–473.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

As countries negotiate a new climate agreement for the United Nations climate conference in December 2015, a groundswell of climate actions is emerging as cities, regions, businesses and civil society groups act on mitigation and adaptation, independently, with each other and with national governments and international organizations. The Paris conference provides a historic opportunity to establish a framework to catalyse, support, and steer these initiatives. Without such a framework, ‘bottom-up’ climate governance runs the risk of failing to deliver meaningful results. Social science research highlights the need for a comprehensive approach that promotes ambition, experimentation and accountability, and avoids unnecessary overlaps. This article specifies functions and design principles for a new, comprehensive framework for sub- and nonstate climate actions that could provide effective coordination.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Umwelt, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt D1

Neue Mittel der Kriegsführung. Neue Formen der Rechtsetzung?

Cover: Moderne Waffentechnologie. Hält das Recht Schritt?

Anton Petrov

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015-10-14

Erschienen in: Gramm, Christof/Weingärtner, Dieter (eds.): Moderne Waffentechnologie. Hält das Recht Schritt?, 200-228.

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Dysfunctional state institutions, trust, and governance in areas of limited statehood

Cover: Regulation & Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Wiley | 2015-10-08

Erschienen in: Regulation and Governance; Vol. 10, 149-160

Wiley Online Library

Areas of limited statehood where the state is absent or dysfunctional are rarely ungoverned or ungovernable spaces. The provision of rules and regulations, as well as of public goods and services – governance – does not necessarily depend on the existence of functioning state institutions. How can this be explained? To begin with, we identify functional equivalents to state institutions that fail to govern hierarchically. Moreover, we focus on informal institutions based on trust that are endogenous to areas of limited statehood. Personalized trust among community members enables actors to overcome collective action problems and enhances the legitimacy of governance actors. The main challenge in areas of limited statehood, which are often characterized by social heterogeneity and deep social and cultural cleavages (particularly in post-conflict societies) is to move to generalized trust beyond the local level and to “imagined communities among strangers,” despite dysfunctional state institutions. We propose two mechanisms: First, the more group-based identities are constructed in inclusive ways and the more group identities are cross-cutting and overlapping, the more they lead to and maintain generalized trust. Second, experiences with fair and impartial institutions and governance practices – irrespective of whether state or non-state – also lead to generalized trust beyond the local level and allow for the upscaling of governance.

Thema: Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt A1

Courts of Armed Groups: A Tool for Inducing Higher Compliance with International Humanitarian Law?

Buchcover

Jan Willms

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 149-180.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Private Governance-Akteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Introduction

Buchcover

Heike Krieger

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 1-11.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Conclusion: Where States Fail, Non-State Actors Rise? Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law in Areas of Limited Statehood

Buchcover

Heike Krieger

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 504-550.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions: Scope and Content of the Obligation to 'Ensure Respect' - 'Narrow but Deep' or 'Wide and Shallow'

Cover: 'Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region'

Robin Geiß

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 417-440.

Cambridge University Press

More than ten years after 9/11, calls for an urgent reform of the ostensibly obsolete humanitarian legal framework have faded. Yet a central and seemingly eternal dilemma of humanitarian law remains: how to ensure better compliance with international humanitarian law? Official statements of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) over the past decade(s) have consistently identified the lack of respect for existing rules as the main challenge to the humanitarian legal order. In the armed conflicts in Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and (South) Sudan, this lack of respect, albeit a seemingly endemic feature of non-international armed conflicts worldwide, has been particularly obvious. Of course, as is well known, over the past two decades, the laws of war have become increasingly prominent on the Security Council's agenda; its reactions to violations of international humanitarian law ranging from denunciations and focused demands for implementation to the creation of ad hoc institutional mechanisms. But even if the Security Council has developed into the ‘major intergovernmental institution’ acting in the field of international humanitarian law, its reactions to violations of international humanitarian law are still rather sporadic. Against this background, the ICRC has recently been invited by the 31st International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent ‘to pursue further research’ with regard to possible models for an enhanced compliance mechanism in the field of humanitarian law. Judging, however, by the history of the International Fact-Finding Commission (Article 90 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions (AP I)) and more recently, tentative attempts to turn the United Nations Human Rights Council into a central international humanitarian law monitoring body, which have met with strong resistance from various member States, it seems that prospects for a functioning central international humanitarian law monitoring body are as remote as ever. Against this background, much hope has traditionally been vested in Common Article 1 of the four Geneva Conventions (Common Article 1 GC). Common Article 1 GC, in the relevant part, provides that ‘[t]he High Contracting parties undertake…to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances’.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

Politische Legitimität und zerfallene Staatlichkeit

Buchcover

Cord Schmelzle

Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag | 2015-08-17

Campus Verlag

Was geht verloren, wenn Staaten zerfallen? Das Auseinanderbrechen von staatlichen Institutionen ist heute eines der drängendsten Probleme der internationalen Politik. Mit Cord Schmelzles Studie liegt nun die erste Monografie vor, die dieses Phänomen aus Perspektive der politischen Theorie und Philosophie untersucht. Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Begriffe Legitimität und Staatlichkeit entwickelt der Autor eine neuartige Theorie der Rechtfertigung von Herrschaftsverhältnissen und des Wertes staatlicher Ordnungssysteme und fragt, wie die internationale Gemeinschaft auf Fälle von Staatszerfall reagieren sollte.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Legitimität, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Völkerrecht und internationale Politik

Cover: Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Robin Geiß, Mina Baghai

Berlin: Springer | 2015-08-01

Erschienen in: Masala, Carlo (ed.): Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen, Berlin: Springer, 26.

Springer Link

Der Beitrag bietet eine prägnante Einführung in die grundlegende Materie des Völkerrechts unter Berücksichtigung aktueller Fragestellungen. Dabei wird auf die geschichtlichen und dogmatischen Wurzeln eingegangen, und es werden die Rechtsquellen sowie die zentralen Akteure des Völkerrechts dargestellt. Wesentliche Regelungsbereiche des Völkerrechts werden exemplarisch aufgegriffen und überblicksartig vorgestellt. Vertieft dargestellt wird das Prinzip der Schutzverantwortung (Responsibility to Protect), das Völkerrecht im Cyberspace und der im Kampf gegen den internationalen Terrorismus anwendbare völkerrechtliche Regelungsrahmen.

Thema: Völkerrecht, Staaten, Sicherheit, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C11

Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law - Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region

Buchcover

Heike Krieger

Cambridge University Press | 2015-08

Cambridge University Press

The number of armed conflicts featuring extreme violence against the civilian population in areas with no or little State authority has risen significantly since the early 1990s. This phenomenon has been particularly prevalent in the African Great Lakes Region. This collection of essays evaluates, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the various traditional and alternative instruments for inducing compliance with international humanitarian law. In particular, it explores the potential of persuasion, as well as hierarchical means such as criminal justice on the international and domestic level or quasi-judicial mechanisms by armed groups. Furthermore, it evaluates the role and potential of human rights bodies, peacekeeping missions and the UN Security Council's special compliance system for children and armed conflicts. It also considers how Common Article 1 to the Geneva Conventions and the law of State responsibility could both potentially increase compliance with international humanitarian law.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

EU Democracy Promotion and the Arab Spring: International Cooperation and Authoritarianism

Buchcover

Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-08

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Fuelled by the suspicion that the European Union's democracy promotion efforts in the Middle East and North Africa over the past 20 years were not only ineffective but even counterproductive, this book critically reviews the practice and effects of international democracy promotion efforts vis-à-vis authoritarian regimes. How and under which conditions do authoritarian regimes cooperate on democracy promotion efforts by international actors? And what does the Arab Spring tell us about the nature and prospects of these efforts? Following a comprehensive analysis of cooperation on democracy and human rights in Euro-Mediterranean relations since the early 1990s, the author argues that the same set of factors facilitated both the cooperation of authoritarian regimes and their persistence during the Arab Spring. For authoritarian regimes with moderate levels of political liberalization and statehood, cooperation on democracy and human rights became part of their more 'successful' survival strategies.

Thema: MENA‐Region, Demokratie, State-Building, Autoritarismus, Teilprojekt B2

Crimen y violencia en América Latina: Retos de gobernanza de seguridad en áreas de presencia limitada del Estado

Günther Maihold

San Salvador: Fundaungo | 2015-04

Erschienen in: Documentos de trabajo / Fundación Guillermo Manuel Ungo.

Volltext Maihold

En este documento se recoge la conferencia: “Retos de gobernanza de seguridad en áreas de presencia limitada del Estado”, organizada por la Fundación Dr. Guillermo Manuel Ungo (Fundaungo), la cual se realizó en la ciudad de San Salvador, El Salvador, el 12 de octubre de 2012. La conferencia fue dictada por el Dr. Günther Maihold, Titular de la Cátedra Guillermo y Alejandro de Humboldt en el Colegio de México. Este documento se estructura en cuatro partes: primero, se analiza el cambio de perspectiva al pasar de hablar de “Estado fallido” a un enfoque de áreas de presencia limitada del Estado; en segundo lugar, se analiza la transformación de la violencia en América Latina; en tercer lugar se aborda el crimen organizado y seguridad en América Latina; y, por último, se presentan los retos de la gobernanza de seguridad en áreas de presencia limitada del Estado. Agradecemos al Dr. Maihold por autorizar la publicación de su conferencia en esta colección de documentos de trabajo; así como el apoyo financiero de la Iniciativa Think Tank (ITT) para su impresión.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

Aufholende Entwicklung in der globalen Ökonomie - Pharmazeutische Innovationssysteme in Indien und Brasilien

Cover: Aufholende Entwicklung in der globalen Ökonomie

Verena Schüren

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015-03-27

Erschienen in: Vergleichende Analyse politischer Systeme

Nomos Verlag

Der Zugang zu technologischem Wissen ist ein Schlüsselfaktor für die ökonomische und soziale Entwicklung aufholender Länder. Gleichzeitig wird dieser durch das im TRIPs-Abkommen verankerte Patentschutzgebot seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre erheblich beschränkt. Am folgenreichsten ist hiervon der pharmazeutische Sektor betroffen, der wegen seiner hohen Technologieintensität und sozialpolitischen Relevanz in aufholenden Ländern seit jeher vom Patentschutz ausgenommen war. Die Arbeit untersucht die pharmazeutische Technologiegewinnung Indiens und Brasiliens. Es wird gezeigt, dass die beiden Staaten infolge des TRIPs-Abkommens zwei grundlegend verschiedene catching up-Pfade eingeschlagen haben, die auf unterschiedliche Governance-Konfigurationen in den Innovationssystemen beider Länder zurückgeführt werden können.

The access to technological knowledge has become a key determinant for international competitiveness affecting developing countries’ opportunities for economic as well as social advancement. At the same time, this access has become heavily restricted by the TRIPs Agreement demanding patent protection for innovations in all fields of technology. The caused adaptation needs are most prevalent in the pharmaceutical sector, where developing countries have traditionally refrained from granting patents due to its extraordinarily high technology intensity and socio-political significance. The book analyzes the pharmaceutical knowledge generation of India and Brazil. It is shown that the two countries are following two different paths of catching up that can be traced back to varying governance configurations in the innovation systems of both countries.

Wege in die moderne Welt: Globalisierung von Staatlichkeit als Kommunikationsgeschichte

Buchcover

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Campus Verlag | 2015-03-11

Erschienen in: Staatlichkeit im Wandel

Campus Verlag

Die Geschichte der Globalisierung und die Globalisierung von Staatlichkeit wird in diesem Buch als Kommunikationsgeschichte vorgestellt. Im Zentrum stehen dabei nicht die veränderten Kommunikationstechniken; vielmehr beschreibt und analysiert der Autor den politischen und kulturellen Kontext von Welterfahrung und Weltbeherrschung durch Kommunikation. Eine solche kommunikationssoziologische Perspektive auf das Phänomen der Globalisierung und seine Auswirkung auf den Staatswandel hat bisher gefehlt und schließt an Schupperts »Verflochtene Staatlichkeit « (Campus 2014) an.

Democracy promotion and the challenges of illiberal regional powers: introduction to the special issue

Buchcover

Thomas Risse, Nelli Babayan

Routledge | 2015-02-25

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Babayan, Nelli (eds.): Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers, Special Issue of Democratization, 22 (3), 381-399.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This special issue examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. We argue that Western powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This article introduces the special issue. First, illiberal regional powers are likely to respond to Western efforts at democracy promotion in third countries if they perceive challenges to their geostrategic interests in the region or to the survival of their regime. Second, Western democracy promoters react to countervailing policies by illiberal regimes if they prioritize democracy and human rights goals over stability and security goals which depends in turn on their perception of the situation in the target countries and their overall relationships to the non- democratic regional powers. Third, the effects on the ground mostly depend on the domestic configuration of forces. Western democracy promoters are likely to empower liberal groups in the target countries, while countervailing efforts by non-democratic regional powers will empower illiberal groups. In some cases, though, countervailing efforts by illiberal regimes have the counterintuitive effect of fostering democracy by strengthening democratic elites and civil societyThis special issue examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. We argue that Wester powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This article introduces the special issue. First, illiberal regional powers are likely to respond to Western efforts at democracy promotion in third countries if they perceive challenges to their geostrategic interests in the region or to the survival of their regime. Second, Western democracy promoters react to countervailing policies by illiberal regimes if they prioritize democracy and human rights goals over stability and security goals which depends in turn on their perception of the situation in the target countries and their overall relationships to the non- democratic regional powers. Third, the effects on the ground mostly depend on the domestic configuration of forces. Western democracy promoters are likely to empower liberal groups in the target countries, while countervailing efforts by non-democratic regional powers will empower illiberal groups. In some cases, though, countervailing efforts by illiberal regimes have the counterintuitive effect of fostering democracy by strengthening democratic elites and civil society..

Thema: Europa, China, MENA-Region, Lokale Akteure, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Autoritarismus, externe Akteure, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

EU Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers

Buchcover

Nelli Babayan, Thomas Risse

Routledge | 2015-02-25

Erschienen in: Democratization - Special Issue 22 (3)

Routledge

This special issue examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. We argue that Western powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as “autocracy supporters”. This article introduces the special issue. First, illiberal regional powers are likely to respond to Western efforts at democracy promotion in third countries if they perceive challenges to their geostrategic interests in the region or to the survival of their regime. Second, Western democracy promoters react to countervailing policies by illiberal regimes if they prioritize democracy and human rights goals over stability and security goals which depends in turn on their perception of the situation in the target countries and their overall relationships to the non-democratic regional powers. Third, the effects on the ground mostly depend on the domestic configuration of forces. Western democracy promoters are likely to empower liberal groups in the target countries, while countervailing efforts by non-democratic regional powers will empower illiberal groups. In some cases, though, countervailing efforts by illiberal regimes have the counterintuitive effect of fostering democracy by strengthening democratic elites and civil society.

Thema: Autoritarismus, externe Akteure, Europa, China, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Non-State Justice Institutions: A Matter of Fact and a Matter of Legalisation

Non-State Justivce Institutions and the Law

Matthias Kötter

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-02-02

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Röder, Tilmann/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke/Wolfrum, Rüdiger (eds.): Non-State Justice Institutions and the Law: Decision-Making at the Interface of Tradition, Religion and the State, 155-187.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

The Substance of EU Democracy Promotion

Buch cover

Anne Wetzel, Jan Orbie

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-02

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

This book provides a comprehensive overview and explanation of the substance of the European Union's (EU) democracy promotion policy. With the promotion of democracy becoming an increasingly important element of European Union foreign policy, the contributors argue that the question of what is actually being promoted by the EU in third countries must come to the fore of academic and practical discussions. Dealing with the democratic agenda promoted by the EU, this collection focuses on elections, civil and political rights, horizontal accountability, effective power to govern, stateness, state administrative capacity, civil society, and socio-economic development as components of embedded liberal democracy. The conceptual part of the book includes an analytical framework and critical discussions from law, political economy, critical social theory and governance perspectives. The empirical part contains 11 chapters where the common analytical framework is applied to 22 country cases.

Non-State Justice Institutions and the Law

Non-State Justivce Institutions and the Law

Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert, Tilmann J. Röder, Rüdiger Wolfrum

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-02

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Traditional forms of dispute resolution have become an important aspect in the political and academic debates on law and development and in numerous cases of constitution-making and judicial reform. This book focuses on decision-making by non-state justice institutions at the interface of traditional, religious, and state laws. The authors discuss the implications of non-state justice for the rule of law, presenting case studies on traditional councils and courts in Pakistan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Bolivia and South Africa. Looking at the legitimacy of non-state justice from various angles, this collection explores the ways in which non-state legal systems and governmental structures are embedded in official state justice institutions and how this affects the protection of human rights.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

No Success Without Legitimacy! A Comment on Military Interventions

Cover: Lessons from Intervention in the 21st Century: Legality, Feasibility and Legitimacy

Thomas Risse

Global Policy | 2015-01-05

Erschienen in: David Held/Kyle McNally (eds.): Lessons from Military Interventions in the 21 st Century: Feasibility, Legality, Legitimacy, Chichester: Global Policy Journal at Smashwords (e-book).

Volltext: Global Policy Journal

This column by Thomas Risse is part of Global Policy’s e-book, ‘Lessons from Intervention in the 21st Century: Legality, Legitimacy and Feasibility', edited by David Held and Kyle McNally.

Thema: MENA-Region, Subsahara-Afrika, State-Building, Evaluation, Intervention, Legitimität, externe Akteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Reviewing the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals and Partnerships. A Proposal for a Multi-level Review at the High level Political Forum

Reviewing the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals and Partnerships

Marianne Beisheim

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2015-01

Erschienen in: SWP Research Paper, No. 3, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.

Volltext SWP Berlin

In September 2015, the heads of state and government of the United Nations Member States are scheduled to decide on the Post-2015 agenda. This is to include not only a list of universal Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) but also a mechanism for monitoring and review. The High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) was launched in July 2013 to provide political leadership and guidance, and to work towards a global transformation to sustainable development. An important element of its work will be the review mechanism envisioned under the HLPF mandate, which is set to replace the Annual Ministerial Review (AMR) starting in 2016. What would the review mechanism have to look like to contribute to the implementation of sustainable development at all levels? A review process builds on and goes beyond monitoring and data collection. In this framework, the governments are asked critical, analytical questions to determine the reasons for their successes and failures, and to recommend measures needed to further improve goal attainment in the future. The present study examines the debate taking place over the review process, highlights the positions of selected key actors, discusses criteria for designing a review, and applies these to analyze and assess existing review systems. Finally, it develops specific proposals for a universal, state-led, participatory, multi-level "Commit and Review" process that could serve as a central component of the follow-up process for the Post-2015 agenda and goals.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt D1

Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Buchcover

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-01

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

This volume explores the conditions under which regional organizations engage in governance transfer in and to areas of limited statehood. The comparison of 12 regional organizations in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and the Middle East shows that regional organizations have not only institutionalized commitments to human rights, democracy, the rule of law, and the fight against corruption. They have also developed more detailed prescriptions of these 'good' governance standards and established similar instruments to promote and protect them in their member states. The authors argue that a global script of governance transfer by regional organizations is emerging. Rather than developing from a central model, however, this is patched together by regional and national actors who are translating governance standards and instruments into their local context.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

Addressing the Accountability Gap in Peacekeeping: Law-making by Domestic Courts as a Way to Avoid UN Reform?

Cover: Netherlands International Law Review

Heike Krieger

The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Netherlands International Law Review, No. 62 (2), 259-277.

Volltext bei SpringerLink

Two decades after the Srebrenica massacre legal accountability for serious human rights violations perpetrated by peacekeepers is still difficult to deliver. While there is an accountability gap where individuals seek redress from the United Nations, a number of court decisions seem to prompt a shift towards the domestic level so that member States might be held accountable for violations of (international) law which occur during peacekeeping missions: While national courts have upheld the immunity of the UN, developments in the domestic and regional jurisprudence on the rules on attribution and State liability point to the responsibility of the troop-contributing States. In view of the political difficulties in bringing about reforms within the UN system a focus on the decentralized law-making mechanisms at the domestic level might appeal at first sight. However, this paper argues that member States need to act and close the accountability gap above all at the level of the UN.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Menschenrechte, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

The Force Intervention Brigade: United Nations Forces beyond the Fine Line between Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement

Cover: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 20 (3)

Lars Müller

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 20 (3), 359-380.

Volltext

As United Nations (UN) peacekeeping evolved from interposition forces to multidimensional missions, the UN adjusted its peacekeeping principles and allowed a wider use of force. As the latest adjustment, the Security Council adopted a new mandate for UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo creating the ‘Force Intervention Brigade’, described as the first contingent of troops to conduct targeted offensive operations against armed groups. However, this role of the UN as an enforcement actor within a non-international armed conflict was not prepared by an assessment of the rules applicable to UN missions. These rules provide the Force Intervention Brigade with an ambiguous double status being at the same time a specially protected peacekeeping force and a party directly engaged in hostilities. As a consequence, peacekeeping missions as a whole are put at a higher risk of failing to perform their assigned mediation between the conflict parties and of themselves becoming the target of attacks. As a preliminary policy advice, I propose a clear distinction between peacekeeping and peace enforcement troops with a view to protect the peacekeeper’s perceived legitimacy and to reconcile the status of peace enforcement troops with the law applicable to the conflicts they, in fact, became a party to.

Thema: DR Kongo, Internationale Organisationen, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Zwischen Regionalstudien und Internationalen Beziehungen. Die vergleichende Regionalismusforschung als transdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld

Boerzel_Risse Zwischen Regionalstudien u Internationalen Beziehungen

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: PVS – Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 56 (2), 334-363.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

This contribution explores the „comparative turn“ in research on regionalism which emerged at the intersection of International Relations and area studies. Seeking to capture the rise of regionalism after the end of the Cold War, studies have increasingly engaged in comparisons of region-building in different parts of the world. Such inter-regional comparisons have revealed institutional similarities and convergence. We argue that theories of international cooperation and regional integration identify important drivers of regionalism in Europe and beyond; diffusion theories, however, are more adequate to account for institutional similarities and differences among regions. Nevertheless, we conclude with a plea not to pitch theories of diffusion, international cooperation and regional integration against each other but to view them as complementary approaches to comparative regionalism.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Meta-Governance, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

The Noble West and the Dirty Rest? Western Democracy Promoters and Illiberal Regional Powers

Börzel_Democratization Journal

Tanja A. Börzel

Ilford, Essex: Taylor & Francis | 2015

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Babayan, Nelli (eds.): Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers, Special Issue of Democratization, 22 (3), 519-535.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This conclusion summarizes the major findings of this special issue and discusses their implications for research on democratization and international democracy promotion. First, I compare the interactions between EU and US democracy promotion and the responses of non-democratic regional powers. In the cases in which Russia, Saudi Arabia, and China chose to pursue a countervailing strategy, I match the reactions of the US and the EU and explore how the combined (inter-)actions of democratic and non-democratic actors have affected efforts at democracy promotion in the target countries. The second part discusses the theoretical implications of these findings and identifies challenges for theory-building. I argue that the literature still has to come to terms with a counter-intuitive finding of this special issue, namely that non-democratic actors can promote democratic change by unintentionally empowering liberal reform coalitions as much as democracy promoters can unwittingly enhance autocracy by stabilizing illiberal incumbent regimes. I conclude with some policy considerations.

Thema: Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Gewaltkontrolle ohne Staat. Raum-zeitliche Variationen von Konflikt und Sicherheit in Somalia, 1990-2009

Cover: Geographien der Gewalt

Sven Chojnacki, Christian Ickler, Željko Branović

Stuttgart: Borntraeger | 2015

Erschienen in: Korf, Benedikt/Schetter, Conrad (eds.): Geographien der Gewalt, Teubner Studienbücher der Geographie, 128-145.

Verlag

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Somalia, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Das Konzept der internationalen Schutzverantwortung

Cover: Bpb 326

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Publikationsversand der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2015

Erschienen in: Informationen zur politischen Bildung, No. 326, 70-75.

Volltext

Thema: Staat, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

State Failure and State Transformation

Cover: Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

Sven Chojnacki, Anne Menzel

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Huber, Evelyne/Lange, Matthew/Leibfried, Stephan/Levy, Jonah/Nullmeier, Frank/Stephens, John (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State, 745-761.

In this chapter, we consider state failure and its impact on state transformations in the Global South. After introducing "state failure" (Section 1), we define failed states and assess their strengths and weaknesses in light of alternative approaches, in particular by integrating the idea of modes of governance beyond the state (Section 2). We then detail institutional and functional failures, that is, we move on to an evaluation of current evidence that supports different dimensions of violent state transformation (institutional and physical characteristics) as well as the nexus between making war and (un-)making the state (Section 3). Following up, we sketch the different pathways to failure, warfare, and state collapse, as there is no single path that typically tips faillng states "over the edge" into widespread warfare, nor one common characteristic defining actors' strategies and dynamics in such situations (Section 4). Finally we outline the role of international interventions to further peace-keeping and state-building in these trajectories (Section 5). We conclude by outlining further substantive and methodological research opportunities (Section 6).

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Security Assemblages at the Margins of Mexico City

Albrecht_Kyed_policy and the politics of order making

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Albrecht, Peter/Kyed, Helene Maria (eds.): Policing and the Politics of Order-Making, 108-126.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Policing, Staat, lokale Akteure, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Writing the Script? ECOWAS’s Military Intervention Mechanism

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Kai Striebinger, Christoph Hartmann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 68-83.

Springer

In 1999, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) adopted an innovative protocol. The ECOWAS Protocol relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peace-Keeping, and Security (Protocol-Mechanism) established a nine-member state Mediation and Security Council (MSC) deciding with majority rule upon military interventions in member states against the will of target countries in cases of, among other things, violation of human rights, the rule of law, or democratic principles. Up until then the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) had been the sole organization to have this right, and so far no other regional organization had followed suit. An additional Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance from 2001 complemented the first protocol by providing a more explicit framework of reference for appropriate governance standards within member states. In a region mostly known for countries with weak statehood and military coup d’états, the protocols of 1999 and 2001 represent a strong commitment to liberal democracy combined with a mandate by the regional organization to defend these principles by force if necessary.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Intervention, Teilprojekt B2

Non-Flag States as Guardians of the Maritime Order: Creeping Jurisdiction of a Different Kind?

Cover: Jurisdiction over Ships

Robin Geiß, Christian Tims

Leiden: Brill | 2015

Erschienen in: Ringbom, Henrik (ed.): Jurisdiction over ships: Post-UNCLOS Developments in the Law of the Sea, Leiden: Brill, 19-49.

Brill Online

Thema: Völkerrecht, Policing, Staaten, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

Building Security in Post-Conflict States: The Domestic Consequences of Security Sector Reform

Cover: Building Security in Post-Conflict States

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis

New York: Routledge | 2015

Support for security and justice institutions has become a crucial instrument of international engagement in fragile and conflict-affected states. In attempts to shore up security as a precondition for sustainable peace, international actors have become deeply engaged in reforming the security agencies and security governance institutions of states emerging from conflict. But despite their increasing importance in the field of international peace- and state-building, security sector reform (SSR) interventions remain both highly political and deeply contentious processes. Expanding on this theme, this edited volume identifies new directions in research on the domestic consequences of external support to security sector reform. Both empirically and theoretically, the focus lies on the so far neglected role of domestic actors, interests and political power constellations in recipient states. Based on a wide range of empirical cases, the volume discusses how the often conflictual and asymmetric encounters between external and domestic actors with divergent interests and perceptions affect the consequences of international interventions. By taking into account the plurality of state and non-state security actors and institutions beyond classical models of Weberian statehood, the contributions make the case for engaging more closely with the complexity of the domestic security governance configurations that can result from external engagement in the field of security sector reform.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

The EU, External Actors, and the ‘Arabellions’: Much Ado About (Almost) Nothing

Cover: Journal of European Integration

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse, Assem Dandashly

Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal of European Integration 37 (1), 135-153.

Volltext Routledge

This article summarizes the findings from the special issue. The EU, the US, and to some extent Turkey are the only actors considered in this special issue who not only explicitly try to promote human rights and democracy, but also employ specific instruments and resources for this purpose. But all external actors prioritized stability and security over democracy as the events unfolded. Despite all the discussions about EU actorness, we did not find any difference between the EU, on the one hand, and the four states we looked at in this special issue (the US, Russia, Turkey, and Israel), on the other. In fact, the US arguably pursued the most incoherent and inconsistent foreign policy toward the MENA region in response to the Arabellions. Among the three explanations considered in the introduction to this special issue, realism scores worst. ‘Objective’ geostrategic interests cannot account for the variation in policy responses by the external actors. The authors in this special issue point to domestic politics in the various countries and inside the regional organization (the EU) considered here. Self-understandings and collective identities provide a complementary explanation for why external actors have acted against their economic and security goals. As to the effects of the external actors’ policies in the target countries, the main drivers of events during the Arabellions have been domestic so that external actors could only assume subsidiary roles. Tunisia might be the only case in which external democracy promotion—in this case by the EU—played an auxiliary role.

Thema: Europa, Staat, bewaffneter Konflikt, Außenpolitik, Externe Akteure, Regionalorganisationen, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt T3

Towards a Global Script? Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 3-21.

Verlag Palgrave

Since the end of the Cold War, international organizations and states have developed programs to promote ‘good’ governance in member states and third countries. Regional organizations have gained an important role in governance transfer. They constitute an intermediate level of agency between the nation-state and global institutions. Their broad mandate allows them to promote legitimate governance institutions in their member states and, in some cases, also non-member states. Today, almost every regional organization prescribes, promotes, and protects some standards for governance at the national level, irrespective of its original purpose — including simple free trade agreements. Thereby, they do not only foster the evolution of regional but also induce the transformation of national order.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Beyond Control: Militias as Inherent Part of the National Security Policy in Indonesia

Cover: Sicherheit und Frieden 33 (4)

Deniz Kocak

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: Sicherheit und Frieden 33 (4), 212-217.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

This article approaches the issue of militias as barely regulated actors in the provision of security, and the challenge of containing them in the context of security sector reform in Indonesia. Since independence, militias played a pivotal role in representing the central state in areas of limited statehood and hence in the Indonesian state-building process. In cooperation with the military and police, militias were deployed to maintain the political status quo. Even after Suharto’s resignation and the onset of political reforms as part of reformasi, militias continued to act as an unregulated instrument to assert not only state control but to serve particular interests as well.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance

Fairlie Chappuis, Alan Bryden

London: Ubiquity Press | 2015

Volltext bei Ubiquity

Many efforts have been undertaken to address dysfunctional security sector governance in West Africa. However, security sector reform (SSR) has fallen short of radical – transformational – change to the fundamental structures of power and governance in the region. Looking more closely at specific examples of SSR in six West African countries, Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance explores both progress and reversals in efforts by national stakeholders and their international partners to positively influence security sector governance dynamics. Written by eminent national experts based on their personal experiences of these reform contexts, this study offers new insights and practical lessons that should inform processes to improve democratic security sector governance in West Africa and beyond.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

A New Imperial Vision? The Limits of German Colonialism in China

Cover: German Colonialism in a Global Age

Klaus Mühlhahn

Duke: Duke University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Naranch, Bradley/Eley, Geoff (ed.): German Colonialism in a Global Age, 129–141.

Duke University Press

Thema: Teilprojekt B13

Responses to the ‘Arabellions.’ The EU in Comparative Perspective: Introduction

Cover: Journal of European Integration

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse, Assem Dandashly

Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal of European Integration 37 (1), 1-17.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article introduces the themes of this special issue which is devoted to the reactions by external actors including the EU to the events unfolding in the Arab world beginning in December 2010. In particular, we look at the balancing act by external actors between their desire for stability, on the one hand, and their normative principles toward human rights and democracy, on the other. We compare the action (and inaction) of the European Union (EU) with other international and regional players, including the United States, Russia, Turkey and Israel. The contributions assess the response of these actors to the Arabellions events and analyse changes in their approaches to the Arab region. We ask three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions?

Thema: Europa, Staat, bewaffneter Konflikt, Außenpolitik, Externe Akteure, Regionalorganisationen, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Resilience as Warfare: Interventions and the Militarization of the Social in Haiti and Somalia

moe_müller_kriminologisches journal 4 2015

Markus-Michael Müller, Louise W. Moe

Weinheim: Beltz Juventa | 2015

Erschienen in: Kriminologisches Journal, 47 (4), 279-296.

Verlag Beltz

Der Beitrag analysiert die Militarisierung von Resilienz in Interventionskontexten. Durch eine Analyse der Implementierung von Resilienz-basierten Aufstandsbekämpfungsstrategien in Haiti und Somalia zeigen wir, dass die Inkorporierung von Resilienz-Denken in scheinbar wohltätigen bottom-up Sicherheitsbemühungen externer Akteure in von "fragiler Staatlichkeit" gekennzeichneten Interventionskontexten zunehmend zu einer Militarisierung sozialer Beziehungen führt. Schlüsselwörter: Resilienz, Aufstandsbekämpfung, Interventionen, Haiti, Somalia This article analyzes the militarization of resilience-thinking within the context of international interventions in "fragile" or "failed" states. In analyzing the implementation of resilience-driven conunterinsurgency approaches in Haiti and Somalia, we demonstrate that the incorporation of resilience-thinking in bottom-up security efforts promoted by external actors interveining in "fragile states" produces a militarization of social relations. Keywords: resilience, counterinsurgency, interventions, Haiti, Somalia

Thema: Intervention, Gewaltakteure, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

: Internationale Organisationen. Autonomie, Politisierung, interorganisationale Beziehungen und Wandel

Cover: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49

Andrea Liese, Eugéniada Conceição-Heldt, Martin Koch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49.

Nomos ShopVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Das PVS-Sonderheft nimmt internationale Organisationen als partiell eigenständige Akteure zum Ausgangspunkt, deren Verhalten sich nicht (ausschließlich) aus dem Einfluss von Mitgliedstaaten ableiten lässt, um konzeptionell offen und theorieübergreifend grundlegende Fragen nach Delegation und Autonomie, Verrechtlichung und Politisierung, den interorganisationalen Beziehungen und dem Wandel von internationalen Organisationen nachzugehen. Damit greift das Sonderheft nicht nur zentrale Fragen der jüngeren Forschung auf, sondern konzentriert sich auch auf das Verhältnis internationaler Organisationen zu ihrer sich wandelnden Umwelt. Dazu initiiert das Sonderheft einen Dialog zwischen verschiedenen theoretischen Ansätzen (rationalistische, sozialkonstruktivistische und soziologische Ansätze) und Herangehensweisen (erklärende und interpretative Studien) und lotet das Potential der Synthese aus.

Thema: Internationale Organisationen, Teilprojekt D7

Mapping Governance Transfer by 12 Regional Organizations: A Global Script in Regional Colors

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Sören Stapel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 22-50.

Verlag Palgrave

Studies on governance transfer by regional organizations (ROs) are on the rise. The extant literature has mainly focused on democracy and human rights (for an overview see Pevehouse forthcoming; McMahon and Baker 2006). Meanwhile, the promotion of other governance standards, such as the rule of law and the fight against corruption, have received far less attention (but see Jakobi 2013a; Zürn et al. 2012) and a systematic comparison of the general patterns of governance transfer by ROs across time, space, and issue areas is still missing.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

América Latina e Estados Unidos. Uma história entre espaços - do período colonial aos dias atuais

Cover: América Latina e Estados Unidos

Stefan Rinke

Rio de Janeiro: Autografía/EDUPE | 2015

Thema: Lateinamerika, USA, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

Why Being Democratic Is Just Not Enough: The EU’s Governance Transfer

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 227-242.

Verlag Palgrave

The European Union (EU) is a promoter and protector of ‘good governance’ par excellence. The Europeanization of its member states and attempts at external governance transfer towards third countries have earned the EU the name of a ‘transformative’ or ‘normative’ power (cf. Börzel and Risse 2009b; Manners 2006). Yet, in comparison with other regional organizations, the EU has focused on the transformation of domestic governance institutions beyond rather than within its borders. Only recently has the EU begun to develop policies and instruments that explicitly aim at protecting the very norms and values within its own member states that it has sought to transfer to accession candidates, neighborhood countries, and third states. Not only has the emergence of a comprehensive policy for internal governance transfer lagged behind the establishment of the EU’s external policy by ten years; it is also much weaker than the EU’s rhetoric and its practice of external governance transfer would suggest. This is all the more puzzling since problems with democratic pluralism, the independence of the judiciary, or minority rights, in both old and new member states, question the extent to which the EU has been effective in promoting and protecting governance standards internally.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Desigualdades sociales e interdependencias globales en América Latina: Una valoración provisional

Braig_Alba_revista mexicana de ciencias políticas

Marianne Braig, Sérgio Costa, Barbara Göbel

México City: Universidad Autónoma de México | 2015

Erschienen in: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 60 (223), 209-236.

Volltext Revistas UNAM

El artículo expone las bases desde las que se desarrolló la perspectiva de investigación de la red de investigaciones desiguALdades.net. Partiendo de las diversas dimensiones de la desigualdad social en América Latina, se busca poner énfasis en la multidimensionalidad de las desigualdades y sus interdependencias transregionales, tomando en cuenta una perspectiva sincrónica y diacrónica. De esta manera abreva, en primer lugar, del discurso de los puntos de vista globales para el estudio de las desigualdades, en particular del enfoque del sistema-mundo y del transnacionalismo. En segundo lugar, se fundamenta en el examen crítico de conceptos clave (configuración y régimen). Por último, busca vincular estos conceptos a temas y áreas, en especial a la dimensión medioambiental, que hasta ahora ha recibido poca consideración en la investigación sobre desigualdades.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Just Leave Us Alone: The Arab League and Human Rights

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 125-140.

Volltext Estudios

Compared with a global trend towards governance transfer by regional organizations, the League of Arab States is clearly a latecomer in prescribing and promoting governance standards in its member states — and its efforts are more limited and weaker than in many other regional organizations (Börzel and Stapel in this volume). While the Arab League started to deal with selected human rights issues in the late 1960s, an Arab Charter on Human Rights as the cornerstone of a regional human rights regime only entered into force in 2008 — much later than its American, European, and African counterparts. Continental organizations like the Organization of American States (OAS), the Council of Europe (CoE), and the Organization for African Unity (OAU), the predecessor of the African Union (AU), had developed regional human rights regimes early on. Moreover, many regional organizations worldwide turned to more actively prescribing and promoting standards related to human rights, democracy, the rule of law, and good governance in the 1990s. By contrast, only in the 21st century has the Arab League begun to step up its efforts at governance transfer. It focuses on human rights as compared with democracy, the rule of law, or good governance, but even the catalogue of human rights adopted in 2004 falls short of international standards, and the Arab Human Rights Committee has only a limited mandate for its promotion and protection.

Thema: MENA-Region, Menschenrechte, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

The Legal Status of Crimea: Occupation, Conquest or Annexation?

Cover: 'Russia’s Annexation of Crimea: The Mills of International Law Grind Slowly but They Do Grind'

Robin Geiß

Stockton: Stockton Center for the Study of International Law | 2015

Erschienen in: International Law Studies, Vol. 91, 425-449.

ILS

In her speech at the Munich Security Conference in February 2015, Chancellor Angela Merkel unwaveringly said: “Europe’s borders are and will remain unalterable.” At the same time, however, most observers agree that Crimea will remain de facto under Russian control. Against this backdrop the article assesses the contemporary and possible future legal status of Crimea. Particular attention is given to the inseparability of the link between Russia’s unlawful use of force and the purported territorial status alteration of Crimea, the concept of remedial secession and Crimea’s current status as an occupied territory.

Thema: Souveränität, Externe Akteure, Russland, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

Tropenkoller. States of Agitation and Mood Swings in Colonial Jurisdiction in the German Colonies

Cover: InterDisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology 6 (2)

Ulrike Schaper

Bielefeld: Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology (BGHS) | 2015

Erschienen in: InterDisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology, 6 (2), 75-100.

Volltext

The term Tropenkoller emerged in the context of several scandals concerning incidents of excessive violence in the German colonies, predominantly in cases of criminal jurisdiction in the mid-1890s. Tropenkoller was understood as a state of excitation produced by the nerves in reaction to medical, social, and climactic conditions in the colonies. References to Tropenkoller in the context of these scandals were used to legitimize excessive violence as well as to criticize this apologetic rhetoric. The incidents the term referred to, however, contradicted the colonial authorities’ self-perception of rationality and control, which formed a basis for their claim to colonial power. State representatives who acted under the influence of Tropenkoller—I argue—were seen as problematic, especially because they behaved emotionally and recklessly. In analyzing how Tropenkoller was problematized in the context of colonial jurisdiction, I assess feelings of a plenitude of power and the lust for violence, as well as the role that feelings of mental overload and loneliness played in the discussion. I seek to demonstrate the extent to which colonial authorities perceived these feelings, and the uninhibited expression of such feelings, as both a danger to jurisdiction and to the colonial state, and as such as something that had to be excluded from court proceedings. I argue that the occurrence of Tropenkoller among colonial officials, seen as a result of the failure of personal tropical hygiene measures to help state representatives to maintain self-control, met with a barely-regulated colonial jurisdiction. Furthermore, I examine the measures proposed to counter this problematic emotionality.

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, (Fragile) Staatlichkeit, Rule of Law, Sub-sahara Afrika

Punitive Entanglements: The 'War on Gangs' and the Making of a Transnational Penal Apparatus in the Americas

müller_geopolitics 2015 20 3

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Taylor & Francis | 2015

Erschienen in: Geopolitics, 20 (3), 696-727.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This paper analyses the export-import business of penal policies that accompanies the “war on transnational street gangs” between the United States and Central America. It argues that far from being a unidirectional export of punitive politics from the United States towards Central America, many of these punitive exports travel “back home”. This creates transnational punitive entanglements that contribute to the contingent convergence of punitive geopolitics and domestic politics in the guise of a transnational penal apparatus that integrates law enforcement agencies and military forces, securocratic epistemic communities and national political entrepreneurs into a functionally cohesive but decentred transnational security structure engaged in a multilayered punitive containment of transnational street gangs across the Americas.

Thema: State-Building, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Wergild and Social Practice in the Early Middle Ages: A 9th-Century Reichenau Fragment and its Context

Cover: Entre texte et histoire

Stefan Esders

Paris: Editions De Boccard | 2015

Erschienen in: Kano, Osamu/Lemaitre, Jean-Loup (eds.): Entre texte et histoire: Études d’histoire médiévale offertes au professeur Shoichi Sato, 117–127.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective

Risse_The Oxford Handbook of Transformation

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Leibfried, Stephan/Huber, Evelyne/Lange, Matthew/Levy, Jonah D. /Nullmeier, Frank/Stephens, John D. (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State, 152-168.

Volltext: Oxford Handbooks

The modern fully sovereign state as the template for organizing our understanding of statehood is largely a myth. The most common version of statehood is characterized by “areas of limited statehood:” these are parts of the territory or policy areas in which the central government lacks the capacity to implement decisions and/or its monopoly over the means of violence is challenged. These areas are not ungoverned spaces or lacking governance. Collective goods are often provided under extremely constrained domestic sovereignty—by a variety of state and non-state, local and transnational plus international actors. In this chapter I first conceptualize limited statehood and show its empirical validity as the default situation in the international system. Second, I criticize the prevailing paradigms on statehood and state transformations as biased toward Western and European modernity. Third, I demonstrate that there are functioning alternatives to the “shadow of hierarchy” cast by the state.

Thema: Staat, Staatlichkeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

América Latina y Estados Unidos: Una historia entre espacios desde la época colonial hasta hoy

Cover: América Latina y Estados Unidos

Stefan Rinke

Madrid: Marcial Pons | 2015

Marcial Pons Verlag

Thema: Lateinamerika, USA, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

Every Vote Counts: Equality, Autonomy, and the Moral Value of Democratic Decision-Making

Cover: Res Publica

Daniel Jacob

Springer | 2015

Erschienen in: Res Publica, 21 (1), 61-75

Springer Link

What is the moral value of formal democratic decision-making? Egalitarian accounts of democracy provide a powerful answer to this question. They present formal democratic procedures as a way for a society of equals to arrive at collective decisions in a transparent and mutually acceptable manner. More specifically, such procedures ensure and publicly affirm that all members of a political community, in their capacity as autonomous actors, are treated as equals who are able and have a right to participate in collective decision-making. Recently, a number of authors have raised what I describe as the ‘no impact’ objection. This objection focuses on the egalitarian emphasis on autonomy to cast doubt on the moral value of formal democratic procedures. It holds that individual participation in formal democratic decision-making has no impact on the eventual result, and therefore cannot be understood as an exercise in autonomy. Consequently, the ‘no impact’ objection claims that the moral value of formal democracy cannot be explained with reference to an egalitarian ideal of ‘rule by the people’. In this article, I refute this objection by complementing an egalitarian account of democracy with an account of basic autonomy.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Demokratie, Normative Fragen, Legitimität, Teilprojekt B9

Lateinamerika

Cover: Lateinamerika

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Theiss | 2015

Stefan Rinke erzählt die Geschichte Lateinamerikas von den Anfängen menschlicher Besiedlung bis heute in verständlicher und knapper Form. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen und Begriffserklärungen, mit Karten und einem Zeitstrahl bietet der Band einen Überblick über eine mehr als 15.000-jährige Geschichte.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, State-Building, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

Internationale Organisationen in einer komplexen Welt. Grenzen und Mehrwert einer pluralistischen Forschung

Cover: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49

Andrea Liese, Eugéniada Conceição-Heldt, Martin Koch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: da Conceição-Heldt, Eugénia/Koch, Martin/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Internationale Organisationen. Autonomie, Politisierung, interorganisationale Beziehungen und Wandel, Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49, 478-493.

Nomos ShopVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Internationale Organisationen, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D7

Im Sog der Katastrophe. Lateinamerika und der Erste Weltkrieg

Cover: Im Sog der Katastrophe. Lateinamerika und der Erste Weltkrieg

Stefan Rinke

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2015

Erschienen in: Reihe "Globalgeschichte", Band 19

Campus Verlag

Als in den Augusttagen 1914 die Nachricht vom Kriegsausbruch in Europa in Lateinamerika bekannt wurde, sprach man dort von einem »Drama der gesamten Menschheit«, in dem es keine Zuschauer geben könne. Viele Beobachter stimmten darin überein, dass in diesem Sommer eine Epoche endete und eine neue Ära begann. In Lateinamerika, das durch die neuartige Form des Propagandakriegs und die neuen Kommunikationstechnologien direkter als je zuvor in die Ereignisse der »Alten Welt« involviert war, gab der Krieg den Anlass zu emanzipatorischen Bestrebungen, die sich während des Konflikts – oder unmittelbar nach Kriegsende – bemerkbar machten. Seit längerer Zeit bestehende Konfliktpotenziale verschärften sich durch die »Urkatastrophe des 20. Jahrhunderts« und mündeten in neue sozialeBewegungen, deren Ausrichtung höchst unterschiedlich war. Die weltumspannende Dimension der Geschichte des »Großen Krieges« wird in diesem Buch aus der Perspektive eines Kontinents analysiert, der nur auf den ersten Blick am Rand der Ereignisse stand, sich aber durch den Flächenbrand in Europa stark veränderte.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Governance, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

From Normative Pluralism to a Pluralism of Norm Enforcement Regimes: A Governance Research Perspective

Non-State Justivce Institutions and the Law

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke | 2015

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Röder, Tilmann/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke/Wolfrum, Rüdiger (eds.): Non-State Justice Institutions and the Law: Decision-Making at the Interface of Tradition, Religion and the State, 188-215.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Internationale Organisationen als Forschungsgegenstand. Oder: »Über Blinde und die Gestalt des Elefanten«

Cover: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49

Andrea Liese, Eugéniada Conceição-Heldt, Martin Koch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: da Conceição-Heldt, Eugénia/Koch, Martin/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Internationale Organisationen. Autonomie, Politisierung, interorganisationale Beziehungen und Wandel, Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49, 4-27.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibraryNomos Shop

Thema: Internationale Organisationen, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D7

Patching Together a Global Script: The Demand for and Supply of Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations?

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 245-259.

Verlag Palgrave

The end of the Cold War witnessed a surge of regionalism, which triggered the proliferation of new research. While studies on the European Union (EU) used to dominate the field, developing distinctive concepts and theories, regionalism has gained prominence outside Europe. Students of area studies in particular felt that EU approaches had little to offer that could help them understand processes of regionalism in Africa or Asia. The so-called ‘New Regionalism’ literature has, therefore, taken a different approach that emphasizes the social construction of regions and the role of non-state actors other than pressure groups, as well as the importance of cultural and environmental aspects (Farrell et al. 2005; Hettne et al. 1999; Söderbaum and Shaw 2003). At the same time, international political economy (IPE) gave rise to another important body of research on regionalism, focusing on regional trade and investment patterns and the design of regional institutions to foster liberalization and settle disputes over market access. The main dependent variable of such IPE approaches is the emergence and effectiveness of preferential and free trade areas (PTA and FTA), whose number is sufficiently large to apply statistical methods to test various strands of (rational) institutionalist theories (inter alia Mansfield and Milner 1997; Mansfield and Reinhardt 2003; Milner 1988).

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Justice and Foreign Rule. On International Transitional Administration

Jakob_Justice-and-Foreing-Rule_cover

Daniel Jacob

Palgrave Macmillan | 2014-10

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Can foreign rule ever be morally justified? At first glance, the answer to this question seems clear: in Abraham Lincoln's famous words, foreign rule is neither a government of the people, nor a government by the people. But can it nonetheless be a government for the people? Ever since the end of the First World War, international transitional administrations have replaced dysfunctional state governments to create the conditions for lasting peace and democracy. Recent examples of this practice are Bosnia, Kosovo, East Timor and Iraq. The question of whether foreign rule can be morally justified thus remains a question of pressing practical concern. In response to extreme state failure, the author argues, international transitional administration as a particular form of foreign rule is not only morally justified, but indeed a requirement of justice.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Menschenrechte, Übergangsverwaltungen, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt B9

So Close, But Yet So Far: European and American Democracy Promotion

Risse_Babayan_Transworld wp 37

Thomas Risse, Nelli Babayan

Rom: Transworld | 2014-07

Erschienen in: Transworld Working Papers, No. 37

Transworld

What is the direction of EU and US democracy promotion and can we talk about a transatlantic democracy promotion? This paper addresses these questions from the perspective of transatlantic security communities and argues that joint transatlantic democracy promotion is still embryonic. However, at the same time there are clear indications of converging identities and interests with regard to strategies and instruments of democracy promotion, which could result in meaningful transatlantic partnership in challenging situations.

Thema: Europa, USA, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1

Die Frühphase der Psychatrie Chinas. Vergleichende Betrachtung der ersten psychiatrischen Anstalten im China der späten Kaiser- und Republikzeit (1898-1945)

Cover Die Frühphase der Psychatrie Chinas

Christoph Grau

Berlin: LIT Verlag | 2014-05-05

Erschienen in: Reihe: Berliner China-Studien, No 52.

LIT Verlag

Im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert oblag die Geisteskrankenfürsorge sowohl in China als auch weltweit vor allem den Familien der Erkrankten. Die Entstehung der Psychiatrie und Neurologie als Wissenschaften sowie ein verändertes Verständnis vom modernen Staat als Erbringer von Wohlfahrtsleistungen setzten dann im China der Republikzeit einen Prozess in Gang, in dessen Verlauf die Geisteskrankenfürsorge zunehmend in den Verantwortungsbereich der öffentlichen Hand überging. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht diesen Transformationsprozess aus der Governance-Perspektive anhand eines Vergleiches von drei psychiatrischen Kliniken mit Pionierstellung und den jeweiligen Akteurskonstellationen.

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Applying the Rule of Law to Contexts beyond the State

Cover: The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat)

Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Heidelberg: Springer | 2014-04-26

Erschienen in: Silkenat, James R./Hickey Jr., James E./Barenboim, Peter D. (eds.): The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat), 71-90.

Springer Verlag

By focusing on two recent developments, the authors of this chapter argue that rule of law principles can provide a general yardstick to evaluate even these norm-building processes that occur beyond the state. First, various discourses on governance in contexts beyond the state have started to integrate non-state legal structures into the rule of law concepts illustrated in terms of constitutional law, law and development, and global governance, generalizing the criteria under which non-state law can assume the same quality as the rule of law. And second, there is an increasing tendency in contexts “beyond the state” to use experiences subsumed under the rule of law as a normative yardstick to measure non-state processes of setting and enforcing norms, as well as the quality of those norms. Distanced from its origin as a principle of state law, the rule of law functions here as a general standard for legitimate and effective rule-making.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Good Governance

Cover: Recht und Entwicklung

Matthias Kötter

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2014-04-10

Erschienen in: Dann, Philipp/Kadelbach, Stefan/Kaltenborn, Markus (eds.): Entwicklung und Recht, 553-587.

Nomos Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Sex Drives, Bride Prices and Divorces: Legal Policy Concerning Gender Relations in German Cameroon 1884 – 1916

Cover: Gender History in a Transnational Perspective

Ulrike Schaper

New York: Berghahn Books | 2014-04-01

Erschienen in: Janz, Oliver; Schönpflug, Daniel (Hg.): Gender History in a Transnational Perspective: Biographies, Networks, Gender Orders, 243-269.

Berghahn Books Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, normative Pluralität, Rule of Law, Kolonialgeschichte, Sub-Sahara Afrika

Impediments to Security Sector Reform in Thailand

Cover: Security Sector Reform in Southeast Asia

Deniz Kocak, Johannes Kode

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014-03-07

Erschienen in: Heiduk, Felix (ed.): Security Sector Reform in Southeast Asia: From Policy to Practice, 83-101.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

New Modes of Governance and the Rule of Law: The Case of Transnational Rule-Making

Cover: Rule of Law Dynamics

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2014-03

Erschienen in: Zürn, Michael/Nollkemper, André/Peerenboom, Randall (eds.): Rule of Law Dynamics: In an Era of International and Transnational Governance, 90-110.

Cambridge VerlagVolltext bei Cambridge Books Online

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Kampf um Vertrauen. Die Comcáac von Sonora (Mexiko) unter konlonialer und republikanischer Herrschaft, 1650 - 1850

Buchcover

Lasse Hölck

Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014-02-24

Vertrauen wird in den Sozialwissenschaften als Grundlage des gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhaltes angesehen. Anhand des Beispiels der Jäger- und Sammlergruppe Comcáac ("Seris") und ihrer Beziehungen zur spanisch- mexikanischen Siedlergesellschaft von Sonora (Mexiko) wird diese Annahme im vorliegenden Band diskutiert und dabei die bislang kaum bekannte Geschichte dieser indigenen Gruppe zwischen dem 17. und 19. Jahrhundert erzählt.

Thema: Mexico, Vertrauen, Lokale Akteure, Kolonial Geschichte, Transfer, D9 Publikation

Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?

Transnational Partnerships

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese

Palgrave Macmillan | 2014-02-18

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) are a relatively new form of governance. Why are some of them highly effective, while others are not? The contributors provide an in-depth account, analysis, and comparison of 21 transnational PPPs in the area of sustainable development governance, where PPPs have been hailed by some as a solution to development problems but criticized by others. Moreover, 45 PPP projects undertaken by four service-providing partnerships in so-called 'areas of limited statehood' in South Asia (Bangladesh and India) and East Africa (Kenya and Uganda) are studied. The central aim of this volume is to identify the conditions under which these transnational PPPs are effective, that is, successful in providing collective goods (from clean water to child immunization) in areas of limited statehood. The book investigates the influence of several features of a PPP's institutional design as well as the impact of limited statehood on the effectiveness of a PPP.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Asien, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D8

Deutschland in Afghanistan

Daxner: Deutschland in Afghanistan

Michael Daxner

BIS-Verlag Oldenburg | 2014-02-14

Oldenburger Online Publikationsserver

Seit den Anschlägen vom 11. September 2001 kämpfen die USA in Afghanistan den längsten Krieg ihrer Geschichte, und auch Deutschland ist länger am Hindukusch engagiert als man jemals denken mochte: Seit mehr als zehn Jahren stehen deutsche Soldaten in Afghanistan. Deutschland in Afghanistan und Afghanistan in Deutschland: die Geschichte einer spannungsreichen Beziehung, arm an Hoffnungen und reich an Enttäuschungen. Die Fragen „Was machen wir dort? Was macht das mit uns?“ beantwortet dieses Buch in wissenschaftlichen, journalistischen und essayistischen Beiträgen aus Forschung, politischer Reflexion und eigenem Erleben. Entscheidungen von Bundestagsabgeordneten, Erfahrungen eines Offiziers in Afghanistan, Mutmaßungen über Veteranen sowie Einblicke in und Einsichten aus Politikerreisen nach Afghanistan werden neben einander gestellt. Die Geschichte der deutschen Afghanistan-Beziehung und die der deutschen Zuckerfabrik werden erzählt, die Ambiguität der Intervention soll die festgefügten Meinungen etwas auflockern und ein Blick in die Rhetorik der Berichterstattung diese relativieren. (Die Autoren: Michael Daxner, Berit Bliesemann de Guevara, Thorsten Bonacker, Agnieszka Brugger, Werner Distler, Michael Fuchs, Tom Koenigs, Hermann Kreutzmann, Florian P. Kühn, Robert Clifford Mann, Hannah Neumann, Eric Sangar, Carolin Stehr, Francesca Vidal)

Thema: Teilprojekt C9

De-Monopolizing the Bureaucratic Field: Internationalization Strategies and the Transnationalization of Security Governance in Mexico City

müller_alternative global local political

Markus-Michael Müller

Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications | 2014-02

Erschienen in: Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 39 (1), 37-54.

Volltext Sage Pub

Through the lens of Bourdieusian field theory, this article examines the transnationalization of the urban security field in contemporary Mexico City. It demonstrates that while the local bureaucratic field has held a monopoly over the definition of security issues, previously marginalized actors situated outside of the local security field used the political opportunity created by the intersection of the democratization of local politics, the neoliberalization of the Mexican economy and rising crime rates since the mid-1990s to deploy “internationalization strategies” to confront the bureaucratic field’s definitional authority over urban security. While the resulting struggles within the urban security field undermined the dominance of the bureaucratic field and contributed to a growing transnationalization of urban security governance, the analysis shows how, because of the “two-tiered” nature of the transnational urban security field, these processes did not improve the overall security situation in the city.

Thema: Globale Governance, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Bits and Atoms, Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood

Livingston, Walter-Drop: Bits and Atoms

Steven Livingston, Gregor Walter-Drop

Oxford University Press | 2014-01-07

Erschienen in: Oxford Studies in Digital Politics

Oxford University Press

Bits and Atoms explores the governance potential found in the explosive growth of digital information and communication technology in areas of limited statehood. Today, places with weak or altogether missing state institutions are tied internally and to the larger world by widely available digital technology. The chapters in the book explore questions of when and if the growth in digital technology can fill some of the governance vacuum created by the absence of an effective state. For example, mobile money could fill a gap in traditional banking or mobile phones could allow rural populations to pay for basic services and receive much needed advice and market pricing information. Yet, as potentially revolutionary as this technology can be to areas of limited statehood, it still faces limitations. Bits and Atoms is a thought-provoking look at the prospects for and limitations of digital technology to function in place of traditional state apparatuses.

Thema: Infrastruktur, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Multinational Corporations and Service Provision in Sub-Sahara Africa: Legitimacy and Institutionalization Matter

Cover: Governance - Special Issue

Jana Hönke, Christian Thauer

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 697-716.

Wiley Online Library

This article considers attempts by multinational corporations to provide services in areas of limited statehood. Under which conditions are such attempts effective? We make two arguments: First, they must be legitimate to be effective. Second, the institutional design of the firms’ service provision programs is an important factor for their effectiveness. We assess these arguments by analyzing multinationals in the South African car industry fighting HIV/AIDS, and international mining firms in South Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo trying to improve public security. The analysis demonstrates that under conditions of legitimacy and high degrees of institutionalization firm programs effectively contribute to service provision in areas of limited statehood.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Legitimität, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction

Cover: Governance - Special Issue

Stephen D. Krasner, Thomas Risse

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 545-567.

Wiley Online Library

This article introduces the themes and arguments of the special issue. While virtually all polities enjoy uncontested international legal sovereignty, there are wide variations in statehood, that is, the monopoly over the means of violence and the ability of the state to make and implement policies. Areas of limited statehood are not, however, ungoverned spaces where anarchy and chaos prevail. The provision of collective goods and services is possible even under extremely adverse conditions of fragile or failed statehood. We specify the conditions under which external efforts at state-building and service provision by state and nonstate actors can achieve their goals. We focus on the extent to which external actors enhance the capacity (statehood) of authority structures in weak states, or directly contribute to the provision of collective goods and services, such as public health, clean environment, social security, and infrastructure. We argue that three factors determine success: legitimacy, task complexity, and institutionalization, including the provision of adequate resources.

Thema: fragile Staatlichkeit, State-Building, externe Akteure, Gesundheit, Bildung, rule of law, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood

Governance

Stephen D. Krasner, Thomas Risse

Erschienen in: Governance - Special Issue 27 (4)

Wiley Online Library

While virtually all polities enjoy uncontested international legal sovereignty, there are wide variations in statehood, that is, the monopoly over the means of violence and the ability of the state to make and implement policies. Areas of limited statehood are not, however, ungoverned spaces where anarchy and chaos prevail. The provision of collective goods and services is possible even under extremely adverse conditions of fragile or failed statehood. We specify the conditions under which external efforts at state-building and service provision by state and nonstate actors can achieve their goals. We focus on the extent to which external actors enhance the capacity (statehood) of authority structures in weak states, or directly contribute to the provision of collective goods and services, such as public health, clean environment, social security, and infrastructure. We argue that three factors determine success: legitimacy, task complexity, and institutionalization, including the provision of adequate resources.

Thema: fragile Staatlichkeit, Legitimität, State-Building, externe Akteure, diverse Regionen, diverse Politikfelder (Gesundheit, Bildung, rule of law, Siherheit), Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Taking the State (Back) Out? Statehood and the Delivery of Collective Goods

Lee_GWD_Wiesel_Taking Statehood

Melissa M. Lee, Gregor Walter-Drop, John Wiesel

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 635-654.

Volltext: Wiley Online Library

State-building is a central tenet of many current development efforts. This primacy of the state rests on a global normative script that emphasizes the role of the modern state in providing collective goods and services from security to education to health. We analyze state performance in six dimensions of service delivery in a cross-sectional sample of more than 150 countries. In addition to exploring the explanatory power of statehood, we examine various control variables and also analyze whether external actors affect the delivery of collective goods and services. The core finding of this article is that there is remarkably little evidence of a consistent relationship between statehood and service delivery. This result casts doubt on the conventional wisdom about the centrality of the state for the provision collective goods and services, and suggests that other factors may explain the observed variation.

Thema: Externe Akteure, State-Building, fragile Staatlichkeit, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt C2

Encountering Knowledge Production: The International Crisis Group and the Making of Mexico's Security Crisis

hochmüller_müller_third world quartely

Markus Hochmüller, Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2014

Erschienen in: Third World Quarterly 35 (4), 705-722.

Full article at Taylor & Francis

After nearly seven years of ever-escalating violence related to the Mexican ‘war on drugs’, in 2013 Mexico entered the International Crisis Group’s (icg) ‘observatory’ of countries facing a violent crisis. In this article we critically interrogate this ‘Mexican turn’ of the icg, as well as its accompanying forms of crisis knowledge production. By applying analytical insights from critical policy analysis and postcolonial security studies, we highlight the Western-centrism embedded in the icg’s perspective on Mexico’s security crisis. In analysing this perspective on questions of drug trafficking, statehood and indigenous justice, we demonstrate how this Western-centrism produces a de-politicising and overly technocratic crisis narrative. The article concludes that, through its Western-centric ‘Mexican turn’, the icg has been able to reaffirm its standing as a uniquely influential and internationally recognised crisis expert by showcasing its awareness of newly emerging crisis situations, as well as its possession of the necessary crisis-solving expertise.

Thema: Mexico, external actors, fragile states, intervention, transfer, security, Research Project C3

Ungebetene Gäste. Zum Eingreifen auf Einladung im Ukrainekonflikt 2014

Cover: Die Friedens-Warte – Journal of International Peace and Organisation

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Friedens-Warte – Journal of International Peace and Organisation, 89 (1-2), 125-151.

Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag

Der Beitrag geht am Beispiel der Ukrainekrise 2014 der Frage nach der verhaltenssteuernden Wirkung des Unrechtsausschließungsgrundes des Eingreifens auf Einladung nach. Diese Frage stellt sich in besonderer Schärfe dort, wo – wie in der Ukraine – die Vetomächte des UN-Sicherheitsrats betroffen sind. Der Beitrag beleuchtet dazu im Schwerpunkt, inwieweit die unterschiedlichen Einladungen zur Intervention, die im Verlauf der Ukrainekrise von verschiedenen Akteuren ausgesprochen worden sind, als rechtlich wirksam zu betrachten sind. Die Untersuchung gelangt zu dem Ergebnis, dass die vorhandenen Regeln so klar und bestimmt ausgestaltet sind, dass sie es auch in einem veränderten sicherheitspolitischen Kontext Drittstaaten ermöglichen, die missbräuchliche Inanspruchnahme des Unrechtsausschließungsgrundes klar zu identifizieren und zurückzuweisen.

Thema: Staat, Rule of Law, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt C8

Vertrauen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Eine politikwissenschaftliche Analyse

Risse_Vertrauen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Thomas Risse

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2014

Erschienen in: Baberowski, Jörg (ed.): Was ist Vertrauen? Ein interdisziplinäres Gespräch, 127-145.

Volltext: Content Select

Thema: Außenpolitik, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Gobernanza y Seguridad. La conquista republicana de las fronteras latinoamericanas en el siglo XIX

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 29

Mónika Contreras Saiz, Lasse Hölck, Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Historamericana, Vol. 29.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Lokale Akteure, State, State-Building, Teilprojekt D9

Wergeld und soziale Netzwerke im Frankenreich

Cover: Verwandtschaft, Name und soziale Ordnung

Stefan Esders

Berlin: De Gruyter | 2014

Erschienen in: Patzold, Steffen/Ubl, Karl (eds.): Verwandtschaft, Name und soziale Ordnung (300–1100), 141–160.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Spätantike und frühmittelalterliche Dukate. Überlegungen zum Problem historischer Kontinuität und Diskontinuität

Cover: Die Anfänge Bayerns

Stefan Esders

St. Ottilien: EOS Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Fehr, Hubert/Heitmeier, Irmtraut (eds.): Die Anfänge Bayerns. Von Raetien und Noricum zur frühmittelalterlichen Baiovaria, 425–462.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Nordwestgallien um 500. Von der militarisierten spätrömischen Provinzgesellschaft zur erweiterten Militäradministration des merowingischen Königtums

Cover: Chlodwigs Welt

Stefan Esders

Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Meier, Mischa/Patzold, Steffen (eds.): Chlodwigs Welt. Organisation von Herrschaft um 500, Stuttgart, 339–361.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Remittances for Financial Access: Insights from Latin American Microfinance

Cover: Development Policy Review, 32 (6)

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

London: Overseas Development Institute | 2014

Erschienen in: Development Policy Review, 32 (6), 733-753.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

The potential of migrant remittances to foster access to financial services for low-income households has been largely unexplored. Comparing three Latin American countries – the Dominican Republic, El Salvador and Mexico – this inter-disciplinary study links research on remittances and microfinance with multi-actor governance approaches. While the context of high remittance-dependence provides similar challenges in all cases, it finds remarkable variety both in the structure of the remittances market and the actors involved in microfinance and in the role governments play. It explains the diverging success of MFIs in remittance markets by pointing to the interplay of for-profit, non-profit and state actors embedded within the specific market structures of each country.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Research Design: Measuring and Explaining the Effectiveness of PPPs

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Andrea Liese, Marianne Beisheim

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 17-41.

Volltext Site Ebray

This volume analyzes the conditions that lead to different levels of effectiveness among transnational pub lie-priva te partnerships (PPPs) for sustainable development working in areas of limited statehood. Defining PPP effectiveness as furthering the attainment of international development goals such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), we use new empirical data obtained from expert interviews, documents, field research, and secondary literature to test a series of hypotheses about the relevance of various institutional design features for a partnership’s success. Our study focuses on 21 transnational PPPs (Chapters 3–5) and on 45 local-level projects carried out by four of these partnerships in Bangladesh, India, Kenya, and Uganda (Chapters 7 and 8). While we assume that institutional design matters, the question of which aspects of this design are the most significant depends on the type of partnership and the local context in which PPP projects are implemented. For the local-level projects, we adopt a comparative approach to analyze them in order to systematically assess the relevance of project-specific versus are a-specific conditions.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

External Actors and the Provision of Public Health Services in Somalia

krasner_risse_governance_administration and institutions

Marco Schäferhoff

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 675-695.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

Concentrating on the health sector, this article argues that the provision of collective goods through external actors depends on the level of state capacity and the complexity of the service that external actors intend to provide. It shows that external actors can contribute most effectively to collective good provision when the service is simple, and that simple services can even be provided under conditions of failed statehood. Effectively delivering complex services requires greater levels of state capacity. The article also indicates that legitimacy is a key factor to explain variance in health service delivery. To demonstrate this, the article assesses health projects in Somalia. It shows that simple services—malaria prevention and tuberculosis control—are provided effectively in all three Somali regions, including the war-torn South-Central region. In contrast, the HIV/AIDS project only achieved substantial results in Somaliland, the only region with a comparatively higher level of state capacity, and failed in the South-Central region and Puntland.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Partnerships for Decent Work and Food – Special Focus: Standard Setting

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Christopher Kaan

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 63-86.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Menschenrechte, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

“Avenger of All Perjury” in Constantinople, Ravenna and Metz. St Polyeuctus, Sigibert I and the Division of Charibert’s Kingdom in 568

Cover: Western Perspectives on the Mediterranean

Stefan Esders

London: Bloomsbury | 2014

Erschienen in: Fischer, Andreas/Wood, Ian N. (eds.): Western Perspectives on the Mediterranean: Cultural Transfer in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (400–800), 23–76.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Can PPPs Make It Anywhere? How Limited Statehood and Other Area Factors Influence PPP Effectiveness

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 131-160.

Volltext Site Ebray

Comparative empirical accounts of the local-level work of transnational PPPs are scarce in the academic literature (for some exceptions, see Compagnon, 2012; Hog, 2012; Jamali, 2004; Kolk and Lenfant, 2013; Marin, 2009). This chapter examines the local-level work of four public-private partnerships (PPPs) in areas of limited statehood in East Africa (Kenya and Uganda) and South Asia (Bangladesh and India). What happens when PPPs that were formed in multi-level governance contexts ‘hit the ground’ — that is, when they implement projects in diverse and challenging settings? And how do limited statehood and other area factors influence the effectiveness of PPP projects?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, ), Sub-Sahara Afrika, Asien, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

Concerned with the Health and Welfare of Mankind ... ? The UN Drug Conventions: A Suitable Legal Framework for the 21st century

Cover: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law (18)

Robin Geiß, Daniel Wisehart

Leiden: Brill | 2014

Erschienen in: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, 18 (1), 368-404.

Brill Online

The contribution analyses whether the un Drug Conventions still serve their original purpose, namely the furtherance of the health and welfare of mankind in the 21st century. To this end the contribution begins with an outline of how the un Drug Conventions aim to protect mankind’s health and welfare. On this basis it is inquired whether un Drug Conventions are somehow irreversibly imbued with a zero-tolerance approach that undermines the health and welfare of vulnerable groups on both ends of the supply chain respectively. Thus, with respect to the supply side the question is pursued whether the un Drug Conventions provisions on crop cultivation imperil the livelihoods of rural communities. With regard to the demand side it is examined whether the un Drug Conventions forestall the adoption of more liberal, i.e. non-punitive and health-oriented approaches towards illicit drug users. In a next step, the analysis turns to a long-standing and currently particularly prevalent criticism according to which the international drug control regime puts disproportionate pressure on so-called drug producing and drug transit States, while turning a blind eye on the so-called drug consuming States. In concluding, the contribution turns to the question how the international drug control system could be enhanced to better meet its proper goals of protecting mankind’s health and welfare.

Thema: Schlagwörter: Völkerrecht, Staaten, Lateinamerika, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt C11

Expert Knowledge in Latin American History: Local, Transnational, and Global Perspectives

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 34

Stefan Rinke, Delia González de Reufels

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Histoamericana, Vol. 34.

This book deals with the role of experts in the modernization efforts of Latin American states in the 19th and 20th centuries. Experts speak from a prominent site of enunciation, since, on account of their specialist knowledge, modern societies grant them authority and competence of judgment over others. Thus, understanding expert knowledge as the application of academic knowledge in non-academic contexts, a vast number of new research questions have opened up. These refer to tensions between the supply, demand and implementation of specialist knowledge as well as to the mechanisms by which knowledge is transferred. The production of expert knowledge took place in transnational settings characterized by power asymmetries, different national academic traditions, political circumstances, and multiple histories of professionalization. Latin American societies were not mere receptors of foreign expertise. Local experts actively took part in global transfers of knowledge and external expertise was always subject to complex adaptations in new contexts. With contributions by Cristina Alarcón, Nikolai Brandes, Mario Faust-Scalisi, Georg Fischer, Delia González de Reufels, Annika Hartmann, Christine Hatzky, Teresa Huhle, Thomas Maier, Jurandir Malerba, José Augusto Ribas Miranda, Mario Peters, Stefan Rinke, Stephan Scheuzger, Anna Barbara Sum, and Nadia Zysman.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Global History, Aneignung, Teilprojekt D9

Somalia (Islamist Groups)

Cover: Conflict Barometer 2013

Tim Glawion

Heidelberg: Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research | 2014

Erschienen in: Conflict Barometer, Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, No. 22, 62-63.

Thema: Terrorismus, Gewaltakteure, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C10

Bits and Atoms: Conclusions

Livingston_Walter-Drop_Bits and Atoms

Steven Livingston, Gregor Walter-Drop

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Livingston, Steven/Walter-Drop, Gregor (eds.): Bits and Atoms: Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood, 157-171.

Oxford University Press

Thema: Infrastruktur, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Goodness Comes From Within: Intra-Organizational Dynamics of Corporate Social Responsibility

Cover: Business and Society, 53 (4)

Christian Thauer

London: SAGE | 2014

Erschienen in: Business and Society, 53 (4), 483-516.

Volltext Sage Journals

This article makes the case for the importance of paying attention to the internal dynamics of business in order to understand why and under which conditions firms engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR). The argument is that CSR assists decision-makers in firms to resolve managerial dilemmas. By a managerial dilemma this article understands a situation whereby the execution of management’s decisions requires asset specific allocation of resources.  Asset specific allocation of resources transforms the intra-organizational mode of social coordination from a hierarchy to one in which managers become dependent on, and vulnerable to, the behavior of subordinates. It is in these situations that corporate decision-makers introduce CSR standards in their attempt to avoid the foreseeable loss of control and organizational efficiency.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Bits and Atoms: Introduction

Livingston_Walter-Drop_Bits and Atoms

Steven Livingston, Gregor Walter-Drop

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Livingston, Steven/Walter-Drop, Gregor (eds.): Bits and Atoms: Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood, 1-14.

Oxford University Press

Bits and Atoms explores the governance potential found in the explosive growth of digital information and communication technology in areas of limited statehood. Today, places with weak or altogether missing state institutions are tied internally and to the larger world by widely available digital technology. The chapters in the book explore questions of when and if the growth in digital technology can fill some of the governance vacuum created by the absence of an effective state. For example, mobile money could fill a gap in traditional banking or mobile phones could allow rural populations to pay for basic services and receive much needed advice and market pricing information. Yet, as potentially revolutionary as this technology can be to areas of limited statehood, it still faces limitations. Bits and Atoms is a thought-provoking look at the prospects for and limitations of digital technology to function in place of traditional state apparatuses.

Thema: Infrastruktur, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Philosopher-Kings in Real Life: The Epistemic Community on Biodiversity in Brazil and India

Cover: Global Society, 28 (2)

Thomas Eimer

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: Global Society, 28 (2), 131-150.

Volltext

As part of an increasing scientisation of political processes, epistemic communities have been identified as a unique category of social actors, who exclusively rely on their knowledge resources to shape the preferences of decision-makers. Whereas most authors expect that an expert-driven policy process facilitates the implementation of technically complex policies, critical scholars hint to an evolving technocracy, whose scientific dogmatism may end up in policies that aggravate social problems. In this paper, these countervailing assumptions are empirically assessed for the epistemic community on biodiversity and its role in Brazil and India. At least in this case, it seems that the impact experts' influence depends on the configuration of the policy arena. If experts are institutionally compelled to debate their positions with potential critics, the members of an epistemic community seem to engage in a rather deliberative discourse that widens the policy space for all stakeholders involved. Under the conditions of an elitist closure, however, policy experts seem to adapt to the preferences of the most powerful actors but refrain from any critical self-reflection that might seriously challenge their own convictions.

Thema: Brasilien, Nichtregierungsorganisationen, Umwelt, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt D7

The Reconstruction of National Identity: German Minorities in Latin America during the First World War

Cover: Immigration and National Identities in Latin America

Stefan Rinke

Florida: University Press of Florida | 2014

Erschienen in: Foote, Nicole/Goebel, Michael (ed.): Immigration and National Identities in Latin America, 160-181.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Diffusion, Teilprojekt D9

Partnerships for Health – Special Focus: Service Provision

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marco Schäferhoff

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 45-62.

Volltext Site Ebray

Over the last decade, the global health landscape has undergone dramatic changes. Some of the most prominent of these are a significant rise in development assistance for health, which has increased from USD 5.6 billion in 1990 to USD 28.2 billion in 2008 (IHME, 2012), and the launch of new global health initiatives. Since the turn of the millennium, transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) have become an established type of governance in global health (Barnes and Brown, 2011; Beisheim et al., 2010; Biesma et al, 2009; Buse, 2004; Liese and Beisheim, 2011; WHO et al, 2009). Estimates suggest that there are now more than 100 PPPs in the global health sector (Buse and Harmer, 2007, p. 260) — much more than in other policy fields such as nutrition and labor rights (Liese, 2009). Transnational health PPPs fulfill a broad range of functions, such as agenda setting, fundraising, research and development, technical assistance to countries, and norm and standard setting. In many low- and middle-income countries, transnational PPPs have also become a key provider of health services such as the distribution of antiretroviral therapies to treat people living with HIV/AIDS, insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) to prevent malaria, and vaccination services to prevent major childhood and communicable diseases such as diarrhea and hepatitis B. Several health PPPs, including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund), and the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership, were explicitly founded to accelerate progress toward international health goals, declarations, and resolutions adopted by the United Nations (UN) member states, most notably the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Introduction

Cover: German Colonialism Revisited

Klaus Mühlhahn, Nina Berman, Patrice Nganang

Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Nina Berman, Klaus Mühlhahn, and Patrice Nganang (eds): German Colonialism Revisited: African, Asian, and Oceanic Experiences, 1–28.

University of Michigan Press

Thema: Teilprojekt B13

Rule of Law. Leitbild und Maßstab auch jenseits des staatlichen Rechts

Cover: VRÜ (4)2014

Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2014

Erschienen in: Verfassung Und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America, 47 (4), 369-391.

Verassung und Recht in ÜberseeVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

By focusing on two recent developments, we argue that rule of law principles can provide a general yardstick to evaluate even these norm-building processes that occur beyond the state. First, in various discourses on governance in contexts beyond the state authors suggest to integrate non-state legal structures into the rule of law concept. By illustrating this in terms of constitutional law, law and development, and global governance, we ask for the criteria under which nonstate law can be seen as functional equivalent to state law from a rule of law perspective. And second, there is an increasing tendency in contexts “beyond the state” to use experiences subsumed under the rule of law as a normative yardstick to evaluate informal processes of legal regulation. Distanced from its origin as a principle of state law, the rule of law functions here as a general standard for legitimate and effective rule-making.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Alianzas estratégicas por la Seguridad: La desarticulación de fronteras interiores y la definición de las fronteras nacionales en Chile y Argentina, 1870 – 1885

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 29

Mónika Contreras Saiz

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Contreras Saiz, Monika/Hölck, Lasse/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Gobernanza y Seguridad. La conquista republicana de las fronteras latinoamericanas en el siglo XIX, Histoamericana, Vol. 29, 153–180.

Thema: Chile, Argentinien, Sicherheit, Lokale Akteure, State-Building, Teilprojekt D9

What's the 'Best Fit'? Partnerships’ Project Design and Its Influence on Local Effectiveness

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 161-192.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been hailed as ‘one of the most participatory and effective mechanisms to implement sustainable development’ (UN, 2012b, see also Chapter 1). Advocates of this governance form see PPPs as uniquely capable of engaging and mobilizing private and public actors in joint action, and praise both their effectiveness and their efficiency in project implementation. They argue that the project designs of PPPs offer multiple advantages by combining public authorities’ access to governmental organizations in the partner country, the market’s enthusiasm for efficiency and innovation, and the close relations of civil society groups with local populations. Yet, critics claim that such positive assessments are not founded on empirical evidence, raising strong doubts about the alleged innovation and value added by PPP projects. In this chapter, we analyze PPP project design in greater detail, looking particularly at the degree of institutionalization and elements of process and project management in PPPs (see Chapter 2). In doing so, we are interested in determining how and why different elements of project design affect project success or failure in a context of limited statehood. Therefore, the central focus of this chapter is on the question: Which characteristics of project design are the most significant for project output, outcome, and long-term, large-scale impact in areas of limited statehood?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

What’s African? Identifying Traits of African Security Governance

Cover: Journal of Regional Security

Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak, Eric Sangar

Erschienen in: Journal of Regional Security 9 (1), 7-30.

Volltext

African and external approaches to security governance and reform have come to stress the importance of local, national and regional ownership, embodied at the national level by the concept of “local ownership” of Security Sector Reform and in the recourse to regional and sub-regional security mechanisms as “African solutions to African problems”. While a normative consensus on this idea seems to have emerged in the policy sphere, we ask what traits can be discerned in the national and regional discourses and practices of security governance that might be plausibly considered specifically African. This article thus explores the discourses and practices of attempts to link aspects of security governance to specific times and places at the national and regional levels in Africa. Tracing the discursive recourse to identity across four eras of modern African history, we argue that specifically African traits of security governance at national and regional levels can be discerned in institutional legacies of repression and poor security governance, as well as the discursive commitment to norms of human security at the regional level, as embodied in the African Peace and Security Architecture.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Partnerships for Water and Energy – Special Focus: Knowledge Transfer

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Sabine Campe

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 87-106.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Polizieren als (post-)koloniale Praxis: Einsichten für eine kritische Polizeiforschung

Müller _ Zeitschrift für kritische Stadtforschung 2_2_ 2014 jpg

Markus-Michael Müller

Berlin: sub\urban | 2014

Erschienen in: sub\urban. zeitschrift für kritische stadtforschung, 2 (2), 65-70.

Volltext Zeitschrift sub/urban

Der Beitrag plädiert für eine Integration postkolonialer Theorieansätze in eine kritische Polizeiforschung. Es wird argumentiert, dass diese das kritische Potenzial dieser Forschung dahingehend erweitern können, dass sie etablierte, aber inhärent eurozentristiche Narrationen bezüglich der Entstehung, Entwicklung und Funktion der Polizei als eine genuin westlich-national situierte Institution infrage stellen. Eine daraus abzuleitende Anforderung besteht darin, nicht nur die Relevanz postkolonialer Ansätze und Arbeiten anzuerkennen, sondern auch bereit zu sein, von postkolonialen Erfahrungen für die hiesige Forschungspraxis zu lernen.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Gerechtigkeit durch Fremdherrschaft? Zur moralischen Rechtfertigbarkeit von internationalen Übergangsverwaltungen

Cover: PVS Politische Vierteljahresschrift Jahrgang 55, Heft 2

Daniel Jacob

Nomos | 2014

Erschienen in: PVS-Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 55 (2), 243-267.

Nomos eLibrary

Can international transitional administrations (ITAs) ever be morally justified, although they clearly constitute a form of foreign rule? The article addresses this question by relating it to the idea of a natural duty of justice. It thus can show that under certain conditions it is indeed morally justified to establish an ITA. At the same time, such an ap - proach also highlights the limits of legitimate external interference, i.e. the distinction be - tween morally required help and unjustifiable paternalism. As shown in the last part of the article, this distinction is of particular relevance for the task of evaluating the current practice of international transitional administrations.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Menschenrechte, Übergangsverwaltungen, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt B9

Transnational Partnerships: Conditions for Successful Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood

krasner_risse_governance_administration and institutions

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 655-673.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

Transnational public–private partnerships (PPPs) are external governance actors in the field of development cooperation and vary in composition, potentially including nonprofit and for-profit organizations, state and public agencies, and intergovernmental organizations. This article analyzes the conditions under which PPPs have been successful in providing access to basic services (water, sanitation, and food) in areas of limited statehood in Bangladesh, India, and Kenya. We focus on 10 projects carried out by two PPPs that differ in two key respects: legitimacy and institutional design. We show that partnerships with high empirical legitimacy and an appropriate institutional design are best able to fulfill complex tasks in contexts of limited statehood. A participatory approach can promote legitimacy and thus success; projects that lack legitimacy are prone to failure. Additionally, a project's institutional design must address problems that commonly affect areas of limited statehood: It should provide access to resources for capacity development, ensure adequate monitoring, and be tailored to local needs.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D8

Introduction: Transnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 3-16.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) are a relatively new form of governance. By governance we mean ‘the various institutionalized modes of social coordination to produce and implement collectively binding rules or to provide collective goods’ (Risse, 2011b, p. 9). In PPPs, non-state actors (such as non-profit organizations and companies) work with state actors (such as intergovernmental organizations and public donor agencies) across multiple transnational, national, and local levels to provide collective goods. One could say that these diverse actors ‘co-govern’, thereby performing functions that until recently were generally regarded as the sole responsibility of sovereign states, at least in the ‘OECD world’ (Liese and Beisheim 2011, p. 115; OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

Summing Up: Key Findings and Avenues for Future Research

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 193-227.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave Macmillan

This chapter summarizes the principal results of the case studies and comparisons in the volume and reflects on these results in the light of our overarching conceptual and theoretical framework.1 In Section 9.1 of this chapter, we summarize and synthesize the findings on the overall effectiveness of transnational partnerships, presented in Chapters 3–5. As shown, the effectiveness of the 21 transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) in our sample varies widely. We find effectiveness to be influenced most strongly by the degree of institutionalization and process management, with other factors showing occasional influence: The effect of these factors matters to different extents for the different types of PPPs, and we offer an explanation as to why this is the case. As outlined in the conceptual framework (see Section 2.4), we differentiate three types of PPPs by their core functions (see Liese and Beisheim, 2011): Standard-setting partnerships focus on establishing rules — for example, by drafting a voluntary code of conduct, often together with a verification or certification scheme; service-providing partnerships focus on the distribution of resources and provision of services; and knowledge-transferring partnerships generate new expertise, engage in agenda setting, and provide a forum for the exchange and dissemination of best practices.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

'Good, beautiful and cheap'- Sino- Mexican Trade Relations and Their Translocal Linkages

braig_rinke_alba_Latin America and Asia - relations in the context of globalization from colonial Times to the present

Marianne Braig, Carlos Alba

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Alba, Carlos/Braig, Marianne/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Latin America and Asia - Relations in the Context of Globalization from Colonial Times to the Present, Historamericana 24, 195-218.

Verlag Hans Dieter-Heinz

Thema: Außenpolitik/(Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure, Staat, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

New Perspectives on Security Sector Reform: The Role of Local Agency and Domestic Politics

Cover: International Peacekeeping

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: International Peacekeeping, 21 (2), 133-148.

Volltext

This special issue identifies new directions in research on the consequences of international involvement in security sector reform (SSR). Both empirically and theoretically, the focus lies on the so far neglected role of local agency and domestic power constellations. The introductory article maps out different ways to analyse the external-domestic interaction dynamics that structure the often contentious and asymmetric encounters between international and local interests and demands in SSR processes. It makes the case for moving beyond a state-centric approach to the study of security governance in areas of limited statehood and for engaging more closely with the layered, mixed or hybrid security orders that can result from external engagement in domestic reform contexts.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Business for Peace? The Ambiguous Role of 'Ethical' Mining Companies

Cover: Peacebuilding, 2 (2)

Jana Hönke

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: Peacebuilding, 2 (2), 172-187.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

Multinational companies are increasingly promoted as peacebuilders. Major arguments in support of such a position emphasise both interest-based and norm/socialisation-based factors. This article uses research on large mining MNCs in eastern DRC – those that, arguably, should be most likely to build peace according to the above positions – to engage critically with the business for peace agenda. First it demonstrates the limited peacemaking, as well as active peacebuilding, activities in broader society that companies undertake. Second, it finds that even those companies deemed most likely to build peace continue relying on hybrid (in)security practice. Third, this article calls for more reflexivity concerning the implications of the business for peace research agenda. While the latter might contribute to socialising businesses into contributions to peacebuilding, it also produces companies as legitimate authorities, despite their limitations as peacebuilders. As a result, new conflict and insecurity are produced, especially for/with those displaced from land and artisanal mining pits and left with no alternative livelihood options.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilporjekt D2

Land Grabbing by Mining Companies: Local Contentions & State Reconfiguration in South Kivu (DRC)

Cover: Losing your Land

Jana Hönke, Sara Geenen

New York, NY: James Currey Publishers | 2014

Erschienen in: Ansom, An/Hilhorst, Thea (eds.): Losing your Land: Disposession in the Great Lakes, 58-81.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Who Governs Partnerships? On the Role of Boards, Donors, Partners, and Other Stakeholders

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Christian Vosseler

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 107-127.

Verlag Palgrave Springer Link

Much of the scientific debate on governance in areas of limited statehood centers on the question of how — that is, by what modes of governance — security and other collective goods can be provided in the absence of consolidated statehood. Yet it is equally important to address the question of who governs (Avant et al., 2010, p. 223) when it is not the state. Also, to evaluate the effectiveness of external governance, it is crucial to examine which individuals and organizations in a transnational public-private partnership (PPP) contribute in which phases of the policy process. In this book, we have introduced PPPs as a form of governance in which public and private actors interact. But who exactly is involved in PPPs? And who makes the decisions and holds the power? That is, who sets the agenda, makes the rules, establishes the programs, and monitors, evaluates, and finances the work of PPPs as external governance actors in areas of limited statehood?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Internationale Organisationen, Nichtregierungsorganisationen, Multinationale Unternehmen, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

German Colonialism Revisited: African, Asian, and Oceanic Experiences

Cover: German Colonialism Revisited

Klaus Mühlhahn, Nina Berman, Patrice Nganang

Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press | 2014

University of Michigan Press

German Colonialism Revisited brings together military historians, art historians, literary scholars, cultural theorists, and linguists to address a range of issues surrounding colonized African, Asian, and Oceanic people’s creative reactions to and interactions with German colonialism. This scholarship sheds new light on local power dynamics; agency; and economic, cultural, and social networks that preceded and, as some now argue, ultimately structured German colonial rule. Going beyond issues of resistance, these essays present colonialism as a shared event from which both the colonized and the colonizers emerged changed.

Thema: Teilprojekt B13

The Managerial Sources of Corporate Social Responsibility: The Spread of Global Standards

Cover: The Managerial Sources of Corporate Social Responsibility

Christian Thauer

Cambridge University Press: Cambridge | 2014

Cambridge Verlag

Why and under which conditions do companies voluntarily adopt high social and environmental standards? Christian Thauer looks inside the firm to illustrate the internal drivers of the social conduct of business. He argues that corporate social responsibility (CSR) assists decision-makers to resolve managerial dilemmas. Drawing on transaction cost economics, he asks why and which dilemmas bring CSR to the fore. In this context he describes a managerial dilemma as a situation where the execution of management's decisions transforms the mode of cooperation within the organization from a hierarchy to one in which managers become dependent on, and vulnerable to, the behavior of subordinates. Thauer provides empirical illustration of his theory by examining automotive and textile factories in South Africa and China. Thauer demonstrates that CSR is often driven by internal management problems rather than by the external pressures that corporations confront.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Internationale Normen, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Security Sector Reform and the Emergence of Hybrid Security Governance

Cover: International Peacekeeping

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: International Peacekeeping, 21 (2), 214-230.

Volltext

Comprehensive Security Sector Reform (SSR) has become a crucial component of many international peace- and statebuilding operations. The paper assesses the consequences of these attempts to foster international standards of ‘democratic security governance’ in the security sectors of post-conflict or fragile states. The paper builds on qualitative case study research of SSR interventions in Timor-Leste, Liberia, and the Palestinian Territories, conducted 2010–2012, to trace patterns of adoption, adaptation or rejection of international security governance standards by domestic actors. The article uses insights from sociological organization theories to identify different types of ‘hybrid security orders’ that result from encounters between international and domestic models of security governance in SSR processes.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

State-Building and the European Union's Fight against Corruption in the Southern Caucasus

Börzel_van Hüllen_Governance 27 4

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Periodicals | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 613-634.

Volltext Online Library Wiley

This article asks under which conditions the state-building efforts of external actors in areas of limited statehood are likely to be effective. We argue that the legitimacy of the specific norms promoted by external actors among local actors is crucial for their success in strengthening state capacities. International efforts need to resonate with prevalent social norms. To substantiate this argument, we focus on the European Union's (EU) anticorruption programs and their implementation in one of the most corrupt regions in the world, the Southern Caucasus. We show that legitimacy can explain why the EU's fight against corruption helped reduce corruption in Georgia but not in Armenia. In both countries, political elites could selectively use anticorruption programs as an instrument against political opponents, using enhanced state capacities to stabilize the incumbent regime. Only in Georgia, however, was the fight against corruption facilitated by sustained domestic mobilization for anticorruption policies that added pressure on political elites “from below.”

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Legitimität, Zentralasien und Kaukasus, Teilprojekt B2

Assessing Development Cooperation in North East Afghanistan with Repeated Mixed-Method Surveys

Jan Koehler, Christoph Zürcher, Jan Böhnke

Abingdon: Routledge | 2014

Erschienen in: Bull, Beate/Kennedy-Chouane, Megan/Winkler Anderson, Ole (eds.): Evaluation Methodologies for Aid in Conflict, 105-128.

Routledge

Thema: Methoden, Entwicklung, Afghanistan, Teilprojekt C9

Non-State Actors and Law of Armed Conflict Revisited: Enforcing International Law through Domestic Engagement

Cover: Journal of Conflict and Security Law

Anton Petrov

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 19 (2), 279-316.

Volltext

Compliance of non-State actors (NSA) constitutes a major problem of the law of armed conflict (LOAC). The reasons lie in the very structure of the law applying in non-international armed conflicts (NIAC). NSA feel disadvantaged and often do not recognize these State-made rules. A promising step is to engage NSA in some form of norm-setting. This can address the deficits of the current law of NIAC by creating a sense of ownership among NSA, and leading to a better-suited legal regime. It has been suggested to conduct this on an international level, and to grant NSA international law-making powers. This article points to significant potential downsides of such an approach. Instead, it argues, the same—or even better—results can be achieved by keeping the engagement on the domestic level and focusing on ad hoc regulation. From the outset, international law-making powers of NSA face major doctrinal difficulties. But also for practical reasons, ad hoc instruments are better suited to ensure a sense of ownership among NSA and to achieve tailored results for the specific conflict. Such domestic processes are also more sensitive to State concerns and interests making their participation more likely which, in turn, increases chances of successful implementation of an effective legal regime. Domestic and international approaches should not be seen as opposing, as they can often complement one another. This article seeks to contribute to the on-going discourse by highlighting some currently neglected aspects.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Die Beziehungen zwischen Lateinamerika und Asien

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 24

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Histoamericana, Vol. 24.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Asien, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

Ein monströses Attentat gegen die menschliche Kultur‘. Der Kriegsausbruch 1914 in Lateinamerika

Cover: Wandel, Umbruch, Absturz. Perspektiven auf das Jahr 1914

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Steiner | 2014

Erschienen in: Angelow, Jürgen/Großmann, Johannes (eds.): Wandel, Umbruch, Absturz. Perspektiven auf das Jahr 1914, 29-41.

Steiner Verlag

Dieser Band widmet sich der Scharnier- und Umbruchfunktion des Jahres 1914 und betont dabei die unterschiedlichen Geschwindigkeiten historischen Wandels im zeitlichen Umfeld des Kriegsausbruchs. Die Autoren unterstreichen Kontinuitäten und grenzüberschreitende Verflechtungsprozesse, verdeutlichen die Wechselbeziehung zwischen kollektiven Mentalitäten und individuellen Entscheidungen und verknüpfen unterschiedliche thematische, räumliche und methodische Perspektiven. Die Beiträge setzen den globalen Wandel von Wahrnehmungs-, Verhaltens- und Kommunikationsmustern in Bezug zu nationalen, regionalen und lokalen Diskursen und Entscheidungszwängen in der "Julikrise". Sie fragen nach der Bedeutung politischer, militärischer und zivilgesellschaftlicher Transnationalisierungsprozesse und konfrontieren diese mit den politischen Visionen, den militärischen Illusionen und den nationalistischen Reflexen des Sommers 1914. Zwei Beiträge zur Historiographie- und Erinnerungsgeschichte rahmen den Band ein.

Thema: Teilprojekt D9

Verflochtene Staatlichkeit. Globalisierungsgeschichte als Governance-Geschichte

Schuppert_Verflochtene Staatlickeit

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Franfurt/Main: Campus | 2014

Erschienen in: Reihe Staatlichkeit im Wandel

campus.de

Die Geschichte der Globalisierung beschäftigt sich besonders mit der weltweiten Intensivierung von Wirtschaftsbeziehungen und der Vernetzung der Finanzmärkte. Dieses Buch lässt die Globalisierung viel früher beginnen: mit der Ausbreitung des Christentums und des Islam in Antike und Mittelalter sowie mit dem Aufbruch der europäischen Handelsnationen nach Ostasien und der weltweiten »mission civilisatrice et religieuse« in der frühen Neuzeit. So kommen – im Zusammenspiel von Staat, Kommerz und Religion – neue Akteure der Globalisierung in den Blick, etwa die »Staatlichkeitsunternehmer« des frühen Kolonialismus und die katholischen Missionsgesellschaften. Aus Sicht der Governance-Forschung entsteht so ein vielfältiges, bisher noch nicht präsentiertes Bild der Globalisierung.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Experten in der Grauzone. Militärischer Wissenstransfer zwischen Deutschland und Südamerika, 1918-1933

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 34

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/González de Reufels, Delia (eds.): Expert Knowledge in Latin American History: Local, Transnational, and Global Perspectives, Histoamericana, Vol. 34, 65-86.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt D9

Turning Back to the Turning Point: The Day of Guanahani in 1492 in Global Perspective

Cover: Transatlantic Caribbea Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Stefan Rinke

Bielefeld: transcript | 2014

Erschienen in: Kummels, Ingrid/Rauhut, Claudia/Rinke, Stefan/Timm, Birte (eds.): Transatlantic Caribbean: Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas, 97-108.

transcript Verlag

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Kolonial Geschichte, Transfer, Teilprojekt D9

Transatlantic Caribbean: Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Cover: Transatlantic Caribbea Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Stefan Rinke, Ingrid Kummels, Claudia Rauhut, Birte Timm

Bielefeld: transcript | 2014

transcript Verlag

»Transatlantic Caribbean« widens the scope of research on the Caribbean by focusing on its transatlantic interrelations with North America, Latin America, Europe and Africa and by investigating long-term exchanges of people, practices and ideas. Based on innovative approaches and rich empirical research from anthropology, history and literary studies the contributions discuss border crossings, south-south relations and diasporas in the areas of popular culture, religion, historical memory as well as national and transnational social and political movements. These perspectives enrich the theoretical debates on transatlantic dialogues and the Black Atlantic and emphasize the Caribbean's central place in the world.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Aneignung, Abwehr, Teilprojekt D9

Gobernanza y seguridad en las fronteras latinoamericanas del siglo XIX: La amenaza de los grupos indígenas independientes

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 29

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Contreras Saiz, Monika/Hölck, Lasse/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Gobernanza y seguridad: La conquista republicana de las fronteras latinoamericanas en el siglo XIX, Histoamericana, Vol. 29, 7-21.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Lokale Akteure, State, State-Building, Teilprojekt D9

Einleitung

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 34

Stefan Rinke, Delia González de Reufels

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/González de Reufels, Delia (eds.): Expert Knowledge in Latin American History: Local, Transnational, and Global Perspectives, Histoamericana, Vol. 34, 7-14.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Bildung, Teilprojekt D9

Introduction

Cover: Transatlantic Caribbea Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Stefan Rinke

Bielefeld: transcript | 2014

Erschienen in: Kummels, Ingrid/Rauhut, Claudia/Rinke, Stefan/Timm, Birte (eds.): Transatlantic Caribbean: Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas, 7-32.

transcript Verlag

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Global History, Aneignung, Abwehr, Teilprojekt D9

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law

Cover: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law

Heike Krieger, Robin Geiß, Terry Gill

The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 17.

Springer Link

This volume commemorates the centenary of the First World War (1914-2014) and aims to capture 100 years of warfare evolution. Among the main issues addressed are the changing nature of means and methods of warfare, the law of weaponry, and challenges to humanitarian assistance and protection of the civilian population affected by armed conflict. Specific topics include the legal regime governing nuclear weapons, the prohibition of chemical weapons and arms control, the evolution of naval warfare, asymmetric conflicts, the law of occupation and cultural property. A comprehensive Year in Review also describes the most important events and legal developments that took place in 2014. The Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law is the world's only annual publication devoted to the study of the laws governing armed conflict. It provides a truly international forum for high-quality, peer-reviewed academic articles focusing on this crucial branch of international law. Distinguished by contemporary relevance, the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law bridges the gap between theory and practice and serves as a useful reference tool for scholars, practitioners, military personnel, civil servants, diplomats, human rights workers and students.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Los diputados de Cádiz y las conexiones entre América y Europa

Cover: Voces americanas en la Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1814

Stefan Rinke

Lima: Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos/Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú | 2014

Erschienen in: Lomné, Georges/O’Phelan, Scarlett (eds.): Voces americanas en la Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1814, 351-370.

Thema: Europa, Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, State, Souveränität, Teilprojekt D9

Latin America and Asia: Relations in the Context of Globalization from Colonial Times to the Present

braig_rinke_alba_Latin America and Asia - relations in the context of globalization from colonial Times to the present

Marianne Braig, Stefan Rinke, Carlos Alba

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Historamerikana, Vol. 24, Schriftenreihe zur Geschichte Amerikas

Verlag Hans Dieter-Heinz

Thema: Globalgeschichte, Staat, Lateinamerika, Asien, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3, Teilprojekt D9

No Part of the Mother Country, but Distinct Dominions: Rechtstransfer, Staatsbildung und Governance in England, Massachusetts und South Carolina, 1630 - 1769

Nagl: No Part of the Mother Country

Dominik Nagl

Lit Verlag | 2013-12

Erschienen in: Studien zu Geschichte, Politik und Gesellschaft Nordamerikas / Studies in North American History, Politics and Society

Lit Verlag

Ausgehend von den Diskussionen um eine postkoloniale New Imperial History und den Kontroversen um die Entstehung moderner Staatlichkeit untersucht diese Studie die Übertragung englischer Rechts-, Politik-, und Verwaltungsstrukturen nach Massachusetts und South Carolina. Anhand eines transfergeschichtlichen Vergleichs wird analysiert, wie geographische, soziale, kulturelle und ökonomische Faktoren deren lokale Aneignung beeinflussten und alle Bevölkerungsschichten durch Aushandlungsprozesse oder widerständiges Verhalten aktiv an der Entwicklung der kolonialen Herrschaftsstrukturen Anteil hatten.

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Penal Statecraft in the Latin American City. Assessing Mexico City's Punitive Urban Democracy

müller_social legal studies

Markus-Michael Müller

Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications | 2013-12

Erschienen in: Social & Legal Studies, 22 (4), 441-463.

Volltext Sage Pub

This paper applies Loïc Wacquant’s work on penal statecraft to analyze the growing punitiveness of urban politics in contemporary Mexico City. It demonstrates that the intersection of the urbanization of neoliberalism and the democratization of local politics contributed to the emergence of a punitive regime of governing urban marginality in the city. This indicates the consolidation of a punitive urban democracy in which despite the formal legal empowerment of the city’s residents during the last two decades, those at the urban margins face a reverse process of punitive exclusion that takes the form of a criminalization of poverty. In taking a closer look at the situation within the local penal apparatus, the paper furthermore shows that these exclusionary tendencies are reinforced by informal institutional practices inside the local law enforcement bureaucracies.

Thema: Policing, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

The Transnational Governance of Violence and Crime

The Transnational Governance of Violence and Crime

Anja P. Jakobi, Klaus Dieter Wolf

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013-10-25

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

The state monopoly of force has increasingly been challenged by non-state actors, seemingly resulting in a loss of control and resources needed to guarantee security. Yet, non-state actors are not only a cause of problems; they can also contribute to guarantee security. The contributors examine the role of non-state actors in the governance of violence and crime. Current research on non-state actors in security points to the fact that the state monopoly of force has increasingly been challenged, seemingly resulting in a loss of control and resources. In contrast, this volume shows how non-state actors are involved in supporting governmental aims, what they contribute and where the limits are or should be. It demonstrates that even in a core area of the state, transnational governance is possible through the activities of a diverse group of actors, including warlords, rebel groups, criminals, non-governmental organizations and businesses.

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Malika Bouziane, Cilia Harders, Anja Hoffmann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013-10-04

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

With the fall of authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya, new social movements and online cyber networks in cities across the Arab World and throughout the Arab cybersphere emerge as new actors. Rooted in ‘the periphery’, many acknowledge the potentials of these new actors and their ability to challenge the existing political landscape in the region today and in the future. Nonetheless, little attention has been devoted to the long-term processes of transformation within which these developments are rooted. This volume examines the ways in which the state and the political landscape are shaped and challenged, ‘beyond the center’. The contributions examine informal institutions, popular sovereignty, non-conventional forms of participation, and non-elite actors in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, and Morocco. The book brings together interdisciplinary and critical reflections on space, power, state, and agency. It develops a novel perspective on Middle Eastern studies, focusing on local politics and contributing to the understanding of authoritarian rule and its transformation.

Thema: Teilprojekt B6

‘Public’ Security and Patron-Client Exchanges in Latin America

Müller_government_and opposition 2013 48 4

Markus-Michael Müller

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013-10

Erschienen in: Government & Opposition, 48 (4), 548-569.

Volltext Cambridge

Notwithstanding the democratization processes that have taken place since the 1980s, clientelism continues to be an important political practice throughout contemporary Latin America. By offering an analysis of the changing patterns of patron–client exchanges in Mexico City, this article demonstrates how the repercussions of the local democratization process expanded clientelist practices to the realm of public security provision. This expansion, it is argued, is related to efforts of the local government to regain previous levels of political control over the local police forces that had been undermined by the fragmentation of long-standing national patron–client structures under authoritarian rule. Additionally, it is demonstrated that in an increasingly insecure urban environment, local politicians and brokers realized the political gains to be derived from expanding clientelist exchanges to the realm of security provision.

Thema: Policing, Staat, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Business and Climate Change Governance

Business and Climate Change Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Ralph Hamann

Palgrave Macmillan | 2013-09-06

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Why do business organisations contribute to climate change governance in areas of limited statehood? In many countries, governments are too weak and often also not willing to set and enforce climate change regulations. While companies have the capacities to fill the resulting governance gap, conventional wisdom expects them to take advantage by relocating their production sites in order to escape strict national regulation. Studies on South Africa, Kenya and Germany demonstrate that business contributions to the mitigation and adaptation to climate change vary significantly between countries, sectors and firms. In order to explain these variations, the contributors bring together two important literatures that rarely speak to each other – governance and business management - arguing that the threat of public regulation has an important role in motivating business efforts.

Thema: Südafrika, Umwelt, Policy, Teilprojekt D2, Teilprojekt B2

Postcolonial Bureaucracies: Power and Public Administration in 'Most of the World'

müller_postcolonial studies 2013 6 _ 2

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Taylor & Francis | 2013-09

Erschienen in: Postcolonial Studies, 16 (2), 233-242.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

In the opening pages of Orientalism Edward Said stated that Orientalism, far from being limited to the imaginary self-definition of the West, inscribed itself into the material design and practices of bureaucratic institutions and actors in Europe, European colonies, and colonization efforts. The postcolonial afterlife of such geopolitical knowledge that portrays the West as the only location ‘that has the privilege of possessing dominant categories of thoughts from which and where the rest of the world can be described, classified, understood and “improved”’ is most visible in the current debates on so-called ‘failed states’. Taking into consideration the Weberian conception of bureaucracy defined as a ‘permanent structure with a system of rational rules […] fashioned to meet calculable and recurrent needs by means of normal routine’, this debate takes a reified vision of Western bureaucracies—conceived as impersonal, merit-based, rational-legal state institutions—as the point of departure for a normative institutional benchmarking exercise against which non-Western bureaucracies are measured. As one of the most influential contributors to this debate argues, ‘failed states’, which are usually to be found beyond the West, are haunted by ‘flawed institutions’, notably the state bureaucracy, which, it is argued, ‘has long ago lost its sense of professional responsibility and exists solely to carry out the orders of the executive and, in petty ways, to oppress citizens’.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Streitkräfte und nicht-staatliche Akteure

Weingärtner, Krieger: Streitkräfte und nicht-staatliche Akteure

Heike Krieger, Dieter Weingärtner

Nomos | 2013-07-17

Erschienen in: Schriftenreihe Forum Innere Führung

Nomos Verlag

Nicht-staatliche Akteure spielen in den bewaffneten Konflikten der Gegenwart eine immer größere Rolle. Denn die Großzahl dieser Konflikte ist durch eine Fragmentierung der Beteiligten charakterisiert. Nicht-staatliche Akteure stehen Streitkräften als Gegner – wie Aufständische oder Piraten – oder als Partner – wie private Sicherheitsfirmen oder Nichtregierungsorganisationen – gegenüber. Auch im innerstaatlichen Bereich arbeiten militärische und zivile Einrichtungen immer enger zusammen. Für die Bundeswehr ergeben sich aus den Beziehungen zu nicht-staatlichen Akteuren zahlreiche Fragen des internationalen und nationalen Rechts. Dementsprechend konzentriert sich der erste Schwerpunkt dieses Bandes auf die Weiterentwicklung des Rechts des nicht-internationalen bewaffneten Konflikts und der Rechtsbindungen der nicht-staatlichen Gewaltakteure. Ein zweiter Themenkomplex widmet sich den Rechtsproblemen, denen sich die Bundeswehr im Einsatz gegenüber gestellt sieht. Ein letzter Schwerpunkt liegt auf Fragen der Privatisierung. Mit Beiträgen von: Michael Bothe, Robert Frau, Daniel Heck, Sascha Rolf Lüder, Thilo Marauhn, Christian Raap, Doreen Scholz, Andreas Schüller, Christoph Schütz, Dominik Steiger

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Business and Governance in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel, Christian Thauer

Palgrave Macmillan | 2013-06-03

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Under which conditions do companies engage in the provision of collective goods and services if the state lacks the capacity to do so? To what extent do multinational firms engage in a 'race to the top' fostering rather than undermining regulation? The empirical analyses in the individual chapters look at business responses to some of South Africa's most pertinent governance challenges, HIV/AIDS and environmental pollution. The contributors look at firms in four industry sectors: the automotive industry, the mining industry, the food and beverage industry and the textile industry. These four sectors comprise a significant number of foreign as well as local companies, with or without brand name, which cater to different market segments within South Africa, differ in size and are exposed to varying pressure from NGOs and foreign competitors.

Thema: Südafrika, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D2, Teilprojekt B2

Transnational Companies and Security Governance. Hybrid Practices in a Postcolonial World

Transnational Companies and Security Governance

Jana Hönke

Routledge | 2013-05-09

Routledge Publications

This book examines non-state governance in areas of limited statehood by looking at the security practices of multinational companies. It investigates the everyday security practices of mining companies in Subsaharan Africa to illustrate a much broader and highly relevant phenomenon: hybrid transnational security governance. Such hybridity and its ambiguous effects characterise external security practices in many other arenas of intervention in our postcolonial world. Since the end of the Cold War, multinational companies from the extractive industries have expanded substantially into Africa, Latin America and Asia. In Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 50% of foreign direct investment goes into this sector. The book analyses the techniques, nodes of actors and spaces associated with transnational companies’ security governance in this sector. Using the cases of mining regions in South Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in both the early colonial and post-1990s periods, the book offers an alternative explanation for the similarities, differences, and in fact contradictions, in hybrid security practices in arenas of intervention. It argues that different collective meaning systems that work across state boundaries structure local actors’ perceptions and the security techniques they choose to employ. This book will be of interest to students of politics and IR, security and governance, discourse and practice theory, business studies and African politics and area studies.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, (Post-)Kolonialismus, Teilprojekt D2

Der Einfluss der Menschenrechte auf den Rechtsetzungsprozess im humanitären Völkerrecht. Das Beispiel der kriegerischen Repressalie

Cover: Der Staat im Recht

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013-04-15

Erschienen in: Breuer, Marten/Epiney, Astrid/Haratsch, Andreas/Schmahl, Stefanie (eds.): Der Staat im Recht – The State in its Legal Dimension. Festschrift für Eckart Klein zum 70. Geburtstag, 811-821.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Security Sector Reform from a Policy Transfer Perspective: A Comparative Study of International Interventions in the Palestinian Territories, Liberia and Timor-Leste

Cover: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak

London: Routledge | 2013-04-12

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 7 (3), 381-401.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance

Risse, Ropp, Sikkink - The Persistent Power of Human Rights

Thomas Risse, Stephen C. Ropp, Kathryn Sikkink (Hrsg.)

Erschienen in: Cambridge Studies in International Relations

Cambridge University Press

The Power of Human Rights (published in 1999) was an innovative and influential contribution to the study of international human rights. At its center was a 'spiral model' of human rights change which described the various socialization processes through which international norms were internalized into the domestic practices of various authoritarian states during the Cold War years. The Persistent Power of Human Rights builds on these insights, extending its reach and analysis. It updates our understanding of the various causal mechanisms and conditions which produce behavioural compliance, and expands the range of rights-violating actors examined to include democratic and authoritarian Great Powers, corporations, guerrilla groups, and private actors. Using a unique blend of quantitative and qualitative research and theory, this book yields not only important new academic insights but also a host of useful lessons for policy-makers and practitioners.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1

Insurgencies, Border Clashes and Security Dilemma: Unresolved Problems for ASEAN

Deniz Kocak

Praha: Metropolitní univerzita Praha | 2013-03-20

Erschienen in: Central European Journal of International & Security Studies, 7 (1), 60-80.

Volltext

The decision to deepen ASEAN cooperation by creating the ASEAN Community and particularly the concept of ASEAN as a Security Community has been debated heavily among academics. As no large scale war has occurred between the member states since the founding of ASEAN in 1967 it is reasonable to ask if the institutionalisation of a Security Community was not long overdue. Furthermore, the official proclamation of ASEAN as a Security Community should lead to the expectation that ASEAN is a zone of peace and stability. This article questions the stability of ASEAN security arrangements, and subsequently queries whether ASEAN can be considered a security community in the true sense of the term. The main goal of a Security Community is to provide transnational peace and political stability. However, armed border conflicts between neighbouring countries emerge now and then due to unsettled territorial claims, such as the recent border conflict between Thailand and Cambodia over the Preah Vihear temple compound. Furthermore, among nearly half of the ASEAN member states there are ongoing armed insurgencies against the governments. Yet, concerted actions of affected ASEAN members against the transnational operating insurgents have failed to materialise. Until the respective governments can ensure that civilians are not affected by border clashes, skirmishes between insurgents and armed forces, and other threats, as well as effectively tackling these issues, the existence of ASEAN as an effective security community should be doubted.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Kolumbus und der Tag von Guanahani 1492: Ein Wendepunkt der Geschichte

Cover: Kolumbus und der Tag von Guanahani 1492

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Theiss | 2013-03-13

Theiss Verlag

'Tierra!' Ein Schrei zerreißt die Stille über dem nächtlichen Atlantik. Am 12. Oktober 1492 um zwei Uhr sichtet der Matrose Rodrigo de Triana Land – die Insel Guanahani, das heutige San Salvador. Endlich! Ein Kanonenschuss weckt die Mannschaften der Santa María, Pinta und Niña. Nach dieser Entdeckung entbrennt in Europa der Kampf um die Aufteilung der Neuen Welt. Für die Ureinwohner beginnt ein Leidensweg von Unterdrückung und Tod. Eine scheinbar wohlbekannte Geschichte, doch der renommierte Historiker Stefan Rinke verlässt die allzu vertrauten Perspektiven und erzählt diesen historischen Wendepunkt, seine Vorgeschichte und Folgen neu. Er wertet auch die bisher wenig beachteten Überlieferungen der indigenen Bevölkerung aus und rückt das übliche Bild von der ruhmreichen Entdeckung gerade: War doch Kolumbus weder der erste Europäer in Amerika noch begriffen er und seine Zeitgenossen die unermessliche Bedeutung seiner Expedition.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Kolonial Geschichte, Transfer, Teilprojekt C5

Sicherheitssektorreform in Lateinamerika. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen

Cover: Gewalt, organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Deniz Kocak, Fairlie Chappuis

Opladen: Budrich | 2013-03-13

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 255-273.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Kleine Geschichte Brasiliens

Cover Kleine Geschichte Brasiliens

Stefan Rinke, Frederik Schulze

München: C.H. Beck | 2013-03-12

Beck Verlag

Brasilien ist das größte Land Lateinamerikas und mittlerweile eine der größten Volkswirtschaften der Erde. Brasilien wird 2013 Ehrengast der Buchmesse Frankfurt sein, 2014 die Fußballweltmeisterschaft ausrichten und ist 2016 das Land, in dem die Olympischen Sommerspiele stattfinden werden. Wirtschaftliche Probleme in den 1980er-Jahren führten zur Zahlungsunfähigkeit, doch nimmt das Land nun nach Dekaden des Wachstums eine Führungsrolle in der Region und zunehmend auch global ein. Was hat diesen enormen Aufschwung möglich gemacht? Was wissen wir über das Land, seine Geschichte und die Menschen, die seine Geschichte bestimmt haben? Zwei erfahrene Experten bieten einen lebendigen Überblick über die brasilianische Geschichte von der indigenen Besiedlung über die europäische Eroberung vor rund 500 Jahren bis hin zur heutigen Situation in Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Kultur. Eine ausführliche Bibliographie und Karten runden den Band ab.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Brasilien, Lokale Akteure, Staat, State-Building, Teilprojekt C5

The Securitization of Urban Space and the ‘Rescue’ of Downtown Mexico City. Vision and Practice

becker_müller_latin american perspectives 40_2

Markus-Michael Müller, Anne Becker

London: SAGE Publications | 2013-03

Erschienen in: Latin American Perspectives, 40 (2), 77-94.

Volltext bei Sage Publishing

One important feature of the neoliberalization of urban governance around the world has been the rise of an urban entrepreneurialism promoting projects of urban renewal and the upgrading of historic city centers. These developments contribute to an increasing securitization of urban space and the eviction of “undesirables” from the renewed and upgraded areas. An examination of these processes in the implementation of the “rescue” of Mexico City’s historic center and the related securitization of urban space in the neighborhood of La Merced reveals that the implementation and sustainability of this local urban renewal project is constantly challenged and modified by the presence of powerful illegal actors and informal practices of negotiation. Una característica de la neoliberalización de gobernabilidad urbana en el mundo ha sido el acenso de un empresarialismo urbano el cual promueve la renovación urbana y mejoramiento de los centros históricos. Estos procesos contribuyen al incremento de la segurización del espacio urbano y a la expulsión de “indeseables” de la áreas de renovación y mejoramiento. Un examen de estos procesos en la implementación del “rescate” del centro histórico de la Ciudad de México y la relacionada segurización del espacio urbano en el barrio de la Merced pone en relieve que la implementación y sostenibilidad de este proyecto de renovación urbana se encuentra retado constantemente por la presencia de actores ilegales y poderosos y prácticas informales de negociación.

Thema: Mexiko, lokale Akteure, Sicherheit, Policing, Teilprojekt C3

Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

bild Maihold

Günther Maihold, Daniel Brombacher (Hrsg.)

Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2013-03

Verlag Barbara Budrich

Korruption, Drogen, ausufernde Gewalt, Waffen- und Menschenhandel sowie die Schwäche des Justizsystem bedrohen Staat und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas. Die Sicherheitsorgane sind überfordert, das Militär wird zum zentralen Akteur im Kampf gegen die organisierte Kriminalität. Im Kontext wachsender Unsicherheit stellt sich die Frage nach den Handlungschancen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, die im Buch diskutiert wird. Die Autoren: Dr. phil. Günther Maihold, stv. Direktor der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin; Honorarprofessor an der Freien Universität Berlin; gegenwärtig Inhaber des Wilhelm und Alexander v. Humboldt-Lehrstuhls an der UNAM und dem Colegio de México, Mexiko-Stadt Daniel Brombacher, M.A., Programm „Entwicklungsorientierte Drogenpolitik, Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)“, Eschborn/Ts.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure/Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Einleitung. Von Failed States und Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit - organisierte Kriminalität, Gewalt und Staat in Lateinamerika

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Günther Maihold, Markus Hochmüller

Leverkusen: Barbara Budrich | 2013-03

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 9-23.

Verlag Barbara Budrich

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Globales Regieren auf dem Prüfstand: Nicht demokratisch aber legitim?

Take: Globales Regieren auf dem Prüfstand

Ingo Take

Nomos | 2013-02-26

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos Verlag

Die Frage nach der Überwindung des demokratischen Defizits globaler Formen des Regierens steht im Mittelpunkt aktueller akademischer und politischer Debatten. Um die Forschung in diesem Bereich weiter voranzutreiben, bedarf es einer systematischen Verknüpfung der theoriegeleiteten Annahmen über legitime Formen des globalen Regierens mit den bereits zu beobachtenden unterschiedlichen Formen von Global Governance. Die Studie bietet eine Konzeption, wie eine solche Verknüpfung aussehen könnte und bedient sich dabei eines strukturierten, fokussierten Vergleichs von zwischenstaatlichen, transnationalen und privaten Formen des globalen Regierens in den Bereichen Sozial- und Umweltstandards sowie Internetregulierung. Dabei gelangt ein mehrdimensionales Legitimitätskonzept zur Anwendung, das sowohl normative als auch empirische Legitimität umfasst. Ziel der Studie ist es, Erkenntnisse über die Bedingungen, Möglichkeiten und Grenzen legitimen globalen Regierens zu gewinnen.

Warum die ‚Neue Politik‘ keine Kopie war: Das Beispiel der Bildungsreformen in China, 1901-1911

Cover: Tradition? Variation? Plagiat? Motive und ihre Adaption in China

Hajo Frölich

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz | 2013-01-01

Erschienen in: Lena Henningsen/Martin Hofmann (eds.): Tradition? Variation? Plagiat? Motive und ihre Adaption in China, 33–51.

Harrassowitz Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Handbook of International Relations

The Sage Handbook of International Relations

Thomas Risse, Walter Carlsnaes, Beth A. Simmons

SAGE Publications Ltd | 2013-01

SAGE Publications

The original Handbook of International Relations was the first authoritative and comprehensive survey of the field of international relations. In this eagerly-awaited new edition, the Editors have once again drawn together a team of the world's leading scholars of international relations to provide a state-of-the-art review and indispensable guide to the field, ensuring its position as the pre-eminent volume of its kind. The Second Edition has been expanded to 33 chapters and fully revised, with new chapters on the following contemporary topics: - Normative Theory in IR - Critical Theories and Poststructuralism - Efforts at Theoretical Synthesis in IR: Possibilities and Limits - International Law and International Relations - Transnational Diffusion: Norms, Ideas and Policies - Comparative Regionalism - Nationalism and Ethnicity - Geopolitics in the 21st Century - Terrorism and International Relations - Religion and International Politics - International Migration A truly international undertaking, this Handbook reviews the many historical, philosophical, analytical and normative roots to the discipline and covers the key contemporary topics of research and debate today. The Handbook of International Relations remains an essential benchmark publication for all advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in politics and international relations.

Thema: Global Governance, Teilprojekt A1

The governmentality of Slavery in Colonial Boston

nagl_amerikastudien

Dominik Nagl

Heidelberg: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Amerikastudien | 2013-01

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Amerika Studien/ American Studies, 58 (1), 5-26.

Herausgeber Deutsche Gesellschaft für ...

This article explores slavery in colonial Boston as a contradictory legal, cultural, and religious institution by introducing the concepts of 'pastoral power and governmentality as analytical instruments to the study of slavery. New England slavery was a culturally specific form of bondage that still rested upon premodern and religious notions of contract. An all pervasive Puritan religious culture and the spatial and social proximity of the slaves and their masters gave New England slavery its unique character and produced a distinct way of slave management that is best described as Puritan governmentality of slavery. In addition it is suggested that the concept of governmentality addresses some of the criticisms leveled against Eugene Genovese's model of slavery as paternalism as it allows for the recognition of resistance as a defining feature of slavery.

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Arabellions: Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

Arabellions

Anette Jünemann, Anja Zorob

Springer VS | 2013-01

Springer VS

Seit Dezember 2010 haben die Arabellions Nordafrika und die gesamte Region des Nahen und Mittleren Ostens erfasst. Als stabil geltende autoritäre Machtstrukturen wurden massiv erschüttert, wenn auch nicht überall auf gleiche Weise. Ziel des Bandes ist es, Ursachen und Verlaufsformen der Proteste im spezifischen Kontext der jeweiligen Länder sowie regional übergreifender politischer und sozio-ökonomischer Faktoren zu analysieren. Dabei wird sowohl den Gemeinsamkeiten nachgespürt, die die wellenartige Ausbreitung der Arabellions erklären, als auch den länderspezifischen Besonderheiten, die die Vielgestaltigkeit von Protest und Revolte verstehbar machen. Es wird aufgezeigt, warum man nicht überall von Revolution sprechen kann, welche Formen autoritärer Resilienz vorherrschen und wo es Chancen auf eine friedliche Transformation gibt. Darüber hinaus wird verdeutlicht, dass die politischen, gesellschaftlichen und ökonomischen Konsequenzen der Arabellions weit über die Region hinausstrahlen. Mit Beiträgen von Annette Jünemann, Anja Zorob, Cilja Harders, Domenica Preysing, Wolfram Lacher, André Bank, Eric Mohns, Malika Bouziane, Katharina Lenner, Stephan Stetter, Muriel Asseburg, Henner Fürtig, Martin Beck, Simone Hüser, Rachid Ouaissa, Ivesa Luebben.

Thema: Teilprojekt B6

Migration, Energy and Good Governance in the EU's Eastern Neighbourhood

Börzel_Europe Asia Studies

Esther Ademmer, Tanja A. Börzel

Abingdon: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Europe Asia Studies, 65 (4), 581-608.

Volltext Taylor & Francis Online

The literature on European Union enlargement has identified misfit and membership conditionality as two factors that decisively shape the effectiveness of EU policy transfer to the Central and Eastern European accession countries. Thus, European neighbourhood countries would seem to be less likely cases of EU-induced policy change. Yet, rather than inertia or resistance, we find that European neighbourhood countries comply with some but not with other EU policies. Our essay investigates such policy-specific variation in the compliance patterns of Georgia and Armenia that give rise to differential policy change. Comparing the fight against corruption, migration and energy policy, we argue that policy-specific conditionality and preferential fit are the main factors accounting for the EU's differential policy impact in European neighbourhood countries.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Transnational Actors and World Politics

Risse_Transnational Actors and World Politics

Thomas Risse

London: SAGE Publications Ltd | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook of International Relations, Second Edition, 426-452.

Sage Publishing

The end of the Cold War and globalization processes have led to renewed interest in the study of transnational relations and the impact of non-state actors on world politics. Some authors praise the emergence of a global transnational civil society (Boli and Thomas, 1999; Florini, 2000; Held et al., 1999), while others denounce an increasing transnational capitalist hegemony (Gill, 1995). Both positions ascribe to non-state actors quite an extraordinary influence on outcomes in international politics. It is certainly true that transnational actors–from multinational corporations (MNCs) to International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs)–have left their mark on the international system and that we cannot even start theorizing about the contemporary world system without taking their influence into account. But there ...

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Internationale Organisationen (IO), Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Are Remittances a Substitute for Credit? Carrying the Financial Burden of Health Shocks in National and Transnational Households

Cover: World Development, No. 77

Christian Ambrosius, Alfredo Cuecuecha

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2013

Erschienen in: World Development, No. 46, 143-152.

Volltext

This paper tests for the assumption that remittances are a substitute for credit by comparing the response to health-related shocks among national and transnational households using Mexican household panel data. While the occurrence of serious health shocks that required hospital treatment doubled the average debt burden of exposed households compared to the control group, households with nuclear family members (a parent, child, or spouse) in the US did not increase their debts due to health shocks. This finding is consistent with the view that remittances respond to households’ demand for financing emergencies and make them less reliant on debt-financing.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

A Race to the Bottom? Environmental Protection and the Textile Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 195-214.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 41-44.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Staat, Gesundheit, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Voluntary Collective Commitment: The Case of Business and Energy Efficiency in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christopher Kaan, Stine Klapper

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 95-113.

Volltext Site Ebray

Energy efficiency remains one of the most pressing issues in energy policy for the next years. The challenge to stabilize or even decrease the amount of energy consumed while keeping the living standard is one of the most important tasks for energy policy-makers in developed countries. Developing countries, however, find themselves confronted with the need to catch up economically to improve the socioeconomic situation and at the same time with warnings about the environmental effects of growth. This is strongly related to the question of the ecological footprint and of mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which are provoked by energy use and are held responsible for climate change and its already experienced impacts.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Umwelt, Teilprojekt D1

Mapping Colonial Space: The Planning and Building of Qingdao by German Colonial Authorities, 1897–1914

Cover: Harbin to Hanoi

Klaus Mühlhahn

Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Victoir, Laura/Zatsepine, Victor (eds.): Harbin to Hanoi: The Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940, 103–150.

Thema: Teilprojekt B13

The Political, the State and Governance: Reflections on Essentially Contested Concepts

Risse_The political, the State and Governance

Thomas Risse

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2013

Erschienen in: Steinmetz, Willibald/Gilcher-Holtey, Ingrid/Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard (eds.): Writing Political History Today, 359-367.

Campus

Thema: Staat, Staatlichkeit, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Conclusions

Risse_Sikking_The Persistent Power of Human Rights

Thomas Risse, Kathryn Sikkink

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, Cambridge: 275-294.

Cambridge

Thema: Menschenrechte, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

Introduction and Overview

Boerzel_Risse Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse, Stephen C. Ropp

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, 3-25.

Cambridge

The Power of Human Rights (published in 1999) was an innovative and influential contribution to the study of international human rights. At its center was a 'spiral model' of human rights change which described the various socialization processes through which international norms were internalized into the domestic practices of various authoritarian states during the Cold War years. The Persistent Power of Human Rights builds on these insights, extending its reach and analysis. It updates our understanding of the various causal mechanisms and conditions which produce behavioural compliance, and expands the range of rights-violating actors examined to include democratic and authoritarian Great Powers, corporations, guerrilla groups, and private actors. Using a unique blend of quantitative and qualitative research and theory, this book yields not only important new academic insights but also a host of useful lessons for policy-makers and practitioners.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

State, Society and Governance in Republican China

Cover: Berliner China-Hefte. Chinese History and Society, No. 43

Mechthild Leutner, Izabella Goikhman

Münster: LIT Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 43.

LIT Verlag

The volume presents research on state and society in Republican China exploring various aspects of Republican history from the governance perspective. Governance is understood in a broader sense as interactions between state and society, including both the discursive process of social decision-making and the provision of (non-)material public goods. Topics highlighted are: the internationalization of disaster relief, the philanthropic governance of overseas Chinese in Xiamen, the transformation of the cultural group "World Society", historical writing and intellectual autonomy as well as the construction of warlord identity.

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Stuck In the Shadow of Anarchy: HIV/AIDS Governance and the Textile Sector in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 103-122.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D2

Global Wordings and Local Meanings: Traditional Knowledge Regulation in India and Brazil

Cover: Journal für Entwicklungspolitik (JEP)

Thomas Eimer

Wien: Mandelbaum | 2013

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, 29 (2), 31-50.

Volltext

Thema: Lateinamerika, Internationale Organisationen, Ökonomie, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt D7

Morocco between Decentralization and Recentralization: Encountering the State in the 'Useless Morocco'

Hrders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Anja Hoffmann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Spinger Verlag

‘Decentralization in Morocco? If that is your topic the answer is easy, we don’t have any decentralization in Morocco. Many of the interviews I conducted during my fieldwork in Luant pointed in this or a similar direction. Yet, decentralization is a concept intensively discussed in the Moroccan context. It is framed as a formula to overcome development inequalities between urban centers and rural areas, as a method to increase the participation of all parts of the population, and thus as a feature of the so-called ‘democratic transition’ and, finally, as a way to absorb secession efforts.

Thema: MENA - Region, Staatlichkeit, Lokale Akteure, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Scratching the Democratic Façade: Framing Strategies of the 20 February Movement

Harders_König_Scratching the Democratic

Anja Hoffmann, Christoph König

Oxon: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Mediterranean Politics, 18 (1), 1-22

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article tentatively assesses the role of the 20 February Movement in current Moroccan politics. Drawing on social movement theory, the analysis focuses on the ways in which the movement has attempted to challenge the legitimacy of the system in place. The article first provides a thorough description of the movement's characteristics. Subsequently, the frame analysis in the main part studies how the movement has sought to deconstruct the self-portrayal of the incumbent regime. It argues that the relevance of the challenge mounted by the 20 February Movement derives from its transgressions of red lines formerly delimiting political discourses in the kingdom.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Lokale Akteure, Community Based Organization (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

Remittances and Financial Access: Is There Really a Link and for Whom? Evidence from Mexican Household Data

Cover: The World Economy 39 (7)

Christian Ambrosius

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons | 2013

Erschienen in: The World Economy, 39 (7), 964–982.

Volltext

In policy discussions, it has frequently been claimed that migrants' remittances could function as a ‘catalyst’ for financial access among receiving households. This paper provides empirical evidence on this hypothesis from Mexico, a major receiver of remittances worldwide. Using the Mexican Family Life Survey panel (MxFLS) for 2002 and 2005, the results from the fixed effects logit model show that receiving remittances is strongly correlated with the ownership of savings accounts and to a limited degree with the availability of borrowing options. Effects are particularly important for microfinance institutions, and more important for rural households compared to urban households.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Die Grenzen des Sagbaren verschieben sich. Über die Wirkung der Umbrüche in Nordafrika und Westasien auf das marokkanische Königreich

Hofmann_Die Grenzen des Sagbaren

Anja Hoffmann

Freiburg: Centaurus | 2013

Erschienen in: Filter, Dagmar/Reich, Jana/Fuchs, Eva (eds.) Arabischer Frühling? Alte und neue Geschlechterpolitiken in einer Region im Umbruch

Thema: MENA – Region, Autoritarismus, Menschenrechte, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt B6

Anerkennung fremder Normen im staatlichen Recht als normatives und kognitives Problem

Cover: Extrajuridisches Wissen im Verwaltungsrecht

Matthias Kötter

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2013

Erschienen in: Augsberg, Ino (ed.): Extrajuridisches Wissen im Verwaltungsrecht. Analysen und Perspektiven, 63-98.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Analyzing Politics beyond the Centre in an Age of Transformation

Harders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Anja Hoffmann, Malika Bouziane, Cilja Harders

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Springer Verlag

Recent upheavals in the Arab world1 have challenged both statist and centrist assumptions about Middle Eastern politics. New social movements in the urban centers and virtual networks, as well as actors and actions from the so-called periphery, have changed the political landscape of the region within months. Still, these developments are rooted in long-term processes: until 2011, massive social, political, cultural, and economic transformations did not lead to regime change. The dynamics of these social ‘transformations without political transitions’ (Harders, 2009, p. 301), as well as the current developments, which fall between transition to democracy and civil war, deserve a closer look. 2008 alone saw various protests and social upheavals, such as in Bahrain in early February, where workers demonstrated against their decreasing purchasing power; in March, riots led to violent clashes in Yemen; in May, young football fans took the defeat of their football club in the Algerian city of Oran as an occasion to release their anger against the lack of prospects and the arrogance of power. Similarly, the following years witnessed numerous small-scale protests and local riots (Bayat, 2010; Beinin and Vairel, 2011; Catusse and Vairel, 2010), which culminated in the mass mobilization of 2011.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Staatlichkeit, Community Based Organization, Teilprojekt B6

Sovereign Defaults: The Price of Haircuts

Cover American Economic Journal - Macroeconomics, 5 (3)

Christoph Trebesch, Juan J. Cruces

Nashville, TN: American Economic Association | 2013

Erschienen in: American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 5 (3), 85-117.

Volltext bei der AEA

A main puzzle in the sovereign debt literature is that defaults have only minor effects on subsequent borrowing costs and access to credit. This paper comes to a different conclusion. We construct the first complete database of investor losses ("haircuts") in all restructurings with foreign banks and bondholders from 1970 until 2010, covering 180 cases in 68 countries. We then show that restructurings involving higher haircuts are associated with significantly higher subsequent bond yield spreads and longer periods of capital market exclusion. The results cast doubt on the widespread belief that credit markets "forgive and forget."

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Governance under Limited Sovereignty

Risse_Governance under Limited Sovereignty

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Finnemore, Martha/Goldstein, Judith (eds.): Back to Basics: State Power in a Contemporary World, 78-104.

Oxford Scholarship

The social science debate on governance implicitly or explicitly remains wedded to an ideal type of modern statehood—with full domestic sovereignty and the capacity to make, implement, and enforce decisions. From a global as well as historical perspective, however, the Western modern nation-state constitutes the exception rather than the rule. Outside the developed OECD world, we find areas of limited statehood that lack domestic sovereignty. Under such conditions, governance requires the inclusion of non-state actors in the provision of collective goods and the regulation of social and political issues. Our conceptual apparatus is ill-equipped to deal with the governance problématique in areas of limited statehood. However, limited statehood does not mean the absence of governance or the provision of collective goods, as most of the literature on fragile and failed states assumes. Rule making, collective goods and services are provided by various combinations of state and non-state actors using predominantly non-hierarchical modes of steering. Emphasizing governance rather than statehood allows us to abandon the state-centered view of politics and to ask who is providing which rule structures and which public services under conditions of limited statehood. The governance perspective enables us to look for functional equivalents to the ability of consolidated states to cast a “shadow of hierarchy” as a context for effective governance by and with non-state actors. The chapter first describes what “limited statehood” means. Second, I discuss the modes of governance to be found in areas of limited statehood. Third, I discuss governance problems arising in areas of limited statehood and then introduce functional equivalents to consolidated statehood that insure that rules are being enforced and governance contributions by non-state actors are effective.

Thema: Staat, Souveränität, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político

hochmüller_huffschmid_Politik in verflochtenen Räumen

Markus Hochmüller, Anne Huffschmid, Teresa Orozco Martinéz, Stephanie Schütze, Martha Zapata Galind

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Festschrift für Marianne Braig, Schriftenreihe Fragmentierte Moderne in Lateinamerika.

Verlag Tranvia - Walter Frey

Politik in verflochtenen Räumen“ steht für einen weitreichenden Perspektivwechsel, den Marianne Braig für die sozial- und politikwissenschaftliche Forschung zu Lateinamerika postuliert: Ohne eine Analyse der zugrunde liegenden politischen Prozesse und Kulturen können Untersuchungsgegenstände wie Staat, Herrschaft, Gesellschaft, Menschenrechte oder auch Globalisierung und internationale Verflechtungen nicht verstanden werden. Das Politische kann demnach immer nur im Austausch zwischen den Disziplinen untersucht werden. Die Beiträge der Festschrift zu Marianne Braigs 60. Geburtstag spiegeln den Facettenreichtum und die Vielschichtigkeit ihres wissenschaftlichen Ansatzes wider. Sie zeigen, dass Politik längst nicht nur in öffentlich sichtbaren Institutionen stattfindet; dass europäische und außereuropäische Politiken, Kulturen und Wissenschaftsproduktionen nur in ihrer Beziehung zueinander zu begreifen sind; und dass Politik nie abgegrenzt von historischen Entwicklungen, den sozialen Dynamiken und Asymmetrien in den untersuchten Gesellschaften zu verstehen ist.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Vom Konflikt zum Krieg. Ursachen und Dynamiken

chojnacki_namberger_studienbuch politikwissenschaft_ 2009

Sven Chojnacki, Verena Namberger

Wiesbaden: Springer | 2013

Erschienen in: Schmidt, Manfred G./Wolf, Frieder/Wurster, Stefan (eds.): Studienbuch Politikwissenschaft, 497-522.

Volltext Springer

Wer sich politikwissenschaftlich mit Konfliktursachen und Konfliktdynamiken auseinandersetzen will, sieht sich mit einer Reihe von Herausforderungen konfrontiert. Als Erstes stellt sich die Frage, was Konflikte eigentlich sind und welche Konflikte überhaupt als untersuchungsrelevant eingestuft werden.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C4

Development and International Relations

Risse_Transnational Actors and World Politics

Jana Hönke, Markus Lederer

London: SAGE Publications | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook of International Relations, Second Edition, 775-800.

Sage Publishing

.

Thema: Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt D2

Business, Governance, and Government in South Africa: The Legacy of Apartheid

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke, Nicole Kranz, Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 18-38.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Cleaning up Their Act or More? Mining Companies and Environmental Protection in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke, Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 152-179.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Upgrading the Periphery? The Contribution of Car Companies to Environmental Governance in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 128-151.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Policy, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Einleitung. Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político

hochmüller_huffschmid_Politik in verflochtenen Räumen

Markus Hochmüller, Anne Huffschmid, Teresa Orozco Martinéz, Stephanie Schütze, Martha Zapata Galind

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Hochmüller, Markus/Huffschmid, Anne/Orozco Martinéz, Teresa/ Schütze, Stephanie/Zapata Galindo, Martha (eds.): Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político, Festschrift für Marianne Braig, 9–24.

Verlag Tranvia - Walter Frey

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Statebuilding Through Security Sector Reform

Cover: Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding

Fairlie Chappuis, Heiner Hänggi

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Chandler, David/Sisk, Timothy D. (eds.): Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding, 168-185.

Routledge Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Trading Knowledge: The Southern Dimension of TRIPS and GATS

Cover: Journal für Entwicklungspolitik (JEP)

Thomas Eimer, Verena Schüren

Wien: Mandelbaum | 2013

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal für Entwicklungspolitik (JEP), 29 (2).

Volltext

The legal implementation of internationally agreed norms on a domestic level gives momentum to a substantial reinterpretation. Based on this insight, this article develops an ideal-typology of possible ‘localization’ outcomes. Apart from a literal adoption of an international norm, we show that the domestic implementation may change its emphasis (accentuation), amend it by supplementary purposes (addition), or imply a deviation which nevertheless sticks to the letter of the international wording (subversion). We argue that the specific form of localization depends on the interaction between international pressure politics and its congruence with the prevailing domestic public and private preferences. International power constellations explain why an international norm is implemented, but the specific character of its localization is mainly determined by domestic actor constellations. To substantiate our claims, we analyze the implementation of two interconnected international agreements in India and Brazil. While both the Convention on Biodiversity and the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights introduce the norm of property rights for intellectual knowledge in previously (at least internationally) unregulated fields, the particular characteristics of their respective implementation in both countries display the interaction between international pressure and domestic preferences in our four case studies.

Thema: Internationale Normen, Geistige Eigentumsrechte, Internationale Unternehmen, Lateinamerika,Teilprojekt D7

Nunmehr alles Governance oder was? Kommentar zu Werner Jann

Cover: Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spiegel der Disziplinen

Matthias Kötter

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013

Erschienen in: Voßkuhle, Andreas/Bumke, Christian/ Meinel, Florian (eds.): Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spiegel der Disziplinen, Supplement of Der Staat. Zeitschrift für Staatslehre und Verfassungsgeschichte, deutsches und europäisches öffentliches Recht, No. 21, 111-121.

Duncker & Humblot Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Die Europäische Union und Sicherheitssektorreform. Erfolge, Defizite und Potentiale für deutsches Engagement

Cover: FES Perspektive

Ursula Schröder

Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung | 2013

Erschienen in: FES Perspektive.

Volltext

Globalization and Power: A Social Constructivist Perspective

Risse_Globalization and Power

Thomas Risse

Erschienen in: World Economics and Politics 10, 24-37.

Volltext: Caod Oriprobe

Social constructivism provides a particular view on globalization processes,a lens which allows us to interpret globalization in distinctive ways and which leads us to ask specific questions about it.I suggest two ways in which social constructivism can enlighten our understanding of globalization.First,it allows a critical view on the taken-for-grantedness of many globalization discourses. "Globalization" itself is far from an innocent concept,but contains a particular discourse about international reality which can be uncovered if one cares about the social construction of reality.Second,on more substantive grounds,a social constructivist understanding of globalization emphasizes the non-material forces at work here and focuses on processes of meaning construction and interpretation as constitutive for globalization.A social constructivist lensalso helps to bring the political back into the globalization discourse by emphasizing the potential for change rather than the inevitability of global processes.This article proceeds in the following steps.It begins with a clarification of social constructivism as a meta-theoretical approach and some initial thoughts on what this means for the study of globalization.I then proceed with discussing two contributions of social constructivism to understanding globalization.The first contribution focuses on the globalization of culture and norms.The second value-added concentrates on language,the discursive construction of globalization,and the role of power.I conclude with a short note on the "rising powers" from a constructivist perspective.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Foreign Policy Analysis and the Governance Turn

Risse_Foreign Policy Analysis

Thomas Risse

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Bynander, Fredrik/Guzzini, Stefano (eds.): Rethinking Foreign Policy, 176-185.

Volltext: Hiunpar

Thomas Risse takes on the importance of the governance perspective for international relations and its repercussions for the agency–structure debate. He argues that governance holds an inherent compatibility with a sophisticated understanding of the mutual constitution of agents and structures. Risse notes the real possibility that the governance research agenda uncovers a decreasing exclusivity of the state in foreign policy analysis and the rise of non-state actors, which in turn opens up for new research questions that are not solely concerned with hierarchical modes of steering.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Die Kolumbianisierung der mexikanischen Drogenökonomie? Kartelle und kriminelle Netzwerke im Vergleich

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Markus Hochmüller

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 57-84.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Globale Kriminalität, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko/Kolumbien, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Plural Policing in Mexiko

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Markus-Michael Müller

Saarbrücken: Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 355-370.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Policing, Staat/lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Encuentros con el yanqui: Norteamericanización y cambio sociocultural en Chile 1898-1990

Cover: Encuentros con el yanqui

Stefan Rinke

Santiago de Chile: DIBAM | 2013

Erstmals wird in dieser Arbeit die Nordamerikanisierung in einem lateinamerikanischen Land aus der Perspektive des Historikers untersucht und als ein Begegnungsprozess mit den greifbaren und den symbolischen Vereinigten Staaten gedeutet. Dabei führte diese Erfahrung, wie der Autor veranschaulicht, weder zur kulturellen Homogenisierung Chiles noch zur Eingliederung in eine Überkultur. Mit dieser Definition werden die traditionellen Vorstellungen eines Prozesses einseitiger Beeinflussung überwunden, welche Teil des historischen Nordamerikanisierungsdiskurses waren. Die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Machtverhältnisse und Ungleichheiten spielen weiterhin eine wichtige Rolle, werden allerdings durch Fragen nach den Auswirkungen dieser historischen Kontexte in der chilenischen Gesellschaft vertieft. Die Erkenntnisse lassen sich auf ähnliche Prozesse in anderen Teilen Lateinamerikas und in anderen Weltregionen übertragen bzw. damit vergleichen.

Thema: Chile, USA, Staat, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Teilprojekt C5

Revolution I und II: Ägypten zwischen Transformation und Restauration

Cover: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

Cilja Harders

Wiesbaden: Springer Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | 2013

Erschienen in: Serie Politik und Gesellschaft des Nahen Ostens

Springer Verlag für ...

Zeitpunkt und Dynamiken der Umbrüche in der Arabischen Welt haben die meisten Kommentator_innen und viele Aktivist_innen vor Ort überrascht. Zwar haben sich viele für Veränderungen eingesetzt, Regimewechsel gefordert und radikalen Wandel erhofft – dass jedoch mit der Selbstverbrennung Mohamed Bouazizis vom 17.12.2010 eine Dynamik ihren Anfang nähme, an deren Ende der Sturz von Ben Ali stehen würde, haben die meisten nicht vorhergesehen. Und auch auf dem Tahrir-Platz in Kairo ist die Situation im Ringen um den Abgang von Mubarak vom 25. Januar bis zum 11.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Teilprojekt B6

Beyond Customer Care: Does HIV/AIDS Matter to the South African Food and Beverage Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 88-102.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Ökonomie, Ernährung, Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Business Contribution to Climate Change Adaptation: From Coping to Transformation? Insights from South Africa and Germany

Business and Climate Change Governance

Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 114-134.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Environmental Policy in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Nicole Kranz, Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 123-127.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Umwelt, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Bringing the Local Back In: Local Politics between Informalization and Mobilization in an Age of Transformation in Egypt

Cover: Local Politics and Contemporary Transformation in the Arab World: Governance Beyond the Center

Cilja Harders

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

In 2011 people took to the streets in masses in an open and broad contestation of the regimes in power in North Africa and West Asia. These revolutions and the ensuing ongoing transformations in the region are among others rooted in the earlier practices of small-scale, localized, formal and informal types of politics, which often happen in spaces ‘beyond the center.’ We start from the basic assumption that so-called peripheral spaces and seemingly marginal actors are and have been vital in triggering major change on the regime scale. Thus, years before the 2011 mass mobilization, local (and national, to be sure) authoritarian governance was heavily contested and at the same time reproduced through formal and informal organizations and institutions. Local institutions were part and parcel of an informal arrangement of service delivery—or, rather, refusal of delivery—which was crucial for the formation of the ‘social contract of informality’ (Harders, 2003) and thus for the stabilization of authoritarian rule, as I will explain in more detail in Section 2. The ‘local,’ I hold, is a political space, which is both a testing and a contested ground for changing state-society relations and thus deserves the closest scrutiny. But so far such a micro-political analysis has been rather neglected in mainstream political science; thus, much of the conceptual inspiration comes from sociology, anthropology of the state, and qualitative political science and area studies.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Autoritarimus, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Conclusion

Hrders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Harders, Cilja, Anja Hoffmann, Malika Bouziane

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

This book is the outcome of the authors’ workshop ‘Governance beyond the Center: Informality, Institutions, and Contested Power Structures in Authoritarian Contexts’ that took place in Berlin at the beginning of 2012. Interested in current transformations challenging the Arab world, the workshop brought together international scholars with various disciplinary backgrounds to discuss preliminary assessments of transformations in the Middle East and conceptual frameworks of political and social analysis. The empirical observation that the current events in the Middle East originated in places far from national capitals—as was the case in Tunisia, Syria, and Libya—encouraged us to analyze areas and institutions ‘where the presence of the state is limited, highly contested or intertwined with forms of power and governance that are at odds with the Weberian ideals of state and bureaucracy’ (see Stepputat in this volume, p. 25). The contributions to this volume discuss the question of how local institutions, agents, and their practices contest and shape the authoritarian state and its centrally institutionalized modes of governance. Building on this, our second leading question inquires how and why these processes transform or perpetuate authoritarian rule.

Thema: MENA – Region, Autoritarismus, Lokale Akteure, Community Based Organizations (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

Securing the Production Basis: Environmental Governance in the Food and Beverage Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 180-193.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Ökonomie, Ernährung, Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Entre espacios. Movimientos, actores y representaciones de la globalización

braig_rinke_Zermeno_alba_entre espacios

Marianne Braig, Stefan Rinke, Carlos Alba, Guillermo Zermeño

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Verlag Walter Frey - Tranvia

La investigación de las interacciones entre espacio y movimiento a lo largo de la historia y en el presente, incluyendo la perspectiva de los actores, abre nuevas posibilidades de análisis sobre América Latina en su contexto global. De esta manera, resultan de interés tanto las vinculaciones transnacionales y transregionales en las Américas como las interacciones con otras regiones no europeas y con Europa. Desde el “descubrimiento” y la conquista de un Nuevo Mundo para los europeos, los movimientos que trascienden límites y fronteras han creado nuevos espacios que se modifican constantemente. Estos se producen y sostienen a través del encuentro y la confrontación de múltiples actores, provenientes de mundos diferentes y portadores de diversas representaciones.

Thema: Souveränität, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Menschenrechte/Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

A Revolution of Logics of Action? Renegotiating the Authoritarian Social Contract in Egypt

Cover: Euro-Mediterranean Relations After the Arab Spring: Persistence in Times of Change

Cilja Harders

London: Ashgate | 2013

Erschienen in: Euro-Mediterranean Relations After the Arab Spring: Persistence in Times of Change, 103-122

Ashgate

The ’Arab Spring’ triggered paradigmatic shifts but, despite these changes, much in the Euro-Mediterranean region remains the same. Utilising ’Logics of Action’, an innovative theoretical framework designed to capture the complexity of political interaction in one of the fastest changing regions in the world, this book discusses developments in the region before and after the Arab Spring that can be characterised by a continuation of the norm. Expert contributors identify patterns of interaction between governmental institutions, economic entrepreneurs, religious groups and other diverse actors that withstood these historical changes and explore why these relationships have proved so robust. Connecting a unique sample of case studies on changing and persistent ’Logics of Action’ within the Euro-Mediterranean space this book provides a pivotal contribution to our understanding of political interaction between North Africa, the Middle East and the European Union. Offering a completely new perspective on the events of the ’Arab Spring’ it identifies something that seems paradoxical at first sight; persistence in times of radical change.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Autoritarismus, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Das internationale Anti-Geldwäsche-Regime in Mexiko. Politische Wirkungen zwischen Kriminalitätsbekämpfung und Finanzmarktregulierung

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Timo Behrens

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 169-196.

Verlag Budrich

Korruption, Drogen, ausufernde Gewalt, Waffen- und Menschenhandel sowie die Schwäche des Justizsystem bedrohen Staat und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas. Die Sicherheitsorgane sind überfordert, das Militär wird zum zentralen Akteur im Kampf gegen die organisierte Kriminalität. Im Kontext wachsender Unsicherheit stellt sich die Frage nach den Handlungschancen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, die im Buch diskutiert wird.

Thema: Globale Kriminalität, Staat/Externe Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C6

Mérida-Initiative: Die begrenzte Reichweite der „Shared Responsibility“ zwischen den USA und Mexiko?

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Marianne Braig

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, Opladen: Budrich, 275-293.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Mexiko/USA, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Populistische Staatsgewalt? Staatszentralisierung in Brasilien unter Getúlio Vargas (1930-1945)

hochmüller_huffschmid_Politik in verflochtenen Räumen

Markus-Michael Müller

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Hochmüller, Markus/Huffschmid, Anne/Orozco Martinéz, Teresa/ Schütze, Stephanie/Zapata Galindo, Martha (eds.): Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político, Festschrift für Marianne Braig, 326-346.

Verlag Tranvia - Walter Frey

Thema: Autoritarismus, Staat, Brasilien, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Convergence without Accession? Explaining Policy Change in EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood

Börzel_Europe Asia Studies

Tanja A. Börzel, Julia Langbein

Abingdon: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Europe-Asia Studies, 65 (4).

Volltext Tandfonlin

This edited volume discusses and challenges the conventional wisdoms dominating the scholarship on policy change in the EU's Eastern neighbourhood countries. Drawing upon new empirical evidence underpinning the contributions to this volume, the authors argue that compliance with, or convergence to, EU policies continue despite high costs, limited capacities and the lack of EU membership prospects. The contributions also challenge country-level or policy-type explanations that emphasise membership aspirations, asymmetric interdependencies between the EU and the neighbourhood countries, or the level of politicisation or institutionalisation characterising particular policy fields. Finally, the volume’s findings point towards important differences between membership, accession and neighbourhood Europeanisation by highlighting factors that have been ignored by students of EU enlargement. These factors include the role of Russia, which is an important regional power, and of transnational actors such as multinational companies or international finance institutions, as well as the impact of informal domestic veto players on policy change in the EU’s Eastern neighbourhood.

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Ernährungssicherheit als Staatsaufgabe. Guangdong zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts

Cover: Kontinuität und Umbruch in China

Izabella Goikhman

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz | 2013

Erschienen in: Sternfeld, Eva/Mahltig, Philipp (eds.): Kontinuität und Umbruch in China, 91-108.

Harrassowitz Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Chen Jiongming: Becoming a Warlord in Republican China

Cover Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 43

Izabella Goikhman

Münster: LIT Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Leutner, Mechthild/Goikhman, Izabella (eds.): State, Society and Governance in Republican China, Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 43, 77-101.

LIT Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Convenient Stalemates: Why International Patent Law Negotiations Continue Despite Deadlock

Cover: New Political Economy,18 (4)

Thomas Eimer, Susanne Lütz

London: Taylor & Francis | 2013

Erschienen in: New Political Economy, 18 (4), 533-554.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

For almost 30 years, industrialised, emerging and developing countries negotiate on a substantive patent law harmonisation under the umbrella of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Although a common approach or at least some vague outlines of common ground seem beyond reach, all participants regularly agree on a continuation of the discussion process. Despite an incessant wheeling and dealing among delegates and WIPO officials, the only effect is that discussions still keep going on. In our paper, we draw on a synthesis of both neo-mercantilist and liberal institutionalist insights in order to explain the vibrant stalemate of substantive patent law harmonisation talks. We argue that WIPO's involvement in the negotiation process offers an incentive structure for states to continue negotiations even when a successful conclusion appears rather improbable or downright undesirable. WIPO officials do not necessarily oppose the alternative deployment of their resources and services, because national negotiators' tactics at least partially coincide with their own interests. The paper concludes with a summary of the major results and a discussion on their potential empirical and theoretical relevance for further studies.

Thema: Internationale Normen, Ökonomie, Internationale Organisationen, USA, Teilprojekt D7

Arguing About Arguing: A Comment

Risse_Arguing About Arguing

Thomas Risse

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Critical Policy Studies, 7 (3), 339-349.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This symposium of Critical Policy Studies shares the concern for systematic empirical evaluations of the extent to which arguing and deliberation are relevant for explaining outcomes in the real world of public policy. The articles contribute to a growing body of literature on the conditions under which deliberative practices matter in politics. They provide rich empirical materials, and each article is based on solid and methodologically conscious research. My comment proceeds in three steps. First, I discuss three logics of action – consequentialism, appropriateness and deliberation. Second, I comment on the scope conditions under which arguing and deliberation are likely to affect the outcomes in public policy, with an eye on the contributions in this symposium. Third, I discuss the role of Habermasian ‘power in discourse’ and its relationship to a Foucaultian ‘power of discourse’. I conclude with remarks on the normative implications of the focus on deliberation.

Thema: Policing, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Globalización de la naturaleza y ciudadanía: resistencias, conflictos, negociaciones

müller_feth_iberoamericana 11_41 b

Marianne Braig, Barbara Göbel

Madrid: Iberoamericana/Ed.Vervuert | 2013

Erschienen in: Dossier Revista Iberoamericana, 13 (49), 89-92.

Volltext IAI SPK

El interés global por las materias primas y los productos agropecuarios de América Latina está transformando actualmente a todo el subcontinente. El crecimiento de la demanda externa por parte de mercados tradicionales, como la Unión Europea y los Estados Unidos, pero también de mercados emergentes como China desencadenó un proceso de reprimarización que reafirma el rol clásico de América Latina como proveedor de materias primas para otras regiones del mundo. Esto se manifiesta por un lado en el boom extractivista de minerales y carbohidratos (véase Göbel y Rasch) y, por otro, en la enorme expansión del agronegocio, sobre todo de soja, caña de azúcar y palma aceitera (véase Coronado Delgado y Dietz; Ulloa).

Thema: Normative Fragen, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Umwelt, Teilprojekt C3

Business and Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 3-17.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt D2

Comparative Regionalism: European Integration and Beyond

Risse_Handbook of International Relations

Tanja A. Börzel

London: SAGE | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook on International Relations, Second Edition, London: Sage, 503-531.

Volltext Sage Pub

It is beyond the scope of this chapter to do justice to the various bodies of literature that have emerged in the field of (comparative) regionalism. Since the audience of this chapter is mainly students of International Relations, the focus will be on processes and structures of state-led regionalism with a focus on the delegation of policies and political authority to regional institutions. Based on this more narrow understanding of regionalism, the existing literature will be reviewed with regard to three general questions. These questions do not only require research across regions but also allow developing a common research agenda to accumulate knowledge generated about specific regions. First, what are the outcomes of regionalism? How can we describe and compare the results of the delegation of policies and political authority? Second, what are the drivers of regionalism? Why do some governments choose to delegate policies and political authority while others do not? Finally, what are the internal effects of regionalism? How does the delegation of policies and political authority impact back on the domestic structures of the states involved? Before reviewing the state of the art on these three questions, the chapter will trace the history of the study of regionalism in IR.

Thema: Europa, Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

EU-Staatlichkeit. Ein Oxymoron?

Börzel_Der Staat 21

Tanja A. Börzel

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013

Erschienen in: Voßkuhle, Andreas/Bumke, Christian/Meinel, Florian (eds.): Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spannungsfeld der Disziplinen, Supplement of Der Staat, Zeitschrift für Staatslehre und Verfassungsgeschichte, deutsches und europäisches öffentliches Recht, No. 21, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 221-236.

Verlag Duncker Humblot

Thema: Europa, Staatlichkeit, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

Climate Change Policies in the Car Industries: Asset Specificity as a Driver of Internal Innovation

Business and Climate Change Governance

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 55-75.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Governance und Unabhängigkeit in Lateinamerika. Legitimität in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Cover: Rechtskultur Vol. 2

Stefan Rinke

Regenstauf: Edition Rechtskultur | 2013

Erschienen in: Rechtskultur, Vol. 2, 93-105.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Staat, State-Building, Souveränität, Teilprojekt C5

Small Carrots, Few Sticks. EU Good Governance Promotion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Börzel_Hackenesch_Cabridge Review of International Affairs 26 2

Tanja A. Börzel, Christine Hackenesch

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 26 (2), 539-555.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The European Union has developed a one-size-fits-all approach to promote good governance reforms in African countries, focusing on strengthening the effectiveness of state institutions while increasingly asking for reforms that also target their democratic quality. Assessing the EU's policies in Angola and Ethiopia reveals, however, that the implementation of this approach is more differential. While the EU has a hard time making the two governments address governance issues, it has been more successful in implementing its policy approach in Ethiopia than in Angola. These differences are largely explained by these countries' different degrees of interdependency with the EU rather than differences in stability and democracy. Unlike Angola, Ethiopia heavily relies on EU development aid, giving the EU greater leverage to push for governance reforms. While conditionality is more effective in making African governments address governance issues, it undermines the legitimacy of the EU's development cooperation, which emphasizes partnership and ownership.

Thema: Europa, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Remittances and the Financial Sector: Insights from Latin America

Forum for Inter-American Research

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

Bielefeld: American Studies Program Bielefeld Universität | 2013

Erschienen in: Migrations between Spaces in the Americas and Beyond, Special Issue of Forum for Inter-American Research, 6 (2).

Volltext

While up to now research on transnational migration and remittances has strongly concentrated on questions linked to poverty reduction and their use by receiving households, we emphasize the potential impact of remittances on financial sector development. We base our research on the assumption that the impact of remittances on the financial sector depends on several factors that can be governed through different regulations and policies. We map policy options, which potentially contribute to the goal of financial development, and present examples from the Latin American context.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Business Contributions to Climate Change Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction

Business and Climate Change Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Ralph Hamann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 1-30.

Volltext Site EbrayPalgrave Verlag

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Business and Climate Change Governance: Conclusions

Business and Climate Change Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Nicole Kranz, Ralph Hamann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 193-211.

Volltext Site EbrayPalgrave MacMillan

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood: The New Agenda

Boerzel_Risse Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (2013) The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, 63-84.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Menschenrechte, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

The 'Arab Spring' and the Spiral Model: Tunisia and Morocco

Risse_persistent power of human rights

Vera van Hüllen

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen/Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 182-199.

Verlag Ebooks Cambridge

The political uprisings during the “Arab Spring” of 2011 have significantly changed the political landscape in the Middle East and North Africa. Revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, civil war in Libya, revolts in Syria and Yemen and protest movements in most other countries of the region have overthrown authoritarian rulers that had been in power for decades and put increasing pressure on the remaining authoritarian regimes. The Arab Spring has opened a window of opportunity for democratic change and thus increased the chances for a renewed commitment to and ultimate compliance with international human rights standards. The Arab Spring challenges the “persistence of authoritarianism” that started to intrigue scholars when it became clear in the mid 1990s that the “third wave of democratization” had spared countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Human rights activists became increasingly frustrated as the human rights record in the region remained disastrous despite the formal commitment to international human rights norms. Often, human rights did not even gain prescriptive status as national constitutions and legislation did not conform to international standards, e.g. with regard to the prohibition of torture, the abolition of the death penalty, or gender equality. Where human rights were guaranteed by law, rule-conforming behavior often seemed the exception rather than the rule, defying the hope for a linear or “natural” development from commitment to compliance triggered by the mobilization of transnational human rights networks.

Thema: MENA-Region, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt B2

Racing to the Top?

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel, Christian Thauer, Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 215-244.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Zur Entwicklung der politischen Raumgliederung im Übergang von der Antike zum Mittelalter

Cover: Politische Räume in vormodernen Gesellschaften

Stefan Esders

Berlin: Verlag Marie Leidorf | 2013

Erschienen in: Dally, Ortwin/Fless, Friederike/Hänsch, Rudolf/Pirson, Felix/Sievers, Susanne (eds.): Politische Räume in vormodernen Gesellschaften. Gestaltung – Wahrnehmung – Funktion, 195–211.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Drei Wege globaler Demokratisierung. Ein Kommentar zu Stefan Oeter

Cover: Entwicklungstrends zu mehr globaler Demokratie. Eine Zwischenbilanz 15 Jahre nach der Agenda für Demokratisierung

Bernd Ladwig

Bonn: UNO-Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Schubert, Karsten/Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen e.V. (eds.): Entwicklungstrends zu mehr globaler Demokratie. Eine Zwischenbilanz 15 Jahre nach der Agenda für Demokratisierung, 126-136.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Global Justice, Cosmopolitanism and Moral Path Dependency

Cover: Philosophy & Social Criticism

Bernd Ladwig

Sage Publishing | 2013

Erschienen in: Philosophy & Social Criticism, 39 (1), 3-20.

Sage Journals

The article explains the essential features of a theory of global justice that combines justice for individuals with justice for political communities. It holds that arguing within the justificatory framework of cosmopolitanism is compatible with a conditional justification of states that are basically just. The justification rests on an argument I will name ‘the moral path dependency argument’. The article follows its normative consequences into the fields of a justly ordered community of legitimate states and of cosmopolitan principles of distributive justice. Thus, it reconciles the latter with claims to political autonomy of particular communities and with the fact of reasonable disagreement between them.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Menschenrechte, Institutionen und moralische Arbeitsteilung

Cover: PVS Politische Vierteljahresschrift Jahrgang 55, Heft 3

Bernd Ladwig

Nomos | 2013

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 55 (3), 472-492.

Nomos eLibrary

Are human rights general moral norms or are they conceptually tied to the political function of setting limits to the sovereignty of states? The essay steers a middle course in conceptualizing human rights as basic norms of political morality. Human rights emerge out of general moral claims held by individual human beings simply as such, but they play a particular role as necessary conditions of political legitimacy. Nevertheless, we should not identify them with those norms whose violation might justify restrictions on the sovereignty of other states. Such an equation would result in an all too minimalist conception of human rights. The essay defends a more ambitions conception. It integrates civil rights and human rights, particular states and global politics, democracy and collective self-determination under the perspective of a division of moral labor.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Soziale Ungleichheiten und globale Interdependenzen in Lateinamerika. Eine Zwischenbilanz

Marianne Braig, Sérgio Costa, Barbara Göbel

Berlin: desiguALdades.net I | 2013

Erschienen in: desiguALdades.net Working Paper Series, No. 4, Research Network on Interdependent Inequalities in Latin America:

Volltext Desigualidades

Im Folgenden werden die grundlegenden Überlegungen dargelegt, von denen aus der Forschungsansatz von desiguALdades.net entwickelt wurde. In diesem Kompetenznetz geht es darum, ausgehend von in Lateinamerika beobachteten Phänomenen sozialer Ungleichheiten die Mehrdimensionalität von Ungleichheiten und ihre transregionalen Interdependenzen in synchroner und diachroner Perspektive zu berücksichtigen. Diese Überlegungen speisen sich erstens aus der Auseinandersetzung mit Ansätzen, die Ungleichheiten global erforschen – insbesondere im Feld des Weltsystemansatzes und der Transnationalismusforschung. Zweitens basieren sie auf einer kritischen Reflexion von Schlüsselbegriffen (wie Figuration und Regime). Sie versuchen drittens, bislang von der Ungleichheitsforschung nicht berücksichtigte Themen, insbesondere Umweltfragen, mit dieser zu verbinden.

Thema: Legitimität, Staat, Lateinamerika, soziale Grundsicherung, Teilprojekt C3

Rezension zu Oliver, Lisi, The Body Legal in Barbarian Law

Cover: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Germanistische Abteilung

Lukas Bothe

Wien Köln Weimar: Böhlau Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Germanistische Abteilung, 1 (130), 613-615.

DeGruyter

Thema: Europa, Transfer, frühes Mittelalter, lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B10

Jordanisches Demokratietheater. Die Wahl zum 17. Parlament

Cover: INAMO 73, Ägypten Regimetausch

Malika Bouziane

Berlin: INAMO | 2013

Erschienen in: INAMO, 73 (19), 55-58.

Shattenblick ...

In den ersten Wahlen seit Beginn der Protestwelle in Jordanien 2011 entstand ein Parlament, das erwartungsgemäß größtenteils auf Basis tribaler Loyalitäten gewählt wurde und sich aus regimetreuen Konservativen und neoliberalen Geschäftsleuten zusammensetzt. Da die meisten Veränderungen im Wahlprozess von Aktivisten wie Bevölkerung als Kosmetik verstanden werden, haben die Wahlen die politische Apathie und Unzufriedenheit nunmehr verstärkt.

Thema: MENA-Region, Demokratie, Rule of Law, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Jenseits 'monarchischer Stabilität'. Jordanien in Bewegung

Cover: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

Malika Bouziane, Katharina Lenner

Wiesbaden: Springer Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | 2013

Erschienen in: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika, 107-133

Springer Verlag für ...

Dieser Beitrag ist eine aktualisierte und revidierte Version eines Working Papers vom Juli 2011 (Bouziane & Lenner 2011). Er beruht auf Interviews und informellen Gesprächen, die insb. seit Feb 2011 bis inkl. April 2012 mit Aktivist_innen und nicht politisch organisierten Teilen der Bevölkerung in verschiedenen Teilen des Landes, besonders in Amman und den südlichen Provinzen, geführt wurden. Unser besonderer Dank für intensive begleitende Diskussionen gilt Bashar al-Khatib, Khalid al-Khawaldeh, Mohammad Shamma und Tariq Tell, wobei die Autorinnen selbst natürlich die volle Verantwortung für die Argumentation und etwaige Irrtümer darin tragen.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Teilprojekt B6

Die Integration der Barbaren im Lichte der römischrechtlichen Abtretung (cessio) fiskalischer Forderungen. Ein Beitrag zur Entstehung des nachrömischen Privilegienzeitalters

Cover

Stefan Esders

Rom: Ecole francaise de Rome | 2013

Erschienen in: Porena, Pierfrancesco/Rivière, Yann (eds.): Expropriations et Confiscations dans L’Empire Tardif et les Royaumes Barbares, 29–47.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Negotiating (Informal) Institutional Change: Understanding Local Politics in Jordan

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Malika Bouziane

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Local Politics and Contemporary Transformation in the Arab World, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 137-157.

Palgrave Macmillan

We insisted on establishing a consultative council because we, the shabāb (young people), are trying to induce change in the thinking of our family members. We demanded that we select someone educated because this person can better represent our interests. Young people are worried about their future and are fed up with the Shuyūkh making decisions on their behalf. Therefore, about fifteen young people joined together and developed guidelines for primary elections. The old Shuyūkh realized that internal opposition was too strong, so they had to accept.

Thema: Lokale Akteure, MENA – Region, Staatlichkeit, Community Based Organizations (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

State Failure or State Formation? An African Perspective on Latin America's 'New Violence’

müller_self reflexive area studies

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipiziger Universitätsverlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Middell, Matthias (ed.): Self-Reflexive Area Studies, 135-164.

Univerlag Leipzig

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Wem gehört die Altstadt? Straßenhandel, Stadtpolitik und Globalisierung im Lokalen in Mexiko-Stadt

braig_alba_Stadtforschung aus Lateinamerika

Marianne Braig, Carlos Alba

Berlin: transcript | 2013

Erschienen in: Huffschmid, Anne/Wildner, Kathrin (eds.): Stadtforschung aus Lateinamerika. Neue urbane Szenarien. Öffentlichkeit, Territorialität, Imaginarios, Berlin: transcript, 397-418.

Volltext Degruyter

Mit der Studie über die Rolle des Straßenhandels und über die Interaktionen der darin involvierten Akteure wollen die Verfasser einen Beitrag zum Verständnis der Veränderung des städtischen ökonomischen und politischen Lebens leisten und damit zugleich auch eine andere Perspektive auf Globalisierungsprozesse verbinden. Von besonderem Interesse ist dafür das Interagieren zwischen Vertretern der informellen Ökonomie und den politischen Repräsentanten in den historischen Innenstädten. Am Beispiel Mexiko-Stadt - einem der größten urbanen Ballungsräume weltweit und gleichzeitig einem der Orte mit der größten Dichte von Straßenhändlern, den Ambulantes, im öffentlichen Raum, von denen wiederum die meisten Frauen sind - werden diese Interaktionen genauer betrachtet. Es wird gezeigt, dass sie in den letzten zwei bis drei Jahrzehnten quantitativ bedeutsamer und politisch immer relevanter geworden sind. Im Gegensatz zu den kleinen und mittelständischen Betrieben, die in der Regel isoliert und ohne bedeutsame wirtschaftliche und soziale Interessenvertretung arbeiten, sind die Ambulantes in Mexiko-Stadt - und Gleiches gilt auch für São Paulo - von einem hohen Organisationsgrad abhängig, um ihre Interessen verteidigen zu können, die in erster Linie darin bestehen, auf der Straße verkaufen zu können.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat/Lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Entrelazamientos transpacíficos desiguales. Las relaciones económicas entre América Latina y China

Ette_Mackenbach_transpacifico

Marianne Braig, Barbara Göbel

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Ette, Ottmar/Mackenbach, Werner/Nitschack, Horst (eds.): TransPacífico. Conexiones y convivencias en AsiAméricas. Un simposio transareal, POINTE - Potsdamer inter- und transkulturelle Texte, 53-64.

Verlag Walter Frey - Tranvia

El artículo que sigue, “Entrelazamientos transpacíficos desiguales: las relaciones económicas entre América Latina y China” (pp. 53-64), de Marianne Braig y Barbara Göbel, aborda justamente el impacto económico actual de China en el Pacífico y en América Latina. Las autoras analizan el desarrollo de las relaciones comerciales entre China y la región exponiendo la evolución de una actividad de intercambio económico creciente durante estos últimos quince años. En una segunda etapa, Braig y Göbel analizan la asimetría de estas relaciones a partir de un costo no solamente económico sino también ecológico: “Las desigualdades estructurales en las relaciones entre América Latina y China no consisten solamente en una distribución desigual de las posibilidades para darle a través del procesamiento industrial un valor agregado a los recursos naturales, sino también a la distribución desigual de costos y riesgos ambientales” (p. 57). Se examina así, y con referencias contundentes, el desastre ecológico causado por la agricultura extensiva de la soja, particularmente en Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay. Como temática conclusiva, el artículo ofrece un análisis monográfico original de otro aspecto, muy diferente de esta globalización comercial; las interacciones entre el comercio informal de Tepito, Ciudad de México, y los nuevos polos industriales chinos como Yiwu, a través de la asociación de una inmigrante china (Ann Lang) y una dirigente de comerciantes callejeros locales (María). Esta globalización “desde abajo” (p.59), recuerda la naturaleza de algunos intercambios comerciales históricos entre China y México a través de los galeones de Manila, como aquel de la seda, desarrollado al margen del comercio oficial, y poniendo en jaque en incontables ocasiones al monopolio de la seda sevillana en América.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Lateinamerika/China, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

What a Difference a State Makes: Pharmaceutical Innovation after the TRIPs Agreement

Cover: Business and Politics, 15 (2)

Verena Schüren

Erschienen in: Business and Politics, 15 (2), 217-243.

Volltext

For more than a decade, political science scholars have stressed the harmonizing effect of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs). Recent implementation practices in developing countries, however, have challenged this view. In this article, I argue that different manifestations of innovation systems can lead to varying patterns of innovation. I substantiate this claim through a comparison between the pharmaceutical sectors of India and Brazil. Drawing on the NSI approach, my analysis reveals that different forms of state engagement have played a decisive role for the varying directions of post-TRIPs pharmaceutical innovation in the two countries. The article illustrates that developing countries can opt for different approaches to innovation even after TRIPs and that the socioeconomic effects of global IP regimes can only be assessed properly when taking into account the country-specific configurations of national innovation systems.

Thema: Teilprojekt D7

Das erste Opfer der Krise ist die Demokratie. Wirtschaftspolitik und ihre Legitimation in der Finanzmarktkrise 2008-2013

Cover: Politische Vierteljahreszeitschrift, 54 (4)

Henrik Enderlein

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2013

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahreszeitschrift, 54 (4), 714-739.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Severe economic and financial market crises exacerbate collective action problems and thus trigger challenges to legitimacy in democracies. The article presents a typology of decision-making modes in economic policy-making in normal times and crisis times. It shows that problems of time-inconsistency in combination with high uncertainty over re-distributive implications lead to an “ad-hoc-technocratization” of economic policy-making. The separation of decision-taking from input-based legitimacy-procedures is relevant for scholars of democracy because the redistributive implications of crisis policies are high. The “democratic deficit” of crisis policies is thus not a symptom of “Post-Democracy” but of the specific context arising in an economic crisis.

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Coping With Uncertainty: The Automotive Industry and the Governance of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 45-66.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Ökonomie, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Between Cause and Cure: The Mining Industry and HIV/Aids Governance in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 67-86.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Gesundheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina.

Kron, Costa, Braig - Democracia y reconfiguraciones

Stefanie Kron, Sérgio Costa, Marianne Braig

Vervuert Verlag | 2012-12-26

Ibero-Amerikanischen Institut

El derecho ocupa cada vez más un lugar relevante en las transformaciones sociales y políticas que se observan en los distintos países de América Latina en los años recientes. Por un lado, los actores sociales buscan, en muchos casos con éxito, influenciar en el proceso de constitución del derecho, así como en su aplicación. Los gobiernos, por su parte, aceptan el derecho como espacio de negociación de diferencias políticas e invierten cada vez más energía en las disputas jurídicas. El presente libro trata de esas nuevas líneas de tensión y conflicto político. Al reunir contribuciones teóricas y empíricas producidas a partir de distintas perspectivas disciplinarias y centrarse en distintos países, el interés principal de este volumen es describir y analizar las reconfiguraciones del derecho en el marco de la construcción y profundización de la democracia en América Latina.

Thema: Normative Fragen, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Human Rights: The New Agenda

Human Rights_ The New Agenda

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Rom: Transworld | 2012-12

Erschienen in: Transworld Working Papers, No. 7

Transworld

The emergence of a new model of criminal accountability and of the Responsibility to Protect norm has signaled the change within human rights policies. In addition to new actors within human rights – private actors such as rebel groups and firms – the scholarship on human rights has evolved to include quantitative studies besides previously dominant approach of comparative case studies. This paper reviews the state of the art on human rights and traces the evolution of its scholarship. Afterwards, recognizing the growing influence of the areas of limited statehood on commitment and compliance within human rights, this paper discusses the new agenda for human rights.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Security and Human Rights. Mining Companies between International Commitment and Corporate Practice

Security and Human Rights (dt. Multinationale Unternehmen zwischen Sicherheit und Menschenrechten)

Tanja A. Börzel, Jana Hönke

Nomos | 2012-11-24

Erschienen in: Schriften des Münchner Centrums für Governance-Forschung

Nomos Verlag

Multinationale Unternehmen werden zunehmend von transnationalen Institutionen auf freiwilliger Basis zu Menschenrechten und Sozialstandards verpflichtet. Die Studie untersucht in diesem Beitrag die Sicherheitspraktiken von Unternehmen und fragt, inwiefern sich diese an die Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights halten. Anhand von zwei multinationalen Bergbaufirmen in der Demokratischen Republik Kongo untersuchen sie die Wirkung dieser Standards auf die Sicherheitspraktiken der Firmen, nehmen darüber hinaus aber auch die Auswirkung der Firmenpraktiken auf die lokale Sicherheitslage in den Blick. Die Autorinnen argumentieren dass man über die Compliance-Forschung, die auf die Implementierung formaler Programme und regelkonformes Verhalten fokussiert, hinaus gehen muss um freiwillige Standards sowie die Wirkung von Unternehmen auf Sicherheit in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit zu evaluieren. Dazu entwickeln sie einen „bottom-up“ Ansatz der die gesamte Spanne lokaler Sicherheitspraktiken von Unternehmen sowie ihre – oft negativen – Effekte in den Blick nimmt. Dieser Ansatz erlaubt eine differenziertere Bewertung der Wirkung freiwilliger Standards als auch der Beiträge von Unternehmen zu lokaler (Un)Sicherheit.

Transnational institutions increasingly commit multinational companies to human rights on a voluntary basis. This study investigates in this booklet the security practices of multinational companies and to what extent these comply with voluntary human rights standards, such as the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights. And if so, wether solves problems of insecurity caused by the presence of these firms. Drawing on two case studies of multinational mining companies in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the authors argue that it is necessary to go beyond compliance research, which focuses on the implementation of formal programs from a top-down perspective, to evaluate voluntary standards and the effects of companies on local security. They therefore develop a conceptual framework from a ‘bottom-up perspective,’concentrating on the entire range of companies’ local security practices, including negative effects on local security. Such an approach draws a more nuanced picture of corporate security practices and allows for a more differentiated evaluation of voluntary standards and of contributions by companies to local (in)security.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Menschenrechte, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt D2, Teilprojekt B2

Die Vielfalt des Regierens: Eine Governance-Konzeption jenseits des Eurozentrismus

Die Vielfalt des Regierens

Anke Draude

Campus Verlag | 2012-11-08

Campus Verlag

Die De- und Re-Konstruktion des Governance-Konzepts ist ein notwendiger Schritt, um die blinden Flecken einer eurozentristischen Perspektive zu überwinden. Anke Draude eröffnet der empirischen Sozialforschung mit ihrer Studie neue Perspektiven auf Politik in nicht-westlichen Räumen und bietet einen theoretisch-konzeptionellen Beitrag zur Anerkennung der soziopolitischen Vielfalt in der Weltgesellschaft.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Global Governance, (Post-)Kolonialismus, Teilprojekt A1

Special Issue Governing (In)Security in a Postcolonial World

müller_hönke_security dialogue

Markus-Michael Müller, Jana Hönke

London: SAGE Publications | 2012-10

Erschienen in: Security Dialogue, 43 (5).

Volltext Sage Publishing

Security Dialogue aims to combine cutting-edge advances in theory with new empirical findings across a range of fields relevant to the study of security. The journal provides an outlet for new approaches and methodologies from disciplines such as gender studies, political sociology, political economy, political theory, international relations, religious studies, visual arts, anthropology, psychoanalysis and political philosophy. Security Dialogue encourages innovative analyses that challenge traditional readings of, inter alia, subjectivity, gender, identity, the individual, the social, the international, the economical, citizenship, health and biopolitics, risk, information technology, globalisation, migration and transnationalism, terrorism, crime, and media. Security Dialogue represents a unique forum across the arts, humanities and social sciences for scholarship that seeks to revisit, critique, and revise the concept of security against the backdrop of contemporary and historical developments.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Governing (in)security in a postcolonial world: Transnational entanglements and the worldliness of ‘local’ practice

müller_hönke_security dialogue

Markus-Michael Müller, Jana Hönke

London: SAGE Publications | 2012-10

Erschienen in: Security Dialogue, 43 (5), 383-401.

Volltext Sage Publishing

While analysis of transnationalized forms of security governance in the contemporary postcolonial world features prominently in current debates within the field of security studies, most efforts to analyse and understand the relevant processes proceed from an unquestioned ‘Western’ perspective, thereby failing to consider the methodological and theoretical implications of governing (in)security under postcolonial conditions. This article seeks to address that lacuna by highlighting the entangled histories of (in)security governance in the (post)colonial world and by providing fresh theoretical and methodological perspective for a security studies research agenda sensitive to the implications of the postcolonial condition.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Governance-Theorie, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3, Teilprojekt D2

Governance in Stadtregionen zwischen Stabilität und Wandel: Entwicklung der räumlichen Steuerungsstrukturen in der Metropolregion Hamburg von 1989 bis 2009

Löwis: Governance in Stadtegionen zwischen Stabilität und Wandel

Sabine von Löwis

Nomos | 2012-10

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos Verlag

In der gegenwärtigen Zeit der Diskussionen um Anpassungsfähigkeit von Städten und Regionen an sich verändernde Rahmenbedingungen, wie z.B. den Klimawandel, stellt sich die Frage, wie veränderungsfähig regionale Steuerungsstrukturen überhaupt sind. Die Autorin befasst sich mit den Veränderungen der Governance-Strukturen in der Metropolregion Hamburg von 1989 bis 2009. Die Stärke der Untersuchung besteht darin, dass die enorme Komplexität der Akteurskonstellationen und Interaktionsmuster auf verschiedenen Governance-Ebenen in einer Großregion über einen Zeitraum von 20 Jahren durch die systematische, theoriegeleitete Verwendung von Begriffen, Kategorien und Phaseneinteilungen eingängig beschrieben und überzeugend erklärt werden. Die daraus gewonnenen Erkenntnisse werden in Thesen und einen Phasen- und Ebenenmodell der Veränderung zusammengeführt. Aufschlussreich ist dabei etwa der Befund, dass die grundlegenden Veränderungen auf der Ebene der strategischen Steuerung anzusiedeln sind, während Veränderungen des kontinuierlichen Wandels der Arbeitsebene zuzuordnen sind. Mit diesem Werk füllt die Autorin eine wichtige Lücke in der Regional Governance-Forschung in Deutschland.

Economic Policy‐Making and Multi‐Level Governance

Cover: Handbook on Multi-level Governance

Henrik Enderlein

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publications | 2012-08-29

Erschienen in: Enderlein, Henrik/Wälti, Sonja/Zürn, Michael (eds.): Handbook on Multi‐Level Governance, 423-440.

Edward Elgar Publications

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Handbook on Multi‐Level Governance

Cover: Handbook on Multi-level Governance

Henrik Enderlein, Sonja Wälti, Michael Zürn

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publications | 2012-08-29

Edward Elgar Publications

Scholarship of multi-level governance has developed into one of the most innovative themes of research in political science and public policy. This accessible Handbook presents a thorough review of the wide-ranging literature, encompassing various theoretical and conceptual approaches to multi-level governance and their application to policy-making in domestic, regional and global contexts. The importance of multi-level governance in specific policy areas is highlighted, and the contributors – an international group of highly renowned scholars – report on the ways in which their field of specialization is or may be affected by multi-level governance and how developments could affect its conceptualization. European integration is considered from its unique standpoint as the key catalyst in the development of multi-level approaches, and the use of multi-level governance in other parts of the world, at both domestic and regional levels, is also considered in detail before focus is shifted towards global governance. The Handbook concludes with a presentation of six policy fields and instruments affected by multi-level governance, including: social policy, environmental policy, economic policy, international taxation, standard-setting and policing. This comprehensive Handbook takes stock of the vast array of multi-level governance theory and research developed in subfields of political science and public policy, and as such will provide an invaluable reference tool for scholars, researchers and students with a special interest in public policy, regulation and governance.

Transnational Public-Private Partnerships' Performance in Water Governance: Institutional Design Matters

beisheim_campe_government and policy 2012_ 30 _ 4

Marianne Beisheim, Sabine Campe

Los Angeles: SAGE Publications | 2012-08

Erschienen in: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30 (4), 627-642.

Volltext Sage Pub

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) are new forms of governance that have caught the interest of researchers in recent years. While the literature tends to portray PPPs as loosely institutionalized forms of governance, we argue that PPPs' institutional design varies and matters for their effectiveness. We aim to demonstrate that a high degree of institutionalization (obligation, precision, delegation) is relevant in cases that involve collective action problems—that is, for those PPPs that have to deal with distributional conflict, cheating, or free-riding. To substantiate our argument, we compare and analyze the performance of three transnational water partnerships (not to be confused with municipal for-profit PPPs). Our results confirm that a high degree of institutionalization tends to be important for those water partnerships that implement costly projects. It is less important for those that focus on the comparatively undemanding task of exchanging and disseminating knowledge and best practice in water management and governance.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Entanglements and Interactions within the Plural Legal Order: The Case of the German Colony Cameroon 1884 – 1916

Cover: One Law for All

Ulrike Schaper

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2012-06-21

Erschienen in: Kirmse, Stefan (ed.): One Law for All: Western Models and Local Practices in (Post-)Imperial Contexts, 243-264.

Campus Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, normative Pluralität, Rule of Law, Sub-Sahara Afrika

Koloniales Wissen und imperiale Gewalt. Japanische Herrschaft in Taiwan, 1895-1945

Cover: Koloniales Wissen und imperiale Gewalt

Nadin Heé

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2012-06-21

Campus Verlag

Japan gehörte in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts als einziger nicht-westlicher Staat zu den großen Kolonialmächten. Dabei gilt Taiwan als Musterkolonie innerhalb des japanischen Imperiums. Ein Grund dafür ist, dass die Japaner für die Beherrschung der Insel die kolonisierte Gesellschaft erforschten. Nadin Heé zeigt erstmals, dass dieser sogenannte wissenschaftliche Kolonialismus nicht nur zivilisierende Aspekte aufwies, sondern auch Gewalt auslöste. Damit verleiht sie der Geschichte des Imperialismus neue Impulse. Zudem weitet sie den Blick auf Transfers zwischen Japan und europäischen Mächten und eröffnet außereuropäische Perspektiven innerhalb der Geschichte des Kolonialismus.

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Lokale Akteure, (Fragile) Staatlichkeit, Aneignung, Kolonialgeschichte, normative Pluralität, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Global History, Asien, China, Taiwan

Koloniale Verhandlungen - Gerichtsbarkeit, Verwaltung und Herrschaft in Kamerun 1884-1916

Koloniale Verhandlungen - Gerichtsbarkeit, Verwaltung und Herrschaft in Kamerun 1884-1916

Ulrike Schaper

Campus Verlag | 2012-05-14

Campus Verlag

Zu den Aufgaben der deutschen Kolonialbeamten gehörte die Gerichtsbarkeit über die kolonisierte Bevölkerung. Ulrike Schaper betrachtet die Rechtsverhältnisse der deutschen Kolonie Kamerun erstmals in ihren kulturellen, politischen und sozialen Zusammenhängen. Sie zeigt die Bedingungen und Probleme bei der alltäglichen Umsetzung kolonialer Herrschaft sowie deren Auswirkungen auf die Bevölkerung. Dadurch macht sie deutlich, dass Recht nicht nur ein Unterdrückungsinstrument war. Denn zugleich bot es der kolonisierten Bevölkerung auch Möglichkeiten, die Kolonialmacht herauszufordern, und eröffnete ihr neue Handlungsspielräume.

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Lokale Akteure, (Fragile) Staatlichkeit, Aneignung, Kolonialgeschichte, normative Pluralität, Sub-sahara Afrika, Rule of Law

When Governance meets Religion

When Governance Meets Religion - Cover

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Nomos | 2012-05-01

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

In dieser Studie wird erstmals das Verhältnis zwischen Governance und Religion analysiert – eine bisher nicht gewählte Perspektive auf zwei komplexe Begrifflichkeiten. Der Autor nimmt nicht nur das Verhältnis zwischen Staat und Kirche, sondern auch von Staat und Religion als ein Verhältnis unterschiedlicher Normenordnungen in den Blick. Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe Schriften des Münchner Centrums für Governance-Forschung, Band 6.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Addressing an Ambivalent Relationship: Policing and the Urban Poor in Mexico City

Müller_journal_of latin american studies 2012 44 2

Markus-Michael Müller

Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press | 2012-05

Erschienen in: Journal of Latin American Studies, 44 (2), 319-345.

Cambridge Journals

This article analyses citizen–police relations in the marginalised Mexico City borough of Iztapalapa. It demonstrates that despite predominantly negative perceptions about and experiences with the police, local residents do not abandon state institutions as security providers. The article claims that as formal and informal access to the legal and coercive powers of the police provides an important resource for local residents needing to resolve individual or collective security problems and conflicts in their favour, local police forces continue to be addressed and imagined by residents as relevant security actors.

Thema: Policing, Staat/lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Roads to Regionalism. Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations.

Roads to Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel, Lukas Goltermann, Mathis Lohaus, Kai Striebinger

Ashgate Publications | 2012-04

Ashgate Publications

Over the past few decades states all around the globe have intensified institutionalized cooperation at the regional level. To deepen our understanding of state-led regionalism, the authors use an analytical framework comprising four main strands. First, they describe and explain the genesis and growth of regional organizations. Second, they account for institutional design, looking at important similarities and differences. Third, they examine the interaction between organizations and member states in an attempt to reveal factors that shape the level of commitment to and compliance with regional initiatives. Finally, they consider the impact of regional organizations on their member states. They conclude by providing a foundation for future research on the dynamic development of regionalism.

Thema: Regionalismus, Regionalorganisationen (RO), Staat, Teilprojekt B2

Lateinamerika und die USA: Eine Geschichte zwischen Räumen von der Kolonialzeit bis heute

Rinke: Lateinamerika und die USA

Stefan Rinke

Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft | 2012-03-01

Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft

Beim Gedanken an den amerikanischen Kontinent hat man sofort die Vorstellung von der Supermacht USA und ihrem lateinamerikanischen Hinterhof präsent. Vergessen wird dabei leicht, dass die USA einstmals der ›Wilde Westen‹ waren, während Mittel- und Südamerika auf alten Hochkulturen aufbauten und die Schatzkammern Spaniens und Portugals waren. Stefan Rinke nimmt den ganzen Kontinent in den Blick und schreibt eine Geschichte der Verflechtungen und Konfliktlinien zwischen den Räumen. Die Beziehungen zwischen diesen Teilen der Amerikas haben die Geschichte beider Großräume bis auf den heutigen Tag entscheidend geprägt, wobei sich insbesondere seit Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts eine enorme und schnell fortschreitende Verdichtung erkennen lässt, die allerdings auch die Polarität verstärkte. Diese spannende und komplexe rund 500-jährige Geschichte wird übersichtlich und komprimiert dargestellt, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf dem 19. und 20. Jahrhundert liegt.

Thema: Lateinamerika, USA, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt C5, Teilprojekt D9

História de América Latina: Das Culturas Pre-Colombianas até o Presente

Cover: História de América Latina

Stefan Rinke

Porto Alegre: ediPUCRS | 2012-01-01

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Kolonial Geschichte, Transfer, Teilprojekt C5

Gauging the Effectiveness of Post-Conflict Peace- and State-Building

Cover: Studying 'Effectiveness' in International Relations

Ursula Schröder

Opladen: Budrich | 2012

Erschienen in: Hegemann, Hendrik/Heller, Regina/Kahl, Martin (eds.): Studying 'Effectiveness' in International Relations: A Guide for Students and Scholars, 217-236.

Budrich Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Why and How Rio+20 Must Improve the Framework for Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships

beisheim_swp research paper 3

Marianne Beisheim

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2012

Erschienen in: SWP Research Paper, No. 3, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin.

Volltext Sustainable Development

One of the two main themes of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development was the reform of the UN institutions for sustainable development (IFSD). Part of the reform package under discussion involves the reorganization of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). Following the outcome of the 2002 Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable Development, the CSD Secretariat registered 349 partnerships for sustainable development. In these partnerships, public actors (from governments or international organisations) and private actors (from business or civil society) work together to help implement intergovernmental commitments. A decade after these partnerships were launched in Johannesburg, 2012 would be the ideal year to systematically evaluate their contributions and initiate reforms. The research paper does not aim to make sweeping statements either for or against partnerships. Rather, the idea is to provide an impartial evaluation of the instrument's opportunities and limits. To do so, the study takes transnational water partnerships as an empirical basis for investigating partnerships' performance record and success factors. Building on this analysis, the research paper makes recommendations on how to improve the UN institutional framework for partnerships. To date, the criteria and guidelines for partnerships are not binding and very general in nature; no review mechanism is in place. In the follow-up to Rio+20, the UN should implement necessary reforms.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Citizen Participation and Crime Prevention in Latin America: The Problems behind the Solution

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Markus-Michael Müller

Franfurt/Main: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Braig, Marianne/Costa, Sergio/Kron, Stefanie (eds.): Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en America Latina, 405-430.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

A recent flyer distributed by the Mexico City police department, the Secretaría de Seguridad Pública del Distrito Federal (SSPDF), informs local residents about the possibilities and merits of citizen participation in security matters. In addition to providing information about the different activities of the citizen participation program it ends with the following disclaimer: This program is of public character. It is not conveyed nor promoted by any political party and its resources come from the taxes paid by all taxpayers. It is forbidden to use this program for political and electoral goals, for pecuniary rewards or any other purposes different from those established in the program. Anyone that will make an improper use of the program’s resources in the Federal District will be sanctioned according to the respective law and from the responsible authority (SSPDF 2009). This uneasy and contradictory relationship between citizen participation in security matters and the instrumentalization, or better put, appropriation, of the latter for private or political purposes is at the centre of this article. By drawing on the results of empirical fieldwork in Mexico City, this article takes a closer look at a local community policing program, the Policía de Barrio project, in order to demonstrate that contrary to the expectations of many Latin American policy makers, think tanks, NGOs and a growing number of related scholarly articles and books, community participation in security matters cannot be expected to function as a blueprint for improving citizen-police relations and the prevailing (in)security situation in contemporary urban Latin America (on the latter aspect, see IBRD 2008; Koonings/ Kruijt 2007; Rotker 2002). By confronting the official claims and objectives of the Policía de Barrio program, together with an analysis of how this community policing program operates in practice, this article argues that despite its claim for improving police-citizen relations and the security situation, the concrete practices of the Policía de Barrio are overdetermined by different socio-political features of the local context, such as clientelism, police corruption, and party politics. These components, therefore, render the contribution of this community policing effort for the sustainable improvement of local accountability, police efficiency and legitimacy unlikely.

Thema: Policing, lokale Akteure/Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Ein Rat für Nachhaltige Entwicklung: Relaunch für die globale Nachhaltigkeitspolitik

beisheim_dröge_UNCSD Rio 2012

Marianne Beisheim, Nils Simon, Birgit Lode

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2012

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Dröge, Susanne (eds.): UNCSD Rio 2012. Zwanzig Jahre Nachhaltigkeitspolitik – und jetzt ran an die Umsetzung? SWP Studie, No. 10, S. 58-75.

Volltext SWP Berlin

Auf der Rio+20-Konferenz 2012 (United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, UNCSD) sollen nicht nur die inhaltlichen Fragen nachhaltiger Entwicklung, sondern auch die Reform der mit Nachhaltigkeitsthemen befassten VN-Institutionen (das Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development, IFSD) diskutiert werden. In ihrer gegenwärtigen Form sind die zuständigen Institutionen der Vereinten Nationen nicht in der Lage, die notwendigen Umbaumaßnahmen in Richtung einer Green Economy hinreichend zu unterstützen. Die lange überfälligen Reformen sollen dafür sorgen, dass Nachhaltigkeitsthemen im VN-System besser sichtbar und wirkungsmächtiger positioniert werden. Schon lange wird erwogen, das VN-Umweltprogramm (United Nations Environment Programme, UNEP) als Umweltsäule der Nachhaltigkeitsarchitektur auszubauen. Im Vorbereitungsprozess der Rio+20-Konferenz stand die Reform der VNNachhaltigkeitsinstitutionen zunächst im Schatten der Diskussion über die Green Economy. Doch spätestens seit Mitte 2011, als hochrangige Vertreter von Mitgliedstaaten, VN-Institutionen und Zivilgesellschaft im indonesischen Solo über das IFSD-Thema berieten, kam die Reformdebatte in Schwung. Die für Rio+20 erörterten Reformen gehen aber noch darüber hinaus; so sollen sie sich etwa auch auf die politisch schwache VN-Kommission für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (Commission on Sustainable Development, CSD) erstrecken.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

El estado penal y el gobierno de la marginalidad en América Latina contemporánea

müller_teoria social, marginalidad urbana y estado

Markus-Michael Müller

Madrid: Dykinson | 2012

Erschienen in: González Sánchez, Ignacio (ed.): Teoría social, marginalidad urbana y estado penal: aproximaciones al trabajo de Loïc Wacquant, 401-421.

Verlag Dykinson

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

EU Missions and the European Convention

Cover: CLEER, No. 6

Heike Krieger

The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Sari, Aurel/Wessels, Ramses (eds.): Human Rights in EU Crisis Management Operation: A Duty to Respect and to Protect, Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER) Working Papers No. 6, 51-62.

Volltext

Thema: Europa, Regionalorganisationen, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Wahlen im Schatten des organisierten Verbrechens. Mexiko zwischen State Capture und Staatsversagen

maihold__welttrends zeitschrift für internationale Politik 84 _ 20 2012 pdf

Günther Maihold

Potsdam: GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH | 2012

Erschienen in: Welttrends. Zeitschrift für internationale Politik, 84 (20), 5-11.

Volltext WISO Net

Kurz vor der Wahl am 1. Juli steht Mexiko vor großen Turbulenzen: Parteien beschuldigen sich gegenseitig, Mitglieder oder -läufer der organisierten Kriminalität zu sein. Der Krieg gegen die Drogen, der zuvor noch nationale Einheit heraufbeschwor, wird jetzt zum Instrument der Verleumdung des politischen Gegners. Wie kann angesichts brüchiger Staatlichkeit eine sichere Wahl gewährleistet werden?

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Sovereign Debt Restructurings 1950-2010: Literature Survey, Data and Stylized Facts

Cover: IMF Working Paper, No. 203

Christoph Trebesch, Udabir Das, Michael Papaioannou

Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund | 2012

Erschienen in: IMF Working Paper, No. 203.

Volltext beim IMF

This paper provides a comprehensive survey of pertinent issues on sovereign debt restructurings, based on a newly constructed database. This is the first complete dataset of sovereign restructuring cases, covering the six decades from 1950–2010; it includes 186 debt exchanges with foreign banks and bondholders, and 447 bilateral debt agreements with the Paris Club. We present new stylized facts on the outcome and process of debt restructurings, including on the size of haircuts, creditor participation, and legal aspects. In addition, the paper summarizes the relevant empirical literature, analyzes recent restructuring episodes, and discusses ongoing debates on crisis resolution mechanisms, credit default swaps, and the role of collective action clauses.

Perspectives on War: Generation Eventdata. Was zeigen Ereignisdaten, worin unterscheiden sie sich und was können wir lernen?

Cover: Sicherheit und Frieden, 30 (1)

Sven Chojnacki, Gregor Reisch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Sicherheit und Frieden, 30 (1), 36-43.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Over the last years datasets like the Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset (ACLED), the Event Data on Conflict and Security (EDACS), the Uppsala Conflict Data Program – Georeferencing and Event Dataset (UCDP-GED), or the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) have generated a new generation of data on armed conflicts and political violence. This disaggregated, event-level information enables fresh insights into the spatial and temporal dynamics of collective violence beyond the previously dominant aggregated state-year level of analysis. The aim of this article is to provide researchers and practitioners alike with an overview of the latest development in large-scale conflict data gathering and with some ideas how to assess the advantages/disadvantages and suitability of the particular datasets.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Migraciones, trata de personas y las políticas de control a nivel global y regional

Gutérrez_Robledo_LaberintosLibertadMEducacionCulturayDeporte

Günther Maihold, Xavier Servitija Roca

Madrid: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte | 2012

Erschienen in: Gutiérrez Usillos, Andrés/Robledo Sanz, Beatriz (eds.): Laberintos de libertad. Entre la esclavitud del pasado y las nuevas formas de esclavitud del presente, 73-99.

Volltext Violencia Genero Msssi

En torno a la problemática del tráfico humano, como origen y consecuencia de la esclavitud, se han podido escuchar distintas voces y experiencias que provocan profundas reflexiones. En una de ellas, la ponencia del profesor Maihold, se proponen tres medidas concretas como medio para la lucha contra el tráfico humano, articuladas en torno a la prevención, la persecución del delito y la protección de las víctimas. Maihold insiste en la necesidad de consensuar un código ético entre gobiernos y empresas para eliminar el trabajo forzado, seguir el cumplimiento de las leyes laborales y la definición de los diferentes grados de delito, insistiendo en la necesidad de aplicar políticas de reintegración y de reinserción de las víctimas.

Thema: Souveränität, Staat/lokale Akteure, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Event Data on Armed Conflict and Security: New Perspectives, Old Challenges, and Some Solutions

Cover

Sven Chojnacki, Christian Ickler, Michael Spies, John Wiesel

London: Taylor & Francis | 2012

Erschienen in: International Interactions, 38 (4), 382-401.

Volltext

This article presents the Event Data on Conflict and Security (EDACS) dataset, discusses the inherent problems of georeferenced conflict data, and shows how these challenges are met within EDACS. Based on an event data approach, EDACS contributes to the growing number of novel georeferenced datasets that allow researchers to identify causal pathways of violence and the dynamics of (transboundary) violence through spatiotemporal disaggregation. However, the unreflected use of any of these datasets will give researchers unjustified confidence in their findings, as the pitfalls are many and propagating errors can result in misleading conclusions. To identify and handle the different challenges to overall event data quality, we argue in favor of transparency in the data collection and coding process, to empower analysts to challenge the data and avoid cascading errors. In particular, we investigate how the choice of news sources, the handling of geographic precision, and the use of auxiliary data can bias event data. We demonstrate how the EDACS dataset design enables the analyst to deal with these issues by providing a set of variables indicating the news sources, possible sources of bias, and detailed information on geographic precision. This allows for a flexible use of the data based on individual analytical requirements.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Las comunicaciones criminales: El caso de las narcomantas

maihold_Atlas de la seguridad  2012

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: Casede | 2012

Erschienen in: Aguayo Quezada, Sergio/Benítez Manaut, Raúl (eds.): Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2012, Ciudad de México: Casede, 83-92.

Volltext Casede

El análisis de la presencia del narcotráfico en México no debe centrarse sólo en la composición del paisaje cambiante de los cárteles, sino también en la imagen que ellos aspiran a dar de sí mismos. Por ello, además de estudiar la violencia como tal conviene atender a su carácter comunicativo. La comunicación –según la definición clásica– puede concebirse como “el proceso de intercambio de información entre un emisor y un receptor por medio de ciertos signos y códigos”, los cuales ponen en evidencia la calidad del diálogo en una situación concreta, incluso en el caso extremo de la que acompaña a la violencia. Al abordar el tema de las narcomantas es preciso tener en cuenta a los diferentes emisores y receptores, todos ellos con una marcada pluralidad de voces y objetivos que alimentan acciones muchas veces conflictivas y contrapuestas.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

El combate al crimen organizado: ¿La nueva agenda para la relación Euro - latinoamericana?

Maihold_CUADERNO_FINAL_XIII_REUNION_PM_MEXUE_F_Naumann[1]

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: Friedrich Naumann Stiftung | 2012

Erschienen in: Acevedo, Huacuja/Antonio, Luis (eds.): XIII reunión de la comisión parlamentaria mixta México-Unión Europea, 94-102.

Volltext Peceaatlan

Las nuevas rutas del narcotráfico por el occidente de África hacia Europa1 han hecho evidente la necesidad de una cooperación más profunda entre las dos regiones en el combate a las estructuras y organizaciones criminales siempre más transnacionales. Las dinámicas que demuestra el mercado europeo en cuanto al consumo de la cocaína ha incentivado la actividad de los carteles latinoamericanos para suministrar con mayores cantidades a los países europeos ante un mercado estancado en EE.UU. La capacidad expansiva demostrada por el narcotráfico y sus organizaciones implica para Europa no solamente un interés de intercambio de información e inteligencia, sino también la necesidad de comprometerse con el combate a la droga en América Latina que antes se prefería dejarlo en manos de las autoridades de EE.UU. El volumen de ingresos generados de este mercado ilícito y la proliferación de actores violentos que buscan aliarse con estructuras mafiosas en Europa implica una cooperación que va más allá del intercambio entre policías como Europol o Ameripol sino tiene que involucrar un compromiso con el trabajo y la reconversión de las instancias policiales encargadas de este tarea en América Latina. Se requiere entonces una cooperación de una nueva generación en esta materia, si se desea moverse a la altura del reto existente.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika/Europa, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Polizei und (post-)koloniales Regieren. Eine Einleitung

müller_comparativ zeitschrift für globalgeschichte und vergleichende gesellschaftsforschung

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2012

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 3 (12), 9-16.

Univerlag Leipzig

Die Polizei spielt in der gegenwärtigen Weltpolitik eine gewachsene Rolle. Die wachsende Zentralität urbaner Räume in internationalen Interventionen führt zu einem Umdenken in militärischen Strategien und Einsatzprotokollen, das sich in einer zunehmenden operativen Annäherung des Militärs an die Polizei niederschlägt. Der Verfasser nimmt eine allgemeine Bestimmung des Begriffs "Polizei" vor. Er geht im Folgenden auf Spezifika der Beziehung zwischen Polizei und (post-)kolonialem Regieren ein. In einem zweiten Teil wird ein Überblick über die Beiträge des Heftes gegeben.

Thema: Policing, (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Del G8 al G20 y más allá. Efectividad y legitimidad

maihold_el g20 el nuevo orden _ los cuadernos de la catédra

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: El Colegio de México Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | 2012

Erschienen in: El Colegio de México Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (eds.): El G20 y el nuevo orden inter-nacional, Los cuadernos de la Cátedra Humboldt de El Colegio de México y la UNAM, no. 1, 25-50.

Volltext Maihold

En las discusiones acerca del futuro orden mundial hay dos modelos diferentes que dominan el debate político (siempre articulados en el formato de “G-..”): por un lado hay algunos observadores que esperan la conformación de un G2 constituido por EE.UU. y China como las dos potencias de alcance mundial que logran articular su presencia central en una gran cantidad de áreas políticas aún en un mundo multipolar y sin las cuales no se puede dar solución a la mayoría de los problemas globales; por el otro lado existe el grupo de todos aquellos que no ven que estos poderes sean capaces de resolver por sí solos estos retos y que además no tienen la suficiente capacidad en el ejercicio de su mando como para obligar a otros a cooperar. Por lo tanto, el debate se inclina hacia la búsqueda de agrupaciones que sean aptas para reunir suficientes voluntades y capacidades para poder asumir un papel orientador y directriz en la política internacional. Es en esta corriente donde se ubican todas aquellas voces que buscan una modalidad incluyente a nivel mundial, como precondición para encaminar a los gobiernos hacia fines comunes a nivel mundial y al mismo tempo encauzar la enorme pluralidad de políticas nacionales. El G20, que a la altura de cumbres presidenciales ha logrado desde 2008 una presencia importante a nivel mundial, es visto como aquella instancia que ante las crisis económico-financieras podría ser la más competente para encarrillar las dinámicas de los mercados y servir como guía ante los posibles efectos de contagio a nivel mundial. Con esta finalidad se está revisando en el presente texto, el alcance y las posibilidades que tiene esta agrupación cuya presidencia asumió México en diciembre de 2011.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Staat, Mexiko, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Polizei und (post-)koloniales Regieren

müller_comparativ zeitschrift für globalgeschichte und vergleichende gesellschaftsforschung

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2012

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 22 (3).

Research Uni Leipzig

Das Themenheft „Polizei und (post)koloniales Regieren“ beruht auf Beiträgen eines interdisziplinären Workshops unter gleichlautendem Titel, der im November 2011 am Centre for Area Studies stattfand. Auf der Grundlage empirischer Forschung untersuchen die AutorInnen den transnationalen Transfer von Polizeiinstitutionen und -praktiken sowie die damit einhergehenden Probleme und Herausforderungen aus einer herrschaftssoziologischen Perspektive. Die Beiträge eröffnen ein großes geografisches wie zeitliches Panorama: von den Erfahrungen mit dem Polizieren in den britischen Siedlerkolonien in Nordamerika über die Schaffung urbaner Ordnung im imperialen Brasilien bis hin zur deutschen Polizeihilfe in Afghanistan während des Kalten Krieges und dem gegenwärtigen internationalen Engagement in der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. Sie zeigen insbesondere, dass der Export von Polizeiinstitutionen nicht neutral und apolitisch ist, sondern auf das engste mit Fragen der Herstellung und Transformation von Herrschaft und politischer Ordnung in (post)kolonialen Gesellschaften verbunden ist.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Los derechos humanos como autorización para hablar. Metatexto universal y experiencias particulares

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Marianne Braig

Madrid: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Kron, Stefanie/Costa, Sérgio/Braig, Marianne (eds.): Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina, 61-72.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

En las últimas décadas, en el contexto pos dictatorial, la disputa por los derechos humanos quedó vigente en América Latina. No solo están presentes los activistas contra las violaciones de los derechos humanos atribuidas a las prácticas de las dictaduras militares o regí- menes autoritarios. En el proceso de la transición a la democracia surgieron en América Latina nuevos movimientos sociales luchando por los derechos humanos en sus países (legal movements) y actores políticos que “tomaron la palabra” apoyándose en los derechos humanos “como forma de acción política”. Frecuentemente se observa esta “toma de palabra”, este empoderamiento por hablar, en el contexto de un referéndum constitucional o una consulta constitucional. Pero no necesariamente surgen legal movements en una disputa concreta por una reforma de la Carta Magna, sino por sus propias causas y motivos. Podemos observar en América Latina que el señalamiento de las violaciones de los derechos humanos excedió cada vez más el límite de la violación de los derechos humanos políticos a priori, trayendo consigo los defectos de la democracia realmente existente, como por ejemplo los fraudes electorales, las desigualdades sociales, las discriminaciones raciales o las formas de impunidad.

Thema: Normative Fragen, Staat, Lateinamerika, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Democracias y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina. Una introducción

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Marianne Braig, Stefanie Kron, Sérgio Costa

Madrid: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina, 9-16.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

El presente libro ofrece un amplio espectro de contribuciones teóricas y empíricas que exploran conflictos y transformaciones de las contemporáneas democracias latinoamericanas desde una perspectiva internacional y multidisciplinaria. Los textos ponen énfasis en las múltiples y cambiantes relaciones entre derecho y democracia. El interés principal de este libro es, por ende, describir y analizar procesos de reconfiguración del derecho en el marco de las reformas constitucionales que acompañaron y siguen acompañando los procesos de (re-)democratización en América Latina desde los años 1980. Así, a partir de esta época y hasta hoy, la mayoría de los Estados latinoamericanos ha modificado su constitución al menos una vez, algunos incluso varias veces. Nuevas constituciones se aprobaron i.e. en Brasil (1988), Colombia (1991), Paraguay (1993), Ecuador (1998, 2008), Venezuela (1999) y Bolivia (2009). En otros países como en Colombia, Nicaragua, Perú y México se discute sobre extensas reformas constitucionales o nuevas Cartas Magnas (Nolte 2009). Muchas de estas reformas constitucionales se caracterizan por la inclusión de las demandas de movimientos sociales. Entre los movimientos más exitosos al respecto se cuentan los anti-racistas, de derechos humanos, de mujeres o feministas, de indígenas y de afro-descendientes. El ejemplo más reciente lo representa el fortalecimiento de los derechos de las poblaciones indígenas y del carácter “pluri-nacional” del Estado por las nuevas constituciones en Bolivia y Ecuador.

Thema: Normative Fragen, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

From Europeanisation to Diffusion

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxon: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1).

Volltext Tandfonline

This special issue explores to what extent policies and institutions of the European Union spread across different contexts. Are the EU's attempts to transfer its policies and institutions to accession and neighbourhood countries sustainable and effective? To what degree do other regions of the world emulate the EU's institutional features; what are the mechanisms of, and scope conditions for, their diffusion? This introduction provides the conceptual framework of the special issue. First, it specifies EU-related institutional change as the ‘dependent variable’. Second, it discusses how Europeanisation research and diffusion studies relate to each other and can be fruitfully combined to identify processes and mechanisms by which ideas and institutions of the EU spread. Third, we introduce scope conditions which are likely to affect domestic (or regional) change in response to the promotion or emulation of EU ideas and institutions.

Thema: Europa, Staat, Internationale Organisationen (IO), Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt A1

Der Nationalsozialismus, Richard Rorty und die Möglichkeiten rationaler Verständigung

Cover: Leviathan, 40 (1)

Daniel Jacob

Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Leviathan, 40 (1), 51-69.

JSTOR

Für Richard Rorty ist der Nationalsozialismus ein Beispiel für das notwendige Scheitern rationaler Verständigung. Ich argumentiere hingegen, dass bei einer stärkeren Ausdifferenzierung des für Rorty zentralen Begriffs des »Vokabulars« die Vorgeschichte solchen Scheiterns auf die vielfältigen Möglichkeiten rationaler Verständigung verweist sowie auf die Notwendigkeit, diese institutionell abzusichern.

Richard Rorty sees National Socialism as a prime example of the failure of rational communication. I argue, however, that a more nuanced understanding of what Rorty describes as »vocabularies« and a closer look at the history of failed communication reveals the manifold, possibilities of rational communication - as well as the need to protect these possibilities through adequate institutions.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Demokratie, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt B9

Europeanisation through Cooperation? EU Democracy Promotion in Morocco and Tunisia

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Vera van Hüllen

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 117-134.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The Arab spring has highlighted once more the European Union's failure to bring about democratic change in the Middle East and North Africa through its Mediterranean democracy promotion policy. However, Arab authoritarian countries engage to different degrees in cooperation on democracy promotion, giving the EU more or less influence on domestic institutional change related to political participation, respect for human rights, and the rule of law. A comparison of domestic change and cooperation in Morocco and Tunisia in 2000-2010 shows that the EU has been instrumental in supporting and potentially reinforcing domestic reform initiatives. Yet the EU cannot trigger domestic institutional change in the first place. The degree of political liberalisation determines the fit between the domestic political agenda and external demands for reforms. It reflects different "survival strategies" between political inclusion and exclusion and is therefore a scope condition for rather than the result of cooperation and change. Adapted from the source document.

Thema: Europa, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Sovereign Debt Disputes: A Database on Government Coerciveness During Debt Crises

Cover: Journal of International Money and Finance, 31 (2)

Henrik Enderlein, Christoph Trebesch, Laura von Daniels

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2012

Erschienen in: Journal of International Money and Finance, 31 (2), 250-266.

Volltext

This paper measures “debt disputes” between governments and foreign private creditors in periods of sovereign debt crises. We construct an index of government coerciveness, consisting of 9 objective sub-indicators. Each of these sub-indicators captures unilateral government actions imposed on foreign banks and bondholders. The results provide the first systematic account of debt crises that goes beyond a binary categorization of default versus non-default. Overall, government behavior and rhetoric show a strong variability, ranging from highly confrontational to very smooth crisis resolution processes. In a preliminary analysis on the determinants of coercive behavior, we find political insti- tutions to be significant, while economic and financial factors play a lesser role. These results open up an agenda for future research.

Souveränität und (Staats-)Gewalt bei Georges Bataille

Riekenberg_zur Gewaltsoziologie von Georges Bataille

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2012

Erschienen in: Riekenberg, Michael (ed.): Zur Gewaltsoziologie von Georges Bataille, 151-167.

Univerlag Leipzig

Aus der Perspektive der Beziehung von Staat, Gewalt und Souveränität beschäftigt sich der Beitrag mit dem Denken Georges Batailles. Auch wenn Batailles Souveränitätsverständnis sehr wenig mit gängigen, im internationalen Recht ebenso wie in weiten Teilen der Sozialwissenschaften dominierenden Vorstellungen von Souveränität und souveräner Staatsgewalt gemeinsam hat, ist es doch möglich, sich aus einer an Fragen des Staates und dessen Beziehung zur Gewalt interessierten Perspektive Batailles Souveränitätstheorie zu nähern. Im Zentrum des Beitrags steht deshalb der Versuch, Batailles Staatsverständnis zu rekonstruieren. Der Beitrag gliedert sich in zwei Teile. In einem ersten Schritt werden Grundgedanken Batailles, in deren Spannungsfeld die Beziehung zwischen Staat, Gewalt und Souveränität zu verorten ist, vorgestellt. Im zweiten Teil wird der Versuch unternommen, Batailles Überlegungen zum Staat im Allgemeinen nachzuzeichnen, um sich dann seinen Überlegungen zur Entstehung des Staates und dessen historischen Formwandel zuzuwenden.

Thema: Souveränität, Staat, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

The European Union and Democracy Promotion in the Mediterranean: Strategic Choices after the Arab Spring

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Vera van Hüllen

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 119-144.

Verlag Nomos

Thema: MENA-Region, State Building, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

FAO

Freistein_Leininger_Handbuch Internationale Organisationen

Andrea Liese

München: Oldenbourg | 2012

Erschienen in: Freistein, Katja/Leininger, Julia (eds.): Handbuch Internationale Organisationen. Theoretische Grundlagen und Akteure, 113-118.

Volltext Degruyter

Die Ernährungs- und Landwirtschaftsorganisation der → Vereinten Nationen, englisch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), ist die derzeit älteste internationale Organisation zur Förderung der weltweiten Ernährungssicherheit und – gemessen an ihrer Finanz- und Personalausstattung – eine der größten VN-Sonderorganisationen. Ihr Logo enthält als Symbol eine Ähre und das Motto „fiat panes“, lateinisch für „es soll Brot geben“. Dementsprechend wirkt sie seit ihrer Gründung auf die Steigerung der landwirtschaftlichen Produktivität, den Pflanzenschutz und die Ernährungssicherung hin, vor allem in Transformations- und Entwicklungsländern. Sie ist somit im engen Sinne für das Politikfeld Entwicklung relevant.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

The Rise of the Penal State in Latin America

müller_contemporary justice review

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice, 15 (1), 57-76.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The recent work of Loïc Wacquant identified the emergence of the penal state as a core feature of the global expansion of neoliberalism and the neoliberal government urban marginality. Drawing on Wacquant’s theoretical and conceptual reflections, this article analyses the emergence of a Latin American form of penal statecraft. By taking an in-depth look at the increasing criminalization of urban marginality in contemporary Latin America as well as the related developments in the local prison system, the single most important institutional expression of the Latin American penal state, important commonalities and differences between the penal statecraft experiments throughout Latin America and the countries of the ‘developed world’ are highlighted.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Rule of Law and Security Sector Reform in International State-Building: Dilemmas of Converging Agendas

Cover: Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 4 (1)

Ursula Schröder, Johannes Kode

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 4 (1), 31-53.

Volltext

In this article we discuss the integration of international security assistance and rule of law promotion within larger state-building projects. Going beyond the widespread claim that both approaches should be closely linked within overarching security sector reform (SSR) efforts, this article inquires more systematically into their relationship both at a conceptual level and at the level of state-building practices. It argues that the creation of effective security institutions cannot be easily reconciled with programmes that promote mechanisms of legitimate political control as one dimension of the rule of law. Rationales behind security and rule of law support diverge: the former aims to strengthen a state's enforcement capacities, while the latter seeks to restrict them. The case of security and rule of law support to the Palestinian National Authority in the West Bank illustrates the tensions that can result. The article shows that in the Palestinian case, selectivity, fragmentation and timing issues have impeded the coherence of international assistance.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Negotiating the Nation: German Colonialism and Chinese Nationalism in Qingdao, 1897–1914

Cover: Twentieth Century Colonialism and China

Klaus Mühlhahn

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Goodman, Bryna/Goodman, David S. G. (eds.): Twentieth Century Colonialism and China: Localities, the Everyday and the World, 37–56.

Thema: Teilprojekt B13

The Universal and the Particular in Latin American Penal State Formation

Squires_criminalisation and advanced marginality

Markus-Michael Müller

Bristol: Policy Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Squires, Peter/Lea, John (eds.): Criminalisation and Advanced Marginality. Critically Exploring the Work of Loïc Wacquant, 195-216.

Verlag Policy Press

This is taken from the autobiographic account of Thomas McFadden, a British national who spent nearly five years in the San Pedro Prison in La Paz, Bolivia, for drug smuggling. With the help of another inmate, McFadden was able to set up a contract to purchase a prison cell from a Bolivian prisoner and to take over the cell for US$1,200, an amount that also included the former owner’s television, refrigerator and some of the furniture he had brought into the prison (Young and McFadden, 2004, pp 107–8).

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

“Faithful Believers“: Oaths of Allegiance in Post-Roman Societies as Evidence for Eastern and Western Visions of Community

Cover: Visions of Community in the Post-Roman World

Stefan Esders

Farnham: Ashgate | 2012

Erschienen in: Pohl, Walter/Gantner, Clemens/Payne, Richard (eds.): Visions of Community in the Post-Roman World: The West, Byzantium and the Islamic World 300–1100, 357–374.

Thema: Teilprojekt B10

Financial Development and Microeconomic Stabilization through Migrant Remittances? Potential Benefits and Policies

Cover: Transfers from International Migration

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

Kassel: Kassel University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Knerr, Béatrice (ed.): Transfers from International Migration: A Strategy of Economic and Social Stabilization at National and Household Level, 129-161.

Volltext Kassel University Press

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Offene Grenzen als Gebot der Gerechtigkeit?

Cover: Migration und Ethik

Bernd Ladwig

Paderborn: Mentis | 2012

Erschienen in: Cassee, Andreas/Goppel, Anna (eds.): Migration und Ethik, 67-88.

Der Verfasser spricht sich dafür aus, den Anspruch auf Bewegungsfreiheit ernst zu nehmen. Es sei von einem "Kosmopolitismus der Rechtfertigung" auszugehen. Dies schließt gestufte Rechtfertigungspflichten aus. Die Bewegungsfreiheit ist in doppelter Hinsicht gerechtigkeitsrelevant: zum einen instrumentell, weil sie die ökonomischen Aussichten von Individuen beeinflusst; zum anderen, weil sie selbst ein intrinsisch wertvolles Grundgut ist. Wer die Einwanderung begrenzen möchte, steht in der Rechtfertigungspflicht. Eine solche Rechtfertigung kann nur mit Blick auf die Restriktion der öffentlichen Ordnung gelingen. Staaten dürfen die Einwanderung nicht nur beschränken, wenn der Verluste einer gerechten Ordnung überhaupt droht, sondern auch, um ihr spezifisches nationalstaatliches Gerechtigkeitsprojekt, das universale Gerechtigkeitsprinzipien auf jeweils besondere Weise realisiert, vor abrupten Brüchen zu bewahren.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Transformaciones del clientelismo. Democratización, (in)seguridad y politicas urbanas en el Distrito Federal

müller_foro internacional 2012_52_4

Markus-Michael Müller

México City: El Colegio de México | 2012

Erschienen in: Foro Internacional, 52 (4), 836-863.

Volltext Foro Internacional

In theory, under the conditions of open electoral competition, an active civil society and institutions that guarantee accountability, clientelism and vote-buying lose their attraction and disappear in the long run. Based on an analysis of political processes in the Federal District, this article examines the survival and transformation of political clientelism in democratic Mexico. An attempt is made to evaluate the causes and consequences of the persistence and continued relevance of political clientelism, placing emphasis on the diversification of "client supply" in the context of local democratization. This diversification increasingly includes the provision of individualized benefits relating to public security, in exchange for political support. Adapted from the source document.

Thema: Staatlichkeit/Policing, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

MERCOSUR: Integration Through Presidents and Paymasters

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Mathis Lohaus, Felix Hummel

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 59-80.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Teilprojekt B2

When Europeanisation meets Diffusion: Exploring new Territory

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxon: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 192-207.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The articles in this special issue find ample evidence for the EU's influence on domestic and regional institutions. Its impact is patchy, often shallow but certainly not spurious. This conclusion demonstrates that it is worthwhile to integrate the Europeanisation literature and its theoretical arguments into the larger literature on diffusion. But it also shows limits of the diffusion approaches in the social sciences which tend to privilege structure over agency and, as a result, tend to focus on institutional convergence and isomorphism rather than variation in institutional outcomes. Some general impact of the EU on domestic institutional change in its neighbourhood and beyond is found, as well as some diffusion of EU institutional models of regional integration worldwide. The approach is decidedly agency-centred in focusing on diffusion mechanism and on scope conditions.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Remittances and the Transformation of Local Spaces: The Case of Financial Markets in Mexico

Cover: Iberoamericana 12 (48)

Christian Ambrosius

Berlin: Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut | 2012

Erschienen in: Dossier. Entre espacios: entrelazamientos y movimientos en América Latina, Iberoamericana 12 (48),

Volltext

Remittances, the money sent by migrants to their families back home, are situated outside ‘traditional’ categories of space in several ways. Not only do these smallscale financial transactions span the transnational space beyond the nation-state; they also move largely outside the institutional spaces of the formal banking sector. Taking the case of financial markets in Mexico and building on recent empirical findings on the impact of migrants’ remittances on the financial sector of the receiving countries, this article explores how remittances may lead to a transformation of local spaces by reducing some of the market failures that prevail, especially in rural financial markets.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

From Europeanisation to Diffusion: Introduction

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxon: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 1-19.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This special issue explores to what extent policies and institutions of the European Union spread across different contexts. Are the EU's attempts to transfer its policies and institutions to accession and neighbourhood countries sustainable and effective? To what degree do other regions of the world emulate the EU's institutional features; what are the mechanisms of, and scope conditions for, their diffusion? This introduction provides the conceptual framework of the special issue. First, it specifies EU-related institutional change as the ‘dependent variable’. Second, it discusses how Europeanisation research and diffusion studies relate to each other and can be fruitfully combined to identify processes and mechanisms by which ideas and institutions of the EU spread. Third, we introduce scope conditions which are likely to affect domestic (or regional) change in response to the promotion or emulation of EU ideas and institutions.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Pathologies of Europeanization: Fighting Corruption in the Southern Caucasus

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1) 79-97.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

In order to stabilise the post-Soviet region, the European Union seeks to transform the domestic structures of the Newly Independent States. In light of high adaptation costs, the lack of a membership perspective, and low levels of democracy, the prospects of Europeanisation appear to be limited. The Southern Caucasus belongs to the most corrupt countries in the world. While being least likely cases, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia have responded to the EU's demands for good governance introducing formal institutional changes. Moreover, despite their differences in statehood, democracy, and power (a)symmetries with the EU, domestic institutional changes look very similar. This double puzzle is explained by differential empowerment. Instead of liberal reform coalitions, which are largely absent in the Southern Caucasus, the incumbent regimes have instrumentalised the EU, selectively implementing anti-corruption policies to gain and consolidate political power. As a result, the EU stabilises rather than transforms its neighbourhood.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Zentralasien und Kaukasus, Teilprojekt B2

Does it Really Take the State? Corporate Responsibility, Multinational Corporations, and Limited Statehood in South Africa

Cover: Business and Politics, 14 (3)

Tanja A. Börzel, Jana Hönke, Christian Thauer

Erschienen in: Business and Politics, 14 (3), 1-34.

Volltext

This paper explores the role of the state for an effective engagement of multinational corporations (MNCs) in corporate social responsibility (CSR)1. In the OECD context, the “shadow of hierarchy” cast by the state is considered an important incentive for MNCs to engage in CSR activities that contribute to governance. However, in areas of limited statehood, where state actors are too weak to effectively set and enforce collectively binding rules, profit-driven MNCs confront various dilemmas with respect to costly CSR standards. The lack of a credible regulatory threat by state agencies is therefore often associated with the exploitation of resources and people by MNCs, rather than with business’ social conduct. However, in this paper we argue that there are alternatives to the “shadow of hierarchy” that induce MNCs to adopt and implement CSR policies that contribute to governance in areas of limited statehood. We then discuss that in certain areas such functional equivalents still depend on some state intervention to be effective, in particular when firms are immune to reputational concerns and in complex-task areas that require the involvement of several actors in the provision of collective goods. Finally, we discuss the “dark side” of the state and show that the state can also have negative effects on the CSR engagement of MNCs. We illustrate the different ways in which statehood and the absence thereof affect CSR activities of MNCs in South Africa and conclude with some considerations on the conditions under which statehood exerts these effects.

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Krieg gegen anonymous - Völkerrechtliche Regelungsmöglichkeiten bei unsicherer Zurechnung im Cyberwar

Cover: Archiv des Völkerrechts, No. 50

Heike Krieger

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2012

Erschienen in: Archiv des Völkerrechts, No. 50, 1-20.

Volltext

Cyberwar has become an important feature in the international security policy discourse. For legal purposes the term Cyberwar describes computer network operations which start an armed conflict or which are conducted during such a conflict. However, due to technical im possibility and human incapability it is nearly unconceivable to identify the state launching a computer network operation. Thus, attribution based on provable causality seems practically impossible. Such a scenario is a severe challenge for the international legal order which is predominantly based on attribution on the basis of provable causality in order to direct States' behavior. The article discusses in which way the international legal order can address this challenge. In particular, arguments which aim to circumvent the thresholds of the right to self-defence and of countermeasures by lowering the standards of proof and basing attribution on assumptions are rejected. Instead the article calls for a change of perspective. A comparison is drawn to the precautionary principle in Environmental Law which addresses similar situations of lack of knowledge. Not the potential aggressor but all States using cyber technology would be the addressees of such an obligation. The precautionary approach would transfer regulation to the preliminary stage instead of using reactive responses.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Multinationals and Security Governance in the Community: Participation, Discipline and Indirect Rule

Cover: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 6 (1)

Jana Hönke

London: Taylor & Francis | 2012

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 6 (1), 57-73.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article traces multinational extraction companies' social and security policies in the ‘community belt’ next to their operations. A comparison between mining companies in the DRC in the early twentieth century and in the period post-2000 shows remarkable continuities in corporate community interventions. It demonstrates how contemporary participatory practices have partly replaced techniques of discipline and coercion seen in the colonial past. However, the discourse of ownership and participation runs alongside exclusionary forms of exercising power that have an old history. The liberal claim of self-determination is compromised by the recourse to indirect rule in order to secure stable working conditions.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Die Umsetzung des völkerrechtlichen Aggressionsverbrechens in das deutsche Recht im Lichte von Art. 26 Abs. 1 GG

Cover: DÖV 65 (12)

Heike Krieger

Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag | 2012

Erschienen in: DÖV - Die Öffentliche Verwaltung, (65) 12, 449-457.

DÖV - Die Öffentliche Verwaltung

Nachdem sich die Vertragsstaaten des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs auf der Überprüfungskonferenz von Kampala im Juni 2010 sowohl über eine Definition des Aggressionsverbrechens als auch über Regelungen zur Ausübung der Gerichtsbarkeit durch den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof geeinigt haben, steht die Bundesrepublik nun vor der Frage, ob und wie sie die völkerrechtlichen Vorgaben für den Tatbestand des Aggressionsverbrechens in das nationale Strafrecht umsetzen soll. Die Gestaltungsoptionen des Gesetzgebers werden dabei auch von Art. 26 Abs. 1 GG bestimmt, der einen einschlägigen verfassungsrechtlichen Gesetzgebungsauftrag enthält. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht der Beitrag die verfassungsrechtliche Norm im Lichte neuerer Völkerrechtsentwicklungen, um hieraus Schlussfolgerungen für die gesetzgeberischen Gestaltungsoptionen zu ziehen.

Thema: Europa, Staat, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Risse_Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Oxford Handbook of Governance, 699-715.

Oxford Handbooks

This article evaluates the form of governance in areas with limited statehood. It explains that areas of limited statehood are those that lack the capacity to implement and enforce central decisions and/or a monopoly on the use of force. The article shows that it is possible to observe governance and the provision of collective goods even under conditions of limited statehood, and discusses conceptual issues which arise when governance is applied to areas of limited statehood. It also highlights the Western and Eurocentric bias of contemporary social science notions of statehood and governance.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

The Transformative Power of Europe: The European Union and the Diffusion of Ideas

WorkingPaperKFG_1

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe" | 2012

Erschienen in: Kolleg-Foschergruppe Transformative Power of Europe, Working Paper No. 1.

FU Berlin

This paper sets out the research agenda of the Kolleg-Forschergruppe “The Transformative Power of Europe. The European Union and the Diffusion of Ideas”. The diffusion of ideas has become a central research theme in political science, sociology, law, history, and economics. In this context, the KollegForschergruppe focuses on the theoretical and methodological challenges of identifying scope conditions for and interaction effects between the various causal mechanisms by which ideas are spread across time and space. We concentrate on the European Union (EU) as an almost ideal laboratory for investigating processes and outcomes of diffusion. First, European integration itself can be described as an effort to promote the diffusion of ideas across Europe and beyond. Second, European societies and polities emulate each other through mimetic processes. Third, Europe and the EU also serve as active promoters of diffusion processes toward the outside world. Last not least, European integration is embedded in and responds to larger global diffusion processes. The Kolleg-Forschergruppe will explore the diffusion of ideas in three thematic areas: “identity and the public sphere,” “compliance, conditionality, and beyond,” and “comparative regionalism and Europe’s external relations”.

Thema: Europa, Teilprojekt A1

Zum Begriff politischer Legitimität

Cover: Der Aufstieg der Legitimitätspolitik

Cord Schmelzle

Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Geis, Anna/Nullmeier, Frank/Daase, Christopher (eds.): Der Aufstieg der Legitimitätspolitik. Rechtfertigung und Kritik politisch-ökonomischer Ordnungen, Special Issue of Leviathan, No. 27, 419-435.

Nomos Shop

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Militärische Interventionen, 'failed states', 'Schurkenstaaten

Cover: 'Menschenrechte: Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch'

Cord Schmelzle

Stuttgart: Metzler | 2012

Erschienen in: Lohmann, Georg/Pollmann, Arnd (eds.): Menschenrechte. Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch, 410-417.

Volltext: Academia

Thema: Staat, Menschenrechte, bewaffneter Konflikt, Intervention, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B9

Conclusion: Do All Roads Lead to Regionalism

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel

Aldershot: Ashgate | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Aldershot: Ashgate, 255-267.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Staat, Teilprojekt B2

Heimatdiskurs. Wie die Auslandseinsätze der Bundeswehr Deutschland verändern

Cover: Heimatdiskurs

Michael Daxner, Hannah Neumann

Bielefeld: transcript | 2012

transcript

Erst Kosovo, dann Afghanistan – deutsche Soldaten sind im Ausland stationiert, Deutschland ist wieder im Krieg. Die Einsätze verändern nicht nur die Rolle Deutschlands in der Weltpolitik, sondern vor allem die Wahrnehmung der Nation von sich selbst. Die Auseinandersetzung mit den Anderen – vor allem den Afghanen und Terroristen, aber auch mit den Heimkehrern, den Gefallenen und den Traumatisierten – ist immer auch eine Auseinandersetzung mit der eigenen Identität. Die Beiträge dieses Buches liefern eine beispielhafte Analyse des Heimatdiskurses in Deutschland zwischen 2000 und 2012.

Thema: Afghanistan, Deutschland, Heimatdiskurs, Teilprojekt C9

Procedural Rules for the Implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: A Public International Law Perspective

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Frankfurt/Main: German Law Journal | 2012

Erschienen in: German Law Journal, 13 (1), 51-85.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

La autonomía de los pueblos indígenas de Costa Rica. Una contrastación del estándar internacional con la legislación nacional y su implementación

Cover: Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Heredia: Universidad Nacional, Instituto de Estudios Latinoamericanos | 2012

Erschienen in: Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos, 23 (1), 145-185.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Transnational Public-Private Partnerships

biermann_ global environmental governance

Sabine Campe, Marco Schäferhoff, Karin Bäckstrand,Sander Chan, Aysem Mert

Cambridge: MIT University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Biermann, Frank/Pattberg, Philipp (eds.): Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, 123-147.

Verlag MIT Press Ebooks

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Preface

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Tanja A. Börzel, Katrin Böttger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 9-12.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Conclusion: The Power to Transform Lies in the Detail

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Tanja A. Börzel, Katrin Böttger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 163-172.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Roads to Regionalism: Concepts and Cases

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Lukas Goltermann, Mathis Lohaus, Kai Striebinger, Alexander Spielau

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 3-24.

Samples Sainsburys Ebooks

This chapter provides an introduction into the analysis of the establishment, design, and effects of regional organizations.

Thema: Regionalismus, Teilprojekt B2

Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Tanja A. Börzel, Katrin Böttger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Europäische Schriften, Bd. 93.

Nomos Elibrary

Die sieben Beiträge des Sammelbands analysieren den Einfluss der Europäischen Union auf den Politikwandel in den Staaten der Erweiterungs- und Nachbarschaftspolitik in Südosteuropa, der Türkei, Osteuropa, dem Südkaukasus und dem südlichen Mittelmeerraum. Sie entwickeln kurz-, mittel- und langfristige Politikempfehlungen dazu, wie die Europäische Union ihre Unterstützung der Reformprozesse in politischen, gesellschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Fragen verbessern kann. Hierbei befassen sie sich mit den Politikfeldern Demokratieförderung, Umweltpolitik, Visaerleichterungsabkommen, regulatorische Konvergenz zum Binnenmarkt, Schutz von Minderheiten, Dezentralisierung zur Konfliktbewältigung und der Rolle von Zivilgesellschaft in diesen Reformprozessen. Insgesamt kommen die Autorinnen zu dem Ergebnis, dass die EU ihre Politiken zielgruppenorientierter gestalten und den Kreis der Akteure auf nichtstaatliche Gruppen ausdehnen sollte.

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

When Pigs Fly: ECOWAS and the Protection of Constitutional Order in Events of Coups d’État

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Kai Striebinger

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, 179-198.

Verlag Routledge

The chapter looks at the decision-making process in ECOWAS and asks under what conditions the regional organization intervenes in order to protect constitutional order in its member states. Finding that neither domestic nor international pressure is constitutive for such an action, he concludes that depending on the type of intervention a high democratic identity or a strong hegemonic interest are sufficient conditions for such an action.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Teilprojekt B2

Public Security in the Negotiated State

Public Security in the Negotiated State

Markus-Michael Müller

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2011-12-15

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

This book seeks to overcome the lack of theoretically informed empirical studies on policing and state-society relations in areas of limited statehood. By drawing on in-depth field research in Mexico City, Markus-Michael Müller offers an insightful analysis of the negotiated character of the Mexican state and its impact on policing. Despite the resulting un-public nature of Mexican policing, he demonstrates that Mexico City residents do not abandon the state as a security provider but continue to turn to the state, in a variety of formal and informal ways and even have normative expectations regarding state-centred security provision. By putting these findings in perspective with other related cases in Latin America, Africa and Asia, the author provides a new cutting-edge perspective on the material and symbolic relevance of the state in areas of limited statehood.

Thema: Policing, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Recht

Cover: Politische Theorie. 25 umkämpfte Begriffe

Matthias Kötter

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag | 2011-12-02

Erschienen in: Gerhard Göhler/Matthias Iser/Ina Kerner (eds.): Politische Theorie. 25 umkämpfte Begriffe, 2. aktualisierte und erweiterte Ausgabe, 307-323.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Good Governance and Bad Neighbours? The Limits of the Transformative Power Europe

WorkingPaperKFG_28

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe" | 2011-12

Erschienen in: KFG Working Paper Series, No. 35, Research College (Kolleg-Forschergruppe) "The Transformative Power of Europe", Berlin.

Volltext Userpage FU Berlin

The EU’s Eastern Enlargement is considered to be one of the (few) successful experiments of promoting good – both effective and legitimate – governance. By contrast, the EU’s transformative power appears to be weak or non-existent vis-à-vis its (old) neighbors in the South and its (new) neighbors in the East. Both are not only marked by ‘bad governance’ but also lack a (credible) membership perspective. While the Western Balkans and Turkey have made significant progress towards good governance, both with regard to government effectiveness and democratic legitimacy, the European Neighborhood Countries (ENCs) appear to be stuck in transition or never got that far in the first place. Even when the effectiveness of their governance institutions has improved, they remain well behind the other regions and especially their democratic legitimacy is still wanting or even in decline. The paper shows that there is a correlation between an EU membership perspective and the successful transformation of neighboring countries. Therefore, it has been argued that the ineffectiveness of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is due to the lack of this ‘golden carrot’. However, we argue that the prospects of EU membership stabilizes rather than drives the move towards effective and legitimate governance in candidate countries. Thus, a membership perspective is unlikely to either turn around negative or speed up positive developments in the EU’s neighborhood. Even if the ENCs received a membership perspective, it would be unlikely to push them significantly towards democratic and effective governance as long as there is no endogenously driven process of change. Given the EU’s preference for stability and state-building, the ENP does not provide an alternative for promoting good governance either. The ENP clearly lacks transformative power and where it might have some domestic impact, it risks consolidating rather than undermining authoritarian regimes by helping to strengthen their capacities for effective governance.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Gender in Transitional Justice

Gender in Transitional Justice

Susanne Buckley-Zistel, Ruth Stanley

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2011-11-30

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

In this original collection of articles, the editors for the first time bring together scholars from various disciplines to explore the gender politics of transitional justice. Based on empirical research, the volume explores strategies and measures of dealing with the legacy of massive human rights abuses from various gender perspectives including retributive and gender justice, the potentials and limits of agency, and the correlation between transitional justice and social change for women and men. Analysing how countries like Rwanda, South Africa, Cambodia, East Timor, Columbia, Chile and Germany come to terms with their violent pasts, the authors take a broader view on the gendered impact of transitional justice by incorporating, yet going beyond, a focus on sexualised violence against women. They investigate other expressions of gendered injustices, such as structural inequalities, the analysis of masculinities and the rights of sexual minorities.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Internationale Organisationen/Staat, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Teilprojekt C3

Local Climate Governance in China: Hybrid Actors and Market Mechanisms

Local Climate Governance in China

Miriam Schröder

Palgrave Macmillan | 2011-11-08

Erschienen in: International Political Economy Series

Palgrave Macmillan

Climate change and China have become the buzz words in the effort to fight global warming. China has now become the world's leading host country for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), a mechanism to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This surprising success story reveals how market mechanisms work out well even in countries with economies in transition and market actors that are public-private hybrids. Miriam Schröder analyzes how local semi-public agencies have performed in the diffusion process for spreading knowledge and capacity for CDM. Based on extensive research of four provincial CDM centers, she discloses how these agencies contributed to kick-starting the local Chinese carbon market. Findings reveal that the CDM center approach is a recommendable, but improvable model for other countries in need for local CDM capacity development. It is also shown that hybrid actors in emerging economies like China need to improve their accountability if they are indeed to contribute to public goods provision for environmental governance.

Thema: China, Nachhaltigkeit, Staat, Aneignung, Teilprojekt D3

Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit

Wozu Staat Cover

Marianne Beisheim, Tanja A. Börzel, Philipp Genschel, Bernhard Zangl (Hrsg.)

Nomos Verlag | 2011-11

Nomos Verlag

Aufbauend auf den Arbeiten der Bremer und Berliner Sonderforschungsbereiche fragt der Band, was der Staat in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit zu effektiver und legitimer Governance beiträgt: Welche Governance-Leistungen erbringt er in den Politikfeldern Sicherheit, Gesundheit, Umwelt und Finanzmärkte? Welche Governance-Beiträge kommen von nicht-staatlichen Akteuren? Welche Beziehungs- und Konfliktmuster dominieren? Der Band zeigt, erstens, dass der Staat in keinem der untersuchten Fälle das Governance-Monopol hält, sondern immer auch nicht-staatliche Akteure Governance-Funktionen ausüben. Zweitens finden wir ausgeprägte Unterschiede zwischen den Räumen: Während sich in Räumen konsolidierter Staatlichkeit tendenziell eine vom Staat moderierte Arbeitsteilung mit nicht-staatlichen Governance-Akteuren einstellt, ist das Verhältnis in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit durch Konkurrenz und fehlende Hierarchie gekennzeichnet. Drittens unterscheidet sich das Zusammenspiel staatlicher und nicht-staatlicher Akteure kaum zwischen Politikfeldern. Die Analyse mündet in der Unterscheidung von vier idealtypischen Governance-Konstellationen staatlicher und nicht-staatlicher Akteure. Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Band 16.

Thema: Staat, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt B2

Governance Without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Governance without a state? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse (Hrsg.)

Columbia University Press | 2011-10

Columbia University Press

Governance discourse centers on an “ideal type” of modern statehood that exhibits full internal and external sovereignty and a legitimate monopoly on the use of force. Yet modern statehood is an anomaly, both historically and within the contemporary international system, while the condition of “limited statehood,” wherein countries lack the capacity to implement central decisions and monopolize force, is the norm. Limited statehood, argue the authors in this provocative collection, is in fact a fundamental form of governance, immune to the forces of economic and political modernization. Challenging common assumptions about sovereign states and the evolution of modern statehood, particularly the dominant paradigms supported by international relations theorists, development agencies, and international organizations, this volume explores strategies for effective and legitimate governance within a framework of weak and ineffective state institutions. Approaching the problem from the perspectives of political science, history, and law, contributors explore the factors that contribute to successful governance under conditions of limited statehood. These include the involvement of nonstate actors and nonhierarchical modes of political influence. Empirical chapters analyze security governance by nonstate actors, the contribution of public-private partnerships to promote the United Nations Millennium Goals, the role of business in environmental governance, and the problems of Western state-building efforts, among other issues. Recognizing these forms of governance as legitimate, the contributors clarify the complexities of a system the developed world must negotiate in the coming century.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Public Private Partnerships in Global Food Governance: Business Engagement and Legitimacy in the Global Fight against Hunger and Malnutrition

kaan_liese_agriculture and human values 2011 _ 28 3

Christopher Kaan, Andrea Liese

Dordrecht: Proquest | 2011-09

Erschienen in: Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3), 385-399.

Springer Link

This article compares two transnational public–private partnerships against hunger and malnutrition, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and the International Alliance Against Hunger with regard to their degree of business involvement and their input and output legimacy. We examine the participation of stakeholders, the accountability and transparency of the decision-making process, and the perceived provision of a public good. We identify a link between business involvement and output legitimacy, and we discuss the implications for public and private food governance.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Der Mensch als Ware. Konzepte und Handlungsansätze zur Bekämpfung des globalen Menschenhandels

maihold_der mensch als ware swp_studie 24

Günther Maihold

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2011-09

Erschienen in: SWP Studie, No. 24, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.

Volltext SWP Berlin

Jedes Jahr geraten Tausende von Frauen, Kindern und Männern in die Fänge von Menschenhändlern. Sie werden zu Opfern sexueller Ausbeutung, von Zwangsarbeit, Leibeigenschaft, Organhandel, Zwangsehen, illegaler Adoption, werden als Kindersoldaten rekrutiert oder zu kriminellen Aktivitäten gezwungen. Der Menschenhandel ist kein neuartiges Phänomen. Die zunehmende Sorge um die enge Verflechtung zwischen ihm und anderen kriminellen Aktivitäten wie Geldwäsche oder Drogenhandel rückte ihn jedoch wieder in den Blickpunkt staatlichen Interesses. Da zahlreiche kriminelle Erscheinungen unter den Titel »Menschenhandel« fallen, sind die Strategien zu ihrer Bekämpfung sehr unterschiedlich. Den beiden Hauptausprägungen des Menschenhandels, sexueller Ausbeutung und Zwangsarbeit, gilt das zentrale Interesse der Politik. Sie stehen auch im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie.

Thema: Globale Kriminalität, Gewaltakteure, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

When Europeanization Hits Limited Statehood: The Western Balkans as a Test Case for the Tranformative Power of Europe

WorkingPaperKFG_30

Tanja A. Börzel

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe" | 2011-09

Erschienen in: KFG Working Paper No. 30, Research College (Kolleg-Forschergruppe) "The Transformative Power of Europe", Berlin.

Volltext Userpage Fu Berlin

The EU seeks to transform the domestic structures of the Western Balkan countries in order to foster peace, stability and prosperity in the region ridden by war and ethnic conflict. Unlike in case of the Mediterranean and Newly Independent States, the EU has even offered its South Eastern European neighbors a membership perspective. Whether the “golden carrot” is big enough, however, to draw the Western Balkans closer to Europe, is still an open question. Croatia has made sufficient progress to successfully conclude accession negotiations in the years to come. The EU rewarded domestic reforms in Macedonia and Montenegro with granting them candidate status, which Serbia is likely to receive in the near future. Albania, by contrast, appears to be more reluctant to engage in the changes necessary to get even with Macedonia and Montenegro. Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo, finally, are seriously lagging behind and have not even applied for membership. Can Europeanization approaches account for the differential impact of the EU in the Western Balkans? The paper argues that problems of limited statehood have seriously curbed the transformative power of the EU in the Western Balkans - despite their membership perspective. Not only has the EU exerted less pressure for adaptation on Western Balkan governments. Weak state capacities and ethnic conflicts have reduced both their willingness and capacity to implement the acquis communautaire. Given its lack of experience in state building, the EU is ill-equipped to address these problems. This results in a serious dilemma. On the one hand, the EU has offered the Western Balkans a membership perspective to stabilize the region and overcome problems caused by weak and contested statehood. On the other hand, it is the limited statehood of Western Balkan countries, which undermines their compliance with EU norms and rules.

Thema: Westbalkan, Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B2

Crimen organizado y seguridad en América Latina

maihold_politica exterior 143

Günther Maihold

Madrid: Estudios de Política Exterior | 2011-09

Erschienen in: Política Exterior 143, 92-100.

Volltext Politica Exterior

La capacidad del narcotráfico para atravesar fronteras y diversificar su actividad ha creado un problema transnacional imposible de abordar con políticas nacionales. El crimen organizado sobrevive también debido a su enquistamiento en las estructuras del Estado. Transcurrida una década desde el 11 de septiembre de 2001 se puede constatar un cambio en la percepción de las amenazas en América Latina. Mientras en el momento de los atentados existía la preocupación por un posible acto terrorista en o desde la región latinoamericana, hoy esa idea se ha desvanecido, y ha surgido el temor más cierto a que el crimen organizado se conviertan en una amenaza real para los Estados de la región. En muchos de ellos, las instituciones y el monopolio de la violencia por parte del Estado se encuentran minados por la corrupción de funcionarios y estructuras paralelas de poder.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Traditionelle Gerichte und staatliches Recht

WZB Mittteilungen 133

Matthias Kötter

Berlin: WZB | 2011-09

Erschienen in: WZB-Mitteilungen, No. 133, 44-46.

Volltext beim WZB

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

International Legal and Moral Standards of Good Governance in Fragile States

Governance without a state? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Bernd Ladwig, Beate Rudolf

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011-08-26

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 199-231.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Comparative Regionalism: A New Research Area

WorkingPaperKFG_28

Tanja A. Börzel

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe" | 2011-08

Erschienen in: KFG Working Paper No. 28, Research College (Kolleg-Forschergruppe) "The Transformative Power of Europe", Berlin.

Volltext Userpage Fu Berlin

After the end of the Cold War, students of International Relations observed an expansion of inter-state activities at the regional level. Regional and sub-regional groupings appeared to gain momentum as the way in which countries cooperate and should cooperate to pursue peace, stability, wealth and social justice. The surge and resurgence of regionalism has triggered the proliferation of concepts and approaches. The focus of this paper will be on processes and structures of state-led regionalism driven by the delegation of policies and political authority to regional institutions. Based on this understanding of regionalism, the existing literature will be reviewed with regard to three general questions. These questions do not only require research across regions but also allow developing a common research agenda to accumulate knowledge generated about specific regions. First, what are the outcomes of regionalism? How can we describe and compare the results of the delegation of policies and political authority? Second, what are the drivers of regionalism? Why do some governments choose to delegate policies and political authority while others do not? Finally, what are the internal effects of regionalism? How does the delegation of policies and political authority impact back on the domestic structures of the states involved?

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

Protests in Jordan. Rumblings in the Kingdom of Dialogue

Protest in Jordan

Malika Bouziane, Katharina Lenner

Berlin: Arbeitsstelle Politik des Vorderen Orients | 2011-07

Erschienen in: Protests, Revolutions and Transformations: The Arab World in a Period of Upheaval, Working Paper No. 1, Berlin, 148-165.

Polsos FU Berlin

Malika Bouziane and Katharina Lenner look at the historical trajectory of strategies of rule and contestation in Jordan, aiming to trace actual changes and continuities. They argue that one can currently witness a new dynamic of contestation, which simultaneously challenges but also reinforces established mechanisms of rule. The recent ‘24th of March’ coalition constitutes an attempt to form a broad coalition for political and economic reforms, transcending potential divides between different population groups. This effort, however, has been undermined by a resurgence of divide-and-rule strategies. Moreover, the authors observe a return to personalized forms of monarchical rule and accommodation, which marks a significant shift from the detached neoliberal ‘reform orientation’ of the last ten years. Those reactions, in addition to other established mechanisms of accommodation and containment point to a strategic reorientation in the face of the current crisis. While they currently contribute to a widespread notion that there is no alternative to the Hashemite monarchy, emerging dynamics also challenge previous modes of governance. Based on those observations, the authors question the established account of monarchical flexibility and, thus, stability.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B6

Partnerships for Development and the Provision of Water and Sanitation: Conditions and Limits

beisheim_janetschek_Sarre _ SWP Comments

Marianne Beisheim, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2011-07

Erschienen in: SWP-Comments, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin.

Volltext SWP Berlin

During World Water Week in August 2011 - entitled »Water in an Urbanizing World« - UN agencies, experts, and donors will once more be promoting transnational public-private partnerships as a promising and innovative instrument for the effective provision of water and sanitation. In reality, however, many of them turn out to have deficiencies; some are even outright failures. There are specific conditions for success, and there are limits to these partnerships when used in difficult settings or for complex tasks. If the UN wants its partnerships to effectively contribute toward the realization of the Millennium Development Goals or other international goals, it needs to monitor and assess them in a more systematic manner. The Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012 is a chance to initiate the necessary reforms.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Wem gehört der marokkanische Wandel? Eine Analyse des umkämpften politischen Felds in Marokko

Hoffmann_ WP _ Protest in Jordan

Anja Hoffmann

Berlin: Arbeitsstelle Politik des Vorderen Orients | 2011-07

Erschienen in: Protests, Revolutions and Transformations: The Arab World in a Period of Upheaval, Working Paper No. 1, Berlin, 92-109.

polsoz.fu-berlin.de

Anja Hoffmann analysiert die aktuellen Ereignisse in Marokko. Wenn am 20. Februar tausende MarokkanerInnen „gegen den Absolutismus“ und für mehr politische Rechte protestieren, dann stellt dies eine diskursive Zäsur dar, die sich ohne die Ereignisse in Tunesien und Ägypten wohl kaum zu diesem Zeitpunkt ereignet hätte. Diese Hintergrundanalyse zu der aktuellen Situation in Marokko betont die historische Kontinuität der Infragestellung der Herrschaftsverhältnisse und unterstreicht damit, dass das politische Feld immer schon ein komplexer Aushandlungsprozess war. Des Weiteren analysiert der Artikel die Reaktionen des Regimes auf den geforderten Wandel und argumentiert, dass die Verfassungsreform keinesfalls als politischer Bruch, sondern als Kontinuum einer Strategie der diskursiven Vereinnahmung zu verstehen sei. Drittens beschreibt der Text die aktuellen Umbrüche und zeigt, wie sich Diskurse ändern, und die Grenzen dessen, was das Regime an Kritik toleriert, stetig verschärft getestet werden. Die Analyse schließt mit der These, dass die Grundfesten des marokkanischen Gesellschaftsvertrages diskursiv erschüttert sind.

Thema: MENA – Region, Staatlichkeit, Vertrauen, Lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B6

Die Umbrüche in der arabischen Welt. Zwischen Revolution und Restauration

Harders_ WP _ Protest in Jordan

Cilja Harders

Berlin: Arbeitsstelle Politik des Vorderen Orients | 2011-07

Erschienen in: Protests, Revolutions and Transformations: The Arab World in a Period of Upheaval, Working Paper No. 1, Berlin, 10-37.

polsoz.fu-berlin.de

Cilja Harders diskutiert in ihrem Beitrag die arabischen Proteste als Reaktion auf die Krise des autoritären Sozialvertrags. Die schon seit Jahren beobachtbare „Transformation ohne Transition“ einschließlich der damit verbundenen Adaptionsstrategien kommen an ihr Ende. Der Schwerpunkt der Analyse liegt auf Ägypten mit einigen kursorisch-vergleichenden Ausflügen in die Region. Der im Text entwickelte analytische Rahmen verknüpft Strukturfaktoren, Akteurskonstellationen und situative Dynamik, um so ein gleichermaßen systematisches wie komplexes Bild von Ursachen und Wirkungen der Umbrüche zu zeichnen. Dies wird mit systematisierenden Beobachtungen zu den Besonderheiten der Proteste verbunden, um so einen vergleichenden Blick zu ermöglichen.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B6

Der Rechtsstaat unter den Bedingungen informaler Staatlichkeit: Beobachtungen und Überlegungen zum Verhältnis formeller und informeller Institutionen

Der Rechtsstaat unter den Bedingungen informaler Staatlichkeit

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Nomos | 2011-06-09

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

In der gegenwärtigen Diskussion über die zentrale Bedeutung von Rechtsstaatlichkeit für legitime Herrschaftsausübung – Gewährleistung von Rechtssicherheit, Unabhängigkeit der Gerichte, gleiche Rechtsanwendung ohne Ansehung der Person – wird die Frage nach den Funktionsbedingungen (westlicher) Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen häufig vernachlässigt. Kann Rechtsstaatlichkeit funktionieren, wenn die das jeweilige politische System prägenden Spielregeln – die „rules of the game“ – informaler Natur sind, wie etwa die informalen Tauschregeln von Korruption und Klientelismus? Um diese Frage beantworten zu können, bedarf es einer Vergewisserung über das Verhältnis formaler und informaler Institutionen (Regeln): Ergänzen sie einander, koexistieren sie friedlich oder widersprechen sie einander mit der Folge, dass ein Regelungstyp sich auf Kosten des anderen durchsetzt? Vielfältige Beobachtungen geben Anlass zu der Befürchtung, dass der Rechtsstaat nur auf dem Papier steht, auf dem Verfassungen gedruckt werden, wenn das tatsächliche Verhalten der Akteure von informalen Regeln bestimmt wird.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

State-Building: Erfolg und Scheitern in Afghanistan

Kipping: State-Building

Martin Kipping

Nomos | 2011-05-25

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos Verlag

State-building im Sinne externer Interventionen zur Stärkung fragiler Staaten ist zu einer zentralen Herausforderung der internationalen Politik geworden. In Deutschland zeigt sich dies insbesondere an der Afghanistan-Debatte. Umso überraschender ist es, dass bislang noch kein Vergleich der US-geführten Afghanistan-Intervention mit der sowjetischen Afghanistan-Intervention aus der Perspektive des state-building vorgenommen wurde – trotz der strukturellen Ähnlichkeiten. Mit der Zielsetzung, die Erfolgsbedingungen von state-building systematischer zu ergründen, untersucht Martin Kipping die sowjetischen und die US-geführten state-building Bemühungen in Afghanistan in drei zentralen Bereichen: im Sicherheitssektor, im Fiskalwesen und im Bereich der Herrschaftslegitimation. Fragen des „sequencing“ von Interventionen und des sogenannten „ownership“ der lokalen Akteure stehen dabei im Mittelpunkt der Analyse. Die Untersuchung zeigt Ursachen für Misserfolge aber auch Erfolge beider Interventionen in den drei untersuchten Bereichen auf. Im Fazit formuliert der Autor Empfehlungen für die weitere state-building Forschung sowie mögliche operative Konsequenzen.

Alles Governance oder was?

Alles Governance oder was?

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Nomos | 2011-04-28

Erschienen in: Schriften des Münchner Centrums für Governance-Forschung

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Der Governancebegriff hat eine steile Karriere hinter sich und manche werden sich fragen, ob sie weiterhin anhält. Dies ist Anlass genug, die Leistungsfähigkeit des Governance-Konzepts zu hinterfragen. Dazu will diese Schrift einen kleinen Beitrag leisten, indem insgesamt sieben Funktionen des Governance-Konzepts auf den Prüfstand gestellt werden. Im Ergebnis weist Gunnar Folke Schuppert dem Governance-Begriff als sozialwissenschaftlichem Schlüsselbegriff vor allem dreierlei Funktionen zu: er markiert einen deutlichen Perspektivenwechsel von Steuerung zu Governance und eine Perspektivenerweiterung der Akteurszentriertheit um die institutionalistische Dimension, er kann sich in die allgemeinere Diskussion über „Wandel von Staatlichkeit“ insofern fruchtbar einbringen, als er diese Debatte konkretisiert und als Diskussion über „changes in governance“ handhabbarer macht und er enthält eine dynamische Perspektive – Governance als Prozess – und vermag dadurch Veränderungsprozesse positiv zu benennen sowie der notwendigen Diskussion über „accountability“ und Legitimation neue Aspekte hinzuzufügen.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Debt Restructuring Delays: Measurement and Stylized Facts

Cover: Sovereign Debt. From Safety to Default

Christoph Trebesch

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2011-04

Erschienen in: Kolb, Robert W. (ed.): Sovereign Debt: From Safety to Default, 169-177.

Europeanization Subverted? The EU’s Promotion of Good Governance and the Fight against Corruption in the Southern Caucasus

WorkingPaperKFG_28

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk

Berlin: Freie Univ. Berlin, Kolleg-Forschergruppe "The Transformative Power of Europe" | 2011-04

Erschienen in: KFG Working Paper No. 26, Research College (Kolleg-Forschergruppe) "The Transformative Power of Europe", Berlin.

Volltext Userpage FU Berlin

In order to foster peace, stability and prosperity in its near abroad, the European Union has invoked the European Neighbourhood Policy that seeks to transform the domestic structures of the Newly Independent States in the post-Soviet space thus building a “ring of friends” that share European norms and principles of democracy, rule of the law, market economy, and good governance. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that the EU’s capacity to hit across its borders and to realize its reform agenda seems limited. Moreover, most neighborhood countries appear to be stuck in transition and suffer from serious problems of both weak state capacity and defect democracy. Hence, EU efforts may also bear the danger of unintended and negative effects on the domestic structures of states, as its policies and institutions do not only empower liberal reform coalitions, to the extent that they exist in the first place, but can also bolster the power of incumbent authoritarian and corrupt elites. This paper intends to capture this “dark side of Europeanization” (Schimmelfennig 2007). It thus conceptualizes ENP as a political opportunity structure that provides opportunities and constraints to both supporters and opponents of the European Union’s reform agenda. Which of the two ultimately get empowered depends not only on the EU’s capacity to push for reforms but also on the pull of domestic actors.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Corporate Governance zwischen staatlicher Gesetzgebung und gesellschaftlicher Selbstregulierung

Cover: Corporate Governance im Wandel

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Hamburg: Bucerius Law School | 2011-03-24

Erschienen in: Müller, Klaus Peter/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke (eds.): Corporate Governance im Wandel. Vorträge des Instituts für Unternehmens- und Kapitalmarktrecht, Vol. 2, 17-38.

Institut für Unternehmens- und ...

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Corporate Governance im Wandel

Cover: Corporate Governance im Wandel

Gunnar Folke Schuppert, Klaus-Peter Müller

Hamburg: Bucerius Law School | 2011-03-24

Erschienen in: Vorträge des Instituts für Unternehmens- und Kapitalmarktrecht, Band 2.

Institut für Unternehmens- und ...

Band 2 der Vorträge des Instituts für Unternehmens- und Kapitalmarktrecht enthält zwei Beträge aus einer gemeinsamen Vortragsveranstaltung des Commerzbank-Stiftungslehrstuhls Grundlagen des Rechts und des Instituts für Unternehmens- und Kapitalmarktrecht der Bucerius Law School. Der erste Beitrag "Entwicklung der Corporate Governance durch Kodex und Gesetzgebung" von Klaus-Peter Müller beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, ob der Kodex den an ihn gestellten Erwartungen gerecht geworden ist und welchen Herausforderungen sich die mit der Entwicklung des Kodex betraute Kommission in Zukunft stellen muss. Der zweite Beitrag "Corporate Governance zwischen staatlicher Gesetzgebung und gesellschaftlicher Selbstregulierung" von Professor Dr. Gunnar Folke Schuppert befasst sich mit den verschiedenen Regelungsinstrumenten im Bereich der Corporate Governance.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Das arabische "1989"

Harders Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik

Cilja Harders

Berlin: Blätter Verlagsgesellschaft | 2011-03

Erschienen in: Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik, No. 3, 46-49

Blätter für deutsche und ...

Die anhaltenden Demonstrationen in der arabischen Welt haben die Region bereits heute grundlegend verändert, wenn auch die weiteren Entwicklungen derzeit noch nicht absehbar sind. Die „Blätter“ diskutieren Chancen und Risiken der Bewegung in den am stärksten betroffenen Ländern. Zunächst vermittelt Mohammed Bamyeh einen unmittelbaren Eindruck der Proteste in Kairo (Übersetzung aus dem Englischen: Katrin Sieg). Anschließend analysiert Cilja Harders die Hintergründe der ägyptischen Demokratiebewegung, bevor Werner Ruf den Blick auf die Ursprünge der Revolution in Tunesien richtet und nach deren möglicher Ausbreitung in andere Maghreb-Staaten fragt.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B6

Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea: The Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden

Geiß, Petrig: Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea

Robin Geiß, Anna Petrig

Oxford University Press | 2011-02-24

Oxford University Press

Since 2008 increasing pirate activities in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden, and the Indian Ocean have once again drawn the international community's attention to piracy and armed robbery at sea. States are resolved to repress these impediments to the free flow of trade and navigation. To this end a number of multinational counter-piracy missions have been deployed to the region. This book describes the enforcement powers that States may rely upon in their quest to repress piracy in the larger Gulf of Aden region. The piracy rules of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the legal safeguards applicable to maritime interception operations are scrutinized before the analysis turns to the criminal prosecution of pirates and armed robbers at sea. The discussion includes so-called shiprider agreements, the transfers of alleged offenders to regional states, the jurisdictional bases for prosecuting pirates, and the feasibility of an internationalized venue for their trial. In addressing a range of relevant issues, this book presents a detailed and comprehensive up-to-date analysis of the legal issues pertaining to the repression of piracy and armed robbery at sea and assesses whether the currently existing legal regime is still adequate to effectively counter piracy in the 21st century.

Thema: Teilprojekt C11

Governance und Rechtsetzung: Grundfragen einer modernen Regelungswissenschaft

Governance und Rechtsetzung

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Nomos | 2011-02-07

Erschienen in: Schriften zur Governance-Forschung

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Die tradierte deutsche Gesetzgebungslehre kann, wie immer man ihre Leistungen ansonsten beurteilt, die gewaltigen Veränderungen ihres Gegenstandes in neuerer Zeit nicht mehr angemessen erfassen. Ein verändertes staatliches Aufgabenverständnis hat die Privatisierung und Hybridisierung der Normierung befördert, Europäisierung und Internationalisierung haben neue Formen nichtstaatlicher Rechtsetzung durch regulierte Selbstregulierung, Standardisierung, Codes of Conduct und andere Formen von sogenanntem „soft law“ entstehen lassen. Staat und Recht sind in vielen Bereichen graduell entkoppelt. Diese Veränderungen sind gleichwohl für ein zeitgemäßes Verständnis des Rechts als Steuerungsinstrument von höchstem Interesse. Sie können konzeptionell nur auf der Basis einer Regelungswissenschaft eingefangen werden, die juristische, sozialwissenschaftliche und Governance-Perspektive vereint. Folke Schuppert verdeutlicht an ausgewählten Referenzgebieten – wie der kooperativen Rechtsetzung, der privaten Standardisierung oder der transnationalen Regulierung – die Erkenntnisinteressen, die Leistungsfähigkeit und die Methodik einer solchen Regelungswissenschaft.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Regieren an der Peripherie: Amerika zwischen Kolonien und unabhängigen Republiken

Rinke et al.: Regieren an der Peripherie

Stefan Rinke, Mónika Contreras Saiz, Lasse Hölck

Stuttgart: Heinz Verlag | 2011-01-20

Begrenzte Staatlichkeit ist eine Konstante in der Geschichte Lateinamerikas von der Kolonialzeit bis in die Gegenwart. Insbesondere in den kulturell heterogenen Grenzregionen bestimmten externe und interne Herrschaftsdefizite die Regierungsweisen der Kolonialreiche und späteren Republiken und machten die Suche nach Alternativen zur hoheitlichen Steuerung über hierarchische Strukturen notwendig. Die in diesem Band versammelten Beiträge untersuchen anhand von Fallbeispielen die spezifischen Probleme und Möglichkeiten des Regierens in der lateinamerikanischen Peripherie und decken dabei einen Zeitraum ab, der von der vorspanischen Zeit bis in die erste Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts reicht.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Staat, State-Building, Transfer, Teilprojekt C5, Teilprojekt D9

Las revoluciones en América Latina: Las vías a la independencia 1760-1830

Rinke: Las revoluciones en América Latina

Stefan Rinke

El Colegio de México | 2011-01-01

About 200 years ago, Latin America fought for and won its independence from the European colonial powers, Spain, Portugal, and France. From the slave revolution in Haiti and the protracted wars of independence in Spanish America up until Brazil’s peaceful emancipation, this volume recounts the history of Latin America at a central turning point in its Atlantic connections. Organized chronologically, it describes the continent’s political upheavals and decisive military battles as well as its notable leaders, such as Toussaint, Miranda, and Bolivar, along with their adventurous and unusual lives. The new states, the founding of which lasted into the middle of the nineteenth century, were unified by anticolonial resistance. Nonetheless, in the marginalization of social and ethnic classes, the rise of Caudillism, and in the training of a “Guerilla“ there already were traces of the problems that still define Latin America. Against the background of the growing influence of new indigenous movements and the rediscovery of Bolivarism, this dramatic era is again gaining importance and political attention.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Teilprojekt C5, Teilprojekt D9

Innovative Governance durch Entwicklungspartnerschaften? Chancen und Grenzen am Beispiel transnationaler Wasserpartnerschaften

beisheim _ SWP Studie 20

Marianne Beisheim

Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik | 2011

Erschienen in: SWP Studie, No. 20, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin.

Volltext SWP Berlin

Partnerschaften werden gern als innovatives Governance-Instrument gepriesen, mit dem sich Entwicklungsziele effizient und partizipativ umsetzen lassen. In der öffentlichen Debatte ist jedoch umstritten, wie effektiv und legitim sie wirklich sind. In dieser Studie wird nicht pauschal Partei für oder gegen sie ergriffen. Stattdessen werden Leistungsbilanz und Erfolgsbedingungen am Beispiel transnationaler Wasserpartnerschaften untersucht. Tatsächlich sind zahlreiche Partnerschaften weder so ergebnisorientiert noch so effizient wie erhofft. Ein Teil jedoch erzielt gute Ergebnisse. Je nach Aufgabe und Umfeld sind spezifische Bedingungen wichtig für ihren Erfolg. Daher stehen zwei Fragen im Mittelpunkt der Analyse: Welche Partnerschaften sind weshalb erfolgreich? Wie kann die Politik nach sorgfältiger Auswertung der Erfolgsbedingungen künftig Entwicklungspartnerschaften von Beginn an optimal unterstützen? Eines der Hauptthemen der Rio+20-Konferenz ist die Reform der VN-Nachhaltigkeitsinstitutionen. Im Vorbereitungsprozess sollte die Bundesregierung sich dafür einsetzen, dass die bei den Vereinten Nationen angesiedelten Partnerschaften nach strikten Kriterien ausgewählt und evaluiert werden – was bislang nicht der Fall ist. Nur so können die gut arbeitenden Partnerschaften gezielt gefördert werden, um langfristig Breitenwirkung zu erzielen. Partnerschaften sind kein Allheilmittel; wo sie an ihre Grenzen geraten, müssen andere Instrumente an ihre Stelle treten. Letztlich liegt die menschenrechtliche Schutzverantwortung für die Versorgung der Bürger bei den Staaten. Daher sollten Partnerschaftsprojekte von abgestimmten Maßnahmen zum Aufbau staatlicher Kapazitäten in Partnerländern begleitet werden, damit diese auf die Dauer selbst die Kontrolle übernehmen können.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Peacebuilding. Am Scheideweg – oder in der Sackgasse?

Cover: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 52 (3)

Sven Chojnacki, Anne Menzel

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 52 (3), 504-536.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Intervention, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Einleitung. Der staatliche Beitrag zu Governance in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Marianne Beisheim, Tanja A. Börzel, Philipp Genschel, Bernhard Zangl

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 11-34.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Ein übliches Klischee vom Staat ist das eines souveränen Governance-Monopolisten. Nach diesem Bild übt der Staat innerhalb des Staatsgebiets und bezogen auf die Staatsbürger alle Governance-Funktionen aus, die für effektives und legitimes Regieren wichtig sind: Er allein trifft die dazu notwendigen kollektiv verbindlichen Entscheidungen; er allein besitzt die Organisationsmacht, diese zuverlässig umzusetzen; und er allein verfügt über die Legitimationsgrundlagen, um seine Entscheidungs- und Organisationsmacht normativ abzustützen. Indem er diese Governance-Funktionen übernimmt, erfüllt er zentrale Gemeinwohlaufgaben: Er produziert und garantiert innere und äußere Sicherheit, reguliert die Wirtschaft, befördert den Umweltschutz, produziert und verteilt essentielle Güter der Daseinsvorsorge, sichert individuelle Lebensrisiken ab und unterstützt eine gerechte Wohlstandsverteilung. Kurz, der Staat ist der zentrale Garant für effektives und legitimes Regieren – für »good Governance« – und steht damit für die gesamtgesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse in der »Systemverantwortung« (Mayntz).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Staat, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt D1

Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood. Introduction and Overview

Risse_Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood Introduction Overview

Thomas Risse

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1-35.

Columbia University Press

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

On the Role of the Private Sector in Sovereign Debt Crises

Brozus_Applying Governance

Henrik Enderlein, Christoph Trebesch, Laura von Daniels

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance Without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 171-198.

Columbia University Press

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Governance jenseits des Staates. Das Zusammenspiel staatlicher und nicht-staatlicher Governance

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Marianne Beisheim, Tanja A. Börzel, Philipp Genschel, Bernhard Zangl

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 251-266.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Die zentrale Frage dieses Bandes ist, welchen Beitrag der Staat weiterhin leistet beziehungsweise leisten muss, damit Governance gelingen kann, wenn bestimmte Governance-Funktionen von nicht-nationalstaatlichen Akteuren erbracht werden. Im Eingangskapitel hatten wir zwei Leitthesen aufgestellt. Erstens, gutes – also zugleich effektives und legitimes – Regieren kann sowohl in Räumen konsolidierter als auch in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit nur in Ausnahmefällen auf einen Beitrag des Staates gänzlich verzichten. Zweitens, sowohl die Nachfrage nach einem staatlichen Governance-Beitrag als auch die Fähigkeit des Staates, diese Nachfrage durch ein entsprechendes Angebot zu befriedigen, hängt sehr stark von den spezifischen Kontextbedingungen in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit ab. Um die beiden Thesen empirisch zu beurteilen, greifen wir im Folgenden die zentralen Unterscheidungen unseres analytischen Rahmens aus der Einleitung auf und arbeiten diese, ähnlich wie dies die Autorinnen und Autoren der einzelnen Fallstudienkapitel getan haben, Schritt für Schritt ab. Im ersten Teil werden wir dementsprechend fragen, welche Governance-Akteure an der Erbringung der jeweils betrachteten Governance-Leistungen beteiligt sind und welche Rolle der Staat bei der Erbringung dieser Governance-Leistungen spielt. Im zweiten Teil untersuchen wir dann genauer, welche Akteure welche Governance-Funktionen – Entscheidungs-, Organisations-, Legitimationskompetenz –übernehmen, und spezifizieren typische Governance-Konstellationen, also Beziehungsmuster zwischen Governance-Akteuren. Im dritten Teil identifizieren wir Konflikte, die in diesen Governance-Konstellationen typischerweise auftreten, sowie Muster, die sich beim Umgang mit den Konflikten herausgebildet haben. Abschließend beziehen wir die Ergebnisse auf unsere beiden Leitthesen und diskutieren die Rolle des Staates für gutes Regieren im Vergleich zwischen Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Staat, Private Governance-Akteure, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt D1

Frieden – oder: Vom Elend ein konstitutiver Begriff zu sein

Cover Leviathan, 39 (3)

Sven Chojnacki Kontakt, Verena Namberger

Wiesbaden: Springer | 2011

Erschienen in: Leviathan, 39 (3), 333-359.

Volltext bei SpringerLink

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Die Bereitstellung von Gesundheitsleistungen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Wie viel Staat ist zur effektiven Erbringung von Governance-Leistungen notwendig?

Beisheim_Börzel_Wozu Staat

Marco Schäferhoff

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja/Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrentzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 117-142.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Der Beitrag zeigt, dass im speziellen Fall der Bereitstellung von Gesundheitsleistungen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit Governance-Leistungen effektiv auch ohne Staat erbracht werden können. Allerdings variieren die notwendigen staatlichen Governance-Funktionen mit der jeweiligen Governance-Leistung und nur relativ einfach zu erbringende Governance-Leistungen können ohne Staat erbracht werden. Je komplexer und voraussetzungsvoller die Governance-Leistung ist, desto wichtiger wird ein Mindestmaß an staatlicher Entscheidungs- und Organisationskompetenz. Die erste der beiden hier vorgelegten Fallstudien konzentriert sich auf Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung von Tuberkulose, ein relativ einfach zu bekämpfendes Problem. Das Tuberkulose-Programm des Global Fund verlief auch in Zentralsomalia erfolgreich. Die zweite Fallstudie betrifft die Bekämpfung von HIV/AIDS. Das HIV/AIDS-Programm erzielte lediglich im stabileren Somaliland einige Erfolge. Der Beitrag verweist auf einen kontraintuitiven Befund, der durch die unterschiedlichen Grade an Staatlichkeit und Komplexität erklärt wird.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1