‘Decentralization in Morocco? If that is your topic the answer is easy, we don’t have any decentralization in Morocco. Many of the interviews I conducted during my fieldwork in Luant pointed in this or a similar direction. Yet, decentralization is a concept intensively discussed in the Moroccan context. It is framed as a formula to overcome development inequalities between urban centers and rural areas, as a method to increase the participation of all parts of the population, and thus as a feature of the so-called ‘democratic transition’ and, finally, as a way to absorb secession efforts.