Zeitschriftenartikel und Buchkapitel

523 Publikation(en)

Introduction: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgency

Cover: Reconfiguring Intervention

Markus-Michael Müller, Louise Wiuff Moe

Basingstoke: Palgrave | 2017

Erschienen in: Louise Wiuff Moe and Markus-Michael Müller (eds.), Reconfiguring Intervention: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgent Warfare, 1-27.

PalgraveVolltext Springer

This chapter offers a detailed discussion of existing approaches to contemporary counter-insurgency, highlighting emerging discursive and practical shifts in counter-insurgency-related intervention rationales that move contemporary counter-insurgency toward logics of reflexive adaptation, complexity and resilience. In introducing and contextualizing these shifts in empirical and conceptual terms, we demonstrate how the increasing emphasis on the everyday, ‘the local’ and ‘the social’ as the key sites and objects of interventionary counter-insurgency contribute to a deepening convergence between liberal peace building, humanitarianism and counter-insurgent warfare that stand at the center of what we refer to as the ‘local turn’ in counter-insurgent warfare.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Sicherheit, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

From regime protection to urban resilience? Assessing continuity and change in transnational security governance rationales in Guatemala

Cover: Geoforum

Markus-Michael Müller, Markus Hochmüller

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2017

Erschienen in: Geoforum.

Volltexte Science Direct

This article analyzes changing forms of transnational security governance and security expertise in Guatemala. It is argued that the dynamics of transnational security governance in Guatemala are directly related to the local appropriation of knowledge promoted by external security experts. As an expertise-based form of “intervention by invitation,” local political and economic elites engage in securitization strategies in order to invite external experts to intervene. In turn, through their intervention these experts provide resources that are “captured” and exploited by local actors to pursue their own interests. As a consequence, transnational security governance fails as it deviates from the original plans and programs experts try to implement. The analysis of these processes sheds light on how and why failure in the context of transnational security governance is productive. Failure, we argue, triggers a self-reinforcing interventionary feedback loop that aims at “fixing” the shortcomings of previous interventions by mobilizing new forms of external security expertise. In tracing the dynamics of this interventionary feedback loop over time, this article contributes to understanding of the role of experts and policy failure in the (re)making of transnational security governance.

Thema: Guatemala, Sicherheit, Aneignung, Policing, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Countering Criminal Insurgencies: Fighting Gangs and Building Resilient Communities in Post-War Guatemala

Cover: Reconfiguring Intervention

Markus-Michael Müller, Markus Hochmüller

Basingstoke: Palgrave | 2017

Erschienen in: Louise Wiuff Moe and Markus-Michael Müller (eds.), Reconfiguring Intervention: Complexity, Resilience and the "Local Turn" in Counterinsurgent Warfare, 163-186.

PalgraveFull article Springer

During the Cold War, Guatemala has witnessed one of the most brutal and prolonged counter-insurgency campaigns. While many observers interpreted the return to democracy in 1996 as a rupture with the country’s counter-insurgent past, this chapter demonstrates the renaissance of counter-insurgent violence in contemporary Guatemala. We show how transnational security governance efforts aimed at confronting the local ‘criminal insurgency’ represented by street gangs, introduce a new pattern of counter-insurgent violence into the country’s social fabric. As liberal state-building projects have largely failed to deliver the expected results in the local ‘war on gangs’, local and external actors increasingly promote the creation of ‘resilient’ communities within the field of counter-insurgency-inspired anti-gang policies, thereby blurring the boundaries between transnational policing, military operations and development aid.

Thema: Guatemala, Sicherheit, Intervention, Kriminalität, Policing, Teilprojekt C3

Better Access to Justice by Public Recognition of Non-State Justice Systems?

Cover: Justice without the State

Matthias Kötter

Frankfurt/Main: Vittorio Klostermann | 2016-05-01

Erschienen in: Peter Collin (ed.): Justice without the State within the State, Frankfurt/Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 283-310. Bereits erschienen in: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2, 2015.

Access to justice is the term used to denote the institutional and social conditions for the realization of rights. In recent international security and development policy, the term is used in various ways as a guiding principle for "good law" and "good justice," and, for actors in these sectors, it has assumed central importance in their concepts and programs. Newer approaches particularly emphasize support for informal, non-state justice systems and their integration into the superordinate legal system, mainly in state law. Yet, does the official recognition of non-state legal systems guarantee access to justice, and under what conditions is this the case? Starting from this question the paper first retraces the formulation of the concept of access to justice in constitutional legal thinking principally at the end of the 1970s, and second discusses whether non-state justice systems can provide access to justice in an equivalent manner and which conceptual and normative drawbacks arise.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

The Rebirth of the Prison in Latin America

hathazy_müller_The rebirth of the prison in Latin America

Markus-Michael Müller, Paul Hathazy

Dordrecht: Springer | 2016-04

Erschienen in: Crime, Law & Social Change, 65 (3), 113-135.

Volltext Springer

Throughout the last three decades, almost all Latin American countries witnessed a dramatic growth of their inmate population that is indicative of the rebirth of the prison in the region. This article contextualizes the rebirth of the prison in contemporary Latin America in empirical and theoretical terms. To this end, it offers a discussion of the expansion of Latin American imprisonment, changes in the region’s prison regimes and their embeddedness within wider social and economic contexts, as well as of the impact of institutional histories, larger economic and political transformation processes and globally circulating penal ideas and institutional models, all of which contribute to the growing punitiveness of contemporary Latin America states and politics.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

Political Steering: How the EU Employs Power in its Neighbourhood Policy towards Morocco

Cover: Mediterranean Politics

David Remmert, Mathias Großklaus

Taylor & Francis | 2016-03-28

Erschienen in: Mediterranean Politics, 21 (3), 343-363.

Taylor & Francis Online

Although the European Union’s engagement beyond its borders is ultimately about power, the concept remains under-utilized in empirical analyses of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). This article therefore proposes political steering as an analytical framework to conceptualize and track the empirical use and entanglements of diverse forms of power, highlighting genuine soft mechanisms. These bind actors to discursive practices because formalized sanctions or institutions are absent. This case study of the EU’s human rights and rule-of-law promotion in Morocco reveals how such soft mechanisms are intertwined with indirect steering mechanisms to achieve technicalization of policy reform at the governmental level and parallel politicization at the societal level.

Thema: Teilprojekt T3

Penalizing Democracy: Punitive Politics in Neoliberal Mexico

Cover: 'Penalizing Democracy: Punitive Politics in Neoliberal Mexico'

Markus-Michael Müller

Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media | 2016-03-07

Erschienen in: Crime, Law & Social Change, 65 (3), 227-249.

Springer Link

During the last two decades Mexico witnessed a hitherto unparalleled increase in its prison population and an outright punitive turn in local politics. In analyzing these developments, the article argues that the latter are inseparable from different securitization processes emerging from the articulation of democratic politics and neoliberal rationalities of economic governance. The article analyzes three key policy areas—as well as the related (in)securitization processes, their legal-institutional manifestations, and the penalizing consequences—which are paradigmatic examples of the growing punitiveness of Mexican politics: (a) the securitization process related to the war on drugs, (b) the securitization of urban space, and (c) the securitization of migration. In analyzing these three instances of (in)securitization, the article stresses that far from being homogenous and even developments, (in)securitization as well as the underlying processes of neoliberalization and democratization are policy- and place-specific phenomena that produce an uneven punitive topography that shapes the neoliberal present in democratic Mexico. [...]

Thema: Staatlichkeit, lokale Akteure, Mexico, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Montesquieu über das Absterben und Fortleben des römischen Rechts im frühen Mittelalter (De l'esprit des lois 28)

Cover: exempla imitanda

Stefan Esders

Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht | 2016

Erschienen in: Schuol, Monika/Wendt, Christian/Wilker, Julia (eds.), Exempla imitanda. Mit der Vergangenheit die Gegenwart bewältigen? Festschrift für Ernst Baltrusch zum 60. Geburtstag, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 29-45.

V&R eLibrary

Thema: Europa, Antike, frühes Mittelalter, Teilprojekt B10

Varieties of Localization: International Norms and the Commodification of Knowledge in India and Brazil

Cover: Review of International Political Economy, 23 (3)

Thomas Eimer, Susanne Lütz, Verena Schüren

London: Taylor & Francis | 2016

Erschienen in: Review of International Political Economy, 23 (3), 1-30.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The legal implementation of internationally agreed norms on a domestic level gives momentum to a substantial reinterpretation. Based on this insight, this article develops an ideal-typology of possible ‘localization’ outcomes. Apart from a literal adoption of an international norm, we show that the domestic implementation may change its emphasis (accentuation), amend it by supplementary purposes (addition), or imply a deviation which nevertheless sticks to the letter of the international wording (subversion). We argue that the specific form of localization depends on the interaction between international pressure politics and its congruence with the prevailing domestic public and private preferences. International power constellations explain why an international norm is implemented, but the specific character of its localization is mainly determined by domestic actor constellations. To substantiate our claims, we analyze the implementation of two interconnected international agreements in India and Brazil. While both the Convention on Biodiversity and the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights introduce the norm of property rights for intellectual knowledge in previously (at least internationally) unregulated fields, the particular characteristics of their respective implementation in both countries display the interaction between international pressure and domestic preferences in our four case studies.

Thema: Diffusion, Ökonomie, Staat, Brasilien, Teilprojekt D6

Introduction: Framework of the Handbook and Conceptual Clarifications

Boerzel_Risse Introduction

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 3-15.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

This chapter provides a general overview of the Handbook of Comparative Regionalism. First, it establishes that the Handbook constitutes a major stock-taking attempt promoting truly comparative approaches across and within regions. The volume goes beyond state-led regional institution-building to include bottom-up societal regionalization processes as well as informal institutions and practices. The Handbook also encourages scholars of comparative regionalism to “de-center” the European Union and to treat it as a particular regional order among many others. Second, the chapter introduces and defines key terms of the Handbook including region, regionalism, regionalization, regional order, and regional governance. The chapter also provides an overview of the structure of the Handbook, its various parts and chapters.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Lokale Akteure, Regionalorganisationen (RO), State-Building, Global Governance, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Expansive Intervention as Neo-Institutional Learning: Root Causes in the Merida Initiative

finkenbusch_expansive intervention as neo-instutional learning

Peter Finkenbusch

London: Taylor & Francis Group | 2016

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding Vol. 10 No. 2. pp. 162-180.

Volltext Taylor & Francis Group

Interventions since the 1990s have greatly expanded in policy scope. While neo-liberals understand expansion as an attempt to work on the enabling preconditions of liberal market democracy, Foucauldian governmentality studies see in expansion a set of increasingly intrusive disciplinary techniques of responsibilization. This paper introduces an alternative lens: neo-institutional learning. Through a case study of the Merida Initiative, a US–Mexican security cooperation agreement, the paper argues that expansion grows serendipitously out of the repetitive discovery of new, ‘deeper’ unknowns within a neo-institutional framework of analysis. Importantly, downward penetration requires deconstructing reductionist liberal-universal knowledge claims. Paradoxically, then, the more statebuilders learn (empirically), the less they know (analytically).

Thema: Mexiko, Externe Akteure, State-Building, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Gallic Politics in the Sixth Century

Cover: A Companion to Gregory of Tours

Stefan Esders

Leiden: Brill | 2016

Erschienen in: Alexander Callander Murray (ed.): A Companion to Gregory of Tours, Leiden: Brill, 429-461.

Brill Online

Thema: Europa, frühes Mittelalter, Policy, Gewaltakteure, externe Akteure, lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B10

The Diffusion of Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse Conlusion Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 87-108.

Volltext: Oxford Handbooks

This chapter focuses on the diffusion of regionalism, regional organizations (ROs), and regional governance. The chapter conceptualizes diffusion in terms of initial stimuli, objects of diffusion, mechanisms, and outcomes. The author reviews the existing literature focusing on the diffusion of regionalism and regional orders, of institutional designs for ROs, and of regional governance pertaining to specific policy areas. The diffusion of regionalism, institutional designs, and regional governance is primarily determined by indirect mechanisms of emulation rather than by direct—“sender-driven”—influence mechanisms. As far as emulation is concerned, we observe few examples of mimicry leading to institutional isomorphism. Competition, lesson drawing, and normative emulation are the most important diffusion mechanisms by which regionalism spreads. As to diffusion outcomes, we rarely observe full-scale adoption or convergence around specific models of regional cooperation and integration. The most likely outcome of diffusion with regard to regional cooperation and integration is adaptation and transformation.

Thema: Regionalismus, Regionalorganisationen (RO), Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Intervention by Invitation? Shared Sovereignty in the Fight against Impunity in Guatemala

maihold_european review of latin american and caribbean studies

Günther Maihold

Amsterdam: Centrum voor Studie en Documentatie van Latijns Amerika (CEDLA) | 2016

Erschienen in: European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, No. 101, 5-31.

Volltext CEDLA

This article deals with the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), a joint hybrid commission to investigate impunity in the context of illegal security networks and organized crime. It was set up as an external governance intervention through an agreement between the UN and the State of Guatemala in 2006 to strengthen state institutions in the face of a worsening security situation. Based on a delegation of governance in the modality of shared sovereignty, CICIG has been operating in the country since 2006, trying to generate support in the national realm and the judicial system of Guatemala while exposed to the critical junctures of the highly contested national debates on its existence. More specifically, the article analyses the patterns of appropriation and rejection of CICIG by different actor constellations. Through a critical discourse analysis, actor constellations are specified, various themes of appropriation and rejection are detected and specific aspects of CICIG’s mandate are investigated. Resumen: ¿Intervención por invitación? Soberanía compartida en la lucha contra la impunidad en Guatemala En el centro del texto se trata la Comisión Internacional contra la Impunidad en Guatemala (CICIG), una comisión híbrida conjunta que realiza averiguaciones sobre la impunidad en el contexto de las redes ilegales de seguridad y el crimen organizado. Esta entidad fue concebida como una intervención externa de gobernanza en base a un acuerdo entre las NN.UU. y el estado de Guatemala en 2006 con la intención de fortalecer las instituciones estatales ante una situación de seguridad empeorada. Fundamentada en la delegación de gobernanza como soberanía compartida, la CICG está operando desde hace ocho años en Guatemala y ha vivido las coyunturas de los debates nacionales altamente polarizados sobre su quehacer. El texto analiza los patrones de apropiación y rechazo de la CICIG por diferentes configuraciones de actores. Con base en un análisis crítico de discurso se especifican las constelaciones de actores, los temas de apropiación y rechazo al igual como aspectos del mandato de la CICIG.

Thema: Teilprojekt C3

Remittances and the Use of Formal and Informal Financial Services

Cover: World Development, No. 77

Christian Ambrosius, Alfredo Cuecuecha

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2016

Erschienen in: World Development, No. 77, 80-89.

Volltext

While recent literature has pointed to a positive effect of migrants’ remittances on the financial development of receiving countries, findings with respect to access to and the use of loans have been ambiguous. This paper investigates the effect of remittances on the use of formal and informal financial services using Mexican household data and finds positive and statistically significant effects of remittances on the ownership of savings accounts, the existence of debts, and on recent borrowing. The fact that the effect of remittances on borrowing is driven by informal finance rather than by traditional bank loans points to deficiencies of the formal financial sector in addressing the financial needs of remittance-receiving households. We address methodological concerns of selection bias and reverse causality through household fixed effects and an instrumental strategy that exploits distance to train lines and labor market conditions in the US as exogenous determinants of remittances.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

The EU and Diffusion Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse The EU and Diffusion Regionalism

Prof. Dr. Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Burlington: Ashgate | 2016

Erschienen in: Interregionalism and the European Union: A Post-Revisionist Approach to Europe’s Place in a Changing World, 51-66.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalismus, Europa, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Conclusion: Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Boerzel_Risse Conlusion Three Cheers for Comparative Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds): Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 621-647.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

This chapter summarizes the major findings of the Handbook. The rise of regionalism exemplifies both a proliferation of regional (trade) cooperation, and a broadening and deepening of existing forms of regionalism. Regional organizations have taken on new tasks and moved towards regional integration, resulting in distinct combinations of regionalization and regionalism in various parts of the world. The authors offer tentative explanations for the emergence and the institutional design of regionalism, including diffusion and normative emulation among regional actors. They also explore the effects of regionalism. While the welfare-creating effects of regional trade regimes are unclear, the authors note the positive effects of regionalism on democracy, human rights, and peace and security, but acknowledge that the “dark sides of regionalism,” e.g. boosting authoritarian, rent-seeking regimes, have not received sufficient attention. They conclude with some methodological challenges of studying regions in a comparative way and with observations for future research.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Lokale Akteure, Regionalorganisationen (RO), State-Building, Regionalismus, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

"Post-liberal" peacebuilding and the crisis of international authority. In Peacebuilding

finkenbusch_post liberal peacebuildung and the crisis of

Peter Finkenbusch

London: Taylor & Francis Group | 2016

Erschienen in: Peacebuilding Vol. 4 No. 3. pp. 247-261.

Taylor & Francis Group

This paper investigates how pragmatic approaches to peacebuilding might undermine the capacity of international policymakers to formulate a purposive, socially transformative project for their engagement with the Global South. Focusing on Oliver Richmond and Roger Mac Ginty’s recent work on ‘post-liberal’ peacebuilding, the analysis draws out how notions of ‘the everyday’, hybridity and ‘the local’ are geared towards disassembling the existing stock of reductionist liberal-universal knowledge claims. These were the ideological basis on which international interveners used to cohere their policy frameworks towards the Global South. Pragmatic approaches posit that the key to successful post-conflict transition lies in local – non-western, non-universalist – epistemologies and that empowering this pool of idiosyncratic insider understandings requires the deconstruction of modern liberal-universalist forms of knowing. While this dynamic of analytical and normative self-deconstruction is heralded as an opportunity for radical change ‘from below’, it simultaneously corrodes international authority as the ability to initiate and transform.

Thema: Externe Akteure, State-Building, Intervention, Teilprojekt C3

Locating Guatemala in Global Counterinsurgency

hochmüller_müller_globalizations 2016 13 _ 1

Markus Hochmüller, Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2016

Erschienen in: Globalizations 13 (1), 94-109.

Volltext Tandfonline

Guatemala, a country that during the 1980s experienced one of the most lethal counterinsurgency (COIN) campaigns during the Cold War, is currently witnessing a revival of counterinsurgent order-making within the context of the global renaissance of COIN. Against this background, this article locates Guatemala within the context of the ‘global counterinsurgency’. It highlights how contemporary COIN, through depoliticizing and criminalizing forms of counterinsurgent knowledge production that frame Guatemala as a country facing a transnational ‘criminal insurgency’, becomes increasingly integrated into externally supported and community-centered ‘democratic’ police reform and neoliberal development agendas, promoted within the context of the Central America Regional Security Initiative. This integration, the article highlights, increasingly blurs the boundaries between war-making, law enforcement, peacebuilding, and development, thereby contributing to the reappearance of counterinsurgent order-making in post-conflict Guatemala.

Thema: Bewaffneter Konflikt, Staat, Guatemala, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Theorizing Regionalism. Cooperation, Integration, and Governance

Boerzel_Risse_The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2016

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, 41-63.

Volltext Oxford Handbooks

The chapter argues that dominant theories of regional cooperation and integration share a bias towards taking states as the main drivers of regionalism and focusing on processes of formal institution-building at the regional level. Nevertheless, many theoretical approaches still travel across regions if their concepts and explanatory logics are broadened beyond the economic realm. Where they largely fail, however, is in explaining similarities and differences in institutional designs of regional organizations and in accounting for their effects. The last part of the chapter suggests that the governance concept may help theories of regional cooperation and integration to overcome their statist and formal institutionalist bias strengthening their explanatory power. Governance gives equal status to state and non-state actors and does not prioritize formal over informal institutions. It thereby provides a useful framework to systematically compare varieties of regionalism across time and space and explain their emergence, outcomes, and effects.

Thema: Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Zwischen Historie und Rechtshistorie. Der consensus iuris im frühen Mittelalter

Cover: Vorträge und Forschungen, Band 82

Stefan Esders

Jan Thorbecke Verlag | 2016

Erschienen in: Epp, Verena/Meyer, Christoph H. F. (eds.): Recht und Konsens im frühen Mittelalter, Ostfildern 2016 (Vorträge und Forschungen 82), 427-474.

Jan Thorbecke Verlag

Thema: Europa, frühes Mittelalter, Legitimität, Teilprojekt B10

Von der Pluralität normativer Ordnungen zur Pluralität ihrer Durchsetzungsregime. Jurisdiktionsgemeinschaften und ihre je spezifische Jurisdiktionskultur

Cover: Justice without the state within the State

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann | 2016

Erschienen in: Peter Collin (Hrsg.): Justice without the State within the State. Judicial Self-Regulation in the Past and Present, Klostermann. 13-50.

Max-Planck-Insitut für Europäische ...

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Late Roman Military Law in the Bavarian Code

Clio@Themis

Stefan Esders

Clio@Themis | 2016

Erschienen in: clio@themis. Revue électronique d'histoire du droit, No. 10 (La forge du droit. Naissance des identi-tés juridiques en Europe, IVe–XIIIe siècles).

Clio@Themis

This paper investigates the influence of late Roman military law on the Lex Baiuvariorum – a text, which served as the basis for the Merovingian kings’ organization of the Frankish kingdom’s eastern border-region as a ducatus or duchy. Particular considerations concerning the historical background of the Bavarian duchy’s formation will be addressed, after which provisions for the protection of the Bavarian dux or duke, largely as relates to treason and military discipline, will be investigated. By comparing sources for the Roman crimen laesae maiestatis and other legal texts of Roman military writers, it will be demonstrated that the provisions of the Bavarian law-code clearly bear the influence of Roman military law.

Thema: Europa, Aneignung, frühes Mittelalter, Rule of Law, Gewaltakteure, Teilprojekt B10

Im- und Export von Aufstandsbekämpfung. Von Rio de Janeiro nach Port-au-Prince und zurück

müller_peripherie politik ökonomie kultur_36 _ 1 _ 2016

Markus-Michael Müller, Frank Müller

Leverkusen: Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2016

Erschienen in: Peripherie. Politik, Ökonomie, Kultur, 36 (1), 74-93.

Verlag Budrich Journals

This paper addresses the global reemergence of counterinsurgency in the Urban South by focusing on Brazil’s pacification experience in the context of the MINUSTAH (United Nations Mission in Haiti) and its ongoing application in Rio de Janeiro’s marginalized areas, the favelas. We argue that the transnational export-import of ‘favela-pacification experience’ is closely connected to Brazil ́s geopolitical aspirations. By empirically grounding our argument in the perspectives of local actors on the implementation of this pacification strategy in two marginalized areas of Rio de Janeiro, Maré and Alemão, we trace the strategy’s modifications and local adaptations and demonstrate that the colonial project of pacification, which is central to urban counterinsurgency, extends the domestic competences of the Brazilian military. In developing these arguments, this paper contributes to the largely neglected role of states from the Global South as central actors in the making of global counterinsurgency.

Thema: Bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Reinvigorating International Climate Policy: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Nonstate Action

global policy _ 2015 6_4

Marianne Beisheim, Ander Chan, Harro van Asselt, Thomas Hale, Kenneth W. Abbott, Marianne Beisheim, Matthew Hoffmann, Brendan Guy, Niklas Höhne, Angel Hsu, Philipp Pattberg, Pieter Pauw, Céline Ramstein, Oscar Widerberg

Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell | 2015-11

Erschienen in: Global Policy, 6 (4), 466–473.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

As countries negotiate a new climate agreement for the United Nations climate conference in December 2015, a groundswell of climate actions is emerging as cities, regions, businesses and civil society groups act on mitigation and adaptation, independently, with each other and with national governments and international organizations. The Paris conference provides a historic opportunity to establish a framework to catalyse, support, and steer these initiatives. Without such a framework, ‘bottom-up’ climate governance runs the risk of failing to deliver meaningful results. Social science research highlights the need for a comprehensive approach that promotes ambition, experimentation and accountability, and avoids unnecessary overlaps. This article specifies functions and design principles for a new, comprehensive framework for sub- and nonstate climate actions that could provide effective coordination.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Umwelt, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt D1

Neue Mittel der Kriegsführung. Neue Formen der Rechtsetzung?

Cover: Moderne Waffentechnologie. Hält das Recht Schritt?

Anton Petrov

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015-10-14

Erschienen in: Gramm, Christof/Weingärtner, Dieter (eds.): Moderne Waffentechnologie. Hält das Recht Schritt?, 200-228.

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Dysfunctional state institutions, trust, and governance in areas of limited statehood

Cover: Regulation & Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Wiley | 2015-10-08

Erschienen in: Regulation and Governance; Vol. 10, 149-160

Wiley Online Library

Areas of limited statehood where the state is absent or dysfunctional are rarely ungoverned or ungovernable spaces. The provision of rules and regulations, as well as of public goods and services – governance – does not necessarily depend on the existence of functioning state institutions. How can this be explained? To begin with, we identify functional equivalents to state institutions that fail to govern hierarchically. Moreover, we focus on informal institutions based on trust that are endogenous to areas of limited statehood. Personalized trust among community members enables actors to overcome collective action problems and enhances the legitimacy of governance actors. The main challenge in areas of limited statehood, which are often characterized by social heterogeneity and deep social and cultural cleavages (particularly in post-conflict societies) is to move to generalized trust beyond the local level and to “imagined communities among strangers,” despite dysfunctional state institutions. We propose two mechanisms: First, the more group-based identities are constructed in inclusive ways and the more group identities are cross-cutting and overlapping, the more they lead to and maintain generalized trust. Second, experiences with fair and impartial institutions and governance practices – irrespective of whether state or non-state – also lead to generalized trust beyond the local level and allow for the upscaling of governance.

Thema: Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt A1

Introduction

Buchcover

Heike Krieger

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 1-11.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Conclusion: Where States Fail, Non-State Actors Rise? Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law in Areas of Limited Statehood

Buchcover

Heike Krieger

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 504-550.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Courts of Armed Groups: A Tool for Inducing Higher Compliance with International Humanitarian Law?

Buchcover

Jan Willms

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09-18

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, 149-180.

Cambridge Verlag

Thema: Private Governance-Akteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions: Scope and Content of the Obligation to 'Ensure Respect' - 'Narrow but Deep' or 'Wide and Shallow'

Cover: 'Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region'

Robin Geiß

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2015-09

Erschienen in: Krieger, Heike (ed.): Inducing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: Lessons from the African Great Lakes Region, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 417-440.

Cambridge University Press

More than ten years after 9/11, calls for an urgent reform of the ostensibly obsolete humanitarian legal framework have faded. Yet a central and seemingly eternal dilemma of humanitarian law remains: how to ensure better compliance with international humanitarian law? Official statements of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) over the past decade(s) have consistently identified the lack of respect for existing rules as the main challenge to the humanitarian legal order. In the armed conflicts in Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and (South) Sudan, this lack of respect, albeit a seemingly endemic feature of non-international armed conflicts worldwide, has been particularly obvious. Of course, as is well known, over the past two decades, the laws of war have become increasingly prominent on the Security Council's agenda; its reactions to violations of international humanitarian law ranging from denunciations and focused demands for implementation to the creation of ad hoc institutional mechanisms. But even if the Security Council has developed into the ‘major intergovernmental institution’ acting in the field of international humanitarian law, its reactions to violations of international humanitarian law are still rather sporadic. Against this background, the ICRC has recently been invited by the 31st International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent ‘to pursue further research’ with regard to possible models for an enhanced compliance mechanism in the field of humanitarian law. Judging, however, by the history of the International Fact-Finding Commission (Article 90 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions (AP I)) and more recently, tentative attempts to turn the United Nations Human Rights Council into a central international humanitarian law monitoring body, which have met with strong resistance from various member States, it seems that prospects for a functioning central international humanitarian law monitoring body are as remote as ever. Against this background, much hope has traditionally been vested in Common Article 1 of the four Geneva Conventions (Common Article 1 GC). Common Article 1 GC, in the relevant part, provides that ‘[t]he High Contracting parties undertake…to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances’.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

Völkerrecht und internationale Politik

Cover: Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Robin Geiß, Mina Baghai

Berlin: Springer | 2015-08-01

Erschienen in: Masala, Carlo (ed.): Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen, Berlin: Springer, 26.

Springer Link

Der Beitrag bietet eine prägnante Einführung in die grundlegende Materie des Völkerrechts unter Berücksichtigung aktueller Fragestellungen. Dabei wird auf die geschichtlichen und dogmatischen Wurzeln eingegangen, und es werden die Rechtsquellen sowie die zentralen Akteure des Völkerrechts dargestellt. Wesentliche Regelungsbereiche des Völkerrechts werden exemplarisch aufgegriffen und überblicksartig vorgestellt. Vertieft dargestellt wird das Prinzip der Schutzverantwortung (Responsibility to Protect), das Völkerrecht im Cyberspace und der im Kampf gegen den internationalen Terrorismus anwendbare völkerrechtliche Regelungsrahmen.

Thema: Völkerrecht, Staaten, Sicherheit, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C11

Democracy promotion and the challenges of illiberal regional powers: introduction to the special issue

Buchcover

Thomas Risse, Nelli Babayan

Routledge | 2015-02-25

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Babayan, Nelli (eds.): Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers, Special Issue of Democratization, 22 (3), 381-399.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This special issue examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. We argue that Western powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This article introduces the special issue. First, illiberal regional powers are likely to respond to Western efforts at democracy promotion in third countries if they perceive challenges to their geostrategic interests in the region or to the survival of their regime. Second, Western democracy promoters react to countervailing policies by illiberal regimes if they prioritize democracy and human rights goals over stability and security goals which depends in turn on their perception of the situation in the target countries and their overall relationships to the non- democratic regional powers. Third, the effects on the ground mostly depend on the domestic configuration of forces. Western democracy promoters are likely to empower liberal groups in the target countries, while countervailing efforts by non-democratic regional powers will empower illiberal groups. In some cases, though, countervailing efforts by illiberal regimes have the counterintuitive effect of fostering democracy by strengthening democratic elites and civil societyThis special issue examines Western efforts at democracy promotion, reactions by illiberal challengers and regional powers, and political and societal conditions in target states. We argue that Wester powers are not unequivocally committed to the promotion of democracy and human rights, while non-democratic regional powers cannot simply be described as "autocracy supporters". This article introduces the special issue. First, illiberal regional powers are likely to respond to Western efforts at democracy promotion in third countries if they perceive challenges to their geostrategic interests in the region or to the survival of their regime. Second, Western democracy promoters react to countervailing policies by illiberal regimes if they prioritize democracy and human rights goals over stability and security goals which depends in turn on their perception of the situation in the target countries and their overall relationships to the non- democratic regional powers. Third, the effects on the ground mostly depend on the domestic configuration of forces. Western democracy promoters are likely to empower liberal groups in the target countries, while countervailing efforts by non-democratic regional powers will empower illiberal groups. In some cases, though, countervailing efforts by illiberal regimes have the counterintuitive effect of fostering democracy by strengthening democratic elites and civil society..

Thema: Europa, China, MENA-Region, Lokale Akteure, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Autoritarismus, externe Akteure, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Non-State Justice Institutions: A Matter of Fact and a Matter of Legalisation

Non-State Justivce Institutions and the Law

Matthias Kötter

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015-02-02

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Röder, Tilmann/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke/Wolfrum, Rüdiger (eds.): Non-State Justice Institutions and the Law: Decision-Making at the Interface of Tradition, Religion and the State, 155-187.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

No Success Without Legitimacy! A Comment on Military Interventions

Cover: Lessons from Intervention in the 21st Century: Legality, Feasibility and Legitimacy

Thomas Risse

Global Policy | 2015-01-05

Erschienen in: David Held/Kyle McNally (eds.): Lessons from Military Interventions in the 21 st Century: Feasibility, Legality, Legitimacy, Chichester: Global Policy Journal at Smashwords (e-book).

Volltext: Global Policy Journal

This column by Thomas Risse is part of Global Policy’s e-book, ‘Lessons from Intervention in the 21st Century: Legality, Legitimacy and Feasibility', edited by David Held and Kyle McNally.

Thema: MENA-Region, Subsahara-Afrika, State-Building, Evaluation, Intervention, Legitimität, externe Akteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Writing the Script? ECOWAS’s Military Intervention Mechanism

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Kai Striebinger, Christoph Hartmann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 68-83.

Springer

In 1999, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) adopted an innovative protocol. The ECOWAS Protocol relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peace-Keeping, and Security (Protocol-Mechanism) established a nine-member state Mediation and Security Council (MSC) deciding with majority rule upon military interventions in member states against the will of target countries in cases of, among other things, violation of human rights, the rule of law, or democratic principles. Up until then the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) had been the sole organization to have this right, and so far no other regional organization had followed suit. An additional Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance from 2001 complemented the first protocol by providing a more explicit framework of reference for appropriate governance standards within member states. In a region mostly known for countries with weak statehood and military coup d’états, the protocols of 1999 and 2001 represent a strong commitment to liberal democracy combined with a mandate by the regional organization to defend these principles by force if necessary.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Intervention, Teilprojekt B2

Internationale Organisationen in einer komplexen Welt. Grenzen und Mehrwert einer pluralistischen Forschung

Cover: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49

Andrea Liese, Eugéniada Conceição-Heldt, Martin Koch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: da Conceição-Heldt, Eugénia/Koch, Martin/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Internationale Organisationen. Autonomie, Politisierung, interorganisationale Beziehungen und Wandel, Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49, 478-493.

Nomos ShopVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Internationale Organisationen, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D7

Punitive Entanglements: The 'War on Gangs' and the Making of a Transnational Penal Apparatus in the Americas

müller_geopolitics 2015 20 3

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Taylor & Francis | 2015

Erschienen in: Geopolitics, 20 (3), 696-727.

Volltext Tandfonline

This paper analyses the export-import business of penal policies that accompanies the “war on transnational street gangs” between the United States and Central America. It argues that far from being a unidirectional export of punitive politics from the United States towards Central America, many of these punitive exports travel “back home”. This creates transnational punitive entanglements that contribute to the contingent convergence of punitive geopolitics and domestic politics in the guise of a transnational penal apparatus that integrates law enforcement agencies and military forces, securocratic epistemic communities and national political entrepreneurs into a functionally cohesive but decentred transnational security structure engaged in a multilayered punitive containment of transnational street gangs across the Americas.

Thema: State-Building, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Security Assemblages at the Margins of Mexico City

Albrecht_Kyed_policy and the politics of order making

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Albrecht, Peter/Kyed, Helene Maria (eds.): Policing and the Politics of Order-Making, 108-126.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Policing, Staat, lokale Akteure, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Zwischen Regionalstudien und Internationalen Beziehungen. Die vergleichende Regionalismusforschung als transdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld

Boerzel_Risse Zwischen Regionalstudien u Internationalen Beziehungen

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: PVS – Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 56 (2), 334-363.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

This contribution explores the „comparative turn“ in research on regionalism which emerged at the intersection of International Relations and area studies. Seeking to capture the rise of regionalism after the end of the Cold War, studies have increasingly engaged in comparisons of region-building in different parts of the world. Such inter-regional comparisons have revealed institutional similarities and convergence. We argue that theories of international cooperation and regional integration identify important drivers of regionalism in Europe and beyond; diffusion theories, however, are more adequate to account for institutional similarities and differences among regions. Nevertheless, we conclude with a plea not to pitch theories of diffusion, international cooperation and regional integration against each other but to view them as complementary approaches to comparative regionalism.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Meta-Governance, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Tropenkoller. States of Agitation and Mood Swings in Colonial Jurisdiction in the German Colonies

Cover: InterDisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology 6 (2)

Ulrike Schaper

Bielefeld: Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology (BGHS) | 2015

Erschienen in: InterDisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology, 6 (2), 75-100.

Volltext

The term Tropenkoller emerged in the context of several scandals concerning incidents of excessive violence in the German colonies, predominantly in cases of criminal jurisdiction in the mid-1890s. Tropenkoller was understood as a state of excitation produced by the nerves in reaction to medical, social, and climactic conditions in the colonies. References to Tropenkoller in the context of these scandals were used to legitimize excessive violence as well as to criticize this apologetic rhetoric. The incidents the term referred to, however, contradicted the colonial authorities’ self-perception of rationality and control, which formed a basis for their claim to colonial power. State representatives who acted under the influence of Tropenkoller—I argue—were seen as problematic, especially because they behaved emotionally and recklessly. In analyzing how Tropenkoller was problematized in the context of colonial jurisdiction, I assess feelings of a plenitude of power and the lust for violence, as well as the role that feelings of mental overload and loneliness played in the discussion. I seek to demonstrate the extent to which colonial authorities perceived these feelings, and the uninhibited expression of such feelings, as both a danger to jurisdiction and to the colonial state, and as such as something that had to be excluded from court proceedings. I argue that the occurrence of Tropenkoller among colonial officials, seen as a result of the failure of personal tropical hygiene measures to help state representatives to maintain self-control, met with a barely-regulated colonial jurisdiction. Furthermore, I examine the measures proposed to counter this problematic emotionality.

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, (Fragile) Staatlichkeit, Rule of Law, Sub-sahara Afrika

Das Konzept der internationalen Schutzverantwortung

Cover: Bpb 326

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Publikationsversand der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2015

Erschienen in: Informationen zur politischen Bildung, No. 326, 70-75.

Volltext

Thema: Staat, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Gewaltkontrolle ohne Staat. Raum-zeitliche Variationen von Konflikt und Sicherheit in Somalia, 1990-2009

Cover: Geographien der Gewalt

Sven Chojnacki, Christian Ickler, Željko Branović

Stuttgart: Borntraeger | 2015

Erschienen in: Korf, Benedikt/Schetter, Conrad (eds.): Geographien der Gewalt, Teubner Studienbücher der Geographie, 128-145.

Verlag

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Somalia, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Desigualdades sociales e interdependencias globales en América Latina: Una valoración provisional

Braig_Alba_revista mexicana de ciencias políticas

Marianne Braig, Sérgio Costa, Barbara Göbel

México City: Universidad Autónoma de México | 2015

Erschienen in: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 60 (223), 209-236.

Volltext Revistas UNAM

El artículo expone las bases desde las que se desarrolló la perspectiva de investigación de la red de investigaciones desiguALdades.net. Partiendo de las diversas dimensiones de la desigualdad social en América Latina, se busca poner énfasis en la multidimensionalidad de las desigualdades y sus interdependencias transregionales, tomando en cuenta una perspectiva sincrónica y diacrónica. De esta manera abreva, en primer lugar, del discurso de los puntos de vista globales para el estudio de las desigualdades, en particular del enfoque del sistema-mundo y del transnacionalismo. En segundo lugar, se fundamenta en el examen crítico de conceptos clave (configuración y régimen). Por último, busca vincular estos conceptos a temas y áreas, en especial a la dimensión medioambiental, que hasta ahora ha recibido poca consideración en la investigación sobre desigualdades.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Addressing the Accountability Gap in Peacekeeping: Law-making by Domestic Courts as a Way to Avoid UN Reform?

Cover: Netherlands International Law Review

Heike Krieger

The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Netherlands International Law Review, No. 62 (2), 259-277.

Volltext bei SpringerLink

Two decades after the Srebrenica massacre legal accountability for serious human rights violations perpetrated by peacekeepers is still difficult to deliver. While there is an accountability gap where individuals seek redress from the United Nations, a number of court decisions seem to prompt a shift towards the domestic level so that member States might be held accountable for violations of (international) law which occur during peacekeeping missions: While national courts have upheld the immunity of the UN, developments in the domestic and regional jurisprudence on the rules on attribution and State liability point to the responsibility of the troop-contributing States. In view of the political difficulties in bringing about reforms within the UN system a focus on the decentralized law-making mechanisms at the domestic level might appeal at first sight. However, this paper argues that member States need to act and close the accountability gap above all at the level of the UN.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Menschenrechte, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Internationale Organisationen als Forschungsgegenstand. Oder: »Über Blinde und die Gestalt des Elefanten«

Cover: Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49

Andrea Liese, Eugéniada Conceição-Heldt, Martin Koch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: da Conceição-Heldt, Eugénia/Koch, Martin/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Internationale Organisationen. Autonomie, Politisierung, interorganisationale Beziehungen und Wandel, Special Issue of PVS - Politischen Vierteljahreszeitschrift, Vol. 49, 4-27.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibraryNomos Shop

Thema: Internationale Organisationen, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D7

The Noble West and the Dirty Rest? Western Democracy Promoters and Illiberal Regional Powers

Börzel_Democratization Journal

Tanja A. Börzel

Ilford, Essex: Taylor & Francis | 2015

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Babayan, Nelli (eds.): Democracy Promotion and the Challenges of Illiberal Regional Powers, Special Issue of Democratization, 22 (3), 519-535.

Volltext Tandfonline

This conclusion summarizes the major findings of this special issue and discusses their implications for research on democratization and international democracy promotion. First, I compare the interactions between EU and US democracy promotion and the responses of non-democratic regional powers. In the cases in which Russia, Saudi Arabia, and China chose to pursue a countervailing strategy, I match the reactions of the US and the EU and explore how the combined (inter-)actions of democratic and non-democratic actors have affected efforts at democracy promotion in the target countries. The second part discusses the theoretical implications of these findings and identifies challenges for theory-building. I argue that the literature still has to come to terms with a counter-intuitive finding of this special issue, namely that non-democratic actors can promote democratic change by unintentionally empowering liberal reform coalitions as much as democracy promoters can unwittingly enhance autocracy by stabilizing illiberal incumbent regimes. I conclude with some policy considerations.

Thema: Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Just Leave Us Alone: The Arab League and Human Rights

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 125-140.

Volltext Estudios

Compared with a global trend towards governance transfer by regional organizations, the League of Arab States is clearly a latecomer in prescribing and promoting governance standards in its member states — and its efforts are more limited and weaker than in many other regional organizations (Börzel and Stapel in this volume). While the Arab League started to deal with selected human rights issues in the late 1960s, an Arab Charter on Human Rights as the cornerstone of a regional human rights regime only entered into force in 2008 — much later than its American, European, and African counterparts. Continental organizations like the Organization of American States (OAS), the Council of Europe (CoE), and the Organization for African Unity (OAU), the predecessor of the African Union (AU), had developed regional human rights regimes early on. Moreover, many regional organizations worldwide turned to more actively prescribing and promoting standards related to human rights, democracy, the rule of law, and good governance in the 1990s. By contrast, only in the 21st century has the Arab League begun to step up its efforts at governance transfer. It focuses on human rights as compared with democracy, the rule of law, or good governance, but even the catalogue of human rights adopted in 2004 falls short of international standards, and the Arab Human Rights Committee has only a limited mandate for its promotion and protection.

Thema: MENA-Region, Menschenrechte, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Resilience as Warfare: Interventions and the Militarization of the Social in Haiti and Somalia

moe_müller_kriminologisches journal 4 2015

Markus-Michael Müller, Louise W. Moe

Weinheim: Beltz Juventa | 2015

Erschienen in: Kriminologisches Journal, 47 (4), 279-296.

Verlag Beltz

Der Beitrag analysiert die Militarisierung von Resilienz in Interventionskontexten. Durch eine Analyse der Implementierung von Resilienz-basierten Aufstandsbekämpfungsstrategien in Haiti und Somalia zeigen wir, dass die Inkorporierung von Resilienz-Denken in scheinbar wohltätigen bottom-up Sicherheitsbemühungen externer Akteure in von "fragiler Staatlichkeit" gekennzeichneten Interventionskontexten zunehmend zu einer Militarisierung sozialer Beziehungen führt. Schlüsselwörter: Resilienz, Aufstandsbekämpfung, Interventionen, Haiti, Somalia This article analyzes the militarization of resilience-thinking within the context of international interventions in "fragile" or "failed" states. In analyzing the implementation of resilience-driven conunterinsurgency approaches in Haiti and Somalia, we demonstrate that the incorporation of resilience-thinking in bottom-up security efforts promoted by external actors interveining in "fragile states" produces a militarization of social relations. Keywords: resilience, counterinsurgency, interventions, Haiti, Somalia

Thema: Intervention, Gewaltakteure, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Mapping Governance Transfer by 12 Regional Organizations: A Global Script in Regional Colors

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Sören Stapel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 22-50.

Verlag Palgrave

Studies on governance transfer by regional organizations (ROs) are on the rise. The extant literature has mainly focused on democracy and human rights (for an overview see Pevehouse forthcoming; McMahon and Baker 2006). Meanwhile, the promotion of other governance standards, such as the rule of law and the fight against corruption, have received far less attention (but see Jakobi 2013a; Zürn et al. 2012) and a systematic comparison of the general patterns of governance transfer by ROs across time, space, and issue areas is still missing.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

From Normative Pluralism to a Pluralism of Norm Enforcement Regimes: A Governance Research Perspective

Non-State Justivce Institutions and the Law

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke | 2015

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Röder, Tilmann/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke/Wolfrum, Rüdiger (eds.): Non-State Justice Institutions and the Law: Decision-Making at the Interface of Tradition, Religion and the State, 188-215.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

The Legal Status of Crimea: Occupation, Conquest or Annexation?

Cover: 'Russia’s Annexation of Crimea: The Mills of International Law Grind Slowly but They Do Grind'

Robin Geiß

Stockton: Stockton Center for the Study of International Law | 2015

Erschienen in: International Law Studies, Vol. 91, 425-449.

ILS

In her speech at the Munich Security Conference in February 2015, Chancellor Angela Merkel unwaveringly said: “Europe’s borders are and will remain unalterable.” At the same time, however, most observers agree that Crimea will remain de facto under Russian control. Against this backdrop the article assesses the contemporary and possible future legal status of Crimea. Particular attention is given to the inseparability of the link between Russia’s unlawful use of force and the purported territorial status alteration of Crimea, the concept of remedial secession and Crimea’s current status as an occupied territory.

Thema: Souveränität, Externe Akteure, Russland, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

The Force Intervention Brigade: United Nations Forces beyond the Fine Line between Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement

Cover: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 20 (3)

Lars Müller

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 20 (3), 359-380.

Volltext

As United Nations (UN) peacekeeping evolved from interposition forces to multidimensional missions, the UN adjusted its peacekeeping principles and allowed a wider use of force. As the latest adjustment, the Security Council adopted a new mandate for UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo creating the ‘Force Intervention Brigade’, described as the first contingent of troops to conduct targeted offensive operations against armed groups. However, this role of the UN as an enforcement actor within a non-international armed conflict was not prepared by an assessment of the rules applicable to UN missions. These rules provide the Force Intervention Brigade with an ambiguous double status being at the same time a specially protected peacekeeping force and a party directly engaged in hostilities. As a consequence, peacekeeping missions as a whole are put at a higher risk of failing to perform their assigned mediation between the conflict parties and of themselves becoming the target of attacks. As a preliminary policy advice, I propose a clear distinction between peacekeeping and peace enforcement troops with a view to protect the peacekeeper’s perceived legitimacy and to reconcile the status of peace enforcement troops with the law applicable to the conflicts they, in fact, became a party to.

Thema: DR Kongo, Internationale Organisationen, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Non-Flag States as Guardians of the Maritime Order: Creeping Jurisdiction of a Different Kind?

Cover: Jurisdiction over Ships

Robin Geiß, Christian Tims

Leiden: Brill | 2015

Erschienen in: Ringbom, Henrik (ed.): Jurisdiction over ships: Post-UNCLOS Developments in the Law of the Sea, Leiden: Brill, 19-49.

Brill Online

Thema: Völkerrecht, Policing, Staaten, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C11

Towards a Global Script? Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 3-21.

Verlag Palgrave

Since the end of the Cold War, international organizations and states have developed programs to promote ‘good’ governance in member states and third countries. Regional organizations have gained an important role in governance transfer. They constitute an intermediate level of agency between the nation-state and global institutions. Their broad mandate allows them to promote legitimate governance institutions in their member states and, in some cases, also non-member states. Today, almost every regional organization prescribes, promotes, and protects some standards for governance at the national level, irrespective of its original purpose — including simple free trade agreements. Thereby, they do not only foster the evolution of regional but also induce the transformation of national order.

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Every Vote Counts: Equality, Autonomy, and the Moral Value of Democratic Decision-Making

Cover: Res Publica

Daniel Jacob

Springer | 2015

Erschienen in: Res Publica, 21 (1), 61-75

Springer Link

What is the moral value of formal democratic decision-making? Egalitarian accounts of democracy provide a powerful answer to this question. They present formal democratic procedures as a way for a society of equals to arrive at collective decisions in a transparent and mutually acceptable manner. More specifically, such procedures ensure and publicly affirm that all members of a political community, in their capacity as autonomous actors, are treated as equals who are able and have a right to participate in collective decision-making. Recently, a number of authors have raised what I describe as the ‘no impact’ objection. This objection focuses on the egalitarian emphasis on autonomy to cast doubt on the moral value of formal democratic procedures. It holds that individual participation in formal democratic decision-making has no impact on the eventual result, and therefore cannot be understood as an exercise in autonomy. Consequently, the ‘no impact’ objection claims that the moral value of formal democracy cannot be explained with reference to an egalitarian ideal of ‘rule by the people’. In this article, I refute this objection by complementing an egalitarian account of democracy with an account of basic autonomy.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Demokratie, Normative Fragen, Legitimität, Teilprojekt B9

Why Being Democratic Is Just Not Enough: The EU’s Governance Transfer

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 227-242.

Verlag Palgrave

The European Union (EU) is a promoter and protector of ‘good governance’ par excellence. The Europeanization of its member states and attempts at external governance transfer towards third countries have earned the EU the name of a ‘transformative’ or ‘normative’ power (cf. Börzel and Risse 2009b; Manners 2006). Yet, in comparison with other regional organizations, the EU has focused on the transformation of domestic governance institutions beyond rather than within its borders. Only recently has the EU begun to develop policies and instruments that explicitly aim at protecting the very norms and values within its own member states that it has sought to transfer to accession candidates, neighborhood countries, and third states. Not only has the emergence of a comprehensive policy for internal governance transfer lagged behind the establishment of the EU’s external policy by ten years; it is also much weaker than the EU’s rhetoric and its practice of external governance transfer would suggest. This is all the more puzzling since problems with democratic pluralism, the independence of the judiciary, or minority rights, in both old and new member states, question the extent to which the EU has been effective in promoting and protecting governance standards internally.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Patching Together a Global Script: The Demand for and Supply of Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations?

Börzel_Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2015

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./van Hüllen, Vera (eds.): Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 245-259.

Verlag Palgrave

The end of the Cold War witnessed a surge of regionalism, which triggered the proliferation of new research. While studies on the European Union (EU) used to dominate the field, developing distinctive concepts and theories, regionalism has gained prominence outside Europe. Students of area studies in particular felt that EU approaches had little to offer that could help them understand processes of regionalism in Africa or Asia. The so-called ‘New Regionalism’ literature has, therefore, taken a different approach that emphasizes the social construction of regions and the role of non-state actors other than pressure groups, as well as the importance of cultural and environmental aspects (Farrell et al. 2005; Hettne et al. 1999; Söderbaum and Shaw 2003). At the same time, international political economy (IPE) gave rise to another important body of research on regionalism, focusing on regional trade and investment patterns and the design of regional institutions to foster liberalization and settle disputes over market access. The main dependent variable of such IPE approaches is the emergence and effectiveness of preferential and free trade areas (PTA and FTA), whose number is sufficiently large to apply statistical methods to test various strands of (rational) institutionalist theories (inter alia Mansfield and Milner 1997; Mansfield and Reinhardt 2003; Milner 1988).

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Global Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective

Risse_The Oxford Handbook of Transformation

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Leibfried, Stephan/Huber, Evelyne/Lange, Matthew/Levy, Jonah D. /Nullmeier, Frank/Stephens, John D. (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State, 152-168.

Volltext: Oxford Handbooks

The modern fully sovereign state as the template for organizing our understanding of statehood is largely a myth. The most common version of statehood is characterized by “areas of limited statehood:” these are parts of the territory or policy areas in which the central government lacks the capacity to implement decisions and/or its monopoly over the means of violence is challenged. These areas are not ungoverned spaces or lacking governance. Collective goods are often provided under extremely constrained domestic sovereignty—by a variety of state and non-state, local and transnational plus international actors. In this chapter I first conceptualize limited statehood and show its empirical validity as the default situation in the international system. Second, I criticize the prevailing paradigms on statehood and state transformations as biased toward Western and European modernity. Third, I demonstrate that there are functioning alternatives to the “shadow of hierarchy” cast by the state.

Thema: Staat, Staatlichkeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Beyond Control: Militias as Inherent Part of the National Security Policy in Indonesia

Cover: Sicherheit und Frieden 33 (4)

Deniz Kocak

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2015

Erschienen in: Sicherheit und Frieden 33 (4), 212-217.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

This article approaches the issue of militias as barely regulated actors in the provision of security, and the challenge of containing them in the context of security sector reform in Indonesia. Since independence, militias played a pivotal role in representing the central state in areas of limited statehood and hence in the Indonesian state-building process. In cooperation with the military and police, militias were deployed to maintain the political status quo. Even after Suharto’s resignation and the onset of political reforms as part of reformasi, militias continued to act as an unregulated instrument to assert not only state control but to serve particular interests as well.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

The EU, External Actors, and the ‘Arabellions’: Much Ado About (Almost) Nothing

Cover: Journal of European Integration

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse, Assem Dandashly

Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal of European Integration 37 (1), 135-153.

Volltext Routledge

This article summarizes the findings from the special issue. The EU, the US, and to some extent Turkey are the only actors considered in this special issue who not only explicitly try to promote human rights and democracy, but also employ specific instruments and resources for this purpose. But all external actors prioritized stability and security over democracy as the events unfolded. Despite all the discussions about EU actorness, we did not find any difference between the EU, on the one hand, and the four states we looked at in this special issue (the US, Russia, Turkey, and Israel), on the other. In fact, the US arguably pursued the most incoherent and inconsistent foreign policy toward the MENA region in response to the Arabellions. Among the three explanations considered in the introduction to this special issue, realism scores worst. ‘Objective’ geostrategic interests cannot account for the variation in policy responses by the external actors. The authors in this special issue point to domestic politics in the various countries and inside the regional organization (the EU) considered here. Self-understandings and collective identities provide a complementary explanation for why external actors have acted against their economic and security goals. As to the effects of the external actors’ policies in the target countries, the main drivers of events during the Arabellions have been domestic so that external actors could only assume subsidiary roles. Tunisia might be the only case in which external democracy promotion—in this case by the EU—played an auxiliary role.

Thema: Europa, Staat, bewaffneter Konflikt, Außenpolitik, Externe Akteure, Regionalorganisationen, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt T3

Responses to the ‘Arabellions.’ The EU in Comparative Perspective: Introduction

Cover: Journal of European Integration

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse, Assem Dandashly

Routledge | 2015

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal of European Integration 37 (1), 1-17.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article introduces the themes of this special issue which is devoted to the reactions by external actors including the EU to the events unfolding in the Arab world beginning in December 2010. In particular, we look at the balancing act by external actors between their desire for stability, on the one hand, and their normative principles toward human rights and democracy, on the other. We compare the action (and inaction) of the European Union (EU) with other international and regional players, including the United States, Russia, Turkey and Israel. The contributions assess the response of these actors to the Arabellions events and analyse changes in their approaches to the Arab region. We ask three questions: (1) How have external actors assessed the ‘Arabellions’ and what role did they see for themselves in this context? (2) Which goals and instruments did external actors pursue toward the MENA region? In particular, how did they deal with conflicting goals, such as support for human rights and democracy, on the one hand, and concerns about security and stability, on the other? (3) How can we explain the varying responses of external actors to the Arabellions?

Thema: Europa, Staat, bewaffneter Konflikt, Außenpolitik, Externe Akteure, Regionalorganisationen, MENA-Region, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

State Failure and State Transformation

Cover: Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

Sven Chojnacki, Anne Menzel

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2015

Erschienen in: Huber, Evelyne/Lange, Matthew/Leibfried, Stephan/Levy, Jonah/Nullmeier, Frank/Stephens, John (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State, 745-761.

In this chapter, we consider state failure and its impact on state transformations in the Global South. After introducing "state failure" (Section 1), we define failed states and assess their strengths and weaknesses in light of alternative approaches, in particular by integrating the idea of modes of governance beyond the state (Section 2). We then detail institutional and functional failures, that is, we move on to an evaluation of current evidence that supports different dimensions of violent state transformation (institutional and physical characteristics) as well as the nexus between making war and (un-)making the state (Section 3). Following up, we sketch the different pathways to failure, warfare, and state collapse, as there is no single path that typically tips faillng states "over the edge" into widespread warfare, nor one common characteristic defining actors' strategies and dynamics in such situations (Section 4). Finally we outline the role of international interventions to further peace-keeping and state-building in these trajectories (Section 5). We conclude by outlining further substantive and methodological research opportunities (Section 6).

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Applying the Rule of Law to Contexts beyond the State

Cover: The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat)

Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Heidelberg: Springer | 2014-04-26

Erschienen in: Silkenat, James R./Hickey Jr., James E./Barenboim, Peter D. (eds.): The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat), 71-90.

Springer Verlag

By focusing on two recent developments, the authors of this chapter argue that rule of law principles can provide a general yardstick to evaluate even these norm-building processes that occur beyond the state. First, various discourses on governance in contexts beyond the state have started to integrate non-state legal structures into the rule of law concepts illustrated in terms of constitutional law, law and development, and global governance, generalizing the criteria under which non-state law can assume the same quality as the rule of law. And second, there is an increasing tendency in contexts “beyond the state” to use experiences subsumed under the rule of law as a normative yardstick to measure non-state processes of setting and enforcing norms, as well as the quality of those norms. Distanced from its origin as a principle of state law, the rule of law functions here as a general standard for legitimate and effective rule-making.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Good Governance

Cover: Recht und Entwicklung

Matthias Kötter

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2014-04-10

Erschienen in: Dann, Philipp/Kadelbach, Stefan/Kaltenborn, Markus (eds.): Entwicklung und Recht, 553-587.

Nomos Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Sex Drives, Bride Prices and Divorces: Legal Policy Concerning Gender Relations in German Cameroon 1884 – 1916

Cover: Gender History in a Transnational Perspective

Ulrike Schaper

New York: Berghahn Books | 2014-04-01

Erschienen in: Janz, Oliver; Schönpflug, Daniel (Hg.): Gender History in a Transnational Perspective: Biographies, Networks, Gender Orders, 243-269.

Berghahn Books Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, normative Pluralität, Rule of Law, Kolonialgeschichte, Sub-Sahara Afrika

Impediments to Security Sector Reform in Thailand

Cover: Security Sector Reform in Southeast Asia

Deniz Kocak, Johannes Kode

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014-03-07

Erschienen in: Heiduk, Felix (ed.): Security Sector Reform in Southeast Asia: From Policy to Practice, 83-101.

Palgrave Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

New Modes of Governance and the Rule of Law: The Case of Transnational Rule-Making

Cover: Rule of Law Dynamics

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2014-03

Erschienen in: Zürn, Michael/Nollkemper, André/Peerenboom, Randall (eds.): Rule of Law Dynamics: In an Era of International and Transnational Governance, 90-110.

Cambridge VerlagVolltext bei Cambridge Books Online

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

De-Monopolizing the Bureaucratic Field: Internationalization Strategies and the Transnationalization of Security Governance in Mexico City

müller_alternative global local political

Markus-Michael Müller

Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications | 2014-02

Erschienen in: Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 39 (1), 37-54.

Volltext Sage Pub

Through the lens of Bourdieusian field theory, this article examines the transnationalization of the urban security field in contemporary Mexico City. It demonstrates that while the local bureaucratic field has held a monopoly over the definition of security issues, previously marginalized actors situated outside of the local security field used the political opportunity created by the intersection of the democratization of local politics, the neoliberalization of the Mexican economy and rising crime rates since the mid-1990s to deploy “internationalization strategies” to confront the bureaucratic field’s definitional authority over urban security. While the resulting struggles within the urban security field undermined the dominance of the bureaucratic field and contributed to a growing transnationalization of urban security governance, the analysis shows how, because of the “two-tiered” nature of the transnational urban security field, these processes did not improve the overall security situation in the city.

Thema: Globale Governance, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Taking the State (Back) Out? Statehood and the Delivery of Collective Goods

Lee_GWD_Wiesel_Taking Statehood

Melissa M. Lee, Gregor Walter-Drop, John Wiesel

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 635-654.

Volltext: Wiley Online Library

State-building is a central tenet of many current development efforts. This primacy of the state rests on a global normative script that emphasizes the role of the modern state in providing collective goods and services from security to education to health. We analyze state performance in six dimensions of service delivery in a cross-sectional sample of more than 150 countries. In addition to exploring the explanatory power of statehood, we examine various control variables and also analyze whether external actors affect the delivery of collective goods and services. The core finding of this article is that there is remarkably little evidence of a consistent relationship between statehood and service delivery. This result casts doubt on the conventional wisdom about the centrality of the state for the provision collective goods and services, and suggests that other factors may explain the observed variation.

Thema: Externe Akteure, State-Building, fragile Staatlichkeit, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt C2

Multinational Corporations and Service Provision in Sub-Sahara Africa: Legitimacy and Institutionalization Matter

Cover: Governance - Special Issue

Jana Hönke, Christian Thauer

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 697-716.

Wiley Online Library

This article considers attempts by multinational corporations to provide services in areas of limited statehood. Under which conditions are such attempts effective? We make two arguments: First, they must be legitimate to be effective. Second, the institutional design of the firms’ service provision programs is an important factor for their effectiveness. We assess these arguments by analyzing multinationals in the South African car industry fighting HIV/AIDS, and international mining firms in South Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo trying to improve public security. The analysis demonstrates that under conditions of legitimacy and high degrees of institutionalization firm programs effectively contribute to service provision in areas of limited statehood.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Legitimität, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction

Cover: Governance - Special Issue

Stephen D. Krasner, Thomas Risse

Wiley | 2014-01-06

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 545-567.

Wiley Online Library

This article introduces the themes and arguments of the special issue. While virtually all polities enjoy uncontested international legal sovereignty, there are wide variations in statehood, that is, the monopoly over the means of violence and the ability of the state to make and implement policies. Areas of limited statehood are not, however, ungoverned spaces where anarchy and chaos prevail. The provision of collective goods and services is possible even under extremely adverse conditions of fragile or failed statehood. We specify the conditions under which external efforts at state-building and service provision by state and nonstate actors can achieve their goals. We focus on the extent to which external actors enhance the capacity (statehood) of authority structures in weak states, or directly contribute to the provision of collective goods and services, such as public health, clean environment, social security, and infrastructure. We argue that three factors determine success: legitimacy, task complexity, and institutionalization, including the provision of adequate resources.

Thema: fragile Staatlichkeit, State-Building, externe Akteure, Gesundheit, Bildung, rule of law, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt T3

Rule of Law. Leitbild und Maßstab auch jenseits des staatlichen Rechts

Cover: VRÜ (4)2014

Matthias Kötter, Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2014

Erschienen in: Verfassung Und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America, 47 (4), 369-391.

Verassung und Recht in ÜberseeVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

By focusing on two recent developments, we argue that rule of law principles can provide a general yardstick to evaluate even these norm-building processes that occur beyond the state. First, in various discourses on governance in contexts beyond the state authors suggest to integrate non-state legal structures into the rule of law concept. By illustrating this in terms of constitutional law, law and development, and global governance, we ask for the criteria under which nonstate law can be seen as functional equivalent to state law from a rule of law perspective. And second, there is an increasing tendency in contexts “beyond the state” to use experiences subsumed under the rule of law as a normative yardstick to evaluate informal processes of legal regulation. Distanced from its origin as a principle of state law, the rule of law functions here as a general standard for legitimate and effective rule-making.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Turning Back to the Turning Point: The Day of Guanahani in 1492 in Global Perspective

Cover: Transatlantic Caribbea Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Stefan Rinke

Bielefeld: transcript | 2014

Erschienen in: Kummels, Ingrid/Rauhut, Claudia/Rinke, Stefan/Timm, Birte (eds.): Transatlantic Caribbean: Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas, 97-108.

transcript Verlag

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Kolonial Geschichte, Transfer, Teilprojekt D9

Transnational Partnerships: Conditions for Successful Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood

krasner_risse_governance_administration and institutions

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 655-673.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

Transnational public–private partnerships (PPPs) are external governance actors in the field of development cooperation and vary in composition, potentially including nonprofit and for-profit organizations, state and public agencies, and intergovernmental organizations. This article analyzes the conditions under which PPPs have been successful in providing access to basic services (water, sanitation, and food) in areas of limited statehood in Bangladesh, India, and Kenya. We focus on 10 projects carried out by two PPPs that differ in two key respects: legitimacy and institutional design. We show that partnerships with high empirical legitimacy and an appropriate institutional design are best able to fulfill complex tasks in contexts of limited statehood. A participatory approach can promote legitimacy and thus success; projects that lack legitimacy are prone to failure. Additionally, a project's institutional design must address problems that commonly affect areas of limited statehood: It should provide access to resources for capacity development, ensure adequate monitoring, and be tailored to local needs.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D8

Philosopher-Kings in Real Life: The Epistemic Community on Biodiversity in Brazil and India

Cover: Global Society, 28 (2)

Thomas Eimer

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: Global Society, 28 (2), 131-150.

Volltext

As part of an increasing scientisation of political processes, epistemic communities have been identified as a unique category of social actors, who exclusively rely on their knowledge resources to shape the preferences of decision-makers. Whereas most authors expect that an expert-driven policy process facilitates the implementation of technically complex policies, critical scholars hint to an evolving technocracy, whose scientific dogmatism may end up in policies that aggravate social problems. In this paper, these countervailing assumptions are empirically assessed for the epistemic community on biodiversity and its role in Brazil and India. At least in this case, it seems that the impact experts' influence depends on the configuration of the policy arena. If experts are institutionally compelled to debate their positions with potential critics, the members of an epistemic community seem to engage in a rather deliberative discourse that widens the policy space for all stakeholders involved. Under the conditions of an elitist closure, however, policy experts seem to adapt to the preferences of the most powerful actors but refrain from any critical self-reflection that might seriously challenge their own convictions.

Thema: Brasilien, Nichtregierungsorganisationen, Umwelt, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt D7

State-Building and the European Union's Fight against Corruption in the Southern Caucasus

Börzel_van Hüllen_Governance 27 4

Tanja A. Börzel, Vera van Hüllen

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Periodicals | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, Special Issue of Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 613-634.

Volltext Online Library Wiley

This article asks under which conditions the state-building efforts of external actors in areas of limited statehood are likely to be effective. We argue that the legitimacy of the specific norms promoted by external actors among local actors is crucial for their success in strengthening state capacities. International efforts need to resonate with prevalent social norms. To substantiate this argument, we focus on the European Union's (EU) anticorruption programs and their implementation in one of the most corrupt regions in the world, the Southern Caucasus. We show that legitimacy can explain why the EU's fight against corruption helped reduce corruption in Georgia but not in Armenia. In both countries, political elites could selectively use anticorruption programs as an instrument against political opponents, using enhanced state capacities to stabilize the incumbent regime. Only in Georgia, however, was the fight against corruption facilitated by sustained domestic mobilization for anticorruption policies that added pressure on political elites “from below.”

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Legitimität, Zentralasien und Kaukasus, Teilprojekt B2

New Perspectives on Security Sector Reform: The Role of Local Agency and Domestic Politics

Cover: International Peacekeeping

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: International Peacekeeping, 21 (2), 133-148.

Volltext

This special issue identifies new directions in research on the consequences of international involvement in security sector reform (SSR). Both empirically and theoretically, the focus lies on the so far neglected role of local agency and domestic power constellations. The introductory article maps out different ways to analyse the external-domestic interaction dynamics that structure the often contentious and asymmetric encounters between international and local interests and demands in SSR processes. It makes the case for moving beyond a state-centric approach to the study of security governance in areas of limited statehood and for engaging more closely with the layered, mixed or hybrid security orders that can result from external engagement in domestic reform contexts.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Security Sector Reform and the Emergence of Hybrid Security Governance

Cover: International Peacekeeping

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: International Peacekeeping, 21 (2), 214-230.

Volltext

Comprehensive Security Sector Reform (SSR) has become a crucial component of many international peace- and statebuilding operations. The paper assesses the consequences of these attempts to foster international standards of ‘democratic security governance’ in the security sectors of post-conflict or fragile states. The paper builds on qualitative case study research of SSR interventions in Timor-Leste, Liberia, and the Palestinian Territories, conducted 2010–2012, to trace patterns of adoption, adaptation or rejection of international security governance standards by domestic actors. The article uses insights from sociological organization theories to identify different types of ‘hybrid security orders’ that result from encounters between international and domestic models of security governance in SSR processes.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

What's the 'Best Fit'? Partnerships’ Project Design and Its Influence on Local Effectiveness

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 161-192.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have been hailed as ‘one of the most participatory and effective mechanisms to implement sustainable development’ (UN, 2012b, see also Chapter 1). Advocates of this governance form see PPPs as uniquely capable of engaging and mobilizing private and public actors in joint action, and praise both their effectiveness and their efficiency in project implementation. They argue that the project designs of PPPs offer multiple advantages by combining public authorities’ access to governmental organizations in the partner country, the market’s enthusiasm for efficiency and innovation, and the close relations of civil society groups with local populations. Yet, critics claim that such positive assessments are not founded on empirical evidence, raising strong doubts about the alleged innovation and value added by PPP projects. In this chapter, we analyze PPP project design in greater detail, looking particularly at the degree of institutionalization and elements of process and project management in PPPs (see Chapter 2). In doing so, we are interested in determining how and why different elements of project design affect project success or failure in a context of limited statehood. Therefore, the central focus of this chapter is on the question: Which characteristics of project design are the most significant for project output, outcome, and long-term, large-scale impact in areas of limited statehood?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Die Beziehungen zwischen Lateinamerika und Asien

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 24

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Histoamericana, Vol. 24.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Asien, Lokale Akteure, Global History, Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt D9

Remittances for Financial Access: Insights from Latin American Microfinance

Cover: Development Policy Review, 32 (6)

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

London: Overseas Development Institute | 2014

Erschienen in: Development Policy Review, 32 (6), 733-753.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

The potential of migrant remittances to foster access to financial services for low-income households has been largely unexplored. Comparing three Latin American countries – the Dominican Republic, El Salvador and Mexico – this inter-disciplinary study links research on remittances and microfinance with multi-actor governance approaches. While the context of high remittance-dependence provides similar challenges in all cases, it finds remarkable variety both in the structure of the remittances market and the actors involved in microfinance and in the role governments play. It explains the diverging success of MFIs in remittance markets by pointing to the interplay of for-profit, non-profit and state actors embedded within the specific market structures of each country.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Ein monströses Attentat gegen die menschliche Kultur‘. Der Kriegsausbruch 1914 in Lateinamerika

Cover: Wandel, Umbruch, Absturz. Perspektiven auf das Jahr 1914

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Steiner | 2014

Erschienen in: Angelow, Jürgen/Großmann, Johannes (eds.): Wandel, Umbruch, Absturz. Perspektiven auf das Jahr 1914, 29-41.

Steiner Verlag

Dieser Band widmet sich der Scharnier- und Umbruchfunktion des Jahres 1914 und betont dabei die unterschiedlichen Geschwindigkeiten historischen Wandels im zeitlichen Umfeld des Kriegsausbruchs. Die Autoren unterstreichen Kontinuitäten und grenzüberschreitende Verflechtungsprozesse, verdeutlichen die Wechselbeziehung zwischen kollektiven Mentalitäten und individuellen Entscheidungen und verknüpfen unterschiedliche thematische, räumliche und methodische Perspektiven. Die Beiträge setzen den globalen Wandel von Wahrnehmungs-, Verhaltens- und Kommunikationsmustern in Bezug zu nationalen, regionalen und lokalen Diskursen und Entscheidungszwängen in der "Julikrise". Sie fragen nach der Bedeutung politischer, militärischer und zivilgesellschaftlicher Transnationalisierungsprozesse und konfrontieren diese mit den politischen Visionen, den militärischen Illusionen und den nationalistischen Reflexen des Sommers 1914. Zwei Beiträge zur Historiographie- und Erinnerungsgeschichte rahmen den Band ein.

Thema: Teilprojekt D9

The Reconstruction of National Identity: German Minorities in Latin America during the First World War

Cover: Immigration and National Identities in Latin America

Stefan Rinke

Florida: University Press of Florida | 2014

Erschienen in: Foote, Nicole/Goebel, Michael (ed.): Immigration and National Identities in Latin America, 160-181.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Diffusion, Teilprojekt D9

Los diputados de Cádiz y las conexiones entre América y Europa

Cover: Voces americanas en la Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1814

Stefan Rinke

Lima: Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos/Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú | 2014

Erschienen in: Lomné, Georges/O’Phelan, Scarlett (eds.): Voces americanas en la Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1814, 351-370.

Thema: Europa, Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, State, Souveränität, Teilprojekt D9

Somalia (Islamist Groups)

Cover: Conflict Barometer 2013

Tim Glawion

Heidelberg: Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research | 2014

Erschienen in: Conflict Barometer, Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, No. 22, 62-63.

Thema: Terrorismus, Gewaltakteure, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C10

Alianzas estratégicas por la Seguridad: La desarticulación de fronteras interiores y la definición de las fronteras nacionales en Chile y Argentina, 1870 – 1885

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 29

Mónika Contreras Saiz

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Contreras Saiz, Monika/Hölck, Lasse/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Gobernanza y Seguridad. La conquista republicana de las fronteras latinoamericanas en el siglo XIX, Histoamericana, Vol. 29, 153–180.

Thema: Chile, Argentinien, Sicherheit, Lokale Akteure, State-Building, Teilprojekt D9

Who Governs Partnerships? On the Role of Boards, Donors, Partners, and Other Stakeholders

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese, Christian Vosseler

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 107-127.

Verlag Palgrave Springer Link

Much of the scientific debate on governance in areas of limited statehood centers on the question of how — that is, by what modes of governance — security and other collective goods can be provided in the absence of consolidated statehood. Yet it is equally important to address the question of who governs (Avant et al., 2010, p. 223) when it is not the state. Also, to evaluate the effectiveness of external governance, it is crucial to examine which individuals and organizations in a transnational public-private partnership (PPP) contribute in which phases of the policy process. In this book, we have introduced PPPs as a form of governance in which public and private actors interact. But who exactly is involved in PPPs? And who makes the decisions and holds the power? That is, who sets the agenda, makes the rules, establishes the programs, and monitors, evaluates, and finances the work of PPPs as external governance actors in areas of limited statehood?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Internationale Organisationen, Nichtregierungsorganisationen, Multinationale Unternehmen, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

Introduction: Transnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 3-16.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) are a relatively new form of governance. By governance we mean ‘the various institutionalized modes of social coordination to produce and implement collectively binding rules or to provide collective goods’ (Risse, 2011b, p. 9). In PPPs, non-state actors (such as non-profit organizations and companies) work with state actors (such as intergovernmental organizations and public donor agencies) across multiple transnational, national, and local levels to provide collective goods. One could say that these diverse actors ‘co-govern’, thereby performing functions that until recently were generally regarded as the sole responsibility of sovereign states, at least in the ‘OECD world’ (Liese and Beisheim 2011, p. 115; OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

External Actors and the Provision of Public Health Services in Somalia

krasner_risse_governance_administration and institutions

Marco Schäferhoff

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2014

Erschienen in: Krasner, Stephen/Risse, Thomas (eds.): External Actors, State-Building and Service Provision in Areas of Limited Statehood, An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, 27 (4), 675-695.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

Concentrating on the health sector, this article argues that the provision of collective goods through external actors depends on the level of state capacity and the complexity of the service that external actors intend to provide. It shows that external actors can contribute most effectively to collective good provision when the service is simple, and that simple services can even be provided under conditions of failed statehood. Effectively delivering complex services requires greater levels of state capacity. The article also indicates that legitimacy is a key factor to explain variance in health service delivery. To demonstrate this, the article assesses health projects in Somalia. It shows that simple services—malaria prevention and tuberculosis control—are provided effectively in all three Somali regions, including the war-torn South-Central region. In contrast, the HIV/AIDS project only achieved substantial results in Somaliland, the only region with a comparatively higher level of state capacity, and failed in the South-Central region and Puntland.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Partnerships for Health – Special Focus: Service Provision

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marco Schäferhoff

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 45-62.

Volltext Site Ebray

Over the last decade, the global health landscape has undergone dramatic changes. Some of the most prominent of these are a significant rise in development assistance for health, which has increased from USD 5.6 billion in 1990 to USD 28.2 billion in 2008 (IHME, 2012), and the launch of new global health initiatives. Since the turn of the millennium, transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) have become an established type of governance in global health (Barnes and Brown, 2011; Beisheim et al., 2010; Biesma et al, 2009; Buse, 2004; Liese and Beisheim, 2011; WHO et al, 2009). Estimates suggest that there are now more than 100 PPPs in the global health sector (Buse and Harmer, 2007, p. 260) — much more than in other policy fields such as nutrition and labor rights (Liese, 2009). Transnational health PPPs fulfill a broad range of functions, such as agenda setting, fundraising, research and development, technical assistance to countries, and norm and standard setting. In many low- and middle-income countries, transnational PPPs have also become a key provider of health services such as the distribution of antiretroviral therapies to treat people living with HIV/AIDS, insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) to prevent malaria, and vaccination services to prevent major childhood and communicable diseases such as diarrhea and hepatitis B. Several health PPPs, including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund), and the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership, were explicitly founded to accelerate progress toward international health goals, declarations, and resolutions adopted by the United Nations (UN) member states, most notably the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Experten in der Grauzone. Militärischer Wissenstransfer zwischen Deutschland und Südamerika, 1918-1933

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 34

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/González de Reufels, Delia (eds.): Expert Knowledge in Latin American History: Local, Transnational, and Global Perspectives, Histoamericana, Vol. 34, 65-86.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt D9

Gobernanza y seguridad en las fronteras latinoamericanas del siglo XIX: La amenaza de los grupos indígenas independientes

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 29

Stefan Rinke

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Contreras Saiz, Monika/Hölck, Lasse/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Gobernanza y seguridad: La conquista republicana de las fronteras latinoamericanas en el siglo XIX, Histoamericana, Vol. 29, 7-21.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Lokale Akteure, State, State-Building, Teilprojekt D9

Polizieren als (post-)koloniale Praxis: Einsichten für eine kritische Polizeiforschung

Müller _ Zeitschrift für kritische Stadtforschung 2_2_ 2014 jpg

Markus-Michael Müller

Berlin: sub\urban | 2014

Erschienen in: sub\urban. zeitschrift für kritische stadtforschung, 2 (2), 65-70.

Volltext Zeitschrift sub/urban

Der Beitrag plädiert für eine Integration postkolonialer Theorieansätze in eine kritische Polizeiforschung. Es wird argumentiert, dass diese das kritische Potenzial dieser Forschung dahingehend erweitern können, dass sie etablierte, aber inhärent eurozentristiche Narrationen bezüglich der Entstehung, Entwicklung und Funktion der Polizei als eine genuin westlich-national situierte Institution infrage stellen. Eine daraus abzuleitende Anforderung besteht darin, nicht nur die Relevanz postkolonialer Ansätze und Arbeiten anzuerkennen, sondern auch bereit zu sein, von postkolonialen Erfahrungen für die hiesige Forschungspraxis zu lernen.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Introduction

Cover: Transatlantic Caribbea Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas

Stefan Rinke

Bielefeld: transcript | 2014

Erschienen in: Kummels, Ingrid/Rauhut, Claudia/Rinke, Stefan/Timm, Birte (eds.): Transatlantic Caribbean: Dialogues of People, Practice, Ideas, 7-32.

transcript Verlag

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Global History, Aneignung, Abwehr, Teilprojekt D9

Einleitung

Cover: Histoamericana, Vol. 34

Stefan Rinke, Delia González de Reufels

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/González de Reufels, Delia (eds.): Expert Knowledge in Latin American History: Local, Transnational, and Global Perspectives, Histoamericana, Vol. 34, 7-14.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Global History, Lokale Akteure, Transfer, Bildung, Teilprojekt D9

Business for Peace? The Ambiguous Role of 'Ethical' Mining Companies

Cover: Peacebuilding, 2 (2)

Jana Hönke

London: Taylor & Francis | 2014

Erschienen in: Peacebuilding, 2 (2), 172-187.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

Multinational companies are increasingly promoted as peacebuilders. Major arguments in support of such a position emphasise both interest-based and norm/socialisation-based factors. This article uses research on large mining MNCs in eastern DRC – those that, arguably, should be most likely to build peace according to the above positions – to engage critically with the business for peace agenda. First it demonstrates the limited peacemaking, as well as active peacebuilding, activities in broader society that companies undertake. Second, it finds that even those companies deemed most likely to build peace continue relying on hybrid (in)security practice. Third, this article calls for more reflexivity concerning the implications of the business for peace research agenda. While the latter might contribute to socialising businesses into contributions to peacebuilding, it also produces companies as legitimate authorities, despite their limitations as peacebuilders. As a result, new conflict and insecurity are produced, especially for/with those displaced from land and artisanal mining pits and left with no alternative livelihood options.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilporjekt D2

Vertrauen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Eine politikwissenschaftliche Analyse

Risse_Vertrauen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Thomas Risse

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2014

Erschienen in: Baberowski, Jörg (ed.): Was ist Vertrauen? Ein interdisziplinäres Gespräch, 127-145.

Volltext: Content Select

Thema: Außenpolitik, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Partnerships for Water and Energy – Special Focus: Knowledge Transfer

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Sabine Campe

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 87-106.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Goodness Comes From Within: Intra-Organizational Dynamics of Corporate Social Responsibility

Cover: Business and Society, 53 (4)

Christian Thauer

London: SAGE | 2014

Erschienen in: Business and Society, 53 (4), 483-516.

Volltext Sage Journals

This article makes the case for the importance of paying attention to the internal dynamics of business in order to understand why and under which conditions firms engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR). The argument is that CSR assists decision-makers in firms to resolve managerial dilemmas. By a managerial dilemma this article understands a situation whereby the execution of management’s decisions requires asset specific allocation of resources.  Asset specific allocation of resources transforms the intra-organizational mode of social coordination from a hierarchy to one in which managers become dependent on, and vulnerable to, the behavior of subordinates. It is in these situations that corporate decision-makers introduce CSR standards in their attempt to avoid the foreseeable loss of control and organizational efficiency.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Ungebetene Gäste. Zum Eingreifen auf Einladung im Ukrainekonflikt 2014

Cover: Die Friedens-Warte – Journal of International Peace and Organisation

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Friedens-Warte – Journal of International Peace and Organisation, 89 (1-2), 125-151.

Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag

Der Beitrag geht am Beispiel der Ukrainekrise 2014 der Frage nach der verhaltenssteuernden Wirkung des Unrechtsausschließungsgrundes des Eingreifens auf Einladung nach. Diese Frage stellt sich in besonderer Schärfe dort, wo – wie in der Ukraine – die Vetomächte des UN-Sicherheitsrats betroffen sind. Der Beitrag beleuchtet dazu im Schwerpunkt, inwieweit die unterschiedlichen Einladungen zur Intervention, die im Verlauf der Ukrainekrise von verschiedenen Akteuren ausgesprochen worden sind, als rechtlich wirksam zu betrachten sind. Die Untersuchung gelangt zu dem Ergebnis, dass die vorhandenen Regeln so klar und bestimmt ausgestaltet sind, dass sie es auch in einem veränderten sicherheitspolitischen Kontext Drittstaaten ermöglichen, die missbräuchliche Inanspruchnahme des Unrechtsausschließungsgrundes klar zu identifizieren und zurückzuweisen.

Thema: Staat, Rule of Law, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt C8

Can PPPs Make It Anywhere? How Limited Statehood and Other Area Factors Influence PPP Effectiveness

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Andrea Liese, Hannah Janetschek, Johanna Sarre

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 131-160.

Volltext Site Ebray

Comparative empirical accounts of the local-level work of transnational PPPs are scarce in the academic literature (for some exceptions, see Compagnon, 2012; Hog, 2012; Jamali, 2004; Kolk and Lenfant, 2013; Marin, 2009). This chapter examines the local-level work of four public-private partnerships (PPPs) in areas of limited statehood in East Africa (Kenya and Uganda) and South Asia (Bangladesh and India). What happens when PPPs that were formed in multi-level governance contexts ‘hit the ground’ — that is, when they implement projects in diverse and challenging settings? And how do limited statehood and other area factors influence the effectiveness of PPP projects?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, ), Sub-Sahara Afrika, Asien, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

Research Design: Measuring and Explaining the Effectiveness of PPPs

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Andrea Liese, Marianne Beisheim

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 17-41.

Volltext Site Ebray

This volume analyzes the conditions that lead to different levels of effectiveness among transnational pub lie-priva te partnerships (PPPs) for sustainable development working in areas of limited statehood. Defining PPP effectiveness as furthering the attainment of international development goals such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), we use new empirical data obtained from expert interviews, documents, field research, and secondary literature to test a series of hypotheses about the relevance of various institutional design features for a partnership’s success. Our study focuses on 21 transnational PPPs (Chapters 3–5) and on 45 local-level projects carried out by four of these partnerships in Bangladesh, India, Kenya, and Uganda (Chapters 7 and 8). While we assume that institutional design matters, the question of which aspects of this design are the most significant depends on the type of partnership and the local context in which PPP projects are implemented. For the local-level projects, we adopt a comparative approach to analyze them in order to systematically assess the relevance of project-specific versus are a-specific conditions.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Global Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

Summing Up: Key Findings and Avenues for Future Research

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Marianne Beisheim, Andrea Liese

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 193-227.

Springer LinkVerlag Palgrave Macmillan

This chapter summarizes the principal results of the case studies and comparisons in the volume and reflects on these results in the light of our overarching conceptual and theoretical framework.1 In Section 9.1 of this chapter, we summarize and synthesize the findings on the overall effectiveness of transnational partnerships, presented in Chapters 3–5. As shown, the effectiveness of the 21 transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) in our sample varies widely. We find effectiveness to be influenced most strongly by the degree of institutionalization and process management, with other factors showing occasional influence: The effect of these factors matters to different extents for the different types of PPPs, and we offer an explanation as to why this is the case. As outlined in the conceptual framework (see Section 2.4), we differentiate three types of PPPs by their core functions (see Liese and Beisheim, 2011): Standard-setting partnerships focus on establishing rules — for example, by drafting a voluntary code of conduct, often together with a verification or certification scheme; service-providing partnerships focus on the distribution of resources and provision of services; and knowledge-transferring partnerships generate new expertise, engage in agenda setting, and provide a forum for the exchange and dissemination of best practices.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt D1, Teilprojekt D7

'Good, beautiful and cheap'- Sino- Mexican Trade Relations and Their Translocal Linkages

braig_rinke_alba_Latin America and Asia - relations in the context of globalization from colonial Times to the present

Marianne Braig, Carlos Alba

Stuttgart: Hans-Dieter Heinz Akademischer Verlag | 2014

Erschienen in: Alba, Carlos/Braig, Marianne/Rinke, Stefan (eds.): Latin America and Asia - Relations in the Context of Globalization from Colonial Times to the Present, Historamericana 24, 195-218.

Verlag Hans Dieter-Heinz

Thema: Außenpolitik/(Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure, Staat, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

What’s African? Identifying Traits of African Security Governance

Cover: Journal of Regional Security

Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak, Eric Sangar

Erschienen in: Journal of Regional Security 9 (1), 7-30.

Volltext

African and external approaches to security governance and reform have come to stress the importance of local, national and regional ownership, embodied at the national level by the concept of “local ownership” of Security Sector Reform and in the recourse to regional and sub-regional security mechanisms as “African solutions to African problems”. While a normative consensus on this idea seems to have emerged in the policy sphere, we ask what traits can be discerned in the national and regional discourses and practices of security governance that might be plausibly considered specifically African. This article thus explores the discourses and practices of attempts to link aspects of security governance to specific times and places at the national and regional levels in Africa. Tracing the discursive recourse to identity across four eras of modern African history, we argue that specifically African traits of security governance at national and regional levels can be discerned in institutional legacies of repression and poor security governance, as well as the discursive commitment to norms of human security at the regional level, as embodied in the African Peace and Security Architecture.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Concerned with the Health and Welfare of Mankind ... ? The UN Drug Conventions: A Suitable Legal Framework for the 21st century

Cover: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law (18)

Robin Geiß, Daniel Wisehart

Leiden: Brill | 2014

Erschienen in: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, 18 (1), 368-404.

Brill Online

The contribution analyses whether the un Drug Conventions still serve their original purpose, namely the furtherance of the health and welfare of mankind in the 21st century. To this end the contribution begins with an outline of how the un Drug Conventions aim to protect mankind’s health and welfare. On this basis it is inquired whether un Drug Conventions are somehow irreversibly imbued with a zero-tolerance approach that undermines the health and welfare of vulnerable groups on both ends of the supply chain respectively. Thus, with respect to the supply side the question is pursued whether the un Drug Conventions provisions on crop cultivation imperil the livelihoods of rural communities. With regard to the demand side it is examined whether the un Drug Conventions forestall the adoption of more liberal, i.e. non-punitive and health-oriented approaches towards illicit drug users. In a next step, the analysis turns to a long-standing and currently particularly prevalent criticism according to which the international drug control regime puts disproportionate pressure on so-called drug producing and drug transit States, while turning a blind eye on the so-called drug consuming States. In concluding, the contribution turns to the question how the international drug control system could be enhanced to better meet its proper goals of protecting mankind’s health and welfare.

Thema: Schlagwörter: Völkerrecht, Staaten, Lateinamerika, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt C11

Bits and Atoms: Introduction

Livingston_Walter-Drop_Bits and Atoms

Steven Livingston, Gregor Walter-Drop

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Livingston, Steven/Walter-Drop, Gregor (eds.): Bits and Atoms: Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood, 1-14.

Oxford University Press

Bits and Atoms explores the governance potential found in the explosive growth of digital information and communication technology in areas of limited statehood. Today, places with weak or altogether missing state institutions are tied internally and to the larger world by widely available digital technology. The chapters in the book explore questions of when and if the growth in digital technology can fill some of the governance vacuum created by the absence of an effective state. For example, mobile money could fill a gap in traditional banking or mobile phones could allow rural populations to pay for basic services and receive much needed advice and market pricing information. Yet, as potentially revolutionary as this technology can be to areas of limited statehood, it still faces limitations. Bits and Atoms is a thought-provoking look at the prospects for and limitations of digital technology to function in place of traditional state apparatuses.

Thema: Infrastruktur, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Bits and Atoms: Conclusions

Livingston_Walter-Drop_Bits and Atoms

Steven Livingston, Gregor Walter-Drop

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Livingston, Steven/Walter-Drop, Gregor (eds.): Bits and Atoms: Information and Communication Technology in Areas of Limited Statehood, 157-171.

Oxford University Press

Thema: Infrastruktur, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Non-State Actors and Law of Armed Conflict Revisited: Enforcing International Law through Domestic Engagement

Cover: Journal of Conflict and Security Law

Anton Petrov

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2014

Erschienen in: Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 19 (2), 279-316.

Volltext

Compliance of non-State actors (NSA) constitutes a major problem of the law of armed conflict (LOAC). The reasons lie in the very structure of the law applying in non-international armed conflicts (NIAC). NSA feel disadvantaged and often do not recognize these State-made rules. A promising step is to engage NSA in some form of norm-setting. This can address the deficits of the current law of NIAC by creating a sense of ownership among NSA, and leading to a better-suited legal regime. It has been suggested to conduct this on an international level, and to grant NSA international law-making powers. This article points to significant potential downsides of such an approach. Instead, it argues, the same—or even better—results can be achieved by keeping the engagement on the domestic level and focusing on ad hoc regulation. From the outset, international law-making powers of NSA face major doctrinal difficulties. But also for practical reasons, ad hoc instruments are better suited to ensure a sense of ownership among NSA and to achieve tailored results for the specific conflict. Such domestic processes are also more sensitive to State concerns and interests making their participation more likely which, in turn, increases chances of successful implementation of an effective legal regime. Domestic and international approaches should not be seen as opposing, as they can often complement one another. This article seeks to contribute to the on-going discourse by highlighting some currently neglected aspects.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Gerechtigkeit durch Fremdherrschaft? Zur moralischen Rechtfertigbarkeit von internationalen Übergangsverwaltungen

Cover: PVS Politische Vierteljahresschrift Jahrgang 55, Heft 2

Daniel Jacob

Nomos | 2014

Erschienen in: PVS-Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 55 (2), 243-267.

Nomos eLibrary

Can international transitional administrations (ITAs) ever be morally justified, although they clearly constitute a form of foreign rule? The article addresses this question by relating it to the idea of a natural duty of justice. It thus can show that under certain conditions it is indeed morally justified to establish an ITA. At the same time, such an ap - proach also highlights the limits of legitimate external interference, i.e. the distinction be - tween morally required help and unjustifiable paternalism. As shown in the last part of the article, this distinction is of particular relevance for the task of evaluating the current practice of international transitional administrations.

Thema: Externe Akteure, Menschenrechte, Übergangsverwaltungen, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt B9

Partnerships for Decent Work and Food – Special Focus: Standard Setting

Beisheim_Liese 2014

Christopher Kaan

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2014

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Liese, Andrea (eds.): Transnational Partnerships: Effectively Providing for Sustainable Development?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 63-86.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Menschenrechte, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Land Grabbing by Mining Companies: Local Contentions & State Reconfiguration in South Kivu (DRC)

Cover: Losing your Land

Jana Hönke, Sara Geenen

New York, NY: James Currey Publishers | 2014

Erschienen in: Ansom, An/Hilhorst, Thea (eds.): Losing your Land: Disposession in the Great Lakes, 58-81.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Assessing Development Cooperation in North East Afghanistan with Repeated Mixed-Method Surveys

Jan Koehler, Christoph Zürcher, Jan Böhnke

Abingdon: Routledge | 2014

Erschienen in: Bull, Beate/Kennedy-Chouane, Megan/Winkler Anderson, Ole (eds.): Evaluation Methodologies for Aid in Conflict, 105-128.

Routledge

Thema: Methoden, Entwicklung, Afghanistan, Teilprojekt C9

Encountering Knowledge Production: The International Crisis Group and the Making of Mexico's Security Crisis

hochmüller_müller_third world quartely

Markus Hochmüller, Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2014

Erschienen in: Third World Quarterly 35 (4), 705-722.

Full article at Taylor & Francis

After nearly seven years of ever-escalating violence related to the Mexican ‘war on drugs’, in 2013 Mexico entered the International Crisis Group’s (icg) ‘observatory’ of countries facing a violent crisis. In this article we critically interrogate this ‘Mexican turn’ of the icg, as well as its accompanying forms of crisis knowledge production. By applying analytical insights from critical policy analysis and postcolonial security studies, we highlight the Western-centrism embedded in the icg’s perspective on Mexico’s security crisis. In analysing this perspective on questions of drug trafficking, statehood and indigenous justice, we demonstrate how this Western-centrism produces a de-politicising and overly technocratic crisis narrative. The article concludes that, through its Western-centric ‘Mexican turn’, the icg has been able to reaffirm its standing as a uniquely influential and internationally recognised crisis expert by showcasing its awareness of newly emerging crisis situations, as well as its possession of the necessary crisis-solving expertise.

Thema: Mexico, external actors, fragile states, intervention, transfer, security, Research Project C3

Penal Statecraft in the Latin American City. Assessing Mexico City's Punitive Urban Democracy

müller_social legal studies

Markus-Michael Müller

Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications | 2013-12

Erschienen in: Social & Legal Studies, 22 (4), 441-463.

Volltext Sage Pub

This paper applies Loïc Wacquant’s work on penal statecraft to analyze the growing punitiveness of urban politics in contemporary Mexico City. It demonstrates that the intersection of the urbanization of neoliberalism and the democratization of local politics contributed to the emergence of a punitive regime of governing urban marginality in the city. This indicates the consolidation of a punitive urban democracy in which despite the formal legal empowerment of the city’s residents during the last two decades, those at the urban margins face a reverse process of punitive exclusion that takes the form of a criminalization of poverty. In taking a closer look at the situation within the local penal apparatus, the paper furthermore shows that these exclusionary tendencies are reinforced by informal institutional practices inside the local law enforcement bureaucracies.

Thema: Policing, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

‘Public’ Security and Patron-Client Exchanges in Latin America

Müller_government_and opposition 2013 48 4

Markus-Michael Müller

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013-10

Erschienen in: Government & Opposition, 48 (4), 548-569.

Volltext Cambridge

Notwithstanding the democratization processes that have taken place since the 1980s, clientelism continues to be an important political practice throughout contemporary Latin America. By offering an analysis of the changing patterns of patron–client exchanges in Mexico City, this article demonstrates how the repercussions of the local democratization process expanded clientelist practices to the realm of public security provision. This expansion, it is argued, is related to efforts of the local government to regain previous levels of political control over the local police forces that had been undermined by the fragmentation of long-standing national patron–client structures under authoritarian rule. Additionally, it is demonstrated that in an increasingly insecure urban environment, local politicians and brokers realized the political gains to be derived from expanding clientelist exchanges to the realm of security provision.

Thema: Policing, Staat, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Postcolonial Bureaucracies: Power and Public Administration in 'Most of the World'

müller_postcolonial studies 2013 6 _ 2

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Taylor & Francis | 2013-09

Erschienen in: Postcolonial Studies, 16 (2), 233-242.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

In the opening pages of Orientalism Edward Said stated that Orientalism, far from being limited to the imaginary self-definition of the West, inscribed itself into the material design and practices of bureaucratic institutions and actors in Europe, European colonies, and colonization efforts. The postcolonial afterlife of such geopolitical knowledge that portrays the West as the only location ‘that has the privilege of possessing dominant categories of thoughts from which and where the rest of the world can be described, classified, understood and “improved”’ is most visible in the current debates on so-called ‘failed states’. Taking into consideration the Weberian conception of bureaucracy defined as a ‘permanent structure with a system of rational rules […] fashioned to meet calculable and recurrent needs by means of normal routine’, this debate takes a reified vision of Western bureaucracies—conceived as impersonal, merit-based, rational-legal state institutions—as the point of departure for a normative institutional benchmarking exercise against which non-Western bureaucracies are measured. As one of the most influential contributors to this debate argues, ‘failed states’, which are usually to be found beyond the West, are haunted by ‘flawed institutions’, notably the state bureaucracy, which, it is argued, ‘has long ago lost its sense of professional responsibility and exists solely to carry out the orders of the executive and, in petty ways, to oppress citizens’.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Der Einfluss der Menschenrechte auf den Rechtsetzungsprozess im humanitären Völkerrecht. Das Beispiel der kriegerischen Repressalie

Cover: Der Staat im Recht

Heike Krieger

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013-04-15

Erschienen in: Breuer, Marten/Epiney, Astrid/Haratsch, Andreas/Schmahl, Stefanie (eds.): Der Staat im Recht – The State in its Legal Dimension. Festschrift für Eckart Klein zum 70. Geburtstag, 811-821.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Security Sector Reform from a Policy Transfer Perspective: A Comparative Study of International Interventions in the Palestinian Territories, Liberia and Timor-Leste

Cover: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding

Ursula Schröder, Fairlie Chappuis, Deniz Kocak

London: Routledge | 2013-04-12

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 7 (3), 381-401.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Sicherheitssektorreform in Lateinamerika. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen

Cover: Gewalt, organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Deniz Kocak, Fairlie Chappuis

Opladen: Budrich | 2013-03-13

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 255-273.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

The Securitization of Urban Space and the ‘Rescue’ of Downtown Mexico City. Vision and Practice

becker_müller_latin american perspectives 40_2

Markus-Michael Müller, Anne Becker

London: SAGE Publications | 2013-03

Erschienen in: Latin American Perspectives, 40 (2), 77-94.

Volltext bei Sage Publishing

One important feature of the neoliberalization of urban governance around the world has been the rise of an urban entrepreneurialism promoting projects of urban renewal and the upgrading of historic city centers. These developments contribute to an increasing securitization of urban space and the eviction of “undesirables” from the renewed and upgraded areas. An examination of these processes in the implementation of the “rescue” of Mexico City’s historic center and the related securitization of urban space in the neighborhood of La Merced reveals that the implementation and sustainability of this local urban renewal project is constantly challenged and modified by the presence of powerful illegal actors and informal practices of negotiation. Una característica de la neoliberalización de gobernabilidad urbana en el mundo ha sido el acenso de un empresarialismo urbano el cual promueve la renovación urbana y mejoramiento de los centros históricos. Estos procesos contribuyen al incremento de la segurización del espacio urbano y a la expulsión de “indeseables” de la áreas de renovación y mejoramiento. Un examen de estos procesos en la implementación del “rescate” del centro histórico de la Ciudad de México y la relacionada segurización del espacio urbano en el barrio de la Merced pone en relieve que la implementación y sostenibilidad de este proyecto de renovación urbana se encuentra retado constantemente por la presencia de actores ilegales y poderosos y prácticas informales de negociación.

Thema: Mexiko, lokale Akteure, Sicherheit, Policing, Teilprojekt C3

Einleitung. Von Failed States und Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit - organisierte Kriminalität, Gewalt und Staat in Lateinamerika

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Günther Maihold, Markus Hochmüller

Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2013-03

Erschienen in: Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 9-23.

Verlag Barbara Budrich

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Warum die ‚Neue Politik‘ keine Kopie war: Das Beispiel der Bildungsreformen in China, 1901-1911

Cover: Tradition? Variation? Plagiat? Motive und ihre Adaption in China

Hajo Frölich

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz | 2013-01-01

Erschienen in: Lena Henningsen/Martin Hofmann (eds.): Tradition? Variation? Plagiat? Motive und ihre Adaption in China, 33–51.

Harrassowitz Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

The governmentality of Slavery in Colonial Boston

nagl_amerikastudien

Dominik Nagl

Heidelberg: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Amerikastudien | 2013-01

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Amerika Studien/ American Studies, 58 (1), 5-26.

Herausgeber Deutsche Gesellschaft für ...

This article explores slavery in colonial Boston as a contradictory legal, cultural, and religious institution by introducing the concepts of 'pastoral power and governmentality as analytical instruments to the study of slavery. New England slavery was a culturally specific form of bondage that still rested upon premodern and religious notions of contract. An all pervasive Puritan religious culture and the spatial and social proximity of the slaves and their masters gave New England slavery its unique character and produced a distinct way of slave management that is best described as Puritan governmentality of slavery. In addition it is suggested that the concept of governmentality addresses some of the criticisms leveled against Eugene Genovese's model of slavery as paternalism as it allows for the recognition of resistance as a defining feature of slavery.

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Transnational Actors and World Politics

Risse_Transnational Actors and World Politics

Thomas Risse

London: SAGE Publications Ltd | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook of International Relations, Second Edition, 426-452.

Sage Publishing

The end of the Cold War and globalization processes have led to renewed interest in the study of transnational relations and the impact of non-state actors on world politics. Some authors praise the emergence of a global transnational civil society (Boli and Thomas, 1999; Florini, 2000; Held et al., 1999), while others denounce an increasing transnational capitalist hegemony (Gill, 1995). Both positions ascribe to non-state actors quite an extraordinary influence on outcomes in international politics. It is certainly true that transnational actors–from multinational corporations (MNCs) to International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs)–have left their mark on the international system and that we cannot even start theorizing about the contemporary world system without taking their influence into account. But there ...

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Internationale Organisationen (IO), Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

The Political, the State and Governance: Reflections on Essentially Contested Concepts

Risse_The political, the State and Governance

Thomas Risse

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2013

Erschienen in: Steinmetz, Willibald/Gilcher-Holtey, Ingrid/Haupt, Heinz-Gerhard (eds.): Writing Political History Today, 359-367.

Campus

Thema: Staat, Staatlichkeit, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Arguing About Arguing: A Comment

Risse_Arguing About Arguing

Thomas Risse

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Critical Policy Studies, 7 (3), 339-349.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This symposium of Critical Policy Studies shares the concern for systematic empirical evaluations of the extent to which arguing and deliberation are relevant for explaining outcomes in the real world of public policy. The articles contribute to a growing body of literature on the conditions under which deliberative practices matter in politics. They provide rich empirical materials, and each article is based on solid and methodologically conscious research. My comment proceeds in three steps. First, I discuss three logics of action – consequentialism, appropriateness and deliberation. Second, I comment on the scope conditions under which arguing and deliberation are likely to affect the outcomes in public policy, with an eye on the contributions in this symposium. Third, I discuss the role of Habermasian ‘power in discourse’ and its relationship to a Foucaultian ‘power of discourse’. I conclude with remarks on the normative implications of the focus on deliberation.

Thema: Policing, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Das internationale Anti-Geldwäsche-Regime in Mexiko. Politische Wirkungen zwischen Kriminalitätsbekämpfung und Finanzmarktregulierung

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Timo Behrens

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 169-196.

Verlag Budrich

Korruption, Drogen, ausufernde Gewalt, Waffen- und Menschenhandel sowie die Schwäche des Justizsystem bedrohen Staat und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas. Die Sicherheitsorgane sind überfordert, das Militär wird zum zentralen Akteur im Kampf gegen die organisierte Kriminalität. Im Kontext wachsender Unsicherheit stellt sich die Frage nach den Handlungschancen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, die im Buch diskutiert wird.

Thema: Globale Kriminalität, Staat/Externe Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C6

Vom Konflikt zum Krieg. Ursachen und Dynamiken

chojnacki_namberger_studienbuch politikwissenschaft_ 2009

Sven Chojnacki, Verena Namberger

Wiesbaden: Springer | 2013

Erschienen in: Schmidt, Manfred G./Wolf, Frieder/Wurster, Stefan (eds.): Studienbuch Politikwissenschaft, 497-522.

Volltext Springer

Wer sich politikwissenschaftlich mit Konfliktursachen und Konfliktdynamiken auseinandersetzen will, sieht sich mit einer Reihe von Herausforderungen konfrontiert. Als Erstes stellt sich die Frage, was Konflikte eigentlich sind und welche Konflikte überhaupt als untersuchungsrelevant eingestuft werden.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C4

Globalization and Power: A Social Constructivist Perspective

Risse_Globalization and Power

Thomas Risse

Erschienen in: World Economics and Politics 10, 24-37.

Volltext: Caod Oriprobe

Social constructivism provides a particular view on globalization processes,a lens which allows us to interpret globalization in distinctive ways and which leads us to ask specific questions about it.I suggest two ways in which social constructivism can enlighten our understanding of globalization.First,it allows a critical view on the taken-for-grantedness of many globalization discourses. "Globalization" itself is far from an innocent concept,but contains a particular discourse about international reality which can be uncovered if one cares about the social construction of reality.Second,on more substantive grounds,a social constructivist understanding of globalization emphasizes the non-material forces at work here and focuses on processes of meaning construction and interpretation as constitutive for globalization.A social constructivist lensalso helps to bring the political back into the globalization discourse by emphasizing the potential for change rather than the inevitability of global processes.This article proceeds in the following steps.It begins with a clarification of social constructivism as a meta-theoretical approach and some initial thoughts on what this means for the study of globalization.I then proceed with discussing two contributions of social constructivism to understanding globalization.The first contribution focuses on the globalization of culture and norms.The second value-added concentrates on language,the discursive construction of globalization,and the role of power.I conclude with a short note on the "rising powers" from a constructivist perspective.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt A1

Mérida-Initiative: Die begrenzte Reichweite der „Shared Responsibility“ zwischen den USA und Mexiko?

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Marianne Braig

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, Opladen: Budrich, 275-293.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Mexiko/USA, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Development and International Relations

Risse_Transnational Actors and World Politics

Jana Hönke, Markus Lederer

London: SAGE Publications | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook of International Relations, Second Edition, 775-800.

Sage Publishing

.

Thema: Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt D2

Wem gehört die Altstadt? Straßenhandel, Stadtpolitik und Globalisierung im Lokalen in Mexiko-Stadt

braig_alba_Stadtforschung aus Lateinamerika

Marianne Braig, Carlos Alba

Berlin: transcript | 2013

Erschienen in: Huffschmid, Anne/Wildner, Kathrin (eds.): Stadtforschung aus Lateinamerika. Neue urbane Szenarien. Öffentlichkeit, Territorialität, Imaginarios, Berlin: transcript, 397-418.

Volltext Degruyter

Mit der Studie über die Rolle des Straßenhandels und über die Interaktionen der darin involvierten Akteure wollen die Verfasser einen Beitrag zum Verständnis der Veränderung des städtischen ökonomischen und politischen Lebens leisten und damit zugleich auch eine andere Perspektive auf Globalisierungsprozesse verbinden. Von besonderem Interesse ist dafür das Interagieren zwischen Vertretern der informellen Ökonomie und den politischen Repräsentanten in den historischen Innenstädten. Am Beispiel Mexiko-Stadt - einem der größten urbanen Ballungsräume weltweit und gleichzeitig einem der Orte mit der größten Dichte von Straßenhändlern, den Ambulantes, im öffentlichen Raum, von denen wiederum die meisten Frauen sind - werden diese Interaktionen genauer betrachtet. Es wird gezeigt, dass sie in den letzten zwei bis drei Jahrzehnten quantitativ bedeutsamer und politisch immer relevanter geworden sind. Im Gegensatz zu den kleinen und mittelständischen Betrieben, die in der Regel isoliert und ohne bedeutsame wirtschaftliche und soziale Interessenvertretung arbeiten, sind die Ambulantes in Mexiko-Stadt - und Gleiches gilt auch für São Paulo - von einem hohen Organisationsgrad abhängig, um ihre Interessen verteidigen zu können, die in erster Linie darin bestehen, auf der Straße verkaufen zu können.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat/Lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Introduction and Overview

Boerzel_Risse Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse, Stephen C. Ropp

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, 3-25.

Cambridge

The Power of Human Rights (published in 1999) was an innovative and influential contribution to the study of international human rights. At its center was a 'spiral model' of human rights change which described the various socialization processes through which international norms were internalized into the domestic practices of various authoritarian states during the Cold War years. The Persistent Power of Human Rights builds on these insights, extending its reach and analysis. It updates our understanding of the various causal mechanisms and conditions which produce behavioural compliance, and expands the range of rights-violating actors examined to include democratic and authoritarian Great Powers, corporations, guerrilla groups, and private actors. Using a unique blend of quantitative and qualitative research and theory, this book yields not only important new academic insights but also a host of useful lessons for policy-makers and practitioners.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

Conclusions

Risse_Sikking_The Persistent Power of Human Rights

Thomas Risse, Kathryn Sikkink

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, Cambridge: 275-294.

Cambridge

Thema: Menschenrechte, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

Menschenrechte, Institutionen und moralische Arbeitsteilung

Cover: PVS Politische Vierteljahresschrift Jahrgang 55, Heft 3

Bernd Ladwig

Nomos | 2013

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 55 (3), 472-492.

Nomos eLibrary

Are human rights general moral norms or are they conceptually tied to the political function of setting limits to the sovereignty of states? The essay steers a middle course in conceptualizing human rights as basic norms of political morality. Human rights emerge out of general moral claims held by individual human beings simply as such, but they play a particular role as necessary conditions of political legitimacy. Nevertheless, we should not identify them with those norms whose violation might justify restrictions on the sovereignty of other states. Such an equation would result in an all too minimalist conception of human rights. The essay defends a more ambitions conception. It integrates civil rights and human rights, particular states and global politics, democracy and collective self-determination under the perspective of a division of moral labor.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Globalización de la naturaleza y ciudadanía: resistencias, conflictos, negociaciones

müller_feth_iberoamericana 11_41 b

Marianne Braig, Barbara Göbel

Madrid: Iberoamericana/Ed.Vervuert | 2013

Erschienen in: Dossier Revista Iberoamericana, 13 (49), 89-92.

Volltext IAI SPK

El interés global por las materias primas y los productos agropecuarios de América Latina está transformando actualmente a todo el subcontinente. El crecimiento de la demanda externa por parte de mercados tradicionales, como la Unión Europea y los Estados Unidos, pero también de mercados emergentes como China desencadenó un proceso de reprimarización que reafirma el rol clásico de América Latina como proveedor de materias primas para otras regiones del mundo. Esto se manifiesta por un lado en el boom extractivista de minerales y carbohidratos (véase Göbel y Rasch) y, por otro, en la enorme expansión del agronegocio, sobre todo de soja, caña de azúcar y palma aceitera (véase Coronado Delgado y Dietz; Ulloa).

Thema: Normative Fragen, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Umwelt, Teilprojekt C3

State Failure or State Formation? An African Perspective on Latin America's 'New Violence’

müller_self reflexive area studies

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipiziger Universitätsverlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Middell, Matthias (ed.): Self-Reflexive Area Studies, 135-164.

Univerlag Leipzig

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Das erste Opfer der Krise ist die Demokratie. Wirtschaftspolitik und ihre Legitimation in der Finanzmarktkrise 2008-2013

Cover: Politische Vierteljahreszeitschrift, 54 (4)

Henrik Enderlein

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2013

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahreszeitschrift, 54 (4), 714-739.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Severe economic and financial market crises exacerbate collective action problems and thus trigger challenges to legitimacy in democracies. The article presents a typology of decision-making modes in economic policy-making in normal times and crisis times. It shows that problems of time-inconsistency in combination with high uncertainty over re-distributive implications lead to an “ad-hoc-technocratization” of economic policy-making. The separation of decision-taking from input-based legitimacy-procedures is relevant for scholars of democracy because the redistributive implications of crisis policies are high. The “democratic deficit” of crisis policies is thus not a symptom of “Post-Democracy” but of the specific context arising in an economic crisis.

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Governance under Limited Sovereignty

Risse_Governance under Limited Sovereignty

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Finnemore, Martha/Goldstein, Judith (eds.): Back to Basics: State Power in a Contemporary World, 78-104.

Oxford Scholarship

The social science debate on governance implicitly or explicitly remains wedded to an ideal type of modern statehood—with full domestic sovereignty and the capacity to make, implement, and enforce decisions. From a global as well as historical perspective, however, the Western modern nation-state constitutes the exception rather than the rule. Outside the developed OECD world, we find areas of limited statehood that lack domestic sovereignty. Under such conditions, governance requires the inclusion of non-state actors in the provision of collective goods and the regulation of social and political issues. Our conceptual apparatus is ill-equipped to deal with the governance problématique in areas of limited statehood. However, limited statehood does not mean the absence of governance or the provision of collective goods, as most of the literature on fragile and failed states assumes. Rule making, collective goods and services are provided by various combinations of state and non-state actors using predominantly non-hierarchical modes of steering. Emphasizing governance rather than statehood allows us to abandon the state-centered view of politics and to ask who is providing which rule structures and which public services under conditions of limited statehood. The governance perspective enables us to look for functional equivalents to the ability of consolidated states to cast a “shadow of hierarchy” as a context for effective governance by and with non-state actors. The chapter first describes what “limited statehood” means. Second, I discuss the modes of governance to be found in areas of limited statehood. Third, I discuss governance problems arising in areas of limited statehood and then introduce functional equivalents to consolidated statehood that insure that rules are being enforced and governance contributions by non-state actors are effective.

Thema: Staat, Souveränität, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

Sovereign Defaults: The Price of Haircuts

Cover American Economic Journal - Macroeconomics, 5 (3)

Christoph Trebesch, Juan J. Cruces

Nashville, TN: American Economic Association | 2013

Erschienen in: American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 5 (3), 85-117.

Volltext bei der AEA

A main puzzle in the sovereign debt literature is that defaults have only minor effects on subsequent borrowing costs and access to credit. This paper comes to a different conclusion. We construct the first complete database of investor losses ("haircuts") in all restructurings with foreign banks and bondholders from 1970 until 2010, covering 180 cases in 68 countries. We then show that restructurings involving higher haircuts are associated with significantly higher subsequent bond yield spreads and longer periods of capital market exclusion. The results cast doubt on the widespread belief that credit markets "forgive and forget."

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Foreign Policy Analysis and the Governance Turn

Risse_Foreign Policy Analysis

Thomas Risse

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Bynander, Fredrik/Guzzini, Stefano (eds.): Rethinking Foreign Policy, 176-185.

Volltext: Hiunpar

Thomas Risse takes on the importance of the governance perspective for international relations and its repercussions for the agency–structure debate. He argues that governance holds an inherent compatibility with a sophisticated understanding of the mutual constitution of agents and structures. Risse notes the real possibility that the governance research agenda uncovers a decreasing exclusivity of the state in foreign policy analysis and the rise of non-state actors, which in turn opens up for new research questions that are not solely concerned with hierarchical modes of steering.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Voluntary Collective Commitment: The Case of Business and Energy Efficiency in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christopher Kaan, Stine Klapper

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 95-113.

Volltext Site Ebray

Energy efficiency remains one of the most pressing issues in energy policy for the next years. The challenge to stabilize or even decrease the amount of energy consumed while keeping the living standard is one of the most important tasks for energy policy-makers in developed countries. Developing countries, however, find themselves confronted with the need to catch up economically to improve the socioeconomic situation and at the same time with warnings about the environmental effects of growth. This is strongly related to the question of the ecological footprint and of mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which are provoked by energy use and are held responsible for climate change and its already experienced impacts.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Umwelt, Teilprojekt D1

Global Justice, Cosmopolitanism and Moral Path Dependency

Cover: Philosophy & Social Criticism

Bernd Ladwig

Sage Publishing | 2013

Erschienen in: Philosophy & Social Criticism, 39 (1), 3-20.

Sage Journals

The article explains the essential features of a theory of global justice that combines justice for individuals with justice for political communities. It holds that arguing within the justificatory framework of cosmopolitanism is compatible with a conditional justification of states that are basically just. The justification rests on an argument I will name ‘the moral path dependency argument’. The article follows its normative consequences into the fields of a justly ordered community of legitimate states and of cosmopolitan principles of distributive justice. Thus, it reconciles the latter with claims to political autonomy of particular communities and with the fact of reasonable disagreement between them.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Rezension zu Oliver, Lisi, The Body Legal in Barbarian Law

Cover: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Germanistische Abteilung

Lukas Bothe

Wien Köln Weimar: Böhlau Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte. Germanistische Abteilung, 1 (130), 613-615.

DeGruyter

Thema: Europa, Transfer, frühes Mittelalter, lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B10

Stuck In the Shadow of Anarchy: HIV/AIDS Governance and the Textile Sector in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 103-122.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Umwelt, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D2

Anerkennung fremder Normen im staatlichen Recht als normatives und kognitives Problem

Cover: Extrajuridisches Wissen im Verwaltungsrecht

Matthias Kötter

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2013

Erschienen in: Augsberg, Ino (ed.): Extrajuridisches Wissen im Verwaltungsrecht. Analysen und Perspektiven, 63-98.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Coping With Uncertainty: The Automotive Industry and the Governance of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 45-66.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Ökonomie, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Upgrading the Periphery? The Contribution of Car Companies to Environmental Governance in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 128-151.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Policy, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 41-44.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Staat, Gesundheit, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood: The New Agenda

Boerzel_Risse Human Rights in Areas of Limited Statehood

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen C./Sikkink, Kathryn (2013) The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance, 63-84.

Volltext Site Ebray

Thema: Menschenrechte, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Chen Jiongming: Becoming a Warlord in Republican China

Cover Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 43

Izabella Goikhman

Münster: LIT Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Leutner, Mechthild/Goikhman, Izabella (eds.): State, Society and Governance in Republican China, Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 43, 77-101.

LIT Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Ernährungssicherheit als Staatsaufgabe. Guangdong zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts

Cover: Kontinuität und Umbruch in China

Izabella Goikhman

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz | 2013

Erschienen in: Sternfeld, Eva/Mahltig, Philipp (eds.): Kontinuität und Umbruch in China, 91-108.

Harrassowitz Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Scratching the Democratic Façade: Framing Strategies of the 20 February Movement

Harders_König_Scratching the Democratic

Anja Hoffmann, Christoph König

Oxon: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Mediterranean Politics, 18 (1), 1-22

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article tentatively assesses the role of the 20 February Movement in current Moroccan politics. Drawing on social movement theory, the analysis focuses on the ways in which the movement has attempted to challenge the legitimacy of the system in place. The article first provides a thorough description of the movement's characteristics. Subsequently, the frame analysis in the main part studies how the movement has sought to deconstruct the self-portrayal of the incumbent regime. It argues that the relevance of the challenge mounted by the 20 February Movement derives from its transgressions of red lines formerly delimiting political discourses in the kingdom.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Lokale Akteure, Community Based Organization (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

Analyzing Politics beyond the Centre in an Age of Transformation

Harders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Anja Hoffmann, Malika Bouziane, Cilja Harders

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Springer Verlag

Recent upheavals in the Arab world1 have challenged both statist and centrist assumptions about Middle Eastern politics. New social movements in the urban centers and virtual networks, as well as actors and actions from the so-called periphery, have changed the political landscape of the region within months. Still, these developments are rooted in long-term processes: until 2011, massive social, political, cultural, and economic transformations did not lead to regime change. The dynamics of these social ‘transformations without political transitions’ (Harders, 2009, p. 301), as well as the current developments, which fall between transition to democracy and civil war, deserve a closer look. 2008 alone saw various protests and social upheavals, such as in Bahrain in early February, where workers demonstrated against their decreasing purchasing power; in March, riots led to violent clashes in Yemen; in May, young football fans took the defeat of their football club in the Algerian city of Oran as an occasion to release their anger against the lack of prospects and the arrogance of power. Similarly, the following years witnessed numerous small-scale protests and local riots (Bayat, 2010; Beinin and Vairel, 2011; Catusse and Vairel, 2010), which culminated in the mass mobilization of 2011.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Staatlichkeit, Community Based Organization, Teilprojekt B6

Morocco between Decentralization and Recentralization: Encountering the State in the 'Useless Morocco'

Hrders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Anja Hoffmann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Spinger Verlag

‘Decentralization in Morocco? If that is your topic the answer is easy, we don’t have any decentralization in Morocco. Many of the interviews I conducted during my fieldwork in Luant pointed in this or a similar direction. Yet, decentralization is a concept intensively discussed in the Moroccan context. It is framed as a formula to overcome development inequalities between urban centers and rural areas, as a method to increase the participation of all parts of the population, and thus as a feature of the so-called ‘democratic transition’ and, finally, as a way to absorb secession efforts.

Thema: MENA - Region, Staatlichkeit, Lokale Akteure, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

A Race to the Bottom? Environmental Protection and the Textile Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Anna Müller-Debus

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 195-214.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Migration, Energy and Good Governance in the EU's Eastern Neighbourhood

Börzel_Europe Asia Studies

Esther Ademmer, Tanja A. Börzel

Abingdon: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Europe Asia Studies, 65 (4), 581-608.

Volltext Taylor & Francis Online

The literature on European Union enlargement has identified misfit and membership conditionality as two factors that decisively shape the effectiveness of EU policy transfer to the Central and Eastern European accession countries. Thus, European neighbourhood countries would seem to be less likely cases of EU-induced policy change. Yet, rather than inertia or resistance, we find that European neighbourhood countries comply with some but not with other EU policies. Our essay investigates such policy-specific variation in the compliance patterns of Georgia and Armenia that give rise to differential policy change. Comparing the fight against corruption, migration and energy policy, we argue that policy-specific conditionality and preferential fit are the main factors accounting for the EU's differential policy impact in European neighbourhood countries.

Thema: Europa, Good Governance, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Die Kolumbianisierung der mexikanischen Drogenökonomie? Kartelle und kriminelle Netzwerke im Vergleich

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Markus Hochmüller

Opladen: Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 57-84.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Globale Kriminalität, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko/Kolumbien, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Die Grenzen des Sagbaren verschieben sich. Über die Wirkung der Umbrüche in Nordafrika und Westasien auf das marokkanische Königreich

Hofmann_Die Grenzen des Sagbaren

Anja Hoffmann

Freiburg: Centaurus | 2013

Erschienen in: Filter, Dagmar/Reich, Jana/Fuchs, Eva (eds.) Arabischer Frühling? Alte und neue Geschlechterpolitiken in einer Region im Umbruch

Thema: MENA – Region, Autoritarismus, Menschenrechte, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt B6

Comparative Regionalism: European Integration and Beyond

Risse_Handbook of International Relations

Tanja A. Börzel

London: SAGE | 2013

Erschienen in: Carlsnaes, Walter/Risse, Thomas/Simmons, Beth A. (eds.): Handbook on International Relations, Second Edition, London: Sage, 503-531.

Volltext Sage Pub

It is beyond the scope of this chapter to do justice to the various bodies of literature that have emerged in the field of (comparative) regionalism. Since the audience of this chapter is mainly students of International Relations, the focus will be on processes and structures of state-led regionalism with a focus on the delegation of policies and political authority to regional institutions. Based on this more narrow understanding of regionalism, the existing literature will be reviewed with regard to three general questions. These questions do not only require research across regions but also allow developing a common research agenda to accumulate knowledge generated about specific regions. First, what are the outcomes of regionalism? How can we describe and compare the results of the delegation of policies and political authority? Second, what are the drivers of regionalism? Why do some governments choose to delegate policies and political authority while others do not? Finally, what are the internal effects of regionalism? How does the delegation of policies and political authority impact back on the domestic structures of the states involved? Before reviewing the state of the art on these three questions, the chapter will trace the history of the study of regionalism in IR.

Thema: Europa, Regionalismus, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

Remittances and Financial Access: Is There Really a Link and for Whom? Evidence from Mexican Household Data

Cover: The World Economy 39 (7)

Christian Ambrosius

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons | 2013

Erschienen in: The World Economy, 39 (7), 964–982.

Volltext

In policy discussions, it has frequently been claimed that migrants' remittances could function as a ‘catalyst’ for financial access among receiving households. This paper provides empirical evidence on this hypothesis from Mexico, a major receiver of remittances worldwide. Using the Mexican Family Life Survey panel (MxFLS) for 2002 and 2005, the results from the fixed effects logit model show that receiving remittances is strongly correlated with the ownership of savings accounts and to a limited degree with the availability of borrowing options. Effects are particularly important for microfinance institutions, and more important for rural households compared to urban households.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

EU-Staatlichkeit. Ein Oxymoron?

Börzel_Der Staat 21

Tanja A. Börzel

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013

Erschienen in: Voßkuhle, Andreas/Bumke, Christian/Meinel, Florian (eds.): Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spannungsfeld der Disziplinen, Supplement of Der Staat, Zeitschrift für Staatslehre und Verfassungsgeschichte, deutsches und europäisches öffentliches Recht, No. 21, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 221-236.

Verlag Duncker Humblot

Thema: Europa, Staatlichkeit, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2

Einleitung. Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político

hochmüller_huffschmid_Politik in verflochtenen Räumen

Markus Hochmüller, Anne Huffschmid, Teresa Orozco Martinéz, Stephanie Schütze, Martha Zapata Galind

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Festschrift für Marianne Braig, Schriftenreihe Fragmentierte Moderne in Lateinamerika, 9-24.

Verlag Tranvia - Walter Frey

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Environmental Policy in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Nicole Kranz, Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 123-127.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Umwelt, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Conclusion

Hrders Cover Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in The Arab World

Harders, Cilja, Anja Hoffmann, Malika Bouziane

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

This book is the outcome of the authors’ workshop ‘Governance beyond the Center: Informality, Institutions, and Contested Power Structures in Authoritarian Contexts’ that took place in Berlin at the beginning of 2012. Interested in current transformations challenging the Arab world, the workshop brought together international scholars with various disciplinary backgrounds to discuss preliminary assessments of transformations in the Middle East and conceptual frameworks of political and social analysis. The empirical observation that the current events in the Middle East originated in places far from national capitals—as was the case in Tunisia, Syria, and Libya—encouraged us to analyze areas and institutions ‘where the presence of the state is limited, highly contested or intertwined with forms of power and governance that are at odds with the Weberian ideals of state and bureaucracy’ (see Stepputat in this volume, p. 25). The contributions to this volume discuss the question of how local institutions, agents, and their practices contest and shape the authoritarian state and its centrally institutionalized modes of governance. Building on this, our second leading question inquires how and why these processes transform or perpetuate authoritarian rule.

Thema: MENA – Region, Autoritarismus, Lokale Akteure, Community Based Organizations (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

Are Remittances a Substitute for Credit? Carrying the Financial Burden of Health Shocks in National and Transnational Households

Cover: World Development, No. 77

Christian Ambrosius, Alfredo Cuecuecha

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2013

Erschienen in: World Development, No. 46, 143-152.

Volltext

This paper tests for the assumption that remittances are a substitute for credit by comparing the response to health-related shocks among national and transnational households using Mexican household panel data. While the occurrence of serious health shocks that required hospital treatment doubled the average debt burden of exposed households compared to the control group, households with nuclear family members (a parent, child, or spouse) in the US did not increase their debts due to health shocks. This finding is consistent with the view that remittances respond to households’ demand for financing emergencies and make them less reliant on debt-financing.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Populistische Staatsgewalt? Staatszentralisierung in Brasilien unter Getúlio Vargas (1930-1945)

hochmüller_huffschmid_Politik in verflochtenen Räumen

Markus-Michael Müller

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Hochmüller, Markus/Huffschmid, Anne/Orozco Martinéz, Teresa/ Schütze, Stephanie/Zapata Galindo, Martha (eds.): Politik in verflochtenen Räumen. Los espacios entrelazados de lo político, Festschrift für Marianne Braig, 326-346.

Verlag Tranvia - Walter Frey

Thema: Autoritarismus, Staat, Brasilien, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Securing the Production Basis: Environmental Governance in the Food and Beverage Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 180-193.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Ökonomie, Ernährung, Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Bringing the Local Back In: Local Politics between Informalization and Mobilization in an Age of Transformation in Egypt

Cover: Local Politics and Contemporary Transformation in the Arab World: Governance Beyond the Center

Cilja Harders

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Governance and Limited Statehood Series

Palgrave Macmillan

In 2011 people took to the streets in masses in an open and broad contestation of the regimes in power in North Africa and West Asia. These revolutions and the ensuing ongoing transformations in the region are among others rooted in the earlier practices of small-scale, localized, formal and informal types of politics, which often happen in spaces ‘beyond the center.’ We start from the basic assumption that so-called peripheral spaces and seemingly marginal actors are and have been vital in triggering major change on the regime scale. Thus, years before the 2011 mass mobilization, local (and national, to be sure) authoritarian governance was heavily contested and at the same time reproduced through formal and informal organizations and institutions. Local institutions were part and parcel of an informal arrangement of service delivery—or, rather, refusal of delivery—which was crucial for the formation of the ‘social contract of informality’ (Harders, 2003) and thus for the stabilization of authoritarian rule, as I will explain in more detail in Section 2. The ‘local,’ I hold, is a political space, which is both a testing and a contested ground for changing state-society relations and thus deserves the closest scrutiny. But so far such a micro-political analysis has been rather neglected in mainstream political science; thus, much of the conceptual inspiration comes from sociology, anthropology of the state, and qualitative political science and area studies.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Autoritarimus, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

A Revolution of Logics of Action? Renegotiating the Authoritarian Social Contract in Egypt

Cover: Euro-Mediterranean Relations After the Arab Spring: Persistence in Times of Change

Cilja Harders

London: Ashgate | 2013

Erschienen in: Euro-Mediterranean Relations After the Arab Spring: Persistence in Times of Change, 103-122

Ashgate

The ’Arab Spring’ triggered paradigmatic shifts but, despite these changes, much in the Euro-Mediterranean region remains the same. Utilising ’Logics of Action’, an innovative theoretical framework designed to capture the complexity of political interaction in one of the fastest changing regions in the world, this book discusses developments in the region before and after the Arab Spring that can be characterised by a continuation of the norm. Expert contributors identify patterns of interaction between governmental institutions, economic entrepreneurs, religious groups and other diverse actors that withstood these historical changes and explore why these relationships have proved so robust. Connecting a unique sample of case studies on changing and persistent ’Logics of Action’ within the Euro-Mediterranean space this book provides a pivotal contribution to our understanding of political interaction between North Africa, the Middle East and the European Union. Offering a completely new perspective on the events of the ’Arab Spring’ it identifies something that seems paradoxical at first sight; persistence in times of radical change.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Autoritarismus, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Revolution I und II: Ägypten zwischen Transformation und Restauration

Cover: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

Cilja Harders

Wiesbaden: Springer Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | 2013

Erschienen in: Serie Politik und Gesellschaft des Nahen Ostens

Springer Verlag für ...

Zeitpunkt und Dynamiken der Umbrüche in der Arabischen Welt haben die meisten Kommentator_innen und viele Aktivist_innen vor Ort überrascht. Zwar haben sich viele für Veränderungen eingesetzt, Regimewechsel gefordert und radikalen Wandel erhofft – dass jedoch mit der Selbstverbrennung Mohamed Bouazizis vom 17.12.2010 eine Dynamik ihren Anfang nähme, an deren Ende der Sturz von Ben Ali stehen würde, haben die meisten nicht vorhergesehen. Und auch auf dem Tahrir-Platz in Kairo ist die Situation im Ringen um den Abgang von Mubarak vom 25. Januar bis zum 11.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Teilprojekt B6

Beyond Customer Care: Does HIV/AIDS Matter to the South African Food and Beverage Sector

Business and Governance in South Africa

Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 88-102.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Ökonomie, Ernährung, Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Jenseits 'monarchischer Stabilität'. Jordanien in Bewegung

Cover: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

Malika Bouziane, Katharina Lenner

Wiesbaden: Springer Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | 2013

Erschienen in: Arabellions. Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika, 107-133

Springer Verlag für ...

Dieser Beitrag ist eine aktualisierte und revidierte Version eines Working Papers vom Juli 2011 (Bouziane & Lenner 2011). Er beruht auf Interviews und informellen Gesprächen, die insb. seit Feb 2011 bis inkl. April 2012 mit Aktivist_innen und nicht politisch organisierten Teilen der Bevölkerung in verschiedenen Teilen des Landes, besonders in Amman und den südlichen Provinzen, geführt wurden. Unser besonderer Dank für intensive begleitende Diskussionen gilt Bashar al-Khatib, Khalid al-Khawaldeh, Mohammad Shamma und Tariq Tell, wobei die Autorinnen selbst natürlich die volle Verantwortung für die Argumentation und etwaige Irrtümer darin tragen.

Thema: MENA – Region, Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Teilprojekt B6

Negotiating (Informal) Institutional Change: Understanding Local Politics in Jordan

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Malika Bouziane

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Local Politics and Contemporary Transformation in the Arab World, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 137-157.

Palgrave Macmillan

We insisted on establishing a consultative council because we, the shabāb (young people), are trying to induce change in the thinking of our family members. We demanded that we select someone educated because this person can better represent our interests. Young people are worried about their future and are fed up with the Shuyūkh making decisions on their behalf. Therefore, about fifteen young people joined together and developed guidelines for primary elections. The old Shuyūkh realized that internal opposition was too strong, so they had to accept.

Thema: Lokale Akteure, MENA – Region, Staatlichkeit, Community Based Organizations (CBO), Teilprojekt B6

Global Wordings and Local Meanings: Traditional Knowledge Regulation in India and Brazil

Cover: Journal für Entwicklungspolitik (JEP)

Thomas Eimer

Wien: Mandelbaum | 2013

Erschienen in: Special Issue of Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, 29 (2), 31-50.

Volltext

Thema: Lateinamerika, Internationale Organisationen, Ökonomie, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt D7

Convenient Stalemates: Why International Patent Law Negotiations Continue Despite Deadlock

Cover: New Political Economy,18 (4)

Thomas Eimer, Susanne Lütz

London: Taylor & Francis | 2013

Erschienen in: New Political Economy, 18 (4), 533-554.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

For almost 30 years, industrialised, emerging and developing countries negotiate on a substantive patent law harmonisation under the umbrella of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Although a common approach or at least some vague outlines of common ground seem beyond reach, all participants regularly agree on a continuation of the discussion process. Despite an incessant wheeling and dealing among delegates and WIPO officials, the only effect is that discussions still keep going on. In our paper, we draw on a synthesis of both neo-mercantilist and liberal institutionalist insights in order to explain the vibrant stalemate of substantive patent law harmonisation talks. We argue that WIPO's involvement in the negotiation process offers an incentive structure for states to continue negotiations even when a successful conclusion appears rather improbable or downright undesirable. WIPO officials do not necessarily oppose the alternative deployment of their resources and services, because national negotiators' tactics at least partially coincide with their own interests. The paper concludes with a summary of the major results and a discussion on their potential empirical and theoretical relevance for further studies.

Thema: Internationale Normen, Ökonomie, Internationale Organisationen, USA, Teilprojekt D7

Statebuilding Through Security Sector Reform

Cover: Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding

Fairlie Chappuis, Heiner Hänggi

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Chandler, David/Sisk, Timothy D. (eds.): Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding, 168-185.

Routledge Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Governance und Unabhängigkeit in Lateinamerika. Legitimität in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Cover: Rechtskultur Vol. 2

Stefan Rinke

Regenstauf: Edition Rechtskultur | 2013

Erschienen in: Rechtskultur, Vol. 2, 93-105.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Staat, State-Building, Souveränität, Teilprojekt C5

Small Carrots, Few Sticks. EU Good Governance Promotion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Börzel_Hackenesch_Cabridge Review of International Affairs 26 2

Tanja A. Börzel, Christine Hackenesch

London: Routledge | 2013

Erschienen in: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 26 (2), 539-555.

Volltext Tandfonline

The European Union has developed a one-size-fits-all approach to promote good governance reforms in African countries, focusing on strengthening the effectiveness of state institutions while increasingly asking for reforms that also target their democratic quality. Assessing the EU's policies in Angola and Ethiopia reveals, however, that the implementation of this approach is more differential. While the EU has a hard time making the two governments address governance issues, it has been more successful in implementing its policy approach in Ethiopia than in Angola. These differences are largely explained by these countries' different degrees of interdependency with the EU rather than differences in stability and democracy. Unlike Angola, Ethiopia heavily relies on EU development aid, giving the EU greater leverage to push for governance reforms. While conditionality is more effective in making African governments address governance issues, it undermines the legitimacy of the EU's development cooperation, which emphasizes partnership and ownership.

Thema: Europa, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

What a Difference a State Makes: Pharmaceutical Innovation after the TRIPs Agreement

Cover: Business and Politics, 15 (2)

Verena Schüren

Erschienen in: Business and Politics, 15 (2), 217-243.

Volltext

For more than a decade, political science scholars have stressed the harmonizing effect of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs). Recent implementation practices in developing countries, however, have challenged this view. In this article, I argue that different manifestations of innovation systems can lead to varying patterns of innovation. I substantiate this claim through a comparison between the pharmaceutical sectors of India and Brazil. Drawing on the NSI approach, my analysis reveals that different forms of state engagement have played a decisive role for the varying directions of post-TRIPs pharmaceutical innovation in the two countries. The article illustrates that developing countries can opt for different approaches to innovation even after TRIPs and that the socioeconomic effects of global IP regimes can only be assessed properly when taking into account the country-specific configurations of national innovation systems.

Thema: Teilprojekt D7

Plural Policing in Mexiko

bild_Maihold_Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika

Markus-Michael Müller

Saarbrücken: Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2013

Erschienen in: Maihold, Günther/Brombacher, Daniel (eds.): Gewalt, Organisierte Kriminalität und Staat in Lateinamerika, 355-370.

Verlag Budrich

Thema: Policing, Staat/lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Drei Wege globaler Demokratisierung. Ein Kommentar zu Stefan Oeter

Cover: Entwicklungstrends zu mehr globaler Demokratie. Eine Zwischenbilanz 15 Jahre nach der Agenda für Demokratisierung

Bernd Ladwig

Bonn: UNO-Verlag | 2013

Erschienen in: Schubert, Karsten/Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen e.V. (eds.): Entwicklungstrends zu mehr globaler Demokratie. Eine Zwischenbilanz 15 Jahre nach der Agenda für Demokratisierung, 126-136.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Business, Governance, and Government in South Africa: The Legacy of Apartheid

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke, Nicole Kranz, Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 18-38.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Cleaning up Their Act or More? Mining Companies and Environmental Protection in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke, Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 152-179.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Nunmehr alles Governance oder was? Kommentar zu Werner Jann

Cover: Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spiegel der Disziplinen

Matthias Kötter

Berlin: Duncker & Humblot | 2013

Erschienen in: Voßkuhle, Andreas/Bumke, Christian/ Meinel, Florian (eds.): Verabschiedung und Wiederentdeckung des Staates im Spiegel der Disziplinen, Supplement of Der Staat. Zeitschrift für Staatslehre und Verfassungsgeschichte, deutsches und europäisches öffentliches Recht, No. 21, 111-121.

Duncker & Humblot Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Between Cause and Cure: The Mining Industry and HIV/Aids Governance in South Africa

Business and Governance in South Africa

Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 67-86.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Gesundheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Racing to the Top?

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel, Christian Thauer, Jana Hönke

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 215-244.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Business and Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Business and Governance in South Africa

Tanja A. Börzel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Thauer, Christian R. (eds.): Business and Governance in South Africa: Racing to the Top?, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 3-17.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt D2

The 'Arab Spring' and the Spiral Model: Tunisia and Morocco

Risse_persistent power of human rights

Vera van Hüllen

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2013

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas/Ropp, Stephen/Sikkink, Kathryn (eds.): The Persistent Power of Human Rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 182-199.

Verlag Ebooks Cambridge

The political uprisings during the “Arab Spring” of 2011 have significantly changed the political landscape in the Middle East and North Africa. Revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, civil war in Libya, revolts in Syria and Yemen and protest movements in most other countries of the region have overthrown authoritarian rulers that had been in power for decades and put increasing pressure on the remaining authoritarian regimes. The Arab Spring has opened a window of opportunity for democratic change and thus increased the chances for a renewed commitment to and ultimate compliance with international human rights standards. The Arab Spring challenges the “persistence of authoritarianism” that started to intrigue scholars when it became clear in the mid 1990s that the “third wave of democratization” had spared countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Human rights activists became increasingly frustrated as the human rights record in the region remained disastrous despite the formal commitment to international human rights norms. Often, human rights did not even gain prescriptive status as national constitutions and legislation did not conform to international standards, e.g. with regard to the prohibition of torture, the abolition of the death penalty, or gender equality. Where human rights were guaranteed by law, rule-conforming behavior often seemed the exception rather than the rule, defying the hope for a linear or “natural” development from commitment to compliance triggered by the mobilization of transnational human rights networks.

Thema: MENA-Region, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt B2

Climate Change Policies in the Car Industries: Asset Specificity as a Driver of Internal Innovation

Business and Climate Change Governance

Christian Thauer

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 55-75.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Policy, Teilprojekt D2

Business Contribution to Climate Change Adaptation: From Coping to Transformation? Insights from South Africa and Germany

Business and Climate Change Governance

Nicole Kranz

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 114-134.

Palgrave VerlagVolltext Site Ebray

Thema: Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Jordanisches Demokratietheater. Die Wahl zum 17. Parlament

Cover: INAMO 73, Ägypten Regimetausch

Malika Bouziane

Berlin: INAMO | 2013

Erschienen in: INAMO, 73 (19), 55-58.

Shattenblick ...

In den ersten Wahlen seit Beginn der Protestwelle in Jordanien 2011 entstand ein Parlament, das erwartungsgemäß größtenteils auf Basis tribaler Loyalitäten gewählt wurde und sich aus regimetreuen Konservativen und neoliberalen Geschäftsleuten zusammensetzt. Da die meisten Veränderungen im Wahlprozess von Aktivisten wie Bevölkerung als Kosmetik verstanden werden, haben die Wahlen die politische Apathie und Unzufriedenheit nunmehr verstärkt.

Thema: MENA-Region, Demokratie, Rule of Law, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Business and Climate Change Governance: Conclusions

Business and Climate Change Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Nicole Kranz, Ralph Hamann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 193-211.

Volltext Site EbrayPalgrave MacMillan

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Business Contributions to Climate Change Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood: Introduction

Business and Climate Change Governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Ralph Hamann

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2013

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Hamann, Ralph (eds.): Business and Climate Change Governance: South Africa in Comparative Perspective, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 1-30.

Volltext Site EbrayPalgrave Verlag

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Umwelt, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

Entrelazamientos transpacíficos desiguales. Las relaciones económicas entre América Latina y China

Ette_Mackenbach_transpacifico

Marianne Braig, Barbara Göbel

Berlin: Verlag Walter Frey | 2013

Erschienen in: Ette, Ottmar/Mackenbach, Werner/Nitschack, Horst (eds.): TransPacífico. Conexiones y convivencias en AsiAméricas. Un simposio transareal, POINTE - Potsdamer inter- und transkulturelle Texte, 53-64.

Verlag Walter Frey - Tranvia

El artículo que sigue, “Entrelazamientos transpacíficos desiguales: las relaciones económicas entre América Latina y China” (pp. 53-64), de Marianne Braig y Barbara Göbel, aborda justamente el impacto económico actual de China en el Pacífico y en América Latina. Las autoras analizan el desarrollo de las relaciones comerciales entre China y la región exponiendo la evolución de una actividad de intercambio económico creciente durante estos últimos quince años. En una segunda etapa, Braig y Göbel analizan la asimetría de estas relaciones a partir de un costo no solamente económico sino también ecológico: “Las desigualdades estructurales en las relaciones entre América Latina y China no consisten solamente en una distribución desigual de las posibilidades para darle a través del procesamiento industrial un valor agregado a los recursos naturales, sino también a la distribución desigual de costos y riesgos ambientales” (p. 57). Se examina así, y con referencias contundentes, el desastre ecológico causado por la agricultura extensiva de la soja, particularmente en Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay. Como temática conclusiva, el artículo ofrece un análisis monográfico original de otro aspecto, muy diferente de esta globalización comercial; las interacciones entre el comercio informal de Tepito, Ciudad de México, y los nuevos polos industriales chinos como Yiwu, a través de la asociación de una inmigrante china (Ann Lang) y una dirigente de comerciantes callejeros locales (María). Esta globalización “desde abajo” (p.59), recuerda la naturaleza de algunos intercambios comerciales históricos entre China y México a través de los galeones de Manila, como aquel de la seda, desarrollado al margen del comercio oficial, y poniendo en jaque en incontables ocasiones al monopolio de la seda sevillana en América.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Lateinamerika/China, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Governing (in)security in a postcolonial world: Transnational entanglements and the worldliness of ‘local’ practice

müller_hönke_security dialogue

Markus-Michael Müller, Jana Hönke

London: SAGE Publications | 2012-10

Erschienen in: Security Dialogue, 43 (5), 383-401.

Volltext Sage Publishing

While analysis of transnationalized forms of security governance in the contemporary postcolonial world features prominently in current debates within the field of security studies, most efforts to analyse and understand the relevant processes proceed from an unquestioned ‘Western’ perspective, thereby failing to consider the methodological and theoretical implications of governing (in)security under postcolonial conditions. This article seeks to address that lacuna by highlighting the entangled histories of (in)security governance in the (post)colonial world and by providing fresh theoretical and methodological perspective for a security studies research agenda sensitive to the implications of the postcolonial condition.

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, Governance-Theorie, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3, Teilprojekt D2

Economic Policy‐Making and Multi‐Level Governance

Cover: Handbook on Multi-level Governance

Henrik Enderlein

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publications | 2012-08-29

Erschienen in: Enderlein, Henrik/Wälti, Sonja/Zürn, Michael (eds.): Handbook on Multi‐Level Governance, 423-440.

Edward Elgar Publications

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Transnational Public-Private Partnerships' Performance in Water Governance: Institutional Design Matters

beisheim_campe_government and policy 2012_ 30 _ 4

Marianne Beisheim, Sabine Campe

Los Angeles: SAGE Publications | 2012-08

Erschienen in: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30 (4), 627-642.

Volltext Sage Pub

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) are new forms of governance that have caught the interest of researchers in recent years. While the literature tends to portray PPPs as loosely institutionalized forms of governance, we argue that PPPs' institutional design varies and matters for their effectiveness. We aim to demonstrate that a high degree of institutionalization (obligation, precision, delegation) is relevant in cases that involve collective action problems—that is, for those PPPs that have to deal with distributional conflict, cheating, or free-riding. To substantiate our argument, we compare and analyze the performance of three transnational water partnerships (not to be confused with municipal for-profit PPPs). Our results confirm that a high degree of institutionalization tends to be important for those water partnerships that implement costly projects. It is less important for those that focus on the comparatively undemanding task of exchanging and disseminating knowledge and best practice in water management and governance.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Entanglements and Interactions within the Plural Legal Order: The Case of the German Colony Cameroon 1884 – 1916

Cover: One Law for All

Ulrike Schaper

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2012-06-21

Erschienen in: Kirmse, Stefan (ed.): One Law for All: Western Models and Local Practices in (Post-)Imperial Contexts, 243-264.

Campus Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, normative Pluralität, Rule of Law, Sub-Sahara Afrika

Addressing an Ambivalent Relationship: Policing and the Urban Poor in Mexico City

Müller_journal_of latin american studies 2012 44 2

Markus-Michael Müller

Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press | 2012-05

Erschienen in: Journal of Latin American Studies, 44 (2), 319-345.

Cambridge Journals

This article analyses citizen–police relations in the marginalised Mexico City borough of Iztapalapa. It demonstrates that despite predominantly negative perceptions about and experiences with the police, local residents do not abandon state institutions as security providers. The article claims that as formal and informal access to the legal and coercive powers of the police provides an important resource for local residents needing to resolve individual or collective security problems and conflicts in their favour, local police forces continue to be addressed and imagined by residents as relevant security actors.

Thema: Policing, Staat/lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Zum Begriff politischer Legitimität

Cover: Der Aufstieg der Legitimitätspolitik

Cord Schmelzle

Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Geis, Anna/Nullmeier, Frank/Daase, Christopher (eds.): Der Aufstieg der Legitimitätspolitik. Rechtfertigung und Kritik politisch-ökonomischer Ordnungen, Special Issue of Leviathan, No. 27, 419-435.

Nomos Shop

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

El estado penal y el gobierno de la marginalidad en América Latina contemporánea

müller_teoria social, marginalidad urbana y estado

Markus-Michael Müller

Madrid: Dykinson | 2012

Erschienen in: González Sánchez, Ignacio (ed.): Teoría social, marginalidad urbana y estado penal: aproximaciones al trabajo de Loïc Wacquant, 401-421.

Verlag Dykinson

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Polizei und (post-)koloniales Regieren. Eine Einleitung

müller_comparativ zeitschrift für globalgeschichte und vergleichende gesellschaftsforschung

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2012

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 3 (12), 9-16.

Univerlag Leipzig

Die Polizei spielt in der gegenwärtigen Weltpolitik eine gewachsene Rolle. Die wachsende Zentralität urbaner Räume in internationalen Interventionen führt zu einem Umdenken in militärischen Strategien und Einsatzprotokollen, das sich in einer zunehmenden operativen Annäherung des Militärs an die Polizei niederschlägt. Der Verfasser nimmt eine allgemeine Bestimmung des Begriffs "Polizei" vor. Er geht im Folgenden auf Spezifika der Beziehung zwischen Polizei und (post-)kolonialem Regieren ein. In einem zweiten Teil wird ein Überblick über die Beiträge des Heftes gegeben.

Thema: Policing, (Post-)Kolonialismus, Staat, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

The Rise of the Penal State in Latin America

müller_contemporary justice review

Markus-Michael Müller

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice, 15 (1), 57-76.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

The recent work of Loïc Wacquant identified the emergence of the penal state as a core feature of the global expansion of neoliberalism and the neoliberal government urban marginality. Drawing on Wacquant’s theoretical and conceptual reflections, this article analyses the emergence of a Latin American form of penal statecraft. By taking an in-depth look at the increasing criminalization of urban marginality in contemporary Latin America as well as the related developments in the local prison system, the single most important institutional expression of the Latin American penal state, important commonalities and differences between the penal statecraft experiments throughout Latin America and the countries of the ‘developed world’ are highlighted.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Souveränität und (Staats-)Gewalt bei Georges Bataille

Riekenberg_zur Gewaltsoziologie von Georges Bataille

Markus-Michael Müller

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2012

Erschienen in: Riekenberg, Michael (ed.): Zur Gewaltsoziologie von Georges Bataille, 151-167.

Univerlag Leipzig

Aus der Perspektive der Beziehung von Staat, Gewalt und Souveränität beschäftigt sich der Beitrag mit dem Denken Georges Batailles. Auch wenn Batailles Souveränitätsverständnis sehr wenig mit gängigen, im internationalen Recht ebenso wie in weiten Teilen der Sozialwissenschaften dominierenden Vorstellungen von Souveränität und souveräner Staatsgewalt gemeinsam hat, ist es doch möglich, sich aus einer an Fragen des Staates und dessen Beziehung zur Gewalt interessierten Perspektive Batailles Souveränitätstheorie zu nähern. Im Zentrum des Beitrags steht deshalb der Versuch, Batailles Staatsverständnis zu rekonstruieren. Der Beitrag gliedert sich in zwei Teile. In einem ersten Schritt werden Grundgedanken Batailles, in deren Spannungsfeld die Beziehung zwischen Staat, Gewalt und Souveränität zu verorten ist, vorgestellt. Im zweiten Teil wird der Versuch unternommen, Batailles Überlegungen zum Staat im Allgemeinen nachzuzeichnen, um sich dann seinen Überlegungen zur Entstehung des Staates und dessen historischen Formwandel zuzuwenden.

Thema: Souveränität, Staat, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Does it Really Take the State? Corporate Responsibility, Multinational Corporations, and Limited Statehood in South Africa

Cover: Business and Politics, 14 (3)

Tanja A. Börzel, Jana Hönke, Christian Thauer

Erschienen in: Business and Politics, 14 (3), 1-34.

Volltext

This paper explores the role of the state for an effective engagement of multinational corporations (MNCs) in corporate social responsibility (CSR)1. In the OECD context, the “shadow of hierarchy” cast by the state is considered an important incentive for MNCs to engage in CSR activities that contribute to governance. However, in areas of limited statehood, where state actors are too weak to effectively set and enforce collectively binding rules, profit-driven MNCs confront various dilemmas with respect to costly CSR standards. The lack of a credible regulatory threat by state agencies is therefore often associated with the exploitation of resources and people by MNCs, rather than with business’ social conduct. However, in this paper we argue that there are alternatives to the “shadow of hierarchy” that induce MNCs to adopt and implement CSR policies that contribute to governance in areas of limited statehood. We then discuss that in certain areas such functional equivalents still depend on some state intervention to be effective, in particular when firms are immune to reputational concerns and in complex-task areas that require the involvement of several actors in the provision of collective goods. Finally, we discuss the “dark side” of the state and show that the state can also have negative effects on the CSR engagement of MNCs. We illustrate the different ways in which statehood and the absence thereof affect CSR activities of MNCs in South Africa and conclude with some considerations on the conditions under which statehood exerts these effects.

Thema: Südafrika, State, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Offene Grenzen als Gebot der Gerechtigkeit?

Cover: Migration und Ethik

Bernd Ladwig

Paderborn: Mentis | 2012

Erschienen in: Cassee, Andreas/Goppel, Anna (eds.): Migration und Ethik, 67-88.

Der Verfasser spricht sich dafür aus, den Anspruch auf Bewegungsfreiheit ernst zu nehmen. Es sei von einem "Kosmopolitismus der Rechtfertigung" auszugehen. Dies schließt gestufte Rechtfertigungspflichten aus. Die Bewegungsfreiheit ist in doppelter Hinsicht gerechtigkeitsrelevant: zum einen instrumentell, weil sie die ökonomischen Aussichten von Individuen beeinflusst; zum anderen, weil sie selbst ein intrinsisch wertvolles Grundgut ist. Wer die Einwanderung begrenzen möchte, steht in der Rechtfertigungspflicht. Eine solche Rechtfertigung kann nur mit Blick auf die Restriktion der öffentlichen Ordnung gelingen. Staaten dürfen die Einwanderung nicht nur beschränken, wenn der Verluste einer gerechten Ordnung überhaupt droht, sondern auch, um ihr spezifisches nationalstaatliches Gerechtigkeitsprojekt, das universale Gerechtigkeitsprinzipien auf jeweils besondere Weise realisiert, vor abrupten Brüchen zu bewahren.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Transformaciones del clientelismo. Democratización, (in)seguridad y politicas urbanas en el Distrito Federal

müller_foro internacional 2012_52_4

Markus-Michael Müller

México City: El Colegio de México | 2012

Erschienen in: Foro Internacional, 52 (4), 836-863.

Volltext Foro Internacional

In theory, under the conditions of open electoral competition, an active civil society and institutions that guarantee accountability, clientelism and vote-buying lose their attraction and disappear in the long run. Based on an analysis of political processes in the Federal District, this article examines the survival and transformation of political clientelism in democratic Mexico. An attempt is made to evaluate the causes and consequences of the persistence and continued relevance of political clientelism, placing emphasis on the diversification of "client supply" in the context of local democratization. This diversification increasingly includes the provision of individualized benefits relating to public security, in exchange for political support. Adapted from the source document.

Thema: Staatlichkeit/Policing, Staat, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

The Universal and the Particular in Latin American Penal State Formation

Squires_criminalisation and advanced marginality

Markus-Michael Müller

Bristol: Policy Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Squires, Peter/Lea, John (eds.): Criminalisation and Advanced Marginality. Critically Exploring the Work of Loïc Wacquant, 195-216.

Verlag Policy Press

This is taken from the autobiographic account of Thomas McFadden, a British national who spent nearly five years in the San Pedro Prison in La Paz, Bolivia, for drug smuggling. With the help of another inmate, McFadden was able to set up a contract to purchase a prison cell from a Bolivian prisoner and to take over the cell for US$1,200, an amount that also included the former owner’s television, refrigerator and some of the furniture he had brought into the prison (Young and McFadden, 2004, pp 107–8).

Thema: Staatlichkeit, Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Perspectives on War: Generation Eventdata. Was zeigen Ereignisdaten, worin unterscheiden sie sich und was können wir lernen?

Cover: Sicherheit und Frieden, 30 (1)

Sven Chojnacki, Gregor Walter-Drop

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Sicherheit und Frieden, 30 (1), 36-43.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Over the last years datasets like the Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset (ACLED), the Event Data on Conflict and Security (EDACS), the Uppsala Conflict Data Program – Georeferencing and Event Dataset (UCDP-GED), or the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) have generated a new generation of data on armed conflicts and political violence. This disaggregated, event-level information enables fresh insights into the spatial and temporal dynamics of collective violence beyond the previously dominant aggregated state-year level of analysis. The aim of this article is to provide researchers and practitioners alike with an overview of the latest development in large-scale conflict data gathering and with some ideas how to assess the advantages/disadvantages and suitability of the particular datasets.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Multinationals and Security Governance in the Community: Participation, Discipline and Indirect Rule

Cover: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 6 (1)

Jana Hönke

London: Taylor & Francis | 2012

Erschienen in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 6 (1), 57-73.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

This article traces multinational extraction companies' social and security policies in the ‘community belt’ next to their operations. A comparison between mining companies in the DRC in the early twentieth century and in the period post-2000 shows remarkable continuities in corporate community interventions. It demonstrates how contemporary participatory practices have partly replaced techniques of discipline and coercion seen in the colonial past. However, the discourse of ownership and participation runs alongside exclusionary forms of exercising power that have an old history. The liberal claim of self-determination is compromised by the recourse to indirect rule in order to secure stable working conditions.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

The European Union and Democracy Promotion in the Mediterranean: Strategic Choices after the Arab Spring

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Vera van Hüllen

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 119-144.

Verlag Nomos

Thema: MENA-Region, State Building, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Europeanisation through Cooperation? EU Democracy Promotion in Morocco and Tunisia

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Vera van Hüllen

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 117-134.

Volltext Tandfonline

The Arab spring has highlighted once more the European Union's failure to bring about democratic change in the Middle East and North Africa through its Mediterranean democracy promotion policy. However, Arab authoritarian countries engage to different degrees in cooperation on democracy promotion, giving the EU more or less influence on domestic institutional change related to political participation, respect for human rights, and the rule of law. A comparison of domestic change and cooperation in Morocco and Tunisia in 2000-2010 shows that the EU has been instrumental in supporting and potentially reinforcing domestic reform initiatives. Yet the EU cannot trigger domestic institutional change in the first place. The degree of political liberalisation determines the fit between the domestic political agenda and external demands for reforms. It reflects different "survival strategies" between political inclusion and exclusion and is therefore a scope condition for rather than the result of cooperation and change. Adapted from the source document.

Thema: Europa, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Citizen Participation and Crime Prevention in Latin America: The Problems behind the Solution

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Markus-Michael Müller

Franfurt/Main: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Braig, Marianne/Costa, Sergio/Kron, Stefanie (eds.): Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en America Latina, 405-430.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

A recent flyer distributed by the Mexico City police department, the Secretaría de Seguridad Pública del Distrito Federal (SSPDF), informs local residents about the possibilities and merits of citizen participation in security matters. In addition to providing information about the different activities of the citizen participation program it ends with the following disclaimer: This program is of public character. It is not conveyed nor promoted by any political party and its resources come from the taxes paid by all taxpayers. It is forbidden to use this program for political and electoral goals, for pecuniary rewards or any other purposes different from those established in the program. Anyone that will make an improper use of the program’s resources in the Federal District will be sanctioned according to the respective law and from the responsible authority (SSPDF 2009). This uneasy and contradictory relationship between citizen participation in security matters and the instrumentalization, or better put, appropriation, of the latter for private or political purposes is at the centre of this article. By drawing on the results of empirical fieldwork in Mexico City, this article takes a closer look at a local community policing program, the Policía de Barrio project, in order to demonstrate that contrary to the expectations of many Latin American policy makers, think tanks, NGOs and a growing number of related scholarly articles and books, community participation in security matters cannot be expected to function as a blueprint for improving citizen-police relations and the prevailing (in)security situation in contemporary urban Latin America (on the latter aspect, see IBRD 2008; Koonings/ Kruijt 2007; Rotker 2002). By confronting the official claims and objectives of the Policía de Barrio program, together with an analysis of how this community policing program operates in practice, this article argues that despite its claim for improving police-citizen relations and the security situation, the concrete practices of the Policía de Barrio are overdetermined by different socio-political features of the local context, such as clientelism, police corruption, and party politics. These components, therefore, render the contribution of this community policing effort for the sustainable improvement of local accountability, police efficiency and legitimacy unlikely.

Thema: Policing, lokale Akteure/Staat, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Migraciones, trata de personas y las políticas de control a nivel global y regional

Gutérrez_Robledo_LaberintosLibertadMEducacionCulturayDeporte

Günther Maihold, Xavier Servitija Roca

Madrid: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte | 2012

Erschienen in: Gutiérrez Usillos, Andrés/Robledo Sanz, Beatriz (eds.): Laberintos de libertad. Entre la esclavitud del pasado y las nuevas formas de esclavitud del presente, 73-99.

Volltext Violencia Genero Msssi

En torno a la problemática del tráfico humano, como origen y consecuencia de la esclavitud, se han podido escuchar distintas voces y experiencias que provocan profundas reflexiones. En una de ellas, la ponencia del profesor Maihold, se proponen tres medidas concretas como medio para la lucha contra el tráfico humano, articuladas en torno a la prevención, la persecución del delito y la protección de las víctimas. Maihold insiste en la necesidad de consensuar un código ético entre gobiernos y empresas para eliminar el trabajo forzado, seguir el cumplimiento de las leyes laborales y la definición de los diferentes grados de delito, insistiendo en la necesidad de aplicar políticas de reintegración y de reinserción de las víctimas.

Thema: Souveränität, Staat/lokale Akteure, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

When Pigs Fly: ECOWAS and the Protection of Constitutional Order in Events of Coups d’État

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Kai Striebinger

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, 179-198.

Verlag Routledge

The chapter looks at the decision-making process in ECOWAS and asks under what conditions the regional organization intervenes in order to protect constitutional order in its member states. Finding that neither domestic nor international pressure is constitutive for such an action, he concludes that depending on the type of intervention a high democratic identity or a strong hegemonic interest are sufficient conditions for such an action.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Teilprojekt B2

MERCOSUR: Integration Through Presidents and Paymasters

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Mathis Lohaus, Felix Hummel

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 59-80.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Teilprojekt B2

Militärische Interventionen, 'failed states', 'Schurkenstaaten

Cover: 'Menschenrechte: Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch'

Cord Schmelzle

Stuttgart: Metzler | 2012

Erschienen in: Lohmann, Georg/Pollmann, Arnd (eds.): Menschenrechte. Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch, 410-417.

Volltext: Academia

Thema: Staat, Menschenrechte, bewaffneter Konflikt, Intervention, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B9

Roads to Regionalism: Concepts and Cases

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Lukas Goltermann, Mathis Lohaus, Kai Striebinger, Alexander Spielau

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 3-24.

Samples Sainsburys Ebooks

This chapter provides an introduction into the analysis of the establishment, design, and effects of regional organizations.

Thema: Regionalismus, Teilprojekt B2

Pathologies of Europeanization: Fighting Corruption in the Southern Caucasus

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk

London: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1) 79-97.

Volltext Tandfonline

In order to stabilise the post-Soviet region, the European Union seeks to transform the domestic structures of the Newly Independent States. In light of high adaptation costs, the lack of a membership perspective, and low levels of democracy, the prospects of Europeanisation appear to be limited. The Southern Caucasus belongs to the most corrupt countries in the world. While being least likely cases, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia have responded to the EU's demands for good governance introducing formal institutional changes. Moreover, despite their differences in statehood, democracy, and power (a)symmetries with the EU, domestic institutional changes look very similar. This double puzzle is explained by differential empowerment. Instead of liberal reform coalitions, which are largely absent in the Southern Caucasus, the incumbent regimes have instrumentalised the EU, selectively implementing anti-corruption policies to gain and consolidate political power. As a result, the EU stabilises rather than transforms its neighbourhood.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Zentralasien und Kaukasus, Teilprojekt B2

Conclusion: The Power to Transform Lies in the Detail

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Tanja A. Börzel, Katrin Böttger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 163-172.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Preface

Boerzel_Boettger_Policy Change

Tanja A. Börzel, Katrin Böttger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Böttger, Katrin (eds.): Policy Change in EU´s Immediate Neighbourhood: A Sectoral Approach, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 9-12.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Europa, Policy, Teilprojekt B2

Gauging the Effectiveness of Post-Conflict Peace- and State-Building

Cover: Studying 'Effectiveness' in International Relations

Ursula Schröder

Opladen: Budrich | 2012

Erschienen in: Hegemann, Hendrik/Heller, Regina/Kahl, Martin (eds.): Studying 'Effectiveness' in International Relations: A Guide for Students and Scholars, 217-236.

Budrich Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Der Nationalsozialismus, Richard Rorty und die Möglichkeiten rationaler Verständigung

Cover: Leviathan, 40 (1)

Daniel Jacob

Nomos | 2012

Erschienen in: Leviathan, 40 (1), 51-69.

JSTOR

Für Richard Rorty ist der Nationalsozialismus ein Beispiel für das notwendige Scheitern rationaler Verständigung. Ich argumentiere hingegen, dass bei einer stärkeren Ausdifferenzierung des für Rorty zentralen Begriffs des »Vokabulars« die Vorgeschichte solchen Scheiterns auf die vielfältigen Möglichkeiten rationaler Verständigung verweist sowie auf die Notwendigkeit, diese institutionell abzusichern.

Richard Rorty sees National Socialism as a prime example of the failure of rational communication. I argue, however, that a more nuanced understanding of what Rorty describes as »vocabularies« and a closer look at the history of failed communication reveals the manifold, possibilities of rational communication - as well as the need to protect these possibilities through adequate institutions.

Thema: Menschenrechte, Demokratie, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt B9

Wahlen im Schatten des organisierten Verbrechens. Mexiko zwischen State Capture und Staatsversagen

maihold__welttrends zeitschrift für internationale Politik 84 _ 20 2012 pdf

Günther Maihold

Potsdam: GBI-Genios Deutsche Wirtschaftsdatenbank GmbH | 2012

Erschienen in: Welttrends. Zeitschrift für internationale Politik, 84 (20), 5-11.

Volltext WISO Net

Kurz vor der Wahl am 1. Juli steht Mexiko vor großen Turbulenzen: Parteien beschuldigen sich gegenseitig, Mitglieder oder -läufer der organisierten Kriminalität zu sein. Der Krieg gegen die Drogen, der zuvor noch nationale Einheit heraufbeschwor, wird jetzt zum Instrument der Verleumdung des politischen Gegners. Wie kann angesichts brüchiger Staatlichkeit eine sichere Wahl gewährleistet werden?

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Las comunicaciones criminales: El caso de las narcomantas

maihold_Atlas de la seguridad  2012

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: Casede | 2012

Erschienen in: Aguayo Quezada, Sergio/Benítez Manaut, Raúl (eds.): Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2012, Ciudad de México: Casede, 83-92.

Volltext Casede

El análisis de la presencia del narcotráfico en México no debe centrarse sólo en la composición del paisaje cambiante de los cárteles, sino también en la imagen que ellos aspiran a dar de sí mismos. Por ello, además de estudiar la violencia como tal conviene atender a su carácter comunicativo. La comunicación –según la definición clásica– puede concebirse como “el proceso de intercambio de información entre un emisor y un receptor por medio de ciertos signos y códigos”, los cuales ponen en evidencia la calidad del diálogo en una situación concreta, incluso en el caso extremo de la que acompaña a la violencia. Al abordar el tema de las narcomantas es preciso tener en cuenta a los diferentes emisores y receptores, todos ellos con una marcada pluralidad de voces y objetivos que alimentan acciones muchas veces conflictivas y contrapuestas.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Event Data on Armed Conflict and Security: New Perspectives, Old Challenges, and Some Solutions

Cover

Sven Chojnacki, Christian Ickler, Michael Spies, John Wiesel

London: Taylor & Francis | 2012

Erschienen in: International Interactions, 38 (4), 382-401.

Volltext

This article presents the Event Data on Conflict and Security (EDACS) dataset, discusses the inherent problems of georeferenced conflict data, and shows how these challenges are met within EDACS. Based on an event data approach, EDACS contributes to the growing number of novel georeferenced datasets that allow researchers to identify causal pathways of violence and the dynamics of (transboundary) violence through spatiotemporal disaggregation. However, the unreflected use of any of these datasets will give researchers unjustified confidence in their findings, as the pitfalls are many and propagating errors can result in misleading conclusions. To identify and handle the different challenges to overall event data quality, we argue in favor of transparency in the data collection and coding process, to empower analysts to challenge the data and avoid cascading errors. In particular, we investigate how the choice of news sources, the handling of geographic precision, and the use of auxiliary data can bias event data. We demonstrate how the EDACS dataset design enables the analyst to deal with these issues by providing a set of variables indicating the news sources, possible sources of bias, and detailed information on geographic precision. This allows for a flexible use of the data based on individual analytical requirements.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Del G8 al G20 y más allá. Efectividad y legitimidad

maihold_el g20 el nuevo orden _ los cuadernos de la catédra

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: El Colegio de México Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | 2012

Erschienen in: El Colegio de México Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (eds.): El G20 y el nuevo orden inter-nacional, Los cuadernos de la Cátedra Humboldt de El Colegio de México y la UNAM, no. 1, 25-50.

Volltext Maihold

En las discusiones acerca del futuro orden mundial hay dos modelos diferentes que dominan el debate político (siempre articulados en el formato de “G-..”): por un lado hay algunos observadores que esperan la conformación de un G2 constituido por EE.UU. y China como las dos potencias de alcance mundial que logran articular su presencia central en una gran cantidad de áreas políticas aún en un mundo multipolar y sin las cuales no se puede dar solución a la mayoría de los problemas globales; por el otro lado existe el grupo de todos aquellos que no ven que estos poderes sean capaces de resolver por sí solos estos retos y que además no tienen la suficiente capacidad en el ejercicio de su mando como para obligar a otros a cooperar. Por lo tanto, el debate se inclina hacia la búsqueda de agrupaciones que sean aptas para reunir suficientes voluntades y capacidades para poder asumir un papel orientador y directriz en la política internacional. Es en esta corriente donde se ubican todas aquellas voces que buscan una modalidad incluyente a nivel mundial, como precondición para encaminar a los gobiernos hacia fines comunes a nivel mundial y al mismo tempo encauzar la enorme pluralidad de políticas nacionales. El G20, que a la altura de cumbres presidenciales ha logrado desde 2008 una presencia importante a nivel mundial, es visto como aquella instancia que ante las crisis económico-financieras podría ser la más competente para encarrillar las dinámicas de los mercados y servir como guía ante los posibles efectos de contagio a nivel mundial. Con esta finalidad se está revisando en el presente texto, el alcance y las posibilidades que tiene esta agrupación cuya presidencia asumió México en diciembre de 2011.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Staat, Mexiko, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Transnational Public-Private Partnerships

biermann_ global environmental governance

Sabine Campe, Marco Schäferhoff, Karin Bäckstrand,Sander Chan, Aysem Mert

Cambridge: MIT University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Biermann, Frank/Pattberg, Philipp (eds.): Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, 123-147.

Verlag MIT Press Ebooks

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Financial Development and Microeconomic Stabilization through Migrant Remittances? Potential Benefits and Policies

Cover: Transfers from International Migration

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

Kassel: Kassel University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Knerr, Béatrice (ed.): Transfers from International Migration: A Strategy of Economic and Social Stabilization at National and Household Level, 129-161.

Volltext Kassel University Press

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Remittances and the Transformation of Local Spaces: The Case of Financial Markets in Mexico

Cover: Iberoamericana 12 (48)

Christian Ambrosius

Berlin: Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut | 2012

Erschienen in: Dossier. Entre espacios: entrelazamientos y movimientos en América Latina, Iberoamericana 12 (48),

Volltext

Remittances, the money sent by migrants to their families back home, are situated outside ‘traditional’ categories of space in several ways. Not only do these smallscale financial transactions span the transnational space beyond the nation-state; they also move largely outside the institutional spaces of the formal banking sector. Taking the case of financial markets in Mexico and building on recent empirical findings on the impact of migrants’ remittances on the financial sector of the receiving countries, this article explores how remittances may lead to a transformation of local spaces by reducing some of the market failures that prevail, especially in rural financial markets.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Conclusion: Do All Roads Lead to Regionalism

Börzel_Road to regionalism

Tanja A. Börzel

Aldershot: Ashgate | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Goltermann, Lukas/Lohaus, Mathis/Striebinger, Kai (eds.): Roads to Regionalism: Genesis, Design, and Effects of Regional Organizations, Aldershot: Ashgate, 255-267.

Verlag Routledge

Thema: Regionalorganisationen (RO), Regionalismus, Staat, Teilprojekt B2

Rule of Law and Security Sector Reform in International State-Building: Dilemmas of Converging Agendas

Cover: Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 4 (1)

Ursula Schröder, Johannes Kode

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 4 (1), 31-53.

Volltext

In this article we discuss the integration of international security assistance and rule of law promotion within larger state-building projects. Going beyond the widespread claim that both approaches should be closely linked within overarching security sector reform (SSR) efforts, this article inquires more systematically into their relationship both at a conceptual level and at the level of state-building practices. It argues that the creation of effective security institutions cannot be easily reconciled with programmes that promote mechanisms of legitimate political control as one dimension of the rule of law. Rationales behind security and rule of law support diverge: the former aims to strengthen a state's enforcement capacities, while the latter seeks to restrict them. The case of security and rule of law support to the Palestinian National Authority in the West Bank illustrates the tensions that can result. The article shows that in the Palestinian case, selectivity, fragmentation and timing issues have impeded the coherence of international assistance.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Risse_Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Thomas Risse

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2012

Erschienen in: Oxford Handbook of Governance, 699-715.

Oxford Handbooks

This article evaluates the form of governance in areas with limited statehood. It explains that areas of limited statehood are those that lack the capacity to implement and enforce central decisions and/or a monopoly on the use of force. The article shows that it is possible to observe governance and the provision of collective goods even under conditions of limited statehood, and discusses conceptual issues which arise when governance is applied to areas of limited statehood. It also highlights the Western and Eurocentric bias of contemporary social science notions of statehood and governance.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt A1

From Europeanisation to Diffusion: Introduction

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxon: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: Börzel, Tanja A./Risse, Thomas (eds.): From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 1-19.

Volltext Tandfonline

This special issue explores to what extent policies and institutions of the European Union spread across different contexts. Are the EU's attempts to transfer its policies and institutions to accession and neighbourhood countries sustainable and effective? To what degree do other regions of the world emulate the EU's institutional features; what are the mechanisms of, and scope conditions for, their diffusion? This introduction provides the conceptual framework of the special issue. First, it specifies EU-related institutional change as the ‘dependent variable’. Second, it discusses how Europeanisation research and diffusion studies relate to each other and can be fruitfully combined to identify processes and mechanisms by which ideas and institutions of the EU spread. Third, we introduce scope conditions which are likely to affect domestic (or regional) change in response to the promotion or emulation of EU ideas and institutions.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Die Umsetzung des völkerrechtlichen Aggressionsverbrechens in das deutsche Recht im Lichte von Art. 26 Abs. 1 GG

Cover: DÖV 65 (12)

Heike Krieger

Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag | 2012

Erschienen in: DÖV - Die Öffentliche Verwaltung, (65) 12, 449-457.

DÖV - Die Öffentliche Verwaltung

Nachdem sich die Vertragsstaaten des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs auf der Überprüfungskonferenz von Kampala im Juni 2010 sowohl über eine Definition des Aggressionsverbrechens als auch über Regelungen zur Ausübung der Gerichtsbarkeit durch den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof geeinigt haben, steht die Bundesrepublik nun vor der Frage, ob und wie sie die völkerrechtlichen Vorgaben für den Tatbestand des Aggressionsverbrechens in das nationale Strafrecht umsetzen soll. Die Gestaltungsoptionen des Gesetzgebers werden dabei auch von Art. 26 Abs. 1 GG bestimmt, der einen einschlägigen verfassungsrechtlichen Gesetzgebungsauftrag enthält. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht der Beitrag die verfassungsrechtliche Norm im Lichte neuerer Völkerrechtsentwicklungen, um hieraus Schlussfolgerungen für die gesetzgeberischen Gestaltungsoptionen zu ziehen.

Thema: Europa, Staat, Rule of Law, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

When Europeanisation meets Diffusion: Exploring new Territory

Boerzel_Risse West European Politics

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Oxon: Routledge | 2012

Erschienen in: From Europeanisation to Diffusion, Special Issue of West European Politics, 35 (1), 192-207.

Volltext Tandfonline

The articles in this special issue find ample evidence for the EU's influence on domestic and regional institutions. Its impact is patchy, often shallow but certainly not spurious. This conclusion demonstrates that it is worthwhile to integrate the Europeanisation literature and its theoretical arguments into the larger literature on diffusion. But it also shows limits of the diffusion approaches in the social sciences which tend to privilege structure over agency and, as a result, tend to focus on institutional convergence and isomorphism rather than variation in institutional outcomes. Some general impact of the EU on domestic institutional change in its neighbourhood and beyond is found, as well as some diffusion of EU institutional models of regional integration worldwide. The approach is decidedly agency-centred in focusing on diffusion mechanism and on scope conditions.

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

FAO

Freistein_Leininger_Handbuch Internationale Organisationen

Andrea Liese

München: Oldenbourg | 2012

Erschienen in: Freistein, Katja/Leininger, Julia (eds.): Handbuch Internationale Organisationen. Theoretische Grundlagen und Akteure, 113-118.

Volltext Degruyter

Die Ernährungs- und Landwirtschaftsorganisation der → Vereinten Nationen, englisch Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), ist die derzeit älteste internationale Organisation zur Förderung der weltweiten Ernährungssicherheit und – gemessen an ihrer Finanz- und Personalausstattung – eine der größten VN-Sonderorganisationen. Ihr Logo enthält als Symbol eine Ähre und das Motto „fiat panes“, lateinisch für „es soll Brot geben“. Dementsprechend wirkt sie seit ihrer Gründung auf die Steigerung der landwirtschaftlichen Produktivität, den Pflanzenschutz und die Ernährungssicherung hin, vor allem in Transformations- und Entwicklungsländern. Sie ist somit im engen Sinne für das Politikfeld Entwicklung relevant.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Los derechos humanos como autorización para hablar. Metatexto universal y experiencias particulares

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Marianne Braig

Madrid: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Kron, Stefanie/Costa, Sérgio/Braig, Marianne (eds.): Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina, 61-72.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

En las últimas décadas, en el contexto pos dictatorial, la disputa por los derechos humanos quedó vigente en América Latina. No solo están presentes los activistas contra las violaciones de los derechos humanos atribuidas a las prácticas de las dictaduras militares o regí- menes autoritarios. En el proceso de la transición a la democracia surgieron en América Latina nuevos movimientos sociales luchando por los derechos humanos en sus países (legal movements) y actores políticos que “tomaron la palabra” apoyándose en los derechos humanos “como forma de acción política”. Frecuentemente se observa esta “toma de palabra”, este empoderamiento por hablar, en el contexto de un referéndum constitucional o una consulta constitucional. Pero no necesariamente surgen legal movements en una disputa concreta por una reforma de la Carta Magna, sino por sus propias causas y motivos. Podemos observar en América Latina que el señalamiento de las violaciones de los derechos humanos excedió cada vez más el límite de la violación de los derechos humanos políticos a priori, trayendo consigo los defectos de la democracia realmente existente, como por ejemplo los fraudes electorales, las desigualdades sociales, las discriminaciones raciales o las formas de impunidad.

Thema: Normative Fragen, Staat, Lateinamerika, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Democracias y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina. Una introducción

Kron_Sergio_Braig_Democracia Reconfiguraciones

Marianne Braig, Stefanie Kron, Sérgio Costa

Madrid: Vervuert | 2012

Erschienen in: Democracia y reconfiguraciones contemporáneas del derecho en América Latina, 9-16.

Volltext Publications IAI SPK

El presente libro ofrece un amplio espectro de contribuciones teóricas y empíricas que exploran conflictos y transformaciones de las contemporáneas democracias latinoamericanas desde una perspectiva internacional y multidisciplinaria. Los textos ponen énfasis en las múltiples y cambiantes relaciones entre derecho y democracia. El interés principal de este libro es, por ende, describir y analizar procesos de reconfiguración del derecho en el marco de las reformas constitucionales que acompañaron y siguen acompañando los procesos de (re-)democratización en América Latina desde los años 1980. Así, a partir de esta época y hasta hoy, la mayoría de los Estados latinoamericanos ha modificado su constitución al menos una vez, algunos incluso varias veces. Nuevas constituciones se aprobaron i.e. en Brasil (1988), Colombia (1991), Paraguay (1993), Ecuador (1998, 2008), Venezuela (1999) y Bolivia (2009). En otros países como en Colombia, Nicaragua, Perú y México se discute sobre extensas reformas constitucionales o nuevas Cartas Magnas (Nolte 2009). Muchas de estas reformas constitucionales se caracterizan por la inclusión de las demandas de movimientos sociales. Entre los movimientos más exitosos al respecto se cuentan los anti-racistas, de derechos humanos, de mujeres o feministas, de indígenas y de afro-descendientes. El ejemplo más reciente lo representa el fortalecimiento de los derechos de las poblaciones indígenas y del carácter “pluri-nacional” del Estado por las nuevas constituciones en Bolivia y Ecuador.

Thema: Normative Fragen, Staat, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Krieg gegen anonymous - Völkerrechtliche Regelungsmöglichkeiten bei unsicherer Zurechnung im Cyberwar

Cover: Archiv des Völkerrechts, No. 50

Heike Krieger

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2012

Erschienen in: Archiv des Völkerrechts, No. 50, 1-20.

Volltext

Cyberwar has become an important feature in the international security policy discourse. For legal purposes the term Cyberwar describes computer network operations which start an armed conflict or which are conducted during such a conflict. However, due to technical im possibility and human incapability it is nearly unconceivable to identify the state launching a computer network operation. Thus, attribution based on provable causality seems practically impossible. Such a scenario is a severe challenge for the international legal order which is predominantly based on attribution on the basis of provable causality in order to direct States' behavior. The article discusses in which way the international legal order can address this challenge. In particular, arguments which aim to circumvent the thresholds of the right to self-defence and of countermeasures by lowering the standards of proof and basing attribution on assumptions are rejected. Instead the article calls for a change of perspective. A comparison is drawn to the precautionary principle in Environmental Law which addresses similar situations of lack of knowledge. Not the potential aggressor but all States using cyber technology would be the addressees of such an obligation. The precautionary approach would transfer regulation to the preliminary stage instead of using reactive responses.

Thema: Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

La autonomía de los pueblos indígenas de Costa Rica. Una contrastación del estándar internacional con la legislación nacional y su implementación

Cover: Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Heredia: Universidad Nacional, Instituto de Estudios Latinoamericanos | 2012

Erschienen in: Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos, 23 (1), 145-185.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Procedural Rules for the Implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: A Public International Law Perspective

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Frankfurt/Main: German Law Journal | 2012

Erschienen in: German Law Journal, 13 (1), 51-85.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Sovereign Debt Disputes: A Database on Government Coerciveness During Debt Crises

Cover: Journal of International Money and Finance, 31 (2)

Henrik Enderlein, Christoph Trebesch, Laura von Daniels

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2012

Erschienen in: Journal of International Money and Finance, 31 (2), 250-266.

Volltext

This paper measures “debt disputes” between governments and foreign private creditors in periods of sovereign debt crises. We construct an index of government coerciveness, consisting of 9 objective sub-indicators. Each of these sub-indicators captures unilateral government actions imposed on foreign banks and bondholders. The results provide the first systematic account of debt crises that goes beyond a binary categorization of default versus non-default. Overall, government behavior and rhetoric show a strong variability, ranging from highly confrontational to very smooth crisis resolution processes. In a preliminary analysis on the determinants of coercive behavior, we find political insti- tutions to be significant, while economic and financial factors play a lesser role. These results open up an agenda for future research.

El combate al crimen organizado: ¿La nueva agenda para la relación Euro - latinoamericana?

Maihold_CUADERNO_FINAL_XIII_REUNION_PM_MEXUE_F_Naumann[1]

Günther Maihold

Ciudad de México: Friedrich Naumann Stiftung | 2012

Erschienen in: Acevedo, Huacuja/Antonio, Luis (eds.): XIII reunión de la comisión parlamentaria mixta México-Unión Europea, 94-102.

Volltext Peceaatlan

Las nuevas rutas del narcotráfico por el occidente de África hacia Europa1 han hecho evidente la necesidad de una cooperación más profunda entre las dos regiones en el combate a las estructuras y organizaciones criminales siempre más transnacionales. Las dinámicas que demuestra el mercado europeo en cuanto al consumo de la cocaína ha incentivado la actividad de los carteles latinoamericanos para suministrar con mayores cantidades a los países europeos ante un mercado estancado en EE.UU. La capacidad expansiva demostrada por el narcotráfico y sus organizaciones implica para Europa no solamente un interés de intercambio de información e inteligencia, sino también la necesidad de comprometerse con el combate a la droga en América Latina que antes se prefería dejarlo en manos de las autoridades de EE.UU. El volumen de ingresos generados de este mercado ilícito y la proliferación de actores violentos que buscan aliarse con estructuras mafiosas en Europa implica una cooperación que va más allá del intercambio entre policías como Europol o Ameripol sino tiene que involucrar un compromiso con el trabajo y la reconversión de las instancias policiales encargadas de este tarea en América Latina. Se requiere entonces una cooperación de una nueva generación en esta materia, si se desea moverse a la altura del reto existente.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Staat/Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika/Europa, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Recht

Cover: Politische Theorie. 25 umkämpfte Begriffe

Matthias Kötter

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag | 2011-12-02

Erschienen in: Gerhard Göhler/Matthias Iser/Ina Kerner (eds.): Politische Theorie. 25 umkämpfte Begriffe, 2. aktualisierte und erweiterte Ausgabe, 307-323.

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Public Private Partnerships in Global Food Governance: Business Engagement and Legitimacy in the Global Fight against Hunger and Malnutrition

kaan_liese_agriculture and human values 2011 _ 28 3

Christopher Kaan, Andrea Liese

Dordrecht: Proquest | 2011-09

Erschienen in: Agriculture and Human Values, 28 (3), 385-399.

Springer Link

This article compares two transnational public–private partnerships against hunger and malnutrition, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and the International Alliance Against Hunger with regard to their degree of business involvement and their input and output legimacy. We examine the participation of stakeholders, the accountability and transparency of the decision-making process, and the perceived provision of a public good. We identify a link between business involvement and output legitimacy, and we discuss the implications for public and private food governance.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Crimen organizado y seguridad en América Latina

maihold_politica exterior 143

Günther Maihold

Madrid: Estudios de Política Exterior | 2011-09

Erschienen in: Política Exterior 143, 92-100.

Volltext Politica Exterior

La capacidad del narcotráfico para atravesar fronteras y diversificar su actividad ha creado un problema transnacional imposible de abordar con políticas nacionales. El crimen organizado sobrevive también debido a su enquistamiento en las estructuras del Estado. Transcurrida una década desde el 11 de septiembre de 2001 se puede constatar un cambio en la percepción de las amenazas en América Latina. Mientras en el momento de los atentados existía la preocupación por un posible acto terrorista en o desde la región latinoamericana, hoy esa idea se ha desvanecido, y ha surgido el temor más cierto a que el crimen organizado se conviertan en una amenaza real para los Estados de la región. En muchos de ellos, las instituciones y el monopolio de la violencia por parte del Estado se encuentran minados por la corrupción de funcionarios y estructuras paralelas de poder.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

International Legal and Moral Standards of Good Governance in Fragile States

Governance without a state? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood

Bernd Ladwig, Beate Rudolf

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011-08-26

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 199-231.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Debt Restructuring Delays: Measurement and Stylized Facts

Cover: Sovereign Debt. From Safety to Default

Christoph Trebesch

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley | 2011-04

Erschienen in: Kolb, Robert W. (ed.): Sovereign Debt: From Safety to Default, 169-177.

Corporate Governance zwischen staatlicher Gesetzgebung und gesellschaftlicher Selbstregulierung

Cover: Corporate Governance im Wandel

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Hamburg: Bucerius Law School | 2011-03-24

Erschienen in: Müller, Klaus Peter/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke (eds.): Corporate Governance im Wandel. Vorträge des Instituts für Unternehmens- und Kapitalmarktrecht, Vol. 2, 17-38.

Institut für Unternehmens- und ...

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Das arabische "1989"

Harders Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik

Cilja Harders

Berlin: Blätter Verlagsgesellschaft | 2011-03

Erschienen in: Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik, No. 3, 46-49

Blätter für deutsche und ...

Die anhaltenden Demonstrationen in der arabischen Welt haben die Region bereits heute grundlegend verändert, wenn auch die weiteren Entwicklungen derzeit noch nicht absehbar sind. Die „Blätter“ diskutieren Chancen und Risiken der Bewegung in den am stärksten betroffenen Ländern. Zunächst vermittelt Mohammed Bamyeh einen unmittelbaren Eindruck der Proteste in Kairo (Übersetzung aus dem Englischen: Katrin Sieg). Anschließend analysiert Cilja Harders die Hintergründe der ägyptischen Demokratiebewegung, bevor Werner Ruf den Blick auf die Ursprünge der Revolution in Tunesien richtet und nach deren möglicher Ausbreitung in andere Maghreb-Staaten fragt.

Thema: MENA – Region, Demokratie, Autoritarismus, Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B6

Applying the Governance-Concept to Areas of Limited Statehood: Implications for International Foreign and Security Policy

Brozus_Applying Governance

Lars Brozus

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance Without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 262-280.

Columbia University Press

From a global as well as a historical perspective the modern nation-state is the exception rather than the rule.¹ Outside of the developed world, areas of limited statehood dominate the picture. This chapter discusses the implications of applying particular Western-style governance concepts to areas of limited statehood. I show how systematic research on governance in areas of limited statehood helps to clarify positions in the political debate about the transferability of concepts: Do they travel? And what are the results?

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Wie viel Staat braucht Governance? Ein kritischer Kommentar

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Thomas Risse, Stephan Leibfried

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 267-280.

Volltext: Nomos eLibrary

Dieser Band fragt nach dem staatlichen Beitrag zu Governance in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Genauer gesagt lautet die Frage: Wie viel Staatlichkeit ist eigentlich notwendig, damit »neue« Formen des Regierens – also nicht-hierarchische Modi der Handlungskoordination unter Beteiligung staatlicher und/oder nicht-staatlicher Akteure – gelingen können? Mit »Gelingen« ist gemeint, dass sie zum einen effektiv zur Regelsetzung und zur Bereitstellung von Gemeinschaftsgütern beitragen und zum anderen Legitimität erzeugen im Sinne der normativen Anerkennungswürdigkeit und der empirischen Anerkennung der politischen Ordnung durch die Regierten. Um diese Frage einer Antwort näher zu bringen, haben die Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber ein beachtliches Team versammelt, das sich aus Autorinnen und Autoren des Berliner Sonderforschungsbereichs (Sfb) 700 »Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit« und des Bremer Sfb 597 »Staatlichkeit im Wandel« zusammensetzt. Abgesehen davon, dass eine wissenschaftliche Kooperation zwischen Sonderforschungsbereichen immer zu begrüßen ist, macht die Zusammenarbeit auch methodisch Sinn: Denn wie soll eigentlich die zentrale Frage »Wie viel Staat ist nötig, damit Governance funktioniert?« beantwortet werden, wenn nicht die Grade von Staatlichkeit variiert werden? Die ganze Debatte um Staatlichkeit und Governance krankt daran, dass sie entweder konsolidierte Staatlichkeit stillschweigend voraussetzt (zum Beispiel Benz 2004, Mayntz/Scharpf 1995, Voigt 1995, ebenso die meisten Beiträge in Schuppert/ Zürn 2008) oder aber – wie in der Diskussion um »zerfallen(d)e« Staaten – den demokratischen Wohlfahrtsstaat der westlichen Moderne zum Maßstab aller Dinge erhebt (Rotberg 2003, 2004, Schneckener 2004).

Thema: Staat, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt A1

Democracy and Representation beyond the Nation State

Walter-Drop_Zürn_Democracy and Representation beyond

Gregor Walter-Drop, Michael Zürn

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Alonso, Sonia/Keane, John/Merkel, Wolfgang (eds.): The Future of Representative Democracy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 258-280.

Cambridge

If the EU were to apply for membership of the EU, it would not qualify because of the inadequate democratic content of its constitution. At the same time, a significant proportion of legislative activity in its member states is driven by decisions made in the opaque labyrinth of institutions in far-away Brussels. So, are the member states democratically governed? The picture is similar with respect to other international institutions in the OECD world. The WTO system of agreements, for instance, comprises almost 10,000 pages and is the result of marathon negotiations, lasting over a decade, involving over 150 states and thousands of experts. These agreements contain far-reaching implications for employees in crisis-prone industrial sectors, and in agriculture. To be sure, it was the democratically elected governments that participated in the negotiations. But did citizens really exercise recognisable influence over the decisions? The problem behind these questions is clear. Although security and social welfare, two central aims of governance, can be better achieved with international institutions than without them, the mere existence of international institutions is no guarantee of good governance. Moreover, international institutions now truly exercise power. The rise of dispute settlement bodies, majority decisions rules, improved monitoring schemes, the role of transnational groups in ‘enforcing’ rules via naming and shaming, and, of course, a body of ius cogens in international law has led to an undermining of the consensus principle of international politics (Zürn et al. 2007).

Thema: Staat, Governance-Theorie, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1

Wer regiert wie für wen? Implikationen der Governance-Perspektive

Risse_Auf dem Weg zu Just Peace Governance

Thomas Risse

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Wolf, Jonas (ed.): Just Peace Governance. Festschrift für Harald Müller, Frankfurt/Main: 211-232.

Nomos eLibrary

Die Beiträge setzen sich mit der Frage auseinander, welche Chancen und Risiken liberal-demokratisch geprägte Ordnungsvorstellungen für ein gerechtes und friedliches Regieren bergen. Exemplarische Studien diskutieren die Ambivalenzen demokratischer Weltordnungspolitik sowie die Problematik normativer Dissonanzen durch religiöse bzw. kulturelle Verschiedenheit und untersucht, ob ein empirischer Fokus auf Gerechtigkeitsforderungen neue Erkenntnisse über Gewalt- und Konfliktdynamiken erschließt.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt A1

Racing to the Top? Firms' Regulatory Competition in Areas of Limited Statehood

Risse_Governance without a state

Tanja A. Börzel, Adrienne Héritier, Nicole Kranz, Christian Thauer

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 144-170.

Verlag Columbia University Press

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D2

The Responsible Corporation: Regulating the Supply Chain

Cover: The Responsible Corporation in a Global Economy

Adrienne Héritier, Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Crouch, C./Maclean, C. (eds.): The Responsible Corporation in a Global Economy, 119-139.

This chapter includes an empirical study examining the reasons why buyer firms will demonstrate a sense of corporate social responsibility in prescribing—and ensuring—socially responsible actions on the part of their supplier firms. Suppliers' products and production processes are increasingly controlled by buyer firms to ensure that suppliers observe the necessary environmental and product quality regulation for quality control; a task traditionally performed by public authorities under a legislative mandate. A transaction cost economics argument within an existing institutional environment is used to explain why firms engage in regulation and control of their suppliers and how this ‘private governance’ is affected by the existence of institutionalized political and legal regulations. This empirical study finds firms acting in a regulatory, and, thus overtly political, manner towards their supplier firms.

Thema: Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Gesundheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Ideas, Discourse, Power, and the End of the Cold War: 20 Years on

Risse_International-Politics-cover

Thomas Risse

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2011

Erschienen in: International Politics, Vol. 48, 591-606.

Springer Verlag

Reagan's rhetoric and actions in the arms race triggered considerable opposition, which was necessary to establish a counter-discourse in particular through the peace movements in the West, which then impacted upon the discussions in Moscow. It enabled Gorbachev to overcome his considerable domestic opposition and to make the necessary concessions, which started to bring the cold war to an end. In this sense, the peace movements won the cold war, too. The end of the cold war was as much a discursive struggle over ideas about international order and the right mix of deterrence and détente as the East–West conflict itself. It is a matter of good fortune that the cold war had a relatively happy ending and that Europe was reunited. Claiming victory for one side or the other seems to be beside the point, even 20 years later.

Thema: Meta-Governance,Teilprojekt A1

Norms and All That: Progress in Research on EU Foreign Policy

Risse_ Making EU Foreign Policy

Thomas Risse

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2011

Erschienen in: Thomas, Daniel (ed.): Making EU Foreign Policy: National Preferences, European Norms, Common Policies, Basingstoke: 192-202.

Springer

‘Economic giant, political dwarf!’ — ‘The EU does not get its act together’ — ‘The capability-expectation gap is widening’ (on the latter see Hill, 1993; for a most recent criticism of the EU’s inability to develop a coherent foreign policy see Howorth, 2010). These are only a few of the many indictments of the European Union’s (EU) foreign and security policy to be found in the editorials, but also occasionally in the scholarly literature. And yet it moves! As Daniel Thomas writes in this volume (ch.1), there have been more than 1,000 common strategies, common positions, and joint actions under Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) since 1993 and more than 2,000 foreign policy statements by the EU Council and Presidency between 1995 and 2008. In other words, cooperation on foreign policy matters is the rule rather than the exception in the EU — and the empirical case studies in this volume document it in detail. They show beyond doubt that the EU has emerged as a foreign policy actor which pursues rather coherent foreign policies — if it wants to and if the conditions are right. Thus, the EU’s actorness in foreign and security policy matters is no longer in question (see Sjursen, 2006). This is the first good news about this volume. It could be stated even more loudly and more clearly — particularly in light of the bad press that the EU’s foreign policy got recently in the context of Catherine Ashton’s appointment as EU ‘foreign minister’ (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, to be precise) and the turbulent negotiations surrounding the European External Action Service (EEAS).

Thema: Europa, Außenpolitik, Policy, Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt A1

Durchsetzung von Reformen? Über den Zusammenhang von Repräsentation und Steuerung in der Demokratie

Cover: Krise und Reform politischer Theorie

Gerhard Göhler

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Linden, Markus/Thaa, Winfried (eds.): Krise und Reform politischer Repräsentation, 173-193.

Nomos Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt A2

Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood. Introduction and Overview

Risse_Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood Introduction Overview

Thomas Risse

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1-35.

Columbia University Press

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Policy, Teilprojekt A1

Liberia’s Governance and Economic Management Assistance Programme: A New Model of Shared Sovereignty

Cover: ZaoeRV

Cindy Daase

München: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft | 2011

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (ZaöRV)/Heidelberg Journal of International Law (HJIL), 71 (3), 493-522.

Volltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Der überforderte Staat. Nachhaltige Umweltpolitik in Entwicklungsländern

Beisheim_Börzel_Wozu Staat

Nicole Kranz, Nana Künkel

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja/Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrentzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 169-196.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Staat, Umwelt, Teilprojekt D1

The Redistribution of Resources in Internationalized Intra-State Peace Processes by Comprehensive Peace Agreements and Security Council Resolutions

Cover: GOJIL

Cindy Daase

Göttingen: Institut für Völker- und Europarecht | 2011

Erschienen in: Goettingen Journal of International Law (GOJIL), 3 (1), 23-70.

Volltext

The (illegal) exploitation and (bad) management of high value resources like timber, diamonds, gold, minerals and oil constitute key-factors for the inflammation, continuation and termination of numerous intra-state conflicts. Since the 1990s these conflicts have been increasingly settled by the conclusion of comprehensive peace agreements between the conflicted state and belligerent non-state parties. At the example of the Lomé, Accra and Ouagadougou Agreement, which were negotiated to terminate the conflicts in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire, the paper describes and analyzes whether and how these agreements addressed the redistribution of conflict-resources during the peace process. In the course of this documentation, the paper finds a strong involvement of the UN Security Council when it comes to the redistribution of resources and the implementation of all three agreements that goes beyond addressing an immediate threat to peace and security. Focusing on this involvement of the Security Council to exert a strong pull towards the compliance of the parties with these agreements, the paper will discuss the legal nature of the example peace agreements and of the specific obligations concerning the redistribution of resources. The paper finds that, under certain circumstances, internationalized comprehensive peace agreements, with a strong endorsement and involvement of the Security Council, can create effective legal obligations for the parties with respect to the redistribution and treatment of resources during the transformation from conflict to peace.

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

On the Role of the Private Sector in Sovereign Debt Crises

Brozus_Applying Governance

Henrik Enderlein, Christoph Trebesch, Laura von Daniels

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance Without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 171-198.

Columbia University Press

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Einleitung. Der staatliche Beitrag zu Governance in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Marianne Beisheim, Tanja A. Börzel, Philipp Genschel, Bernhard Zangl

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 11-34.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Ein übliches Klischee vom Staat ist das eines souveränen Governance-Monopolisten. Nach diesem Bild übt der Staat innerhalb des Staatsgebiets und bezogen auf die Staatsbürger alle Governance-Funktionen aus, die für effektives und legitimes Regieren wichtig sind: Er allein trifft die dazu notwendigen kollektiv verbindlichen Entscheidungen; er allein besitzt die Organisationsmacht, diese zuverlässig umzusetzen; und er allein verfügt über die Legitimationsgrundlagen, um seine Entscheidungs- und Organisationsmacht normativ abzustützen. Indem er diese Governance-Funktionen übernimmt, erfüllt er zentrale Gemeinwohlaufgaben: Er produziert und garantiert innere und äußere Sicherheit, reguliert die Wirtschaft, befördert den Umweltschutz, produziert und verteilt essentielle Güter der Daseinsvorsorge, sichert individuelle Lebensrisiken ab und unterstützt eine gerechte Wohlstandsverteilung. Kurz, der Staat ist der zentrale Garant für effektives und legitimes Regieren – für »good Governance« – und steht damit für die gesamtgesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse in der »Systemverantwortung« (Mayntz).

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Staat, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt D1

Governance jenseits des Staates. Das Zusammenspiel staatlicher und nicht-staatlicher Governance

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Marianne Beisheim, Tanja A. Börzel, Philipp Genschel, Bernhard Zangl

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 251-266.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Die zentrale Frage dieses Bandes ist, welchen Beitrag der Staat weiterhin leistet beziehungsweise leisten muss, damit Governance gelingen kann, wenn bestimmte Governance-Funktionen von nicht-nationalstaatlichen Akteuren erbracht werden. Im Eingangskapitel hatten wir zwei Leitthesen aufgestellt. Erstens, gutes – also zugleich effektives und legitimes – Regieren kann sowohl in Räumen konsolidierter als auch in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit nur in Ausnahmefällen auf einen Beitrag des Staates gänzlich verzichten. Zweitens, sowohl die Nachfrage nach einem staatlichen Governance-Beitrag als auch die Fähigkeit des Staates, diese Nachfrage durch ein entsprechendes Angebot zu befriedigen, hängt sehr stark von den spezifischen Kontextbedingungen in Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit ab. Um die beiden Thesen empirisch zu beurteilen, greifen wir im Folgenden die zentralen Unterscheidungen unseres analytischen Rahmens aus der Einleitung auf und arbeiten diese, ähnlich wie dies die Autorinnen und Autoren der einzelnen Fallstudienkapitel getan haben, Schritt für Schritt ab. Im ersten Teil werden wir dementsprechend fragen, welche Governance-Akteure an der Erbringung der jeweils betrachteten Governance-Leistungen beteiligt sind und welche Rolle der Staat bei der Erbringung dieser Governance-Leistungen spielt. Im zweiten Teil untersuchen wir dann genauer, welche Akteure welche Governance-Funktionen – Entscheidungs-, Organisations-, Legitimationskompetenz –übernehmen, und spezifizieren typische Governance-Konstellationen, also Beziehungsmuster zwischen Governance-Akteuren. Im dritten Teil identifizieren wir Konflikte, die in diesen Governance-Konstellationen typischerweise auftreten, sowie Muster, die sich beim Umgang mit den Konflikten herausgebildet haben. Abschließend beziehen wir die Ergebnisse auf unsere beiden Leitthesen und diskutieren die Rolle des Staates für gutes Regieren im Vergleich zwischen Räumen konsolidierter und begrenzter Staatlichkeit.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Staat, Private Governance-Akteure, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt B2, Teilprojekt D1

Null Toleranz für Straßenprostitution? Altstadtaufwertung und die Kriminalisierung „unerwünschter“ informeller Ersatzökonomien in Mexiko Stadt Urbane Renaissance und die Kriminalisierung von Armut in Mexiko Stadt

becker_müller_lateinamerikanische städte im wandel

Markus-Michael Müller, Anne Becker

Berlin: LIT | 2011

Erschienen in: Alfaro d'Alençon, Paola/Imilan, Walter Alejandro/Sánchez, Lina María (eds.): Lateinamerikanische Städte im Wandel. Zwischen lokaler Stadtgesellschaft und globalem Einfluss, 61-70.

Verlag LIT

Zunehmende Migration, Liberalisierung der Märkte, Rückzug des Staates und Globalisierungsprozesse haben in den letzten Jahrzehnten die Städte Lateinamerikas grundlegend verändert. Parallel zu den allgemeinen Entwicklungen entstanden auch vielschichtige Lokalrealitäten mit neuen stadträumlichen und sozial-politischen Strukturen, welche die alten Erklärungsmuster für Urbanisierungsprozesse in Frage stellen. Die Publikation berichtet über aktuelle Entwicklungen und trägt zum Diskurs über lateinamerikanische Städte in der deutschsprachigen Forschung bei.

Thema: Staatlichkeit, lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Das menschenrechtliche Diskriminierungsverbot und seine Grenzen

Cover: MenschRechtsMagazin

Bernd Ladwig

Erschienen in: MenschenRechtsMagazin, 16 (2), 108-114.

Potsdamer Publikationsportal

Der Vorwurf der Diskriminierung wiegt in unserer Gesellschaft sehr schwer. Im Kern ist das Diskriminierungsverbot menschenrechtlich gerechtfertigt. Menschenrechte sind begrifflich als gleiche Rechte bestimmt. Ihre grundlegenden Güter müssen für alle Menschen ohne Ansehen von Merkmalen wie ‚Rasse‘, Religion, Geschlecht oder sexuelle Orientierung zugänglich sein. Das Diskriminierungsverbot ist indes keine gewöhnliche menschenrechtliche Norm. Es betrifft nicht direkt Güter wie Leben, Wohlbefinden oder Grundfreiheiten. Vielmehr besagt es, in welchem Verhältnis unsere Ansprüche hinsichtlich solcher Güter zueinander stehen. Die Abwesenheit von Diskriminierung ist ein genuin relationales Gut. Warum aber ist das wichtig? Stellen wir uns vor, Polizisten schlagen doppelt so oft schwarze Verdächtige zusammen wie weiße. Ganz offenbar besteht eine Menschenrechtsverletzung im Zusammenschlagen der Verdächtigen. Weshalb jedoch sollte der Umstand, dass Schwarze doppelt so oft Opfer werden wie Weiße, eine zusätzliche Menschenrechtsverletzung bedeuten? Leidet nicht jedes Opfer für sich? Und genügte es daher nicht, jeden einzelnen Fall der Misshandlung anzuprangern und gerichtlich zu verfolgen?

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Networks: Reified Metaphor or Governance Panacea?

Börzel_Public Administration 89 1

Tanja A. Börzel

Oxford: Blackwell Publishing | 2011

Erschienen in: Public Administration 89 (1), 49-63.

Volltext Online Library

This article will discuss the contribution of Rod Rhodes to the research on networks. I will focus on networks as a typology of state/society relations and as a particular form of governance. It is not only here that Rhodes has left his deepest mark; most research on networks still falls in one of the two sub-fields. The typology of policy networks, which he developed with David Marsh more than 15 years ago, has become a classic and still forms a major reference point for studies on public policy-making. Rhodes also pioneered the concept of network governance in the study of British politics to capture the profound changes in the Westminister model since the late 1970s. Regarding more recent developments, Rhodes has been among the first to discuss the reflexivity of networks, introducing some postmodernist thinking into public administration research. Finally, Rhodes has helped advance the ‘ethnographic turn’ in network studies.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, Teilprojekt B2

When Europe Hits… Beyond its Borders: Europeanization and the Near Abroad

Börzel_comparative-european-politics 9 4

Tanja A. Börzel

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2011

Erschienen in: Comparative European Politics, 9 (4), 394-413.

Springer

With the borders of the European Union (EU) moved eastwards, students of Europeanization have been awarded yet another real-world experiment. This article explores to what extent existing Europeanization approaches travel beyond the EU's border to its South Eastern and Eastern neighbours, which are marked by ‘bad governance’ with regard to both the effectiveness and democratic legitimacy of their domestic institutions. The first part outlines key insights of the literature on ‘Europeanization West’ regarding the outcomes and the mechanism of the domestic impact of the EU. Then, I summarize the main findings of research on ‘Europeanization East’ focusing on factors that have limited or at least qualified the domestic impact of the EU in the 10 Central and Eastern European countries in comparison to the EU 15. This article discusses to what extent the concepts and causal mechanisms need even further qualification when applied to countries, such as the European Neighbourhood Countries, that are neither willing nor necessarily capable of adapting to Europe and that do not even have the incentive of EU membership to cope with the costs. I will argue that the EU is unlikely to deploy any transformative power in its neighbourhood as long as it does not adjust its ‘accession tool box’ to countries the EU does not want to take on as members. The article concludes with some considerations on the policy implications of the EU's approach of ‘move closer but don’t touch’, which has started to creep into its relations with the Western Balkans and Turkey.

Thema: Europa, Policy, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Kriege. Begriff, Formen, Erkenntnisse

Cover: Einführung in die Internationale Politik

Sven Chojnacki

München: Oldenbourg | 2011

Erschienen in: Staack, Michael (ed.): Einführung in die Internationale Politik: Studienbuch, 5., vollst. überarb. Aufl., 486-526.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Governance-Diskurs in der Volksrepublik China

Cover: Berliner Debatte Initial, 22 (4)

Izabella Goikhman, Barbara Herrmann

Potsdam: Potsdamer Wissenschaftsverlag | 2011

Erschienen in: Berliner Debatte Initial, 22 (4), 118-129.

Potsdamer Wissenschaftsverlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Transnational Public-Private‐Partnerships and the Provision of Collective Goods in Developing Countries

Risse_goevernance without a state

Andrea Liese, Marianne Beisheim

New York: Cambridge University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 115-143.

Verlag Columbia University Press

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

New Modes of Security: The Violent Making and Unmaking of Governance in War-Torn Areas of Limited Statehood

Brozus_Applying Governance

Sven Chojnacki, Željko Branović

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance Without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 89-114.

Columbia University Press

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Regieren in den Grenzregionen Lateinamerikas zwischen Kolonie und Republik. Eine Einleitung

Rinke et al.: Regieren an der Peripherie

Stefan Rinke, Mónika Contreras Saiz, Lasse Hölck

Stuttgart: Heinz Verlag | 2011

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/Contreras Saiz, Mónika/Hölck, Lasse (eds.): Regieren an der Peripherie. Amerika zwischen Kolonien und unabhängigen Republiken, 7-26.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Lokale Akteure, Staat, State-Building, Transfer, Teilprojekt C5

Staatsfeinde. Die Seri und koloniale Herrschaft in Sonora, Mexico

Rinke et al.: Regieren an der Peripherie

Lasse Hölck

Stuttgart: Heinz Verlag | 2011

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/Contreras Saiz, Mónika/Hölck, Lasse (eds.): Regieren an der Peripherie. Amerika zwischen Kolonien und unabhängigen Republiken, 47-87.

Thema: Mexiko, Lokale Akteure, Staat, Kolonial Geschichte, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt C5

Urban Security Governance in Buenos Aires? Anmerkungen zu fehlenden Voraussetzungen und selektiven Wirkungen eines anspruchsvollen Programms

becker_müller_lateinamerikanische städte im wandel

Anja Feth

Berlin: LIT | 2011

Erschienen in: Alfaro d'Alençon, Paola/Alejandro Imilan, Walter/Sánchez, Lina María (eds.): Lateinamerikanische Städte im Wandel. Zwischen lokaler Stadtgesellschaft und globalem Einfluss, 51-60.

Verlag LIT

Thema: Policing, Staat, Argentinien, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Die Eroberung der Freundschaft. Indios amigos, Fuertes und lokale Regierungsweisen am Río Bueno, 1759–1796

Rinke et al.: Regieren an der Peripherie

Mónika Contreras Saiz

Stuttgart: Heinz Verlag | 2011

Erschienen in: Rinke, Stefan/Contreras Saiz, Mónika/Hölck, Lasse (eds.): Regieren an der Peripherie. Amerika zwischen Kolonien und unabhängigen Republiken, 113–140.

Thema: Chile, Lokale Akteure, Staat, Sicherheit, Transfer, Teilprojekt C5

Mexiko und die USA zwischen NAFTA-Partnerschaft und Zweckgemeinschaft

Risse_Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte

Günther Maihold

Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2011

Erschienen in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Vol. 40, 16-22.

Volltext Bundeszentrale für politische ...

Geteilte Verantwortung“ war das zentrale Stichwort von US-Außenministerin Hillary Clinton bei ihrer ersten Reise nach Mexiko im neuen Amt im März 2009. Diese zunächst nur auf den sogenannten Drogenkrieg gemünzte Verortung der Beziehungen zum südlichen Nachbarn wurde dort als Chance begriffen, zu einem neuen Verhältnis untereinander zu gelangen. Doch rasch machte auch in den USA die Einordnung Mexikos als failed state die Runde. Die mexikanische Regierung hat darauf mit einer energischen Kampagne geantwortet, um zu verdeutlichen, dass sich das Land von diesem Zustand weit entfernt sieht. Das Ausmaß der Gewalt an der Grenze zu den USA hebt in einem weiteren Politikfeld den hohen Grad an Interdependenz zwischen beiden Ländern im Rahmen des Nordamerikanischen Freihandelsabkommens (NAFTA) hervor. Auch wenn sich in Mexiko kein allgemeines Staatsversagen feststellen lässt, so sind doch Räume begrenzter Staatlichkeit zu erkennen, die bei weitem nicht das ganze Land erfassen, aber mit deutlichen Einschränkungen bei der Gewährleistung grundlegender staatlicher Leistungen verbunden sind.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Staat, USA/Mexiko, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Die Bereitstellung von Gesundheitsleistungen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Wie viel Staat ist zur effektiven Erbringung von Governance-Leistungen notwendig?

Beisheim_Börzel_Wozu Staat

Marco Schäferhoff

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja/Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrentzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 117-142.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Der Beitrag zeigt, dass im speziellen Fall der Bereitstellung von Gesundheitsleistungen in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit Governance-Leistungen effektiv auch ohne Staat erbracht werden können. Allerdings variieren die notwendigen staatlichen Governance-Funktionen mit der jeweiligen Governance-Leistung und nur relativ einfach zu erbringende Governance-Leistungen können ohne Staat erbracht werden. Je komplexer und voraussetzungsvoller die Governance-Leistung ist, desto wichtiger wird ein Mindestmaß an staatlicher Entscheidungs- und Organisationskompetenz. Die erste der beiden hier vorgelegten Fallstudien konzentriert sich auf Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung von Tuberkulose, ein relativ einfach zu bekämpfendes Problem. Das Tuberkulose-Programm des Global Fund verlief auch in Zentralsomalia erfolgreich. Die zweite Fallstudie betrifft die Bekämpfung von HIV/AIDS. Das HIV/AIDS-Programm erzielte lediglich im stabileren Somaliland einige Erfolge. Der Beitrag verweist auf einen kontraintuitiven Befund, der durch die unterschiedlichen Grade an Staatlichkeit und Komplexität erklärt wird.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Spoiler oder Governance-Akteure? Ein Plädoyer zur Differenzierung nicht-staatlicher Gewaltakteure

Schneckener_Ideenpolitik

Ulrich Schneckener

Berlin: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH | 2011

Erschienen in: Bluhm, Harald/Fischer, Karsten/Llanque, Marcus (eds.): Ideenpolitik. Geschichtliche Konstellationen und gegenwärtige Konflikte. Festschrift für Herfried Münkler, Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 495-512.

Volltext Degruyter

Die akademische Debatte um die Rolle nicht-staatlicher Gewaltakteure verläuft entlang von zwei konträren Positionen: Die erste, in der politischen Praxis dominierende Perspektive nimmt diese Akteure in erster Linie als Problem wahr. Sie gelten als "Störenfriede" (spoiler), da sie nicht nur für Gewalteskalationen mitverantwortlich sind, sondern vor allem auch die Beendigung und Bearbeitung von Konflikten erheblich erschweren. Sie verhindern und unterminieren Prozesse des Peace- und Statebuilding, da sie letztlich kein genuines Interesse an staatlicher Stabilität oder an einer Konfliktregelung haben. Die zweite Perspektive, die sich teilweise aus der Kritik an der ersten entwickelt hat, ist bemüht, diese Akteure nicht in erster Linie als ein Problem, sondern als einen möglichen Ansatzpunkt für Lösungen zu betrachten. In diese Richtung gehen Untersuchungen, die sich z. B. mit den Kontextbedingungen für die Genese nicht-staatlicher Gewaltakteure, mit den internen Organisationsstrukturen, den Anforderungen für die Führung solcher Gruppierungen, der notwendigen Infrastruktur und mit der Art und Weise des Gewaltverhaltens beschäftigen. Beide Ansätze betonen nicht nur unterschiedliche Aspekte nicht-staatlicher Gewalt, sondern sie legen auch unterschiedliche Strategien im Umgang mit nicht-staatlichen Akteuren nahe. Es bleibt nach Meinung des Autors aber letztlich eine empirische - und keine konzeptionelle - Frage, unter welchen Bedingungen sich bewaffnete Gruppen in dieser oder anderer Weise verhalten. Er plädiert daher für eine Differenzierung von Gewaltakteuren auf der Basis von Idealtypen, die wiederum die empirische Forschung anleiten können.

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Gender Relations in the Arab World: Progress in a Difficult Environment

Harders European Commission

Cilja Harders

Brüssel: European Commission | 2011

Erschienen in: EuroMed 2030: Collection of Individual Contributions of the Experts, DG Research and Innovation, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH)

European Commission

In his first report on women, peace and security, issued in October 2002, the UN SecretaryGeneral Kofi Anan stated: ‘Women do not enjoy equal status with men in any society’. Gender matters as being a man or a woman globally marks a difference in access to resources and rights. As such, gender issues should not be confused with “women’s issues” as the always involve both, women and men. Still, as the situation of women often has been neglected, and differs markedly from the conditions of many men, a special focus on women is an important first step. The gender-dimension is a cross cutting issue which needs to be taken into consideration in fields like health, education, innovation, poverty, labour market, religion and culture, security, participation and governance. This short section cannot possibly describe the many different layers of women’s and men’s lives in the SEMCs. It can just highlight some major developments, shared concerns and marked differences.

Thema: MENA – Region, Menschenrechte, Autoritarismus, Lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B6

Frieden – oder: Vom Elend ein konstitutiver Begriff zu sein

Cover Leviathan, 39 (3)

Sven Chojnacki Kontakt, Verena Namberger

Wiesbaden: Springer | 2011

Erschienen in: Leviathan, 39 (3), 333-359.

Volltext bei SpringerLink

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Peacebuilding. Am Scheideweg – oder in der Sackgasse?

Cover: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 52 (3)

Sven Chojnacki, Anne Menzel

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift, 52 (3), 504-536.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Intervention, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Governance and Colonial Rule

Risse_Governance without a state

Sebastian Conrad, Marion Stange

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 39-64.

Verlag Columbia University Press

In recent years, governance has evolved into a key concept in political science. The term is used to refer to processes and structures of regulation and rule that are either not at all, or at least not primarily and exclusively, based on hierarchically organized government action, but instead involve nonhierarchical modes of action by private, semiprivate, and public actors. According to the broad definition of the concept, governance is understood as the “collective regularization of societal matters” (Mayntz 2004, 66), thus comprising all agents contributing through their collective actions to the creation of public goods. These actors can be official...

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Geopolitics and Governance

Harders European Commission

Cilja Harders

Brüssel: European Commission | 2011

Erschienen in: EuroMed 2030: Collection of Individual Contributions of the Experts, DG Research and Innovation, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH)

European Commission

This paper looks at the main possible transitions of avoiding conflict, win-win and towards a Euro-Med community, offering an overview of the governance and geopolitics insight into the topic. It proposes the integration of the suggested measures under one chapter, rather than dividing them under trends/tensions/transitions approach.

Thema: MENA – Region, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Menschenrechte, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B6

The Logic of Security Markets: Security Governance in Failed States

Cover: Security Dialogue, 42 (6)

Sven Chojnacki, Željko Branović

London: SAGE Publications | 2011

Erschienen in: Security Dialogue, 42 (6), 553-569.

Volltext

This article presents a theoretical framework with which to discuss how non-state modes of security governance evolve in the context of state failure and/or collapse. To address this issue, we present the logic of security markets, which assumes that the evolution of security governance by non-state groups in failed states is a function of both resource availability and the strategies that armed groups apply to extract resources from the civilian population. Axiomatically, we expect that in the short term the central purpose for the use of force is survival and achieving the ability to finance one’s capabilities to use force, although ultimately this also includes the seizure and control of territory. The main argument is that the changing competitive conditions in security markets – which we measure in terms of the total number of violent groups and their organizational design, size and strength – explain the rationales behind the decisions of armed groups either to use violence against the civilian population or to invest in the provision of security.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

: Law without the State? A „New Interplay” between State and Non-State Actors in Governance by Rule-Making

Risse_Governance without a state

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, 65-88.

Verlag Columbia University Press

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Partnerships

Cover: The SAGE Handbook of Governance

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

London: SAGE | 2011

Erschienen in: Bevir, Mark (ed.): The SAGE Handbook of Governance, 286-299.

SAGE Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B7

Towards a Euro-Med Community

Harders European Commission

Cilja Harders

Brüssel: European Commission | 2011

Erschienen in: EuroMed 2030: Collection of Individual Contributions of the Experts, DG Research and Innovation, Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH)

European Commission

The limiting case of the EuroMed relationship involves some kind of political cooperation. The paper should consider what kinds of political cooperation might in practice be possible. It should then discuss the risks and opportunities, the realism of options, the preconditions and the actions/fora that would be needed to make progress on these lines possible.

Thema: MENA – Region, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Menschenrechte, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B6

O potencial das remessas dos migrantes para a governacao e o desenvolvimento financeiro no contexto EUA-México

Cover: Migracoes, Coesao Social e Governacao - Perspectivas Euro-Latino-Americanas

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

Lisboa: Imprensa Ciências Sociais | 2011

Erschienen in: Malamud, Andres/Carrillo Flores, Fernando (eds.): Migracoes, Coesao Social e Governacao - Perspectivas Euro-Latino-Americanas, 101-128.

Volltext Springer

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Finanzmärkte in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit. Makroökonomische Stabilität und Finanzielle Inklusion aus Governance-Perspektive

Risse_Leibfried_Wozu Staat

Christian Ambrosius, Ursula Stiegler

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2011

Erschienen in: Beisheim, Marianne/Börzel, Tanja A. /Genschel, Philipp/Zangl, Bernhard (eds.): Wozu Staat? Governance in Räumen begrenzter und konsolidierter Staatlichkeit, Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert, Vol. 16, 221-250.

Volltext: Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

German Cooperation and Work of the GIZ in the Middle East and North Africa

Malika Bouziane, Anja Hoffmann

Zaragoza: CIHEAM | 2011

Erschienen in: CIHEAM Watch Letter, No. 17, 10-13

Thema: MENA – Region, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Demokratie, Lokale Akteure, Teilprojekt B6

State-Building or New Modes of Governance? The Effects of International Involvement in Areas of Limited Statehood

Risse_goevernance without a state

Ulrich Schneckener

New York: Columbia University Press | 2011

Erschienen in: Risse, Thomas (ed.): Governance without a State? Policies and Politics in Areas of Limited Statehood, New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 232-261.

Verlag Columbia University Press

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, state building has become (again) one of the key tasks for the international community.¹ In contrast to earlier historical periods, state building does not address the establishment of new states, but the shaping and strengthening of the state’s capacities to fulfill basic functions and to respond to the needs of its citizens, be it in the area of internal and external security, the delivery of basic public services, the quality of public administration, or the rule of law. Here, international involvement and interventions by external actors differ to a great extent regarding missions,...

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Remittances and Financial Development: Lessons from the Salvadoran Case

Cover: Savings and Development, 35 (1)

Christian Ambrosius

Bergamo: Research Center on International Cooperation of the University of Bergamo | 2011

Erschienen in: Savings and Development, 35 (1), 1-27.

Volltext

The paper takes a closer look at the benefits and limitations of “banking” remittances in the case of El Salvador, where state-owned banks followed an active policy of reaching out to the diaspora. The first part analyzes the role of different financial institutions in the Salvadoran remittance market. The second part crosses financial data with remittance data across Salvadoran municipalities. Although coverage of the banking sector is limited to larger municipalities and those with better-than-average socioeconomic indicators, empirical results show that the banking sector is more developed in terms of per capita savings and number of accounts in remittanceintensive municipalities.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Deutschland im asymmetrischen Konflikt. Grenzen der Anwendung militärischer Gewalt gegen Taliban-Kämpfer in Afghanistan

Cover: Die Bundeswehr im Einsatz

Heike Krieger

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2010-10-08

Erschienen in: Weingärtner, Dieter/Burkhardt, Lars (eds.): Die Bundeswehr als Armee im Einsatz. Entwicklungen im nationalen und internationalen Recht, 39-59.

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: MENA Region, Gewaltakteure, Menschenrechte, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Völkerrechtliche Fundamente einer neuen Sicherheitsarchitektur

Cover: Handeln unter Risiko

Heike Krieger

Bielefeld: transcript | 2010-07-01

Erschienen in: Münkler, Herfried/Bohlender, Matthias/Meurer, Sabine (eds.): Handeln unter Risiko. Gestaltungsansätze zwischen Wagnis und Vorsorge, 127-144.

Thema: Staat, Sicherheit, Völkerrecht, Teilprojekt C8

Unintended Consequences of International Security Assistance: Doing More Harm Than Good

Cover: Rethinking Security Governance

Ursula Schröder

London: Routledge | 2010-06-18

Erschienen in: Daase, Christopher/Friesendorf, Cornelius (eds.): Rethinking Security Governance: The Problem of Unintended Consequences, 82-101.

Routledge Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Governance Without a State: Can it Work?

Börzel_Risse regulation-governance

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Wiley-Blackwell | 2010-06

Erschienen in: Regulation & Governance, 4 (2), 113-134.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

In this article we explore how much state is necessary to make governance work. We begin by clarifying concepts of governance and the “shadow of hierarchy” and we follow this clarification with a brief overview of empirical findings on governance research in developed countries. We then discuss the dilemmas for governance in areas of limited statehood, where political institutions are too weak to hierarchically adopt and enforce collectively binding rules. While prospects for effective policymaking appear to be rather bleak in these areas, we argue that governance research has consistently overlooked the existence of functional equivalents to the shadow of hierarchy. We assert that governance with(out) government can work even in the absence of a strong shadow of hierarchy, we identify functional equivalents to the shadow of hierarchy, and we discuss to what extent they can help overcome issues of legitimacy and effectiveness in areas of limited statehood.

Thema: State, Good Governance, Governance-Theorie, Meta-Governance, State-Building, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2,Teilprojekt D2

Mehr Kohärenz in der Entwicklungspolitik durch Geberkoordination?

Maihold_Aus politik und zeitgeschichte 10 2010

Günther Maihold

Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2010-03

Erschienen in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 10, 34-40.

Volltext Bundeszentrale für politische ...

Selbst wenn die internationale Debatte über die Sinnhaftigkeit von Entwicklungszusammenarbeit von vielen vordergründigen Übertreibungen und Verzerrungen gekennzeichnet ist, so sollte sie nicht einfach beiseite gewischt werden. Sie enthält ernst zu nehmende Hinweise auf die Verselbstständigung der "Hilfsmaschinerie" und die Eigenlogik von Durchführungsorganisationen, die eine Überprüfung und Änderung bestehender Verfahren nahe legen. In vielfacher Weise ist das Thema Kohärenz eine zentrale Dimension dieser Überlegungen, wird doch kritisiert, dass zentrale Defizite aus der Vielzahl der Geber, gegenseitigen Blockaden und Konkurrenzen sowie daraus folgenden Wirkungseinschränkungen folgen. Benötigt wird also ein Qualitätsmanagement in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ), das sich nicht nur an den Rechenschaftspflichten der Geber orientiert, sondern auch den Umsetzungsbedingungen in den Empfängerländern gerecht wird.

Thema: Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Internationale Organisationen, soziale Grundsicherung, Teilprojekt C3

Work, Max Weber, Confucianism: The Confucian Ethic and Spirit of Japanese Capitalism

Cover: Work in a Modern Society

Sebastian Conrad

New York: Berghahn Books | 2010-02

Erschienen in: Jürgen Kocka (ed.): Work in a Modern Society: The German Historical Experience in Comparative Perspective, 153-168.

Berghahn Books Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4

Global Governance Through Public-Private Partnerships

enderlein_Wälti_Handbook on multilevel governance

Sabine Campe, Marco Schäferhoff, Marianne Beisheim

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing | 2010

Erschienen in: Enderlein, Henrik/Wälti, Sonja/Zürn, Michael (eds.): Handbook on Multi-Level Governance, 370-382.

Verlag Edward Elgar

Transnational public-private partnerships (PPPs) reflect the fact that ‘modern governance is – and according to many, should be – dispersed across multiple centers of authority’ (Hooghe and Marks 2003, p. 233). The transnational PPPs that we focus on constitute a MLG II type of governance (see Section 24.2), in which non-state actors co-govern along with state actors for the provision of collective goods and adopt governance functions that have formerly been the sole authority of sovereign states. Seen from this angle, transnational PPPs are a prime example of a multi-level governance structure – even more, if we account for the fact that the literature on multi-level governance points not only to the vertical dispersion of central government authority to actors located at other territorial levels but also horizontally, to non-state actors (Bache and Flinders 2004, p. 4). The GAVI Alliance, for instance, is a global health partnership that aims at saving ‘children’s lives and protect people’s health by increasing access to immunisation in poor countries.’2 The PPP includes governments, international organizations, foundations, civil society organizations and vaccine manufacturers, which accomplish different functions at multiple levels to ensure that the immunization coverage in developing countries increases. While the overall steering of the alliance is accomplished at the transnational level through a partnership board and a secretariat, the implementation of the country programs is done through public-private networks, and...

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Controlling Politics by Sortition

Sortition.Theory and Practise

Gerhard Göhler

Exeter: Imprint Academic | 2010

Erschienen in: Delannoi, Gil/Dowlen, Oliver (eds.): Sortition. Theory and Practice, 91-104.

Thema: Teilprojekt A2

Governing the Swamp: Public Health and the Environment in French Colonial New Orleans

stange_french colonial history

Marion Stange

East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State Univ. Press | 2010

Erschienen in: French Colonial History, 11, 1-21.

Volltext Project Muse

En s'installant, en 1718, dans la région marécageuse de la vallée inférieure du Mississippi, les colons prirent des risques énormes pour leur santé. Les conditions régnant dans les environs de La Nouvelle-Orléans, préjudiciables à la santé humaine, étaient en forte contradiction avec les avantages stratégiques et économiques que la région offrait. Les colons réussirent à s'adapter rapidement à leur nouvel environnement. En plus de s'habituer à la chaleur, à l'humidité, aux marais et aux moustiques, les habitants modifièrent les terres pour qu'elles soient plus adaptées aux besoins des colons et présentent moins de risques sanitaires. Cherchant à se protéger des épidémies et des maladies, les français combinèrent les connaissances des ingénieurs royaux sur place à des méthodes de contrôle des maladies utilisées en Europe. Ayant reçu une formation solide en France, les ingénieurs prenaient en considération les conditions topographiques particulières de la colonie pour créer des méthodes adaptées aux exigences des colons. Les plus importantes de ces mesures furent la construction de levées et le creusement de fossés pour protéger les terres des inondations qui auraient non seulement endommagé les maisons et les récoltes des habitants, mais aussi généré des miasmes. Les fonctionnaires coloniaux tâchaient de prévenir l'apparition des épidémies en promulguant des ordonnances sanitaires très similaires à celles des villes européennes du Moyen Âge et de l'Ancien Régime. En outre, la santé des colons fut améliorée par l'établissement d'hôpitaux très tôt dans le développement de la colonie. Cependant, malgré l'engagement fort des fonctionnaires royaux, toutes ces mesures n'auraient pas pu réussir sans le soutien des colons et leur acceptation des mesures adoptées.

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Neue Perspektiven politischer Steuerung

APUZ 2010 (2-3)

Gerhard Göhler

Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2010

Erschienen in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Vol. 2-3, 34-40.

Bundeszentrale für politische BildungDownload bei der bpb

Macht und Differenz. Formen des Rassismus und des inneren Kolonialismus in Lateinamerika

maihold_koloniale vergangenheiten post imperiale gegenwart

Günther Maihold

Berlin: Berliner Wissenschaftsverlag | 2010

Erschienen in: Leonhard, Jörn/Renner, Rolf/Schmitz, Barbara (eds.): Koloniale Vergangenheiten - (post-)imperiale Gegenwart, Studien des Frankreich-Zentrums der Albert-Ludwigs-Universiät Freiburg Bd. 19, 223-243.

Verlag BWV

Thema: (Post-)Kolonialismus, lokale Akteure/Staat, Lateinamerika, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Steuerung jenseits von Hierarchie. Wie diskursive Praktiken, Argumente und Symbole steuern können

Cover: Politische Vierteljahreszeitschrift 51 (4)

Gerhard Göhler, Sybille De La Rosa, Ulrike Höppner, Stefan Skupien

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag | 2010

Erschienen in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift 51 (4), 691-720.

Volltext bei SpringerLink

Ausgehend von modernen sozialwissenschaftlichen Machttheorien wirft der Beitrag einen neuen Blick auf die Governance-Debatte und plädiert für die Wiederaufnahme des Steuerungsbegriffs unter verändertem Vorzeichen. Um jenseits formalisierter Hierarchien gezielte Einflussnahmen auch auf horizontaler Ebene erfassen zu können, wie sie Governance-Prozesse weithin auszeichnen, wurde das Konzept der „weichen Steuerung“ entwickelt. Es wird beschrieben, wie Steuerung horizontal durch diskursive Praktiken, Fragen und Argumente sowie durch den Einsatz von Symbolen erfolgen kann, und es wird insbesondere danach gefragt, wie diese jeweils zusammenwirken. Am Beispiel von Kampagnen gegen weibliche Genitalverstümmelung wird schließlich gezeigt, welche Handlungsoptionen in der Abwesenheit von Hierarchie konkret bestehen.

The paper sheds new light on recent debates about governance and approaches contemporary problems of governing from the perspective of contemporary theories of power. The concept of “soft governing” is developed in order to capture horizontal mechanisms of power intentionally used to govern beyond formalised hierarchies characteristic of processes of governance. The paper describes in particular the horizontal forms of governing through discursive practices, argumentation and symbols and the ways in which they interact. The example of campaigns against female genital mutilation is introduced in order to illustrate possible forms of governing beyond hierarchy.

Thema: Teilprojekt A2

Begrenzte Staatlichkeit und neue Governance-Strukturen

Braml_Risse_Sandschneider Einsatz für den Frieden

Thomas Risse

München: Oldenbourg | 2010

Erschienen in: Braml, Josef/Risse, Thomas/Sandschneider, Eberhard (eds.): Einsatz für den Frieden. Sicherheit und Entwicklung in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, Jahrbuch Internationale Politik, Vol. 28, 23-29.

DGAP

In Afghanistan, im Kongo oder Sudan bilden sich Governance-Strukturen heraus, die sich erheblich von westlicher Staatlichkeit unterscheiden. Sie können aber dazu beitragen, die öffentliche Sicherheit aufrechtzuerhalten, die Grundversorgung der Bevölkerung zu gewährleisten und sogar rechtsförmige Institutionen entstehen lassen. Dabei muss jedoch die Handlungsunfähigkeit supranationaler Organisationen berücksichtigt und die innenpolitische Unterstützung westlicher „Staatenbauer“ gesichert werden.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, State-Building, Teilprojekt A1

Friedensabkommen zwischen staatlichen und nicht-staatlichen Parteien, Chimären zwischen Recht und Politik

Akteure in Krieg und Frieden

Cindy Daase

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2010

Erschienen in: Bäumler, Jelena/Daase, Cindy/Schliemann, Christian/Dominik, Steiger (eds.): Akteure in Krieg und Frieden, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 141-166.

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

The State from Below: Local Governance Practices in Jordan

Journal for Economic and Social Studies

Malika Bouziane

Sarajevo: International Burch University | 2010

Erschienen in: Journal for Economic and Social Studies, 12 (1), 33-61

Journal of Economic and Social Research

This paper explores how the local level – as a space – is contested, and how processes of struggle between different forces that interact and intersect at the local level affect the transformation of the state from below. Based on the assumption that state power does not simply emerge fully formed due to its statist formation, the paper aims to overcome the conventionally assumed dichotomy between state and society. An in-depth analysis of practices of various agents and agencies in Jordan illustrates the dynamics of state-society relations. By elaborating on how their strategies and practices overlap, reinforce or cancel each other out, the paper elaborates on how the context of local governance is (re)constructed and (re)shaped.

Thema: MENA – Region, Staatlichkeit, Lokale Akteure, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B6

Arbeitsmigration als Entwicklungschance? Remittances und die Rolle des Finanzsektors im lateinamerikanischen Kontext

Cover: Transfers from International Migration

Christian Ambrosius, Barbara Fritz, Ursula Stiegler

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | 2010

Erschienen in: Leviathan Special Issue "Globalisierung Süd", 267-292.

Volltext Springer

Remittances Geldbeträge, die Migranten an Angehörige in ihren Heimatländern schicken haben sich zu einer wichtigen Devisenquelle in vielen Entwicklungsländern entwickelt. Die öffentliche Debatte über dieses Thema zeigt sich überaus polarisiert. Während Remittances auf politischer Ebene euphorisch als neue, auf Marktkräften basierende Entwicklungsressource einkommensschwacher Haushalte betrachtet werden, sehen sie globalisierungskritische Sozialwissenschaftler eher als Resultat fehlgeleiteter neo-liberaler Politiken. Wir argumentieren, dass die grundsätzliche Heterogenität dieses Phänomens eine fallspezifische Analyse des Zusammenhangs zwischen Remittances und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung erfordert und den spezifischen Marktstrukturen sowie den institutionellen Besonderheiten öffentlicher und privater Akteure Rechnung getragen werden muss. In diesem Sinne konzentriert sich der vorliegende Beitrag auf den potentiellen Effekt von Remittances auf die Entwicklung des Finanzsektors und diesbezügliche Governance-Optionen. In einem interdisziplinären Ansatz, der sowohl Wirtschafts- als auch Politikwissenschaften umfasst, analysieren wir zunächst mögliche Zusammenhänge zwischen Remittances und der Entwicklung des Finanzsektors. In einem zweiten Schritt beziehen wir uns auf Ansätze der Governance-Forschung, die über den Staat als Governance-Akteur hinausgehen, und stellen Governance-Initiativen vor, die auf die Überwindung von Markt -und Politikversagen ausgerichtet sind, das eine Verbindung von Remittances mit zusätzlichen Finanzdienstleistungen verhindert. Empirisch konzentrieren wir uns auf drei Remittanceabhängige lateinamerikanische Länder.

Remittances the money that migrants send home to their families have turned into an important source of external finance for many developing countries. The public debate on this topic shows to be rather polarized. While at the policy level remittances are euphorically seen as a new ‘top-down’ source of development finance for the global south based on market forces, structural social scientists see it rather as an outcome of misleading neo-liberal policies. We argue that, along the tradition of migration theories, heterogeneity of the phenomenon requires case-specific analysis of the interactions between remittances and financial development. Thus, the specific market and institutional features of public and private actors beyond the market have to be taken into account. In the present paper, we focus on the potential impact of remittances on financial sector development. In an interdisciplinary approach, involving both economics and political science, we first analyse the potential links between remittances and financial sector development. In a second step, we refer to approaches of governance analysis that go beyond the sovereign state as governance actor. Subsequently, governance initiatives are presented that aim at overcoming market and policy failures which prevent the linking of remittances with additional financial services. Empirically, we focus on selected Latin American countries that depend heavily on remittance inflows.

Thema: Teilprojekt D6

Minderheitenautonomie auf Grundlage des europäischen Rahmenübereinkommens zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten

Akteure in Krieg und Frieden

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2010

Erschienen in: Bäumler, Jelena/Daase, Cindy/Schliemann, Christian/Dominik, Steiger (eds.): Akteure in Krieg und Frieden, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 185-206.

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Non-State Actors in Areas of Limited Statehood as Addressees of Public International Law Norms on Governance

Cover: Human Rights & International Legal Discourse

Beate Rudolf

Cambridge: Intersentia | 2010

Erschienen in: Human Rights & International Legal Discourse, 4 (1), 127-145.

In weak and failing states - so-called 'areas of limited statehood' - governance is not exclusively, if at all, exercised by state authorities. Non-state actors, such as warlords, clans, transnational corporations and NGOs, exercise power in parts of the territory and/or provide services to the population or parts of it and thus fulfil governance functions. In these cases, the question arises whether and to what extent these actors are bound by international law rules on governance. Human rights constitute the main body of law setting up such rules: they require certain substantive outcomes (the realisation of each human right), but they also presuppose the existence of certain institutions and procedures, such as participatory governance, respect for the rule of law, and the establishment of independent courts. In answering the question of whether a non-state actor is bound by these rules, it is helpful to distinguish different types of actor, e.g. local de facto regimes, parties to an armed conflict, transnational corporations, and NGOs. Building on existing rules of public international law, the different conditions are shown under which these actors are bound to respect public international law rules on governance.

Thema: Teilprojekt B8

Parlamentswahlen in Jordanien. Ein Déja Vue der Ereignisse

Cover: Palästina in Israel

Malika Bouziane

Berlin: INAMO | 2010

Erschienen in: INAMO, 64 (16), 46-49

INAMO

Die Wahlen am 09. November 2010 sicherten regierungsnahen und tribal unterstützten Einzelkandidaten und Geschäftsleuten erneut eine klare Mehrheit im Parlament. Vor einem Jahr, am 23. November 2009, hatte König Abdullah II das Parlament aufgelöst und vorgezogene Neuwahlen angekündigt. Diese fanden im Rahmen des neuen und umstrittenen temporären Wahlgesetzes 2010 statt. Überschattet wurden die Wahlen zum 16. jordanischen Abgeordnetenhaus von dem Boykott der größten politischen Oppositionspartei, der Islamischen Aktionsfront (IAF) und den gewaltsamen Ausschreitungen am Wahltag, die ein 25jähriges Todesopfer forderten.

Thema: MENA-Region, Demokratie, Rule of Law, Vertrauen, Teilprojekt B6

Dezentralisierung, Demokratisierung und die Ambivalenz des Lokalen in Lateinamerika

birle_lateinamerika im wandel

Markus-Michael Müller

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2010

Erschienen in: Birle, Peter (ed.): Lateinamerika im Wandel, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 41-58.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Souveranität, lokale Akteure, Lateinamerika, Demokratie, Teilprojekt C3

Transnational Standard-Setting Partnerships in the Field of Social Rights: The Interplay of Legitimacy, Institutional Design, and Process Management

Bexell_Mörth_Democracy Public Private Partnership

Marianne Beisheim, Christopher Kaan

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Bexell, Magdalena/Mörth, Ulrika (eds.): Democracy and Public-Private Partnerships in Global Governance, 122-144.

Verlag Palgrave

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Developmental States, Civil Society and Public Health: Patent Regulation for HIV/AIDS Pharmaceuticals in India and Brazil

Börzel_Risse regulation-governance

Thomas Eimer, Susanne Lütz

Wiley-Blackwell | 2010

Erschienen in: Regulation & Governance, 4 (2), 135-153.

Volltext Wiley Online Library

While both India and Brazil are seriously affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, each country has chosen a different approach to providing affordable pharmaceutical treatment. Whereas the Indian government has paved the way for market-driven solutions, Brazilian public authorities are strongly involved in the research and production of HIV/AIDS medication. Brazilian regulations permit comprehensive and free provision of HIV/AIDS drugs, whereas the majority of the affected population in India does not receive adequate pharmaceutical treatment. To explain the different policy outputs, we draw on the developmental state literature. Efficient decisionmaking structures, a devoted bureaucracy, and effective policy instruments enable public authorities to provide public goods even in the context of relative scarcity. We show that the assumptions of developmental state theory have to be complemented by the assessment of civil society actors' potential to trigger governmental interventions in the market.

Thema: Staat, Brasilien, Ökonomie, Staatlichkeit, Teilprojekt D7

New Political Topographies: Mining Companies and Indirect Discharge in Southern Katanga (DRC)

Cover: Politique Africaine, 120 (4)

Jana Hönke

Paris: Karthala | 2010

Erschienen in: Politique Africaine, 120 (4), 105-127.

Volltext Taylor & Francis

For analysing current reconfigurations of political order in Africa in a new way, this article suggests a focus on particular socio-economic spaces. It analyses how multinational companies govern security in the copper and cobalt mining region of Southern Katanga (DRC). The article argues that the extended role of companies in managing political order in Southern Katanga can be understood as a new form of indirect discharge by the host and the home states of multinational companies in such a way as to quasi-outsource local governance. It engenders political topographies different from those of corporate security governance in the XIXth-XXth centuries.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Sicherheit, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilporjekt D2

The Link between Standard Setting NGO’s Legitimacy and Effectiveness: An Exploration of Social Mechanisms

steffek_hahn_evaluating transnational ngos

Marianne Beisheim, Klaus Dingwerth

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Steffek, Jens/Hahn, Kristina (eds.): Evaluating Transnational NGOs: Legitimacy, Accountability, Representation, 74-99.

Verlag Palgrave

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

Private Security and the State in Latin America: The Case of Mexico City

müller_brazilian political science 4_1_2010

Markus-Michael Müller

Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Political Science Association | 2010

Erschienen in: Brazilian Political Science Review, 4 (1), 131-154.

BPSR

This article addresses the relationship between the privatization of security and the State in contemporary Mexico City. By presenting an analysis of the development of the local private security market, its regulatory framework and the problems stemming from inefficient enforcement of legal standards, it demonstrates that private security in Mexico City is not beyond the State. Rather, through formal and informal practices, the local state and its public security agencies play a central role within the recent transformations of local security provision.

Thema: Fragile Staatlichkeit, Private Governance-Akteure, Mexiko, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

Community Policing in Latin America: Lessons from Mexico City

müller_european review of latin america and caribbean studies

Markus-Michael Müller

Amsterdam: CEDLA | 2010

Erschienen in: European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 88, 21-37.

Volltext CEDLA

Community policing programmes are widely perceived and promoted as an important solution for the pressing problems of insecurity in contemporary Latin American cities, and for improving citizen-police relationships. By drawing on the results of empirical fieldwork conducted in Mexico City, the article presents a critical analysis of the local community policing effort. The article demonstrates that this policing effort is overly determined by a local context, characterized by clientelism, political factionalism and police corruption, which therefore renders its contribution to a sustainable improvement of local accountability and police legitimacy unlikely. Against this background the article calls for more empirical studies on this topic and a greater sensitivity for the embeddedness of policing programmes within a wider political context. Keywords: community policing; police; democratization; citizen participation; Mexico City.

Thema: Policing, Staat, Mexiko/Lateinamerika, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C3

'Peace and Security’ as Counterterrorism? Old and New Liberal Interventions and their Social Effects in Kenya

Cover: African Affairs, 109 (434), 97-114.

Jana Hönke, Jan Bachmann

Erschienen in: African Affairs, 109 (434), 97-114.

Volltext Oxford Journals

This article analyses the merging of development and security in Western policies vis-à-vis ‘deficient’ states in the Global South, looking at the social life of anti-terror policies in Kenya. The attacks on 11 September 2001 renewed the interest in strong and stable states, leading many donors to focus on capacity building and security sector reform. In Kenya, the repressive use of these new powers by the Kibaki government has created significant resistance and the main external actors have taken the local opposition into account and have adapted their anti-terror agendas. They have complemented hard security assistance with soft interventions aimed at addressing local issues such as conflict prevention and development in communities perceived as being ‘at risk’ of harbouring terrorists. Representing a more general shift in security interventions in Africa, countering terrorism is now presented as part of a broader ‘peace and security’ agenda, but despite using new methods to engage with so-called crucial parts of the population, this repositioning is not a paradigm shift. Despite the different approaches and objectives, the various projects have ambiguous effects and donors have not abandoned the traditional rationality, which privileges homeland protection over civil rights in the recipient country.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Sicherheit, Intervention, Teilprojekt D2

Rethinking Advocacy Organizations? A Critical Comment

Risse_Advocating Organization and Collective Actions

Thomas Risse

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press | 2010

Erschienen in: Prakash, Aseem/Gugerty, Mary K. (eds): Advocacy Organizations and Collective Actions, 283-294.

University Publishing Online

Thema: Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NRO), Normative Fragen, Teilprojekt A1

Unintended Consequences of International Statebuilding

Schneckener_rethinking-security-governance

Ulrich Schneckener

London: Routledge | 2010

Erschienen in: Daase, Christopher/Friesendorf, Cornelius (eds.): Rethinking Security Governance: The Problem of Unintended Consequences, London: Routledge, 62-81.

Verlag Taylor and Francis eBooks

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Bosnia and the Art of Policy Implementation: Obstacles to International Counter‐Crime Strategies

Cover: Transnational Terrorism, Organized Crime, and Peace‐Building

Ursula Schröder, Cornelius Friesendorf, Irma Deljkic

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Benedek, Wolfgang/van Duyne, Petrus/Daase, Christopher/Dimitrejević, Vojin (eds.): Transnational Terrorism, Organized Crime, and Peace‐Building: The State of the Art in Human Security in the Western Balkans, 265-286.

Palgrave MacMillan Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Durch die Krise aus der Krise? Die neue Stärke des Staates

Cover: dms – der moderne staat, 3 (2)

Susanne Lütz, Anke Hassel

Leverkusen: Budrich | 2010

Erschienen in: dms – der moderne staat, 3 (2), 251-271.

Thema: Staat, Ökonomie, Policy, Europa, Teilprojekt D7

Explaining Varying Degrees of Openness in the Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO)

Jönsson_Tallberg_Transnational Actors in Global Governance

Andrea Liese

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Jönsson, Christer/Tallberg, Jonas (eds.): Transnational Actors in Global Governance: Patterns, Explanations and Implications, 88-108.

Volltext Site Ebray

One of the most widely held assumptions in the literature on global governance is that international organizations are increasingly turning to transnational actors (TNAs), that is, civil society organizations, business associations and multinational corporations, in standard-setting and implementation. Yet how can we explain varying degrees of openness toward these actors over time, with regard to specific TNAs and within organizations?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Schlussfolgerungen und Empfehlungen: Plädoyer für vorausschauendes innen- und außenpolitisches Handeln

Braml_Risse_Sandschneider Einsatz für den Frieden

Josef Braml, Thomas Risse, Eberhard Sandschneider

München: Oldenbourg | 2010

Erschienen in: Braml, Josef/Risse, Thomas/Sandschneider, Eberhard (eds.): Einsatz für den Frieden. Sicherheit und Entwicklung in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, Jahrbuch Internationale Politik, Vol. 28, 407-428.

DGAP

Thema: Außenpolitik, Teilprojekt A1

Einleitung: Staatliche und supranationale Akteure in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Braml_Risse_Sandschneider Einsatz für den Frieden

Josef Braml, Thomas Risse, Eberhard Sandschneider

München: Oldenbourg | 2010

Erschienen in: Braml, Josef/Risse, Thomas/Sandschneider, Eberhard (eds.): Einsatz für den Frieden. Sicherheit und Entwicklung in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, Jahrbuch Internationale Politik, Vol. 28, 3-13.

DGAP

Warum sind deutsche Soldaten am Hindukusch? Was gehen uns prekäre Staaten wie Afghanistan und Pakistan an? Wie sieht die Lage vor Ort aus und wie versuchen führende Industrienationen und supranationale Organisationen stabilisierend einzuwirken? Mit diesen Fragen setzt sich das aktuelle Jahrbuch Internationale Politik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) auseinander. Das Standardwerk der internationalen Politik mit über 50 Einzelbeiträgen bietet systematisch-vergleichende Analysen mit konkreten Handlungsempfehlungen. Zu den Autorinnen und Autoren gehören renommierte deutsche Experten sowie Vertreter der operativen Politik in federführenden Bundesministerien und im Bundestag.

Thema: Staat, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt A1

The European Union and the Fight Against Corruption in Its Near Abroad: Can it Make a Difference?

Börzel_Pamuk_Stahn_Global Crime

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk, Andreas Stahn

London: Taylor & Francis | 2010

Erschienen in: Anticorruption for Eastern Europe, Special Issue of Global Crime, 11 (2), 122-144.

Volltext Tandfonline

This article sheds light on the European Union’s (EU) efforts to facilitate the fight against corruption and promote good governance through the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Our analysis shows that the level of corruption in the Eastern Neighbourhood is strongly connected to the success of democratic and economic reforms. The ENP theoretically corresponds to the complex nature of the phenomenon by placing equal emphasis on strengthening state institutions, restructuring the economy, and pushing for democratic reforms. As the EU, however, by and large seeks cooperation with state actors and pursues a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach mostly based on ‘soft’ mechanisms such as socialisation and capacity-building, the implementation of politically sensitive reforms seems to be unlikely. Moreover, the EU potentially allows its partner governments to ‘pick and chose’ from the overall reform agenda and evade real political and economic change towards better governance.

Thema: Europa, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt B2

Fighting Corruption Abroad: The EU’s Good Governance Export

Börzel_Pamuk_Stahn_International Anti Corruption

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk, Andreas Stahn

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2010

Erschienen in: Wolf, Sebastian/Schmidt-Pfister, Diana (eds.): International Anti-Corruption Regimes in Europe, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 47-68.

Nomos Elibrary

Thema: Europa, State-Building, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Governing EU Accession in Transition Countries: The Role of Non-State Actors

Börzel_Buzgany_Acta Politica

Tanja A. Börzel, Aron Buzogany

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Acta Politica, 45 (1-2), 158-182.

Springer

Accession appears to be both a blessing and a curse to transition countries. On the one hand, EU membership supports their transformation from authoritarian regimes with centralized planning economies into liberal democracies with market economies. On the other hand, the accession countries face great difficulties in restructuring their economic and political institutions in order to meet the conditions for EU membership. The systematic involvement of non-state actors in the adoption of and adaptation to EU requirements was thought to be a remedy for the problems of European Enlargement towards ‘weak’ transition countries. Companies and civil society organizations could provide the governments of the accession countries with important resources (money, information, expertise and support) that are necessary to make EU policies work. The article explores the role of non-state actors in governing the double challenge of transition and accession. Focusing on the field of environmental policy, we seek to find out to what extent accession has empowered non-state actors by giving them a voice in the adoption of and adaptation to the EU's green acquis. Our study on the implementation of EU environmental policies in Poland, Hungary and Romania shows that accession left little room for the involvement of non-state actors into the policy process. The article argues that both state and non-state actors in transition countries were often too weak to make cooperation work during the accession period. The double weakness of transition countries and a political culture hostile to public involvement seriously constrained the empowering of non-state actors by ‘Europeanization through accession’.

Thema: Europa, Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NRO), Umwelt, State-Building, Teilprojekt B2

Las cumbres hemisféricas y su impacto regional. Un balance

maihold_américa latina y diplomacia de cumbres pdf

Günther Maihold

Madrid: Secretaria General Iboamericana | 2010

Erschienen in: Jarque, Carlos/Ortiz, María Salvadora/Quenan, Carlos (eds.): América Latina y la diplomacia de cumbres, Madrid: Secretaria General Iboamericana, 61-80.

Volltext Segib

Günther Maihold analiza el estado actual de las Cumbres del hemisferio occidental y su impacto en la región. Comienza analizando la evolución de este tipo de Cumbres, en particular la Cumbre de las Américas, precisando sobre sus objetivos, operatividad y resultados. En segunda instancia, detalla los mecanismos de seguimiento de las diferentes Cumbres. Luego, analiza la diplomacia de Cumbres y la política internacional en las Américas. Según el autor, si bien la multiplicación de este tipo de Cumbres ha llevado al fortalecimiento de los formatos intergubernamentales, la sobrecarga de iniciativas existentes ha generado ciertas complicaciones, entre las cuales se encuentran la exclusión de ciertos actores clave, la difícil evaluación de los resultados de estos eventos y, en general, la poca continuidad en los procesos de Cumbre. Para sobrepasar esta “fatiga” que actualmente sufre este tipo de reuniones, el autor propone una serie de reformas encaminadas

Thema: Außenpolitik, Staat, Lateinamerika, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Two Dimensions of Global Justice

Cover: Contemporary Perspectives on Justice

Bernd Ladwig

München: Rainer Hampp Verlag | 2010

Erschienen in: Matiaske, Wenzel/Costa, Sérgio/Brunkhorst, Hauke (eds.): Contemporary Perspectives on Justice, 1-16.

Ebook-Version auf Ciando Ebooks

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

European Governance: Governing with or without the State?

Börzel_The Twilight of Constitutionalism

Tanja A. Börzel

Oxford: Oxford University Press | 2010

Erschienen in: Dobner, Petra/Loughlin, Martin (eds.): The Twilight of Constitutionalism?, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 73-88.

Volltext Oxford Scholarship

This chapter argues that the EU's ‘nature of the beast’ is not to be captured by one particular type of governance. Rather, the EU combines forms of governance, which involve the member states to different degrees and are best characterised as ‘governance with the state’. The chapter starts with conceptualising the relationship between state and governance. It draws on the distinction between government or governance by the state and governance without the state. The second part uses this typology to study European governance. It shows that EU policies are largely formulated and implemented in multiple overlapping negotiation systems that mostly involve supranational and state actors and give little room for business and civil society. The chapter concludes by discussing some implications of this governance constellation for the European constitutional structure.

Thema: Staat, Governance-Theorie, Legitimität, Teilprojekt B2

‘Living in a Jungle’. State Violence and Perceptions of Democracy in Buenos Aires

Aria_Goldstein_violent democracy in latin america

Ruth Stanley

Durham: Duke University Press | 2010

Erschienen in: Arias, Enrique Desmond/Goldstein, Daniel (eds.): Violent Democracy in Latin America. Toward an Interdisciplinary Reconceptualization, Durham, 133-160.

Verlag Duke University Press

Thema: Autoritarismus, Gewaltakteure, Argentinien, Demokratie , Teilprojekt C3

Menschenwürde als Grund der Menschenrechte? Eine Kritik an Kant und über Kant hinaus

Cover: Zeitschrift für Politische Theorie

Bernd Ladwig

Stuttgart: Verlag Barbara Budrich | 2010

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für politische Theorie, 1 (1), 51-69.

Zeitschrift für Politische Theorie

Der Artikel wendet sich gegen die Ansicht, dass die Menschenwürde der rechtfertigende Grund für die Menschenrechte sei. Er diskutiert dazu ausführlich den Versuch Immanuel Kants, unsere Würde in der Fähigkeit zur moralischen Selbstgesetzgebung zu verankern. Kants Konzeption wird als reflexive Werttheorie der Moral gedeutet. Sie ist ungeeignet, die menschenrechtlichen Merkmale der Universalität und der Gleichheit zu begründen. Überdies vermittelt sie kein angemessen differenziertes Verständnis des menschenrechtlichen Inhalts. Die vom Autor bevorzugte Alternative bildet eine interessenorientierte Rechtsauffassung. Die ‚Menschenwürde‘ spielt darin keine begründende Rolle. Der Begriff hebt aber hervor, dass zu den Menschenrechten ein besonders starker moralischer Status der Unverletzlichkeit gehört.

Thema: Teilprojekt B9

Internationales Statebuilding. Dilemmata und Herausforderungen für externe Akteure

Braml_Risse_Sandschneider Einsatz für den Frieden

Ulrich Schneckener

München: Oldenbourg | 2010

Erschienen in: Braml, Josef/Risse, Thomas/Sandschneider, Eberhard (eds.): Einsatz für den Frieden: Sicherheit und Entwicklung in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, Jahrbuch Internationale Politik, Vol. 28, München: Oldenbourg, 77-84.

Volltext Degruyter

Bei Statebuilding im 21. Jahrhundert geht es nicht mehr um die von innen und außen betriebene Gründung neuer Staaten, sondern darum, prekäre staatliche Strukturen und Institutionen nachhaltig zu stärken. Je nachdem, welche Kriterien, Indikatoren oder Daten genutzt werden, um die Qualität von Staatlichkeit zu messen, werden rund 40 bis 60 Staaten weltweit als schwach, versagend oder gescheitert bezeichnet; dazu zählen so unterschiedliche Fälle wie Kolumbien, Jemen, Pakistan, Simbabwe, Sri Lanka oder Indonesien.1 Die Nachfrage nach Statebuilding-Aktivitäten übersteigt das Angebot, weshalb das ressourcenintensive Modell Kosovo wohl kaum universalisierbar ist.2 Die umfangreichsten, zumeist im Rahmen der Vereinten Nationen (UN) legitimierten StatebuildingOperationen führt die internationale Staatengemeinschaft nunmehr schon seit mehreren Jahren in Kosovo, Bosnien, Afghanistan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, DR Kongo, Osttimor und Haiti durch. Hinzu kommt Irak, der aber aufgrund der amerikanischen Invasion und Besatzung einen Sonderfall darstellt.

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Dealing with Armed Non-State Actors in State- and Peacebuilding: Types and Strategies

Schneckener_Transnational Terrorism, organized crime and peacebuilding

Ulrich Schneckener

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2010

Erschienen in: Benedek, Wolfgang/Daase, Christopher/Van Dyne, Petrus (eds.): Transnational Terrorism, Organized Crime and Peacebuilding, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 229-248.

Verlag Palgrave

For a successful treatment of contemporary wars and conflicts the engagement with armed non-state groups has become of central importance. A glance at the data delineates the quantitative dimension of the problem: The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) registered a total of 122 armed conflicts between 1989 and 2006, of which 89 were intrastate and 26 internationalized intrastate conflicts.1 In these conflicts at least one armed non-state actor is involved but normally multiple militant groups will be implicated. Looking only at rebels fighting a government, the researchers conclude that, for example, in 2002 and 2003 more than 30 per cent of the ongoing conflicts involve more than one rebel group.2 Moreover, the UCDP has introduced ‘non-state conflict’ as a new category, which refers to violent encounters between non-state actors only. In 2002, 36 ‘non-state conflicts’ were registered (compared to 32 conflicts with the involvement of a state actor); in 2006 the number was 24 (compared to 33 with state involvement).3 Although there is no reliable database that sheds light on the approximate total of armed groups, the IISS Military Balance 2007 may serve as an indication: it lists 345 armed non-state actors in all regions of the world; 50 of them alone are active in India, 25 in Iraq, 21 in Pakistan, and half a dozen each in Bangladesh and Nigeria.

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Richard Wilhelm's Chinese Networks: From Colonial Dependency to Equal Stature

Cover: Chinese Studies in History, 43 (3)

Mechthild Leutner

London: Taylor & Francis | 2010

Erschienen in: Chinese Studies in History, 43 (3), 56-83.

Volltext

Dividing the career of Richard Wilhelm, a prominent German sinologist, into three periods, this article discusses his collaborative work with Chinese scholars in studying Chinese culture and science. The author argues that Wilhelm's relationship with his Chinese colleagues changed over three periods, along with his understanding of Chinese cultural tradition. This change, from "hierarchical to egalitarian concepts of cooperation," reflected and corresponded to the fluctuating forces on both the domestic and international levels.

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

Klimawandel und Entwicklungspolitik

Cover: WeltTrends, No. 73

Harald Fuhr

Potsdam: Potsdamer Wissenschaftsverlag | 2010

Erschienen in: WeltTrends, No. 73, 33-45.

Potsdamer Wissenschaftsverlag

Thema: Nachhaltigkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Teilprojekt D3

Statebuilding and Organized Crime: Implementing the International Law Enforcement Agenda in Bosnia

Cover

Ursula Schröder, Cornelius Friesendorf

Basingstoke / Wiesbaden: Palgrave Macmillan / Springer | 2009-06-11

Erschienen in: Journal of International Relations and Development, 12 (2), 137-167.

Springer Link

Domestic and transnational criminalized activities are typical side effects of weak statehood and civil war. International actors pursue a variety of counter-crime programmes explicitly designed to strengthen the judicial, penal and law enforcement capacities of states after war. This paper traces the implementation of international counter-crime programmes in post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina and asks what effects they have had so far. Drawing on implementation research in the fields of public policy and foreign policy analysis, the paper discusses the constellation of factors that influence the implementation of the international law enforcement agenda in Bosnia. While we detect an initial gap between international counter-crime strategies and their implementation on the ground, our analysis also shows that international actors have intensified their fight against organized crime in post-conflict societies. In Bosnia-Herzegovina, counter-crime implementation efforts, unsystematic and uncoordinated at first, have improved over time.

Thema: Teilprojekt C6

Global Governance der internationalen Finanzmärkte

Cover: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 8

Henrik Enderlein

Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2009-02-16

Erschienen in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 8, 3-8.

Volltext Bundeszentrale für politische ...

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Negotiated Peace for Extortion: The Case of Walikale Territory in Eastern DR Congo

Cover: Journal of Eastern African Studies, 3 (1)

Silvia Sergio, Nicholas Garrett, Koen Vlassenroot

London: Taylor & Francis | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of Eastern African Studies, 3 (1), 1-21.

Volltext

War in the Democratic Republic of Congo has increasingly been explained as a means to get access to natural resources and as a strategy to get control over informal trading networks linking the DRC with global markets. In most of these accounts, the complexity of war economies is underestimated. One element that is often missing is that systems of economic exploitation, which have been developed by armed groups during the Congolese war, tend to persist in the post-conflict context and seem to be hardly affected by the peace process. Based on an evaluation of the case of the Congolese National Army's (FARDC) non-integrated 85th Brigade, a former Mayi-Mayi militia now operating under the banner of the FARDC and deeply involved in the exploitation of cassiterite in Walikale (North Kivu), this paper illustrates how mechanisms of exploitation that have been instituted during the war can largely survive in peacetime conditions. In purely economic terms, this case would suggest a departure from patterns of profit accumulation in war conditions towards profiteering under the seeming order of the DRC's reestablished state institutions. The same case also suggests though that in the present situation of no-war-no-peace, a negotiated, mutual accommodation of economic and political interests linked with security provision can be found. This accommodation explains the “success” of this exploitation structure yet at the same time disincentivizes the national government to undertake serious attempts to dislodge this brigade from the Walikale territory. Eventually, these pockets of parallel economic and political control, which are still being observed in many parts of eastern DRC, undermine the DRC's reconstruction process, as it prevents the expansion of a formalized peace economy. The first part of this paper analyses the role of natural resources in North Kivu's economy. The second part describes the structure and functioning of artisanal mining in the Walikale territory. The third part explores Walikale's “war economy” and the role played by the 85th Brigade of the FARDC. The final parts aim at illustrating local processes of negotiating peace in return for extortion.

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, DR Kongo, Sicherheit, Teilprojekt C2

Die unterschiedlich starke Öffnung internationaler Organisationen gegenüber nicht-staatlichen Akteuren. Erklärungen der Institutionen- und Organisationstheorie

Dingwerth_Kerwer_Nölke_Die organisierte Welt

Andrea Liese

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Dingwerth, Klaus/Kerwer, Dieter/Nölke, Andreas (eds.): Die organisierte Welt. Internationale Beziehungen und Organisationsforschung, 189-210.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Warum öffnen sich internationale Organisationen gegenüber nichtstaatlichen Akteuren , d.h. gegenüber zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen und dem Privatsektor bei der Standardsetzung und -implementierung? Und wie können wir unterschiedliche Grade der Offenheit der Vereinten Nationen (VN) gegenüber diesen Akteuren über Zeit, zwischen und innerhalb von verschiedenen Organisationen erklären?

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

Varieties of Carbon Governance: Utilizing the Clean Development Mechanism for Chinese Priorities

Cover: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4)

Miriam Schröder

SAGE | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4), 371-394.

SAGE Journals Volltext

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a market mechanism that was created by an international regime, but its successful implementation relies on effective CDM governance within its host countries. What kinds of carbon governance patterns are appropriate for reaching the goals of the Kyoto Protocol? Taking China—the leading CDM host country worldwide—as a case study, this article examines the patterns of Chinese carbon governance. The hypothesis brought forward is that the Chinese government is apt in utilizing the international market mechanism CDM for its own priorities by adding own national requirements. The dominating carbon governance pattern is state regulation, while private actors from the business community and from civil society play only a minor role. The article concludes by discussing the implications of the Chinese variety of carbon governance for the post-2012 climate regime.

Thema: Staat, Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Teilprojekt D3

Varieties of Carbon Governance in Newly Industrializing Countries

Cover: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4)

Lars Friberg

SAGE | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4), 327-345.

SAGE Journals

Recently established carbon governance systems are quite different in Brazil, China, and India. Such divergence is surprising as emerging economies are primarily involved in carbon governance through the clean development mechanism (CDM). One would expect similar institutional and policy outcomes in the major host countries in response to the CDM, as this market instrument is initiated primarily by Western companies and regulated hierarchically by the internationally governed CDM Executive Board. However, from a closer look at the developing features of the CDM markets in Brazil, China, or India and an analysis of dominant actors and their interactions, institutional responses, and the effectiveness of the CDM within each market, there is evidence of a high variance, combined with a strong ownership by the respective governments. Such a variety of carbon governance is interesting from a theoretical point of view as it shows that a good understanding of environmental governance patterns is still lacking in developing and emerging economies. It is also of political importance as the findings may help to diffuse some of the criticism leveled at the CDM.

Thema: Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Teilprojekt D3

Varieties of Carbon Governance: The Clean Development Mechanism in Brazil: A Success Story Challenged

Cover: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4)

Lars Friberg

SAGE | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4), 395-424.

SAGE Journals Volltext

This article analyzes the interaction between stakeholders in the clean development mechanism (CDM) in Brazil and assesses the impacts this market mechanism has had on institutions and on the climate change policy discourse in Brazil. Brazil ranks as the third largest host country for CDM projects, even though it has maintained a strong commitment to the environmental integrity of the CDM system. Despite its positive experience with the CDM, the government is opposing the inclusion of tradable carbon credits for reduced deforestation in the post-2012 climate regime. The main benefits of the CDM for Brazil have been its contribution to diversifying the energy system and to creating human and institutional capacity for carbon governance. These are important assets as Brazil develops its own national policies to tackle climate change.

Thema: Brasilien, Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Teilprojekt D3

Varieties of Carbon Governance: The Case of India

Cover: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4)

Gudrun Benecke

SAGE | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of Environment and Development, 18 (4), 346-370.

SAGE Journals

Judged by the sheer number of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects registered and in the pipeline, India undoubtedly can be seen as a success story as far as the functioning of the local carbon market is concerned. However, questions are repeatedly raised about the efficient working of the CDM, its distributional quality, its effectiveness in meeting broader societal goals, its impacts on sustainable development, to name but a few. This calls for a careful scrutiny and understanding of how exactly carbon governance works in the specific case of India. As demonstrated in the article, India presents a case of market-dominated carbon governance taking place under a weak shadow of hierarchy and with little civil society involvement. This article derives at the overall conclusion that the specific trajectories characterizing the local Indian carbon market point toward globally diverging carbon governance.

Thema: Indien, Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Teilprojekt D3

Venus Approaching Mars? The European Union's Approaches to Democracy Promotion in Comparative Perspective

Börzel_Risse promoting_democracy_and_the_rule_of_law

Tanja A. Börzel, Thomas Risse

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2009

Erschienen in: Magen, Amichai/Risse, Thomas/McFaul, Michael (eds.): Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 34-60.

Volltext Site Ebray

With the end of the Cold War, democracy promotion has been mainstreamed into the development strategies of international organizations such as the UN or the World Bank, but also of individual Western states such as the United States, or the Federal Republic of Germany. The EU is no exception. In fact, the EU has been among the first of any Western state or international organization to write human rights, democracy and the rule of war into its agreements with external partners. The Lomé IV agreement of 1989 between the EU and the so-called ACP countries (African, Caribbean and Pacific Group, mostly former colonies of Great Britain, France and Belgium) was the first multilateral development agreement to include political conditionality. Ten years later, in 1999, the EU adopted the European Initiative for Development and Human Rights (EIDHR) as a comprehensive strategy ‘in support of democratization, the strengthening of the rule of law and the development of a pluralist and democratic civil society’ (EIDHR 976/1999, preamble).

Thema: Europa, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1, Teilprojekt B2

Democracy or Stability? EU and US Engagement in the Southern Caucasus

Börzel_Risse promoting_democracy_and_the_rule_of_law

Tanja A. Börzel, Yasemin Pamuk, Andreas Stahn

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2009

Erschienen in: Magen, Amichai/Risse, Thomas/McFaul, Michael (eds.): Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 150-184.

Volltext Site Ebray

With the recent war over South Ossetia and Abkhazia, the Southern Caucasus has yet again become a focal point for international crisis mediating efforts. The 2008 flare-up of the Russian-Georgian conflict redirected international attention to a small, but strategically important region that forms part of the European Union’s (EU) and Russia’s near abroad, and, in which the United States (US) has important security and economic interests. The three states in the Southern Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, gained independence in the aftermath of the Soviet collapse in 1991. Since then, both the EU and the US have sought to intensify their relations with these countries in order to support their post-communist transitions in democracy, market-based economy and stateness. Yet compared to other post-Communist regions, such as the Central Eastern European countries (CEEC), the Southern Caucasus seriously suffers from bad governance. As arbitrary rule and pervasive corruption are common in all three countries, they have been subject to external actors’ comprehensive attempts in promoting substantial reforms.

Thema: Zentralasien und Kaukasus, Europa, USA, Good Governance, Teilprojekt B2

Kooperation oder Konkurrenz? Zur Kooperationsbereitschaft internationaler Verwaltungsstäbe in transnationalen öffentlich-privaten Partnerschaften

Dingwerth_Kerwer_Nölke_Die organisierte Welt

Marco Schäferhoff

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Dingwerth, Klaus/Kerwer, Dieter/Nölke, Andreas (eds.): Die Organisierte Welt. Internationale Beziehungen und Organisationsforschung, 208-228.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Der Beitrag analysiert, wie internationale Organisationen sowohl mit anderen internationalen Organisationen als auch mit transnationalen Organisationen im Rahmen von Public Private Partnerships interagieren. Es geht um die Frage, warum die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) im Fall der "Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization" (GAVI) mit anderen zwischenstaatlichen und nicht-staatlichen Organisationen kooperiert, während sie diese Kooperation im Falle der "Roll Back Malaria"-Initiative verweigert. Anknüpfend an das Modell der "Bureaucratic Politics", an konstruktivistische Argumentationen sowie an die Leadership-Debatte zeigt der Verfasser, dass die WHO einerseits aus Wettbewerbsgründen und andererseits aufgrund ihrer Organisationskultur grundsätzlich eher skeptisch gegenüber der Kooperation mit anderen zwischen- oder nichtstaatlichen Organisationen ist. Im Fall der GAVI ist die Kooperation lediglich zu Stande gekommen, weil die Geberorganisation sie zur Bedingung für ihre Investition in ein globales Impfschutzprogramm gemacht hat. Die Kooperation von zwischen- und nicht-staatlichen Organisationen im Rahmen transnationaler Public Private Partnerships wird nur dann funktionieren, wenn alle beteiligten Organisationen davon profitieren oder eine externe Organisation die Kooperation auch unter widrigen Umständen erzwingen kann.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Gesundheit, Teilprojekt D1

Staatlichkeit und Governance. Regieren mit begrenzten Konzepten in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit?

Brozus_Risse_Staatlichkeit und Governance

Lars Brozus, Thomas Risse

Frankfurt/Main: Campus | 2009

Erschienen in: Nord-Süd-Beziehungen im Umbruch. Neue Perspektiven auf Staat und Demokratie in der Weltpolitik

Volltext: Content Select

Zur Lösung globaler Probleme wird die Dritte Welt immer wichtiger. Doch über die Staaten der Nicht- OECD liegt nur begrenztes Wissen vor. Für den Westen gültige Erfahrungen sind dort nur teilweise wirksam. Statt die Welt neu zu erklären, muss sie erst neu verstanden werden. Aus unterschiedlicher Perspektive werden deshalb wichtige Facetten der Länder des Südens analysiert und für neue theoretische Zugänge zum Verstehen der Nord-Süd- Beziehungen geworben.

Thema: Governance-Theorie, Staatlichkeit, Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Teilprojekt A1

Raum, koloniale Herrschaft und deren Grenzen

Cover: Powision 6

Nadin Heé, Ulrike Schaper

Leipzig: Powision | 2009

Erschienen in: Powision, Vol. 6, 25-27.

Powision MagazinVolltext

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Kolonialgeschichte, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Asien

Regieren in der Globalisierung

Cover: Regieren in der Globalisierung

Harald Fuhr, Markus Lederer

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2009

Erschienen in: Jann, Werner/König, Klaus (eds.): Regieren zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, 457-478.

Thema: Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Internationale Organisationen, Teilprojekt D3

The Construction of China's Climate Politics: Transnational NGOs and the Spiral Model of International Relations

Cover: The Politics of Climate Change

Miriam Schröder

Basingstoke: Routledge | 2009

Erschienen in: Harris, Paul (ed.): The Politics of Climate Change: Environmental Dynamics in International Affairs, 51-71.

Thema: China, Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Teilprojekt D3

Die Nahrungsmittelkrise. Chance oder Krise der Welternährungsorganisation?

Liese_vereinte Nationen 2009 57 _ 2

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Vereinte Nationen, 57 (2), 51-58.

Nomos Elibrary

Competitive pressure, inefficiency and failing support from the part of member states have brought the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization FAO in a deep crisis. The present article discusses whether the FAO has managed the crisis successfully by strengthening its position under the wings of divers institutions involved in food policies. The article presents the central tasks, problems and strategies that the organization arrived at, and concludes that the FAO does not merit further confidence. However, a possibility out of the crisis is offered by placing the comparative advantages at central stage, above all its wide legitimate basis.

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Ernährung, Teilprojekt D1

China - A Network Society? The Network Concept in Research on Chinese History and Society

Cover: Berliner China-Hefte. Chinese History and Society, No. 35

Hajo Frölich, Mathias Heinrich

Münster: LIT Verlag | 2009

Erschienen in: Damm, Jens/Leutner, Mechthild (eds.): China Networks, Berliner China-Hefte/Chinese History and Society, No. 35, 3-19.

LIT Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt D5

The Struggle over Human Rights in Mexico

Hofmann-Holland_Ethics and human rights in a globalized world

Markus-Michael Müller

Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck | 2009

Erschienen in: Hoffmann-Holland, Klaus (ed.): Ethics and Human Rights in a Globalized World, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 43-62.

Verlag Mohr Siebeck

Thema: Internationale Normen, Staat, Nichtregierungsorganisationen (NRO), Lokale Akteure, Mexiko, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt C3

Law and Colonial Order: Legal Policy in German Cameroon between Civilising and Public Peace

Cover: Ordering the Colonial World around the 20th Century

Ulrike Schaper

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2009

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 19 (1),17-33.

Univerlag Leipzig

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, Aneignung, Rule of Law, Kolonialgeschichte, Sub-Sahara Afrika

A Credibility Gap: The Behrami and Saramati Decision of the European Court of Human Rights

Cover: Journal of International Peacekeeping, 13 (1)

Heike Krieger

Leiden: Brill | 2009

Erschienen in: Journal of International Peacekeeping, 13 (1), 159‐180.

With the Behrami and Saramati decision the European Court of Human Rights misses an important opportunity to close the credibility gap in human rights protection during the international administration of territories such as Kosovo. The article criticises the attribution of KFOR acts to the United Nations. It holds that the equation of delegation and attribution as well as the ultimate authority and control test as a criterion for attribution are not in line with UN practice. Instead the article argues in favour of a responsibility of the Troop Contributing Nations. Their responsibility is either based on dual attribution or on the jurisprudence of the Court on the transfer of powers to international organisations. The Court's intention is understandable to protect the universal UN security system by not declaring acts of the Security Council incompatible with European standards. However, it will harm the credibility of UN administration of territories in the long run if collective security concerns prevail over human rights protection. In view of the exercise of quasi-governmental acts by the UN Security Council the article stresses the obligations of ECHR Member States to work towards the establishment of a human rights tribunal on the level of the United Nations.

Thema: Teilprojekt C8

Sovereign Default Risk and Corporate Access to Capital Markets

Cover: Debt Relief and Beyond: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead

Christoph Trebesch, Udaibir Das, Michael Papaioannou

Washington, DC: World Bank Publications | 2009

Erschienen in: Primo Braga, Carlos a./Dömeland, Dörte (eds.): Debt Relief and Beyond: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead, Washington, DC: World Bank Publications, 141-179.

Volltext bei The World Bank

Thema: Teilprojekt D4

Social Accountability International

Anheier_Töpler_List_Encyclopedia of Civil Society

Christopher Kaan

New York: Springer | 2009

Erschienen in: Anheier, Helmut K./Toepler, Stefan (eds.): International Encyclopedia of Civil Society, 1379-1380.

Verlag Springer

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Menschenrechte, Teilprojekt D1

Measuring the Impact of Chinese Provincial CDM Centres for Local Market Development

Cover: Evaluating Climate Change and Development

Miriam Schröder

Piscataway: Transaction Publishers | 2009

Erschienen in: van den Berg, Rob D./Feinstein, Osvaldo (eds.): Evaluating Climate Change and Development, World Bank Series on Development, 193-212.

Thema: China, Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Teilprojekt D3

Utilizing the CDM for the Deployment of Renewable Energies in China

Cover: Applied Energy, 86 (2)

Miriam Schröder

Amsterdam: Elsevier | 2009

Erschienen in: Applied Energy, 86 (2), 237-242.

Volltext

This article discusses how much the clean development mechanism (CDM) can contribute to the deployment of renewable energies (RE) in China. While there are at least two general barriers to utilizing CDM finance for RE deployment – namely high project costs and the proof of additionality – this article argues that an appropriate national regulation can lead RE technologies to a stage of commercialisation at which CDM financing can become crucial. For an assessment of the current policy mix in place in China for the deployment of renewable energies, the article compares the national Chinese regulations for renewable energies and China’s specific CDM rules for their impact: where do general and CDM-specific regulations for the promotion of renewable energies provide synergies, where does the policy-making on these two levels collide?

Thema: Nachhaltigkeit, Private Governance Akteure, Staat, Teilprojekt D3

Introduction: Approaching Different Colonial Settings

Cover: Ordering the Colonial World around the 20th Century

Nadin Heé, Ulrike Schaper

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2009

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 19 (1), 7-17.

Univerlag Leipzig

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Kolonialgeschichte, Sub-Sahara Afrika, Asien

International Organization for Standardization

Anheier_Töpler_List_Encyclopedia of Civil Society

Christopher Kaan

New York: Springer | 2009

Erschienen in: Anheier, Helmut K./Toepler, Stefan/List, Regina (eds.): International Encyclopedia of Civil Society, 890-891.

Verlag Springer

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Teilprojekt D1

WaterAid

Anheier_Töpler_List_Encyclopedia of Civil Society

Sabine Campe

New York: Springer | 2009

Erschienen in: Anheier, Helmut K./Toepler, Stefan/List, Regina (eds.): International Encyclopedia of Civil Society, 1635-1636.

Verlag Springer

Thema: Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Nachhaltigkeit, Wasser, Teilprojekt D1

Comparing EU and US Democracy: Promotion in the Mediterranean and the Newly Independent States

Börzel_Risse promoting_democracy_and_the_rule_of_law

Vera van Hüllen, Andreas Stahn

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2009

Erschienen in: Magen, Amichai/Risse, Thomas/McFaul, Michael (eds.): Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, 118-149.

Volltext Site Ebray

‘Think globally, act locally.’ Considering the recent trend to open the ‘black box’ of external democracy promotion, this could be the new slogan for international actors engaged in promoting democracy in different parts of the world. Both practitioners and scholars alike have begun to consider different country contexts in which external democracy promotion can take place (cf. European Commission 2003b, 2006g; McFaul, Magen and Stoner-Weiss 2008; White House 2006). They are especially interested in knowing the chances of success of different strategies. A first step towards a comprehensive impact assessment is to investigate the link between domestic, country-specific conditions and international democracy promotion efforts. So, how do democracy promotion efforts of external actors relate to the varying political situations on the ground? In this chapter, we systematically compare democracy promotion efforts of the United States (US) and the European Union (EU) across countries in the Mediterranean and the post-Soviet space since the early 1990s. Beyond a comparison between the two ‘powers’ (cf. Kagan 2003), our analysis seeks to capture if and how their efforts vary according to the specific political settings of Morocco, Tunisia, Belarus and Ukraine.

Thema: Europa, USA, Demokratie, Teilprojekt B2

Controlando la policía: Acerca de la accountability horizontal y social

braig_huffschmid_Los poderes de lo público. debates, espacios y actores en América Latina jpg

Ruth Stanley

Frankfurt/Main: Vervuert | 2009

Erschienen in: Braig, Marianne/Hufschmid, Anne (ed.): Los poderes de lo público. debates, espacios y actores en América Latina, 95-123.

Volltext Scielo

The article analyses the relations between different forms of accountability using the response to the Policía Federal Argentina's practice of inventing police proceedings as a case study. In this case, the lack of accountability activity by the agencies of balance was compensated by the creation of an ad hoc agency of oversight. The interaction between the latest and a series of social accountability agents was decisive in establishing accountability. Special attention is paid to the ambivalent role of the media. Using Peruzzotti and Smulovitz' terminology, it is suggested that this ambivalence shows the tension between political accountability and legal accountability. In this sense, and using a wide definition of accountability, evidence presented here seems to show that the interaction between horizontal accountability and social accountability has been effective.

Thema: Policing, Staat, Argentinien, Rule of Law, Teilprojekt C3

Japan’s Double Bind: ‘Civilised’ Punishment in Colonial Taiwan

Cover: Ordering the Colonial World around the 20th Century

Nadin Heé

Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag | 2009

Erschienen in: Comparativ. Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, 19 (1), 71-87.

Univerlag Leipzig

Thema: Teilprojekt B4, Staat, Lokale Akteure, (Fragile) Staatlichkeit, Aneignung, Kolonialgeschichte, normative Pluralität, Gewaltakteure, Sicherheit, Global History, Asien, China, Taiwan

Steuerung durch diskursive Praktiken

Buchcover

Friedrich Arndt, Anna Richter

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Göhler, Gerhard/Höppner, Ulrike/De La Rosa, Sybille (eds.): Weiche Steuerung. Studien zur Steuerung durch diskursive Praktiken, Argumente und Symbole, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 17, 27-73.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibraryNomos Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt A2

Firms, Associations and the Governance of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

Cover: Zeitschrift für Menschenrechte, 3 (2)

Tanja A. Börzel, Anna Müller-Debus, Christian Thauer

Schwalbach am Taunus: Wochenschau Verlag | 2009

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Menschenrechte, 3 (2), 157-189.

Firms relocating production to countries with lower social standards are regarded as driving force behind a regulatory ‘race to the bottom’. However, there are numerous instances in which the behavior of firms reveals just the opposite: They adhere to corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards and even pressure governments to issue stricter public regulations. This paper explores the role associations play thereby and analyzes to what extent the strength of associational structures shapes the preferences of companies for self- and state regulation. Empirically we compare the behavior of the textile and automotive industries in South Africa and their contribution to the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, Südafrika, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Gesundheit, Internationale Normen, Teilprojekt D2

Conclusions: Towards Transatlantic Democracy Promotion?

Börzel_Risse promoting_democracy_and_the_rule_of_law

Thomas Risse

Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan | 2009

Erschienen in: Magen, Amichai/Risse, Thomas/McFaul, Michael (eds.): Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law. American and European Strategies, Governance and Limited Statehood Series, Basingstoke: 244-271.

Springer Verlag

With the end of the Cold War at the latest, democracy promotion has become a major foreign policy tool of international organizations as well as Western statecraft.1 As the introductory chapter of this volume points out, there are several reasons for this development. First, major powers have always tried to spread their own political, economic and social orders around the globe and to externalize their values. The US and Europe are no exceptions. With the systemic competition between Communism and liberal democracy over, democracy promotion has become even more significant in their respective foreign policies.

Thema: Internationale Organisationen (IO), Staat, Demokratie, Teilprojekt A1

Perspectives on War: Disentangling Distinct Phenomena: Wars and Military Interventions, 1990-2008

chojnacki_herchenbach_reisch_sicherheit und frieden 2009 27_4

Sven Chojnacki, Gregor Reisch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Sicherheit und Frieden 27 (4), 242-251.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Military interventions are a common element of wars between and within states. Yet, there is no agreement about how these two phenomena are related and about how to define and code interventions. Departing from the assumption that incorporating military interventions into the scientific study of war allows us to better assess the qualitative transformations of violence over time, we present and compare empirical developments and discuss different concepts of military interventions. In addition, we present our data on wars worldwide for the period from 1990 to 2008 and discuss in more detail the trends and events for 2008

Thema: bewaffneter Konflikt, Gewaltakteure, Intervention, Teilprojekt C4

Evaluation von Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zur Stabilisierung in Post-Konflikt-Zonen. Anwendung eines Mixed-Method Surveys in Nordost-Afghanistan

Böhnke_Köhler_Zürcher_Zeitschrift für Evaluation

Jan Koehler, Christoph Zürcher, Jan Rasmus Böhnke

Münster: Waxmann | 2009

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Evaluation, 8 (2), 215-235.

Volltext Wiso Net

Da Überlegungen zur Steuerung von Entwicklung und Sicherheit zunehmend konvergieren, werden bessere Evaluationen des Einflusses der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit auf Friedenssicherung nötig. Die hohen logistischen Anforderungen in Post-Konflikt-Zonen machen die Durchführung von diesen Evaluationen aufgrund limitierter Budgets oder Zeit oftmals unmöglich. In dieser Arbeit wird eine Methode präsentiert, die dabei helfen könnte, diese Herausforderungen dadurch zu meistern, dass wiederholte quantitative Erhebungen (Umfragen) mit qualitativen Methoden der Feldforschung kombiniert werden. Erstere können dazu genutzt werden, um generelle Trends in der ansässigen Bevölkerung zu identifizieren, während letztere es ermöglichen, Veränderungsprozesse zu verfolgen und lokale Besonderheiten zu berücksichtigen. Die Methode wird anhand von Beispielen derzeit laufender Arbeit in Nordost-Afghanistan vorgestellt.

Thema: Teilprojekt C1, Teilprojekt C9, Methoden, Entwicklung, Afghanistan

Die Bundeswehr in Afghanistan

Giessmann_Armee im Einsatz

Christoph Zürcher

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Giessmann, Hans J./Wagner, Armin (eds.): Armee im Einsatz. Ziele, Grundlagen, Strategien und Ergebnisse der Beteiligung der Bundeswehr an internationalen Friedensmissionen, Baden‐Baden: Nomos, 328-339.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Mit dem Bonner Abkommen von 2001 wurde ein neues Kapitel in der leidvollen jüngeren Geschichte Afghanistans aufgeschlagen. Auf den Trümmern, die fast drei Jahrzehnte Krieg hinterlassen haben, sollte ein friedlicher, stabiler, demokratischer und moderner Staat aufgebaut werden. Die internationale Gemeinschaft verpflichtete sich, diesen Prozess mit großzügigen Entwicklungshilfen und der Entsendung internationaler Sicherheitskräfte voranzutreiben, und Deutschland war von Beginn an bestrebt, hier eine wichtige Rolle zu spielen. Etwa 3.300 deutsche Soldaten sind gegenwärtig in Afghanistan stationiert und der Wiederaufbau wurde bis heute mit 650 Mio. Euro mitfinanziert. Damit stellt Deutschland das drittgrößte Truppenkontingent und ist der viertgrößte bilaterale Geber. Der vorliegende Beitrag nimmt eine Bewertung des deutschen militärischen Beitrags in Afghanistan vor, wobei es sich um eine vorläufige, schlaglichtartige Einschätzung handelt, da der Bundeswehreinsatz nicht abgeschlossen ist und sich das sicherheitspolitische Umfeld laufend ändert. Es werden drei zentrale Aspekte des Einsatzes beleuchtet: die Schaffung von Sicherheit, die Förderung von Akzeptanz bei der Bevölkerung sowie die zivil-militärische Zusammenarbeit.

Thema: Teilprojekt C1

Mexiko. Ein Partner mit Potential zwischen Mittelmachtambitionen und Regionalmachtillusionen

Maihold_neue Führungsmächte. Partner deutscher Außenpolitik

Günther Maihold

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Husar, Jörg/Maihold, Günther/Mair, Stefan (eds.): Neue Führungsmächte: Partner deutscher Außenpolitik?, 83-98.

Nomos Elibrary

Mexikos Rolle in der Geschichte und internationalen Politik ist durch seine geographische Lage unmittelbar an der Südgrenze der USA geprägt. Mexiko hat in seiner Geschichte zahlreiche Invasionen aus den USA und den Verlust von einem Drittel seines Territoriums an den nördlichen Nachbarn verkraften müssen. Aus diesem Umstand erklärt sich das Primat der nationalen Souveränität und der Nicht-Intervention in die inneren Angelegenheiten anderer Länder in der Außenpolitik des Landes. Angesichts der wirtschaftlichen Abhängigkeit von den USA (mit denen Mexiko 80% seines Außenhandels abwickelt) und dem Umstand, dass jedes Jahr 400 000 Mexikaner die Grenze zu den USA überqueren, wo inzwischen ein Viertel der mexikanischen Staatsbürger lebt, ist die Handlungsautonomie des Landes beschränkt. Die Chance, Mexikos regionale Führungsfunktion auszubauen, sind daher bescheiden: Gegenwärtig hat das Land weder die Anerkennung noch die Kapazität, in eine regionale Sprecherrolle für Lateinamerika hineinzuwachsen, die durch Brasilien besetzt ist. Die Staaten Zentralamerikas und der Karibik wünschen letztlich keine Mediatisierung Mexikos in ihren Beziehungen zu den USA, so dass eine Stützung von Mexikos Regionalmachtaspiration durch Deutschland schnell in diese "Perzeptionsfalle" geraten kann. Insofern sollten Projekte und Kooperationsangebote im Umfeld der mexikanischen Regionalmachtambition im großkaribischen Becken nur dann Unterstützung erfahren, wenn sie multilateral angelegt sind.

Thema: Außenpolitik, Staat, Deutschland, Ökonomie, Teilprojekt C3

Anthropologische Argumente in der menschenrechtlichen Moral

Cover: Politische Anthropologie

Bernd Ladwig

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Jörke, Dirk/Ladwig, Bernd (eds.): Politische Anthropologie. Geschichte – Gegenwart – Möglichkeiten, 245-269.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Teilprojekt A5

Steuerung durch Argumente

Buchcover

Sybille De La Rosa, Dorothea Gädecke

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Göhler, Gerhard/Höppner, Ulrike/De La Rosa, Sybille (eds.): Weiche Steuerung. Studien zur Steuerung durch diskursive Praktiken, Argumente und Symbole, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 17, 74-137.

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Teilprojekt A2, Teilprojekt A3

Einleitung

Buchcover

Gerhard Göhler, Ulrike Höppner, Sybille De La Rosa

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Göhler, Gerhard/Höppner, Ulrike/De La Rosa, Sybille (eds.): Weiche Steuerung. Studien zur Steuerung durch diskursive Praktiken, Argumente und Symbole, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 17, 11-26.

Nomos VerlagVolltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Teilprojekt A2

Sicherheits-Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit

Cover: APUZ, No. 8

Jana Hönke

Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung | 2009

Erschienen in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, No. 8, 15-21.

Volltext

Thema: Sicherheit, Fragile Staatlichkeit, Governance-Theorie, Teilprojekt D2

“Education for Work” in Colony and Metropole: The Case of Imperial Germany, c. 1880–1914

Cover: Empires and Boundaries

Sebastian Conrad

London: Routledge | 2009

Erschienen in: Fischer-Tiné, Harald/Gehrmann, Susanne (eds.): Empires and Boundaries: Rethinking Race, Class, and Gender in Colonial Settings, 23-40.

Routledge Verlag

Thema: Teilprojekt B4

Extractive Orders: Transnational Mining Companies in the Nineteenth and in the Twenty-First Century in the Central African Copperbelt

Cover: A New Scramble for Africa

Jana Hönke

Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press | 2009

Erschienen in: Southall, Roger/Melber, Henning (eds.): A New Scramble for Africa? Imperialism, Investment and Development, 274-298.

Thema: Sub-Sahara Afrika, DR Kongo, Multinationale Unternehmen (MNU), Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Teilprojekt D2

Stadt, globale (nordamerikanische Hemisphäre)

nagl_Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit

Dominik Nagl

Stuttgart: Metzler | 2009

Erschienen in: Jaeger, Friedrich (ed.): Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit 10, Stuttgart: Metzler, 753-758.

Referenceworks Brillonline

Wenn es sich trotz der langen Forschungstraditionen seit Max Weber und Georg Simmel schwierig gestaltet, einheitliche Kriterien für die Definition dessen zu finden, was in Europa als Stadt gelten soll, so ist dies angesichts der Vielfalt der Erscheinungsformen in den nichteurop. Weltregionen schlicht unmöglich. Allerdings ist es sinnvoll, Jürgen Osterhammels Minimaldefinition zu folgen: »Eine ›S.‹ ist eine Weise, Raum gesellschaftlich zu organisieren«

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Das Demokratiegebot in der Organisation Amerikanischer Staaten (OAS)

Cover: Verfassung und Recht in Übersee

Christian Schliemann-Radbruch

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Verfassung Und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America, 42 (3), 320-350.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Thema: Teilprojekt D8

Urban Governance in French Colonial North America: Hospital Care in Québec and Nouvelle‐Orléans in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

stange_zeitschrift für kanada studien

Marion Stange

Augsburg: Wißner | 2009

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Kanada-Studien 29 (1), 108-119.

Volltext Kanada Studien

Anders als in den britischen Kolonien in Nordamerika, wo erst 1751 das erste Krankenhaus im modernen Sinne des Wortes gegründet wurde, existierten Einrichtungen dieser Art in Neufrankreich bereits ab der Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts. Während diese Krankenhäuser anfangs noch ausschließlich auf die Initiative religiöser Orden und privater Gönner im Mutterland zurückgingen, engagierte sich ab den 1660er Jahren auch die französische Krone verstärkt in diesem Bereich. Die Erfahrungen der ersten Jahrzehnte in Nordamerika hatten den französischen Kolonialherren gezeigt, dass eine erfolgreiche Kolonisierung nicht zuletzt auch von der Gesundheit der Siedler und Soldaten abhing und daher die medizinische Versorgung in der Kolonie zentraler Bestandteil der königlichen Kolonialpolitik sein musste. Um die hierfür anfallenden Kosten möglichst gering zu halten, war die Krone bestrebt, religiöse Orden und Siedler in die Verwaltung und Finanzierung von Krankenhäusern einzubeziehen. Anhand der Beispiele des Hôtel-Dieu in Québec City sowie des Hôpital du Roi und des Hôpital des Pauvres de la Charité in New Orleans wird in diesem Aufsatz der Frage nachgegangen, auf welche Art und Weise königliche, religiöse und private Akteure kooperierten, um die Pflege und Behandlung von Siedlern und Soldaten in kolonialen Krankenhäusern zu gewährleisten.

Thema: Teilprojekt B3

Zum Umgang mit unterschiedlichen Konzeptualisierungen der Rule of Law als Anwendungsfall normativer Pluralität

Kötter_Schuppert_Normative Pluralität ordnen

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke (eds.): Normative Pluralität ordnen. Rechtsbegriffe, Normenkollisionen und Rule of Law in Kontexten dies- und jenseits des Staates, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 19, 209-230.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Wir wollen uns im folgenden mit unterschiedlichen Konzeptualisierungen der Rule of Law beschäftigen und vorschlagen, in diesem Phänomen unterschiedlicher Verständnisse von international so weit verbreiteten und anerkannten Rechtsprinzipien wie der der Rule of Law ebenfalls als einen Anwendungsfall von Rechtspluralismus anzusehen und zu fragen, wie damit umzugehen ist. Denn auch hier geht es darum, eine Auswahl unter unterschiedlichen normativen Konzepten oder gar Regimen zu treffen und sich ein Urteil darüber zu bilden, welches Rule of Law‐Verständnis auf nationaler, vor allem aber auf interna‐ tionaler Ebene vorzugswürdig ist. Um Mißverständnisse zu vermeiden, schlagen wir vor, statt des inhaltlich besetzten Begriffs des „Legal Pluralism“ hier den Terminus „Normative Pluralism“ zu verwenden.

Thema: Teilprojekt A3

Von der Ko-Produktion von Staatlichkeit zur Co-Performance of Governance. Eine Skizze zu kooperativen Governance-Strukturen von den Condottieri der italienischen Renaissance bis zu Public Private Partnerships

Boptzem_Hofmann_Quack_Schuppert_Straßheim_Governance als Prozess

Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Botzem, Sebastian/Hofmann, Jeanette/Quack, Sigrid/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke/Straßheim, Holger (eds.): Governance als Prozess: Koordinationsformen im Wandel, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 16, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 285-320.

Volltext Nomos Elibrary

Die Erbringung bestimmter Dienstleistungen und Güter wie etwa Sicherheit und Infrastruktur, die wir klassischerweise vom Staat und seiner Verwaltung erwarten, erfolgt heute regelmäßig kooperativ und arbeitsteilig. Soweit dabei nicht-staatliche Akteure als „Provider of Statehood“ auf die Bühne treten, ist der Staat – vermeintlich paradoxerweise – nicht mehr der alleinige Garant für das Gelingen gemeinwohlförderlicher Staatlichkeit. Der Beitrag analysiert diese „Ko-Produktion von Staatlichkeit“ als ein bereits historisch bewährtes Modell zur Bereistellung bestimmter Governance-Produkte und fragt nach der Beschaffenheit der nicht-staatlichen Akteure. Desweiteren untersucht er, welche vor allem als Regelungsstrukturen verstandenen Governancemodi zur Organisation des Zusammenwirkens von privaten und staatlichen Akteuren in Frage kommen. Hier werden Beleihung und Konzession als überkommene, aber wandelbare rechtliche Gußformen diskutiert und das Phänomen der Public Private Partnerships beleuchtet. Schließlich werden verschiedene Theorieangebote aus Politik-, Verwaltungs- und Rechtswissenschaft auf Ihre Eignung für die Konstellationen arbeitsteiliger Staatlichkeitsproduktion hin untersucht.

Thema: Teilprojekt A3

Normative Pluralität ordnen? Eine Problemskizze

Kötter_Schuppert_Normative Pluralität ordnen

Matthias Kötter, Kristina Kühl, Judit Yilma-Mengesha

Baden-Baden: Nomos | 2009

Erschienen in: Kötter, Matthias/Schuppert, Gunnar Folke (eds.): Normative Pluralität ordnen. Rechtsbegriffe, Normenkollisionen und Rule of Law in Kontexten dies- und jenseits des Staates, Schriften zur Governance-Forschung, Vol. 19, 11-39.

Volltext in der Nomos eLibrary

Normative Pluralität fordert die Idee normativer Einheit heraus, die dem staatlichen Recht und seiner Ordnung zugrunde liegt. Die Beiträge in diesem Buch thematisieren Erscheinungsformen normativer Pluralität in lokalen, nationalen und transnationalen Kontexten. Sie eröffnen einen gemeinsamen Blick von Rechts-, Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften auf die infolge der Pluralität entstehenden Probleme und auf Vorschläge zu ihrer Bewältigung mit den Mitteln des Rechts. Es geht nicht darum, eine Meta-Dogmatik des Rechtspluralismus zu entwerfen. Entlang von vier Querschnittsfragen tragen die Autoren vielmehr zur Ordnung der Diskurse über normative Pluralität bei: Erstens der Frage nach dem Begriff des Rechts in Abgrenzung zu anderen gesellschaftlichen Normen. Zweitens der Frage nach Ebenen und Typen von Normenkollisionen, die die normative Einheit des Rechts herausfordern. Drittens der Frage nach Mechanismen, Institutionen und Praktiken, die zur Bewältigung normativer Pluralität zur Verfügung stehen. Und viertens der Frage nach dem methodischen Umgang mit verhaltensleitenden Normativitäten neben dem Recht.

Thema: Teilprojekt A3

Los seris tiburones y el gobierno de Sonora. Dos casos de inclusión jurídica, 1773 y 1831

Cover: Special Issue of Península

Lasse Hölck

Mérida: Centro Peninsular en Humanidades y en Ciencias Sociales | 2009

Erschienen in: Arturo Taracena (ed.): Regiones periféricas y estados nacionales, Special Issue of Península, 3 (2), 127-147.

CEPHCIS

El artículo examina dos procesos jurídicos en Sonora relacionados con la población indígena independiente de los seris. Cubriendo la fase de transición entre la Colonia y la época de la República Independiente, los dos ejemplos de inclusión jurídica permiten concluir que a pesar del rompimiento en el sistema de gobierno, los modos de gobernanza en las relaciones interétnicas permanecieron vigentes y sirven para explicar las causas y consecuencias de la adaptación del Derecho estatal a la costumbre local en la periferia de México.

Thema: Lateinamerika, Mexiko, Kolonialgeschichte, Lokale Akteure, Abwehr, Teilprojekt B5

Siedlungskolonie, Nordamerika

stange_enzyklopädie der neuzeit 10

Marion Stange

Stuttgart: Metzler | 2009

Erschienen in: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, Vol. 10, Stuttgart: Metzler, 1169-1172.

Referenceworks Brillonline

Kolonie (von lat. colere, »bebauen«, »pflanzen